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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2020. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26048.
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Acronyms

4D STEM 4D scanning transmission electron microscopy
AAFS American Academy of Forensic Sciences
ACMD Applied Chemicals and Materials Division
ACS American Chemical Society
AFM atomic force microscopy
AMAP Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme
AM Bench Additive Manufacturing Benchmark Test Series
API application programming interface
APS American Physical Society
ARMI Advanced Regenerative Manufacturing Institute
ARPA-E Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy
ASM American Society of Materials
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
ASTMi American Society for Testing Materials International
ATB-MII Advanced Tissue Biofabrication Manufacturing Innovation Institute
ATCC American Type Culture Collection
BADSS Business Application Development, Support, and Security Group
BBD Biosystems and Biomaterials Division
BCARS broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering
BMD Biomolecular Measurement Division
BSL-2 Biosafety Level 2
CALPHAD Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry
CDC Centers for Disease Control
CSD Chemical Sciences Division
cGMP current Good Manufacturing Practices
CHiMaD Center for Hierarchical Materials Design
CHO Chinese Hamster Ovary cells
CLL chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CODATA Committee on Data of the International Science Council
CNST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology
CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2020. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26048.
×
CRP C-reactive protein
CSD Chemical Sciences Division
CSTL Chemical Science and Technology Laboratory
ctDNA circulating tumor DNA
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DFT density functional theory
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DMP data management plan
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DOC Department of Commerce
DoD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
DOJ Department of Justice
DOT Department of Transportation
EDRN Early Detection Research Network
EELS electron energy-loss spectroscopy
EGFR epidermal growth factor receptor
ENP engineered nanoparticle
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
EPR Electron Paramagnetic Resonance
ERCC External RNA Controls Consortium
ERF equivalent number of reference fluorophores
EXAFS extended X-ray absorption fine structure
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FIB SEM focused ion beam scanning electron microscope
FISH fluorescence in situ hybridization
FIZ Fachinformationszentrum Karlsruhe
FTE full-time equivalent
GHS Globally Harmonized System
GIAB Genome in a Bottle
GM General Motors
HER2 human epidermal growth factor receptor 2
HML Hollings Marine Laboratory
HMP Human Microbiome Project
IBBR Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research
ICSD Inorganic Crystal Structure Database
IFCC International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2020. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26048.
×
IgG immunoglobulin G
IMMSA International Metagenomics and Microbiome Standards Alliance
InChI International Chemical Identifier
ISCT International Society for Cellular Therapy
ISO International Organization for Standardization
IT information technology
ITL Information Technology Laboratory
IUPAC International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
JANAF Joint Army Navy Airforce
JILA Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics
JIMB Joint Initiative for Metrology in Biology
LC-MS liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
LIMS Laboratory Information Management System
Li-ons lithium-ions
low-GWP low-global warming potential
mAb monoclonal antibody
MATES Multi-Agency Tissue Engineering Science
MCL Molecular Characterization Laboratory
MDCS Materials Data Curation System
MEP Manufacturing Extension Partnership
MGI Materials Genome Initiative
MIDAS Management of Institutional Data Assets
miRNA microRNA
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MML Material Measurement Laboratory
MMSD Materials Measurement Science Division
MOU Memorandum of Understanding
MSED Materials Science and Engineering Division
MSEL Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory
MTA Materials Transfer Agreement
NCI National Cancer Institute
NCI-MATCH National Cancer Institute, Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice
NCMC National Cell Manufacturing Consortium
NDA nondisclosure agreement
NDP neutron depth profiling
NERSC National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center
NGS next-generation sequencing
NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2020. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26048.
×
NIDCR National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIIMBL National Institute for Innovation in Manufacturing Biopharmaceuticals
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NMR nuclear magnetic resonance
NNSA National Nuclear Security Administration
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NRC National Research Council
NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory
NSLS-II National Synchrotron Light Source II
N-STEP NIST Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Program
OAR Open Access to Research
ODI Office of Data and Informatics
OISM Office of Information Systems Management
ORM Office of Reference Materials
OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy
PECASE Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers
PLOT-cryo porous layer open tubular cryoadsorption
PML Physical Measurement Laboratory
R&D research and development
REFPROP Reference Fluid Thermodynamic and Transport Properties Database
RM reference method
RMP reference measurement procedure
SAXS small-angle X-ray scattering
SBSC Synthetic Biology Standards Consortium
SCB Standards Coordinating Body
SD service development
SEM scanning electron microscopy
SERI strategic and emerging research initiatives
SMSD Surface and Microanalysis Science Division
SPRi surface plasmon resonance imaging
SRD standard reference data
SRI standard reference instrument
SRM standard reference material
STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
STR short tandem repeat
TE tissue engineering
TEM transmission electron microscopy
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2020. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26048.
×
TERMIS-AM Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine International Society-Americas
TMS The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society
UMD University of Maryland
URL uniform resource locator
U.S. TAG U.S. Technical Advisory Group
UV-Vis ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy
WCF working capital fund
XEDS Energy-dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy
XRD X-ray diffraction
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2020. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26048.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2020. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26048.
×
Page 79
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2020. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26048.
×
Page 80
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2020. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26048.
×
Page 81
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2020. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26048.
×
Page 82
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2020. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26048.
×
Page 83
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2020. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26048.
×
Page 84
An Assessment of the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2020 Get This Book
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The Material Measurement Laboratory (MML) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) comprises six technical divisions and two offices. The two offices manage programs related to NIST standard reference materials and NIST data products or standard reference data. The technical divisions engage in research and development of the measurement science, standards, technology, and data required to support the nation’s need to design, develop, manufacture, and use materials. These divisions interact extensively with both industry and public institutions to advance the economy and provide tools for the creation of knowledge.

This report assesses the scientific and technical work performed by the NIST Material Measurement Laboratory and makes actionable recommendations to support MML in the achievement of its objectives.

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