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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: NASA Organic Inventory Template." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Report Series: Committee on Planetary Protection: Planetary Protection for the Study of Lunar Volatiles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26029.
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C

NASA Organic Inventory Template

Organic Inventory Mission Name:

To be in compliance with planetary protection policy, the Mission shall provide an itemized list of bulk organic materials (defined as; all carbon-containing compounds including payload biological materials but excluding carbides, carbonates, cyanides and simple oxides of carbon [i.e., CO and CO2]) presented at the same level as the MIUL/materials list, as used on the flight hardware, estimated actual (in kg) for organic materials present in amounts larger than 1kg; “small amounts” for organic materials present in amounts between 1kg and 0.1kg, and; “traces” for identifiable organic materials present in amounts less than 0.1kg (Add more lines as needed for each line entry).

1) Adhesives and Potting Compounds

e.g., RTV/Silicones (DOW, Nusil, Hysol); polyurethanes such as arathane/solithane conformal coatings; epoxies such as Scotchweld, CFRP resin.

Material Name and Usage Actual Amount (kg) Small Amount Traces
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2) Primers, Paints and Inks

e.g. Aeroglaze Chemglaze etc.

Material Name and Usage Actual Amount (kg) Small Amount Traces
0.0 Image Image
0.0 Image Image

3) Thermal Control Films

e.g., Kapton, FEP Teflon, Betacloth

Material Name and Usage Actual Amount (kg) Small Amount Traces
0.0 Image Image
0.0 Image Image

4) Lubricants

e.g. Braycote Molybdenum Disulfide dry film

Material Name and Usage Actual Amount (kg) Small Amount Traces
0.0 Image Image
0.0 Image Image

5) Plastics and Elastomeric Materials

e.g., Circuit board with PTFE GI polyimide resin (PWB or PCB); Wiring Overwraps: Silicones Kapton (polyimide); PEI (polyether imide); ETFE (tefzel); Nylon (polyamide); PTFE (teflon); Heat Shrink: Polyolefin or Polyvyniline Fluoride types; O-rings and seals with ethyl, propyl, butyl and Viton Rubber; Fluorosilicone Flectron Tape (polyester), EMI shielding including e.g.,Vespel (SP-1).

___________________

NOTE: This “NASA Organic Inventory Template” was provided to the Committee on Planetary Protection by NASA Office of Planetary Protection in the Office of Safety and Mission Assurance.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: NASA Organic Inventory Template." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Report Series: Committee on Planetary Protection: Planetary Protection for the Study of Lunar Volatiles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26029.
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Material Name and Usage
Actual Amount (kg) Small Amount Traces
0.0 Image Image
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6) Tapes

Adhesive Tapes are principally represented by kapton (polyimide), polyester, FEP and Teflon backings with acrylic or silicone adhesives

Material Name and Usage Actual Amount (kg) Small Amount Traces
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7) Other

A range of other materials will need to be included, including e.g., Lacing Tape and Cards, Thread, Fibers such as Nomex, Dacron Scrim Cloth (polyester); DAP, Ultem PEI, PPS bulk castings; Nylon (Polyamide) used in structures; fiber, Velcro and vibe pads; propellant (MMH, UDMH); payload biological materials (living or dead).

Material Name and Usage Actual Amount (kg) Small Amount Traces
0.0 Image Image
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OSMA/OPP/20190909

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: NASA Organic Inventory Template." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Report Series: Committee on Planetary Protection: Planetary Protection for the Study of Lunar Volatiles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26029.
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Page 40
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: NASA Organic Inventory Template." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Report Series: Committee on Planetary Protection: Planetary Protection for the Study of Lunar Volatiles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26029.
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Page 41
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Report Series: Committee on Planetary Protection: Planetary Protection for the Study of Lunar Volatiles Get This Book
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Under U.S. policy and international treaty, the goals of planetary protection are to avoid both adverse changes in Earth’s environment caused by introducing extraterrestrial matter and harmful contamination of solar system bodies in order to protect their biological integrity for scientific study. The United States has long cooperated with other countries and relevant scientific communities through the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) of the International Council for Science in developing planetary protection guidance for different categories of space missions. In the past, achieving planetary protection objectives through science-based, international-consensus guidelines proved relatively straightforward because a small number of spacefaring nations explored the solar system, predominantly through government-led and scientifically focused robotic missions.

However, interest in, and the capabilities to undertake, exploration and uses of outer space are evolving and expanding. More countries are engaging in space activities. Private-sector involvement is increasing. Planning is under way for human as well as robotic missions. As recent advisory reports have highlighted, the changes in the nature of space activities create unprecedented challenges for planetary protection.

This publication responds to NASA’s request for “a short report on the impact of human activities on lunar polar volatiles (e.g., water, carbon dioxide, and methane) and the scientific value of protecting the surface and subsurface regions of the Earth’s Moon from organic and biological contamination.” It provides an overview of the current scientific understanding, value, and potential threat of organic and biological contamination of permanently shadowed regions (PSRs), lunar research relevant to understanding prebiotic evolution and the origin of life, and the likelihood that spacecraft landing on the lunar surface will transfer volatiles to polar cold traps. It also assesses how much and which regions of the Moon’s surface and subsurface warrant protection from organic and biological contamination because of their scientific value.

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