ANGELA BELCHER is a material scientist, biological engineer, and professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). She is an expert in using biology for nanomaterials design and synthesis of bio-inspired, organic and inorganic hybrid materials. Her research spans applications of lithium ion batteries, lithium oxygen batteries, sodium ion batteries, fuel cells, solar cells, environmental bio-remediation, electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, carbon dioxide capture and storage, quantum transport, and the development of new imaging systems to detect tiny tumors. In the past year, the Belcher Group has developed both new probes for second-window near-infrared (NIR-II: 950-1650 nm wavelength) imaging and a whole-animal NIR-II imaging system. In very recent work, the Belcher Lab developed a new kind of optical imaging system (DOLPHIN) that combines hyperspectral and hyperdiffuse NIR-II spectral imaging that facilitates non-invasive, in vivo cellular-level imaging of whole mice and rats. Belcher was awarded the 24th annual MacArthur Foundation Fellowship and the 2004 Four Star General Recognition Award. In 2006 she was named Scientific American’s Research Leader of the Year. Her work has been published in many prestigious scientific journals including Science and Nature, and has been reported in the popular press including Fortune, Forbes, Discover, The New York Times, and The Wall Street Journal. Belcher attended the University of California, Santa Barbara, where she received her bachelor’s degree in creative studies and her Ph.D. in chemistry.
AL GRASSO is a former president and chief executive officer of the MITRE Corporation, a position he held from 2006 to 2017 and where he continues to serve as a trustee and consultant. His experience includes service on the boards for a number of scientifically driven organizations and nonprofit institutions. He is currently a member of the Defense Science Board and a former member of the Army Science Board, and he currently serves on the George Mason University
Foundation board of trustees and as a member of the National Academy of Science’s Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable. Mr. Grasso is a permanent director and executive committee member of the Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association International’s (AFCEA’s) board of directors and served as chairman from 2012 to 2014 and vice chairman from 2010 to 2012. He is the former president of the board of the National GEM Consortium, a nonprofit organization that promotes the participation of underrepresented groups in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields. He has served as a member of the Stevens Institute Systems Engineering Research Center advisory board, the University of Virginia’s Department of Systems and Information Engineering advisory board, Howard University’s College of Engineering, Architecture and Computer Sciences board of visitors, and the Northern Virginia Technology Council. Mr. Grasso holds a B.S. in electrical engineering from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and a M.S. in computer science from Worcester Polytechnic Institute.
ETHAN JACKSON is a senior director and principal researcher at Microsoft Healthcare. His research focuses on intelligent systems that make people—and the environments around them—healthier. His background is in cyber-physical systems, program verification, and programming languages, which he applies to develop novel health-related technologies. Jackson directs Microsoft Premonition, an advanced incubation project aiming to detect the movements of potential pathogens in the environment, before they cause outbreaks in humans. Jackson is also the creator of the FORMULA system for building domain–specific programming languages and enabling formal analysis of complex software, which has been used in large academic and industrial settings. He is also the co-creator of the P programming language, which allows developers to specify complex systems of communicating asynchronous components and has been used to design critical components of Microsoft Windows. Jackson received his B.E. in computer engineering from the University of Pittsburgh and joined Microsoft Research in 2007 after receiving his Ph.D. in computer science from Vanderbilt University.
MARGARET KOSAL conducts research exploring the relationships among technology, strategy, and governance. Her research focuses on two, often intersecting, areas: reducing the threat of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and understanding the role of emerging technologies for security. Kosal’s work aims to understand and explain the role of technology and technological diffusion for national security at strategic and operational levels. The long-term goals of her work are to understand the underlying drivers of technological innovation and how technology affects national security and modern warfare. The goal of her research is not to predict new specific technologies but to develop a robust analytical framework for assessing the impact of new technologies on national and international security and to identify policy measures to prevent or slow the proliferation of new technology—the next generation “WMD”—for malfeasant intentions. Kosal was the director of the Sam Nunn Security Fellows Program and the co-director of the Program on Emerging Technology within the Center for International Strategy, Technology, and Policy (CISTP). She was also recently appointed as an adjunct scholar at the Modern War Institute at the U.S. Military Academy/West Point. From 2012 to 2013, she served as a senior advisor to the chief of staff of the U.S. Army as part of his inaugural Strategic Studies Group (SSG). Before joining the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs, she was science and technology advisor within the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). She also served as the first liaison to the Biological and Chemical Defense Directorate at the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). She has been recognized for her leadership across the U.S. federal government, specifically for efforts to coordinate across the DoD as part of the interagency Nonproliferation and Arms Control Technology Working Group, reporting to the National Security Council (NSC), and as member of the interagency federal group charged with leading the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI). Kosal was nominated to and led the U.S. involvement in the NATO Nanotechnology for Defense Working Group. Kosal is the author of Nanotechnology for Chemical and Biological Defense, which explores scenarios and strategies regarding the benefits and potential proliferation threats of nanotechnology and other emerging sciences for international security. Her awards include
the 2015 CETL/BP Junior Faculty Teaching Excellence Award, 2014 Georgia Tech Junior Faculty Outstanding Undergraduate Research Mentor Award, 2012 Ivan Allen Jr Legacy Award, 2010 INTAGO Faculty Award, CETL Class of 1969 Teaching Scholar, the OSD Award for Excellence, 2007 UIUC Alumni Association Recent Alumni Award, the President’s Volunteer Service Award, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Defense Policy Fellow, and the Society of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines Dissertation Research Award. Currently, she serves on the editorial board of the scholarly journals Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, the Journal of Strategic Security, the Journal of Defense Management, and Global Security: Health Science and Policy. Kosal received her B.S. in chemistry from the University of Southern California and her Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.
JOHN MANFERDELLI was most recently professor of the practice and executive director of the Cyber Security and Privacy Institute at Northeastern University. Immediately prior to that he was engineering director for production security development at Google. Prior to Google, Manferdelli was a senior principal engineer at Intel Corporation and co-principal investigator (PI) (with David Wagner) for the Intel Science and Technology Center for Secure Computing at the University of California, Berkeley. He was also a member of the Information Science and Technology advisory group at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and is a member of the Defense Science Board. Prior to Intel, Manferdelli was a distinguished engineer at Microsoft and was an affiliate faculty member in computer science at the University of Washington. He was responsible for computer security, cryptography and systems research, as well as research in quantum computing. At Microsoft, Manferdelli also worked as a senior researcher, software architect, product unit manager, and general manager at Microsoft and was responsible for the development of the next-generation secure computing base technologies and the rights management capabilities currently integrated into Windows, for which he was the original architect. He joined Microsoft in 1995 when it acquired his company, Natural Language Inc., based in Berkeley, California. At Natural
Language, Manferdelli was the founder and, at various times, vice president of research and development and CEO. Other positions he has held include staff engineer at TRW, Inc., computer scientist and mathematician at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and PI at Bell Labs. He was also an adjunct associate professor at Stevens Institute of Technology. Manferdelli’s professional interests include cryptography and cryptographic mathematics, combinatorial mathematics, operating systems, and computer security, and he continues to consult on computer security, mathematics, and Internet of Things technology. He is author of many papers of computer security, high-performance computing, and cryptography, and has given invited talks on high-performance computing, quantum computing, and computer security and signal processing and has been awarded many patents. He is also a licensed radio amateur (AI6IT). Manferdelli has a B.S. in physics from Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art and a Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of California, Berkeley.
THOMAS RISTENPART is an associate professor at Cornell Tech and in the Computer Science Department at Cornell University. Before joining Cornell Tech in 2015, he spent 4 years as an assistant professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Ristenpart’s research spans a wide range of computer security topics, with a recent focus on cloud computing security, as well as topics in applied and theoretical cryptography. His work has been featured in numerous publications including The New York Times, the MIT Technology Review, ABC News, and U.S. News and World Report. Ristenpart received his Ph.D. from the University of California, San Diego, and his awards include the University of California, San Diego Computer Science and Engineering Department Dissertation Award, a National Science Foundation CAREER Award, the Best Paper Award at USENIX Security 2014, and a Sloan Research Fellowship.
STEFAN SAVAGE is a computer scientist using an interdisciplinary approach to address challenges to computer security and to counter cybercrime. In addition to identifying technological deficiencies, he contextualizes cybersecurity threats within much broader ecosystems,
including underlying economic incentives and social structures contributing to vulnerabilities. In early work, Dr. Savage created new strategies for defending against malware and what are known as distributed denial-of-service attacks (DDoS). To impede the spread of fast-acting worms, which can quickly compromise an entire network, he and colleagues devised a method for automatically measuring unusual data patterns and identifying worm signatures (or recurring strings of code) across a network. The growing prevalence of physical “smart” devices in our lives has made network cybersecurity an increasingly urgent priority. He and his colleagues were the first to demonstrate the ability to hack an automobile remotely—including taking control over the engine and brakes and monitoring conversations taking place within the car. In addition to working with car manufacturers to mitigate the immediate security threats, he has also investigated how the idiosyncrasies of the automobile sector’s supply chains give rise to, and hinder correction of, compromised car software. More recently, he and his collaborators measured network-level interactions to characterize the value chain of Internet-related crime. They identified a critical bottleneck for spam email campaigns and online counterfeit goods transactions: only a few banks accept the credit card transactions necessary for these online ventures to monetize their activities. These findings allowed the drug and credit card companies to disrupt the business models of several counterfeit drug rings to such an extent that they collapsed. Savage received his B.S. from Carnegie Mellon University and his Ph.D. from the University of Washington. In 2000, he joined the faculty of the University of California, San Diego, where he is currently a professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, co-director of the Center for Evidence-Based Security Research, and co-director of the Center for Networked Systems. His articles have been published in numerous conference proceedings, including those of the ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, ACM Transactions on Computer Systems, and IEEE Security and Privacy, among others.
SETH SHIPMAN opened and operates the Shipman Lab at the Gladstone Institutes, which focuses on cellular systems in the midst of
change, seeking to better understand how the order of transcriptional events during development can drive changes in cell fate, and to better intervene in diseases characterized by change, such as progressive neurodegeneration and cancer. To solve these problems, the laboratory takes a molecular engineering approach, leveraging the versatility of DNA as a programmable biological polymer to gather data without destroying cells, and delivering research tools and therapeutics that can modify their effect based on cell context. Shipman received his B.A. in neuroscience from Wesleyan University and his Ph.D. in neuroscience from the University of California, San Francisco. As a postdoc, he worked with George Church at Harvard University, using synthetic biology to encode data in the genomes of living cells.
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