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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Rental Eviction and the
COVID-19 Pandemic

AVERTING A LOOMING CRISIS

Response and Resilient Recovery Strategic Science Initiative

Strategy Group on COVID-19 and Rental Evictions

Division on Earth and Life Studies

Health and Medicine Division

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Policy and Global Affairs

A Consensus Study Report of

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001

This study was supported by National Academy of Sciences internal funding. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Academies.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-43743-1

International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-43743-1

Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26106

Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2022 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26106.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×

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Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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STRATEGY GROUP ON COVID-19 AND RENTAL EVICTIONS

Chair

KAREN DYNAN, Harvard University

Members

STEPHANIE AARONSON, Brookings Institution

LISA K. BATES, Portland State University

GLORIA BRUCE, East Bay Housing Organizations

ANITA CHANDRA, RAND Corporation

AMY CREWS CUTTS, AC Cutts and Associates, LLC

ANNIE DONOVAN, Local Initiatives Support Corporation

MICHAEL FRATANTONI, Mortgage Bankers Association

WAYNE GILES, University of Illinois at Chicago

WILLIAM GOEDEL, Brown University

RACHEL GARSHICK KLEIT, Ohio State University

LAUREN ANCEL MEYERS, University of Texas at Austin

MAHASIN MUJAHID, University of California, Berkeley

KELLY PATTERSON, State University of New York at Buffalo

VINCENT J. REINA, University of Pennsylvania

MARYBETH SHINN, Vanderbilt University

TIMOTHY A. THOMAS, University of California, Berkeley

RACHEL L. J. THORNTON, The Johns Hopkins University

TILL MARCO VON WACHTER, University of California, Los Angeles

STEPHANIE WILLIAMS, Bozzuto Management Corporation

DOUGLAS E. WOOD, Aspen Institute

AHU YILDIRMAZ, ADP Research Institute

Report Editor

RONA BRIERE, Briere Associates, Inc.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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EXECUTIVE COUNCIL OF THE RESPONSE AND RESILIENT RECOVERY STRATEGIC SCIENCE INITIATIVE

Chair

MARTÍN-J. SEPÚLVEDA (NAM), International Business Machines Corporation, CLARALUZ, LLC

Members

DOLORES ACEVEDO-GARCIA, Brandeis University

THAD W. ALLEN, Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc.

KAREN DYNAN, Harvard University

EDWARD H. FRANK (NAE), Brilliant Lime, Inc.

JOHN R. LUMPKIN (NAM), Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Carolina Foundation

GARY MACHLIS, Clemson University

JANET NAPOLITANO, University of California, Berkeley

Staff

AUDREY THÉVENON, Study Director

MICAH LOWENTHAL, Senior Director

JULIE PAVLIN, Senior Board Director

TERESA STOEPLER, Senior Program Officer

JENNA BRISCOE, Research Associate

CHARLES MINICUCCI, Research Assistant

MEGHAN ANGE-STARK, Associate Program Officer

Consultants

HEATHER KREIDLER, Fact or Fiction, LLC

SUSAN STICKLEY, Stratus, Inc.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×

ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF REVIEWERS

This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

Ms. Samar Ali, Vanderbilt Law School

Dr. Andrew Aurand, National Low Income Housing Coalition

Ms. Emily A. Benfer, Wake Forest University School of Law

Dr. Raphael Bostic, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

Ms. Allison Bovell-Ammon, Children’s HealthWatch

Mr. Daryl J. Carter, Avanath Capital Management LLC

Dr. Dennis P. Culhane, University of Pennsylvania

Ms. Mary Cunningham, Urban Institute

Dr. Susan L. Cutter, University of South Carolina

Dr. Matthew Desmond, Princeton University

Mr. Rudy Espinoza, Inclusive Action for the City

Ms. Robin Hacke, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy

Dr. Danya Keene, Yale University School of Medicine

Dr. Sabriya Linton, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Dr. Giridhar G. Mallya, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Dr. Edgar O. Olsen, University of Virginia

Mr. Robert Pinnegar, National Apartment Association

Dr. Megan T. Sandel, Boston Medical Center

Ms. Sarah Stein, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Dr. Robert A. Moffitt (NAS), Johns Hopkins University, and Dr. David E. Jacobs, National Center for Healthy Housing. They were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×
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Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26106.
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As the federal moratorium on rental eviction is set to expire on July 31st, 2021, actionable guidance is urgently needed on how to ensure that renters can stay in their homes and housing aid reaches the communities that need it most. This report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine recommends that the Executive Office of the President of the United States should consider establishing a task force to prevent rental evictions and mitigate housing instability caused by the pandemic. Rental Eviction and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Averting a Looming Crisis recommends actions to be taken both urgently and over the next three years aimed at addressing the immediate crisis as well as long-standing needs related to housing choice, affordability, and security across the United States. These include: building on existing social programs that support those struggling with poverty and housing instability; efficiently channeling emergency relief to renters and landlords; increasing the availability of housing choice vouchers; reforming unemployment insurance; and reducing discriminatory practices and systemic inequities.

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