MIRIAM E. JOHN, Chair, has served as an independent consultant in various consulting and board roles since her retirement as vice president of Sandia’s National Laboratories in Livermore, California. During her career at Sandia, she worked on a wide variety of programs, including nuclear weapons, chemical, and biological defense; missile defense; and solar energy. John also provided leadership for a number of the laboratory’s energy, national security, and homeland security programs. She is a member of Department of Defense’s (DoD’s) Defense Science Board and until its recent stand-down, vice-chair of its Threat Reduction Advisory Committee. DoD has recognized her with the prestigious Eugene G. Fubini Award for her “highly significant contributions to the Department of Defense in an advisory capacity over a sustained period of time.” She was appointed a national associate of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and is the recipient of the Navy’s Superior Public Service Award in recognition of her leadership and studies for the Academies’ Naval Studies Board. She is also serving as a member of the National Academies Intelligence Community Studies Board (ICSB) and the Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology. John is a member of the board of advisors for Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Lincoln Laboratory, the Missions Committee of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and the board of directors of Leidos, Inc. She is a senior fellow and past chair of the California Council on Science and Technology. John is a member of the Dean’s Advisory Board for the School of Science and Engineering and chairs the advisory board for the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at Tulane University, where she has been recognized as an outstanding alumna. John has co-authored dozens of reports and technical papers through her various affiliations covering topics associated with nuclear weapons and survivability, chemical and biological defense, homeland security and defense, cyber security and energy systems.
DIANE DIEULIIS is a senior research fellow at the National Defense University (NDU). Her research areas focus on emerging biological technologies, biodefense, and preparedness for biothreats. Specific topic areas under this broad research portfolio include dual use life sciences research, synthetic biology, the U.S. bioeconomy, disaster recovery, and behavioral, cognitive, and social science as it relates to important aspects of deterrence and preparedness. DiEuliis currently has several research grants in progress, and she guest lectures in a variety of foundational professional military education courses. Prior to joining NDU, DiEuliis was the deputy director for policy, serving as acting deputy assistant secretary for policy and planning, in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. While there, she coordinated policy in support of domestic and international health emergency preparedness and response activities, including implementation of the Pandemic All-Hazards Preparedness Act, the National Health Security Strategy, and the Public Health Emergency Medical Countermeasures Enterprise (PHEMCE). From to 2007 to 2011, DiEuliis was the assistant director for life sciences and behavioral and social sciences in the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in the Executive Office of the President. During her tenure at the White House, she was responsible for developing policy in areas such as biosecurity, synthetic biology, social and behavioral science, scientific collections, ethics, STEM education, and biotechnology. DiEuliis also worked to help coordinate agency response to public health issues such as the H1N1 flu. Prior to working at OSTP, DiEuliis was a program director at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), where she managed a diverse portfolio of neuroscience research in neurodegenerative diseases. She completed a fellowship at the University of Pennsylvania in the Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research, and completed her postdoctoral research in the NIH Intramural research program, where she focused on cellular and molecular neuroscience. DiEuliis has a Ph.D. in biology from the University of Delaware, in Newark, Delaware.
ROBERT C. DYNES was the 18th president of the University of California from 2003 to 2008. Dynes served as the 6th chancellor of the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) campus from 1996 to 2003. He came to UCSD in 1990 after a 22-year career at AT&T Bell Laboratories, where he served as department head of semiconductor and material physics research and director of chemical physics research. His numerous scientific honors include the 1990 Fritz London Award in Low Temperature Physics and his election to the National Academy of Sciences in 1989 and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1994. While president, Dynes also was a professor of physics at University of California, Berkeley, where he directed a laboratory that focuses on superconductivity and incorporates postdoctoral and graduate students, as well as undergraduates, in physics and materials science. He subsequently became chairman of the Department of Physics and then senior vice chancellor for academic affairs. Since leaving the University of California presidency in June 2008, Dynes has joined the boards of Argonne National Laboratory, the review panel for the Canadian Foundation for Innovation, the Helmholtz Foundation in Germany, and the San Diego Foundation. Active in the national scientific arena, he is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has served on the executive committee of the U.S. Council on Competitiveness, the California Commission for Jobs and Economic Growth, and the Governor’s Nurse Education Initiative Task Force. He is a fellow of the California Council on Science and Technology and a member of the Business-Higher Education Forum. Dynes holds a bachelor’s degree in mathematics and physics and an honorary doctor of law degree from the University of Western Ontario and master’s and doctoral degrees in physics and an honorary doctor of science degree from McMaster University. He also holds an honorary doctorate from L’Université de Montréal.
THOMAS FINGAR is a Shorenstein APARC Fellow in the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University. He was the inaugural Oksenberg-Rohlen Distinguished Fellow from 2010 through 2015 and the Payne Distinguished Lecturer at Stanford in 2009. From 2005 through 2008, he served as the first deputy director of national intelligence for analysis and, concurrently, as chairman of the National Intelligence Council. Fingar served previously as assistant secretary of the State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research (2000-2001 and 2004-2005), principal deputy assistant secretary (2001-2003), deputy assistant secretary for analysis (1994-2000), director of the Office of Analysis for East Asia and the Pacific (1989-1994), and chief of the China Division (1986-1989). Between 1975 and 1986 he held a number of positions at Stanford University, including senior research associate in the Center for International Security and Arms Control. Fingar is a graduate of Cornell University (A.B. in government and history, 1968) and Stanford University (M.A., 1969 and Ph.D., 1977, both in political science). His most recent books are Reducing Uncertainty: Intelligence Analysis and National Security (Stanford University Press, 2011), The New Great Game: China and South and Central Asia in the Era of Reform, editor (Stanford, 2016), and Uneasy Partnerships: China and Japan, the Koreas, and Russia in the Era of Reform (Stanford, 2017).
NANCY JO NICHOLAS has worked in the global security field at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) since 1990. She was appointed associate laboratory director for global security on November 1, 2018. The directorate is focused on non-proliferation and counter-proliferation R&D associated with weapons of mass destruction, space defense and systems applications, warfighter support, homeland security and intelligence analysis. At Los Alamos she champions an effort to experimentally verify intelligence (using LANL as a testbed) in the area of multiple-phenomenology detection. She also serves on the National Academy of Science’s Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board. She is a fellow of the Institute for Nuclear Materials Management (INMM), the premiere international professional society for nonproliferation, arms control and international safeguards, and recently served a 2-year term
as its president. She recently served on the board of directors of WINS—the Vienna-based World Institute for Nuclear Security, the American Physical Society Panel on Public Affairs study on potential U.S.-Russian Nuclear Reductions After New START, and the Defense Science Board Task Force on the Assessment of Nuclear Treaty Monitoring and Verification Technologies. Her technical field of expertise is nondestructive assay measurements, and she earned a B.S. in mathematics and physics from Albright College and a master’s degree in experimental nuclear physics from the George Washington University.
DAVID A. RELMAN is the Thomas C. and Joan M. Merigan Professor in Medicine, and Microbiology and Immunology at Stanford University, and chief of infectious diseases at the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System. He is also senior fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI) and served as science co-director at the Center for International Security and Cooperation (2013-2017) at Stanford. He is currently director of a new biosecurity initiative at FSI. Relman trained at MIT and then Harvard Medical School, followed by clinical training in internal medicine and infectious diseases at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, and then a postdoctoral fellowship in microbiology at Stanford. Relman was an early pioneer in the modern study of the human indigenous microbiota (microbiome). Most recently, his work has focused on human microbial community assembly, and community stability and resilience. Principles of disturbance and landscape ecology are tested in clinical studies of the human microbiome. Previous work included the development of methods for pathogen discovery, and the identification of several historically important and novel microbial disease agents. One of his papers was selected as “one of the 50 most important publications of the past century” by the American Society for Microbiology. Among policy-relevant activities at the National Academies, Relman served as vice-chair of the Committee that reviewed the science performed for the FBI 2001 Anthrax Letters investigation, chair of the Forum on Microbial Threats (2007-2017), member of the Committee on Science, Technology and Law (2012-2015), and current member of the ICSB since 2016.
He was a founding member of the National Science Advisory Board on Biosecurity (2005-2014), a member of the Working Group on Biodefense for the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (2016), and president of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (2012-2013). He was awarded NIH Pioneer and Transformative Research Awards, and was elected to the National Academy of Medicine in 2011.
MALLORY STEWART is a principal member of the technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories and a nonresident fellow in the WMD, Nonproliferation, and Security program at the Stimson Center. Her areas of expertise include chemical and biological weapons law and policy, space security policy, U.S. missile defense, and nonproliferation and arms control law. Prior to joining Stimson, Stewart was the deputy assistant secretary of state for emerging security challenges and defense policy in the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance (AVC) at the U.S. Department of State. In that role, she was responsible for overseeing the Office of Emerging Security Challenges and the Office of Chemical and Biological Weapons Affairs. Stewart joined the State Department in 2002 as an attorney in the Legal Adviser’s Office. In 2014, Stewart was a recipient of the Secretary of State’s Award for Excellence in International Security Affairs for her work on the international effort to eliminate Syrian chemical weapons. Stewart was a litigation associate at the law firm of Sullivan & Cromwell prior to joining the State Department. She holds an A.B. from Harvard College and a J.D. from Stanford Law School.