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Leveraging Unmanned Systems for Coast Guard Missions (2020)

Chapter: Appendix A: Legislative Request

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Page 115
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Legislative Request." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Leveraging Unmanned Systems for Coast Guard Missions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25987.
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Appendix A

Legislative Request

COAST GUARD AUTHORIZATION ACT 2018, SECTION 812

  1. IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating shall seek to enter into an arrangement with the National Academy of Sciences not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act under which the Academy shall prepare an assessment of available unmanned, autonomous, or remotely controlled maritime domain awareness technologies for use by the Coast Guard.
  2. ASSESSMENT.—The assessment shall—
    1. describe the potential limitations of current and emerging unmanned technologies used in the maritime domain for—
      1. ocean observation;
      2. vessel monitoring and identification;
      3. weather observation;
      4. to the extent practicable for consideration by the Academy, intelligence gathering, surveillance, and reconnaissance; and
      5. communications;
    2. examine how technologies described in paragraph (1) can help prioritize Federal investment by examining;
      1. affordability, including acquisition, operations, and maintenance;
      2. reliability;
      3. versatility;
Page 116
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Legislative Request." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Leveraging Unmanned Systems for Coast Guard Missions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25987.
×
      1. efficiency; and
      2. estimated service life and persistence of effort; and
    1. analyze whether the use of new and emerging maritime domain awareness technologies can be used to—
      1. carry out Coast Guard missions at lower costs;
      2. expand the scope and range of Coast Guard maritime domain awareness;
      3. allow the Coast Guard to more efficiently and effectively allocate Coast Guard vessels, aircraft, and personnel; and
      4. identify adjustments that would be necessary in Coast Guard policies, procedures, and protocols to incorporate unmanned technologies to enhance efficiency.
  1. REPORT TO CONGRESS.—Not later than 1 year after entering into an arrangement with the Secretary under subsection (a), the National Academy of Sciences shall submit the assessment prepared under this section to the Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure and Homeland Security of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.
  2. USE OF INFORMATION.—In formulating costs pursuant to subsection (b), the National Academy of Sciences may utilize information from other Coast Guard reports, assessments, or analyses regarding existing Coast Guard manpower requirements or other reports, assessments, or analyses for the acquisition of unmanned, autonomous, or remotely controlled technologies by the Federal Government.
Page 115
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Legislative Request." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Leveraging Unmanned Systems for Coast Guard Missions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25987.
×
Page 115
Page 116
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Legislative Request." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Leveraging Unmanned Systems for Coast Guard Missions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25987.
×
Page 116
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As unmanned systems (UxS) continue to develop and be used by other military services and federal agencies, the U.S. Coast Guard should proceed more aggressively and deliberately in taking advantage of UxS advancements, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

The Coast Guard should also produce a high-level strategy with critical goals and actionable steps toward fully utilizing UxS technology, according to TRB Special Report 335: Leveraging Unmanned Systems for Coast Guard Missions.

UxS technologies include aerial, surface, and underwater vehicles with no human occupants; vehicles that may have a crew but with some level of remote control; and systems that are not vehicles.

As one of the country’s six military services, the Coast Guard also serves as a first responder, law enforcement agency, maritime regulator, and member of the intelligence community. Despite multiple initiatives to explore and assess the applicability of UxS to these areas, the Coast Guard lacks a formal means for identifying, investigating, and integrating systems. Meanwhile, UxS technological advancements continue to accelerate, driven by both commercial and military demands.

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