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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
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QUANTUM SCIENCE CONCEPTS IN
ENHANCING SENSING AND IMAGING
TECHNOLOGIES

APPLICATIONS FOR BIOLOGY

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Anne Frances Johnson, Steven M. Moss, Andrew Bremer,
and Frances Sharples, Rapporteurs

Board on Life Sciences

Division on Earth and Life Studies

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by the Office of Science in the U.S. Department of Energy under Grant No. DE-SC0021108. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-46534-2
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-46534-6
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26139

Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2021 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26139.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×

Image

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
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ORGANIZING COMMITTEE FOR WORKSHOP ON QUANTUM SCIENCE CONCEPTS IN ENHANCING SENSING AND IMAGING TECHNOLOGIES: APPLICATIONS FOR BIOLOGY

TAEKJIP “TJ” HA (NAS), Chair, Johns Hopkins University

CLARICE D. AIELLO, University of California, Los Angeles

PREM KUMAR, Northwestern University

PHILIP KURIAN, Howard University

PRINEHA NARANG, Harvard University

JENNIFER PETT-RIDGE, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

JASON B. WEST, Texas A&M University

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

STEVEN M. MOSS, Project Director, Board on Life Sciences

ANDREW BREMER, Associate Program Officer, Board on Life Sciences

ANDREA HODGSON, Senior Program Officer, Board on Life Sciences

KAVITA M. BERGER, Director, Board on Life Sciences

FRANCES SHARPLES, Advisor, Board on Life Sciences

JESSICA DE MOUY, Research Associate, Board on Life Sciences

CHRISTOPHER J. JONES, Senior Program Officer, Board on Physics and Astronomy

ERIK SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer, National Materials and Manufacturing Board

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×

BOARD ON LIFE SCIENCES

BARBARA A. SCHALL (NAS), Chair, Washington University in St. Louis

A. ALONSO AGUIRRE, George Mason University

VALERIE H. BONHAM, Ropes & Gray LLP

DOMINIQUE BROSSARD, University of Wisconsin–Madison

SEAN M. DECATUR, Kenyon College

SCOTT V. EDWARDS (NAS), Harvard University

GERALD L. EPSTEIN, National Defense University

ROBERT J. FULL, University of California, Berkeley

ROBERT NEWMAN, The Aspen Institute

STEPHEN J. O’BRIEN (NAS), Nova Southeastern University

LUCILA OHNO-MACHADO (NAM), University of California, San Diego

CLAIRE POMEROY, Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation

SUSAN RUNDELL SINGER, Rollins College

DAVID R. WALT (NAE, NAM), Harvard Medical School

PHYLLIS M. WISE (NAM), University of Colorado

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

KAVITA M. BERGER, Board Director

ANDREW BREMER, Associate Program Officer

NANCY D. CONNELL, Senior Scientist

JESSICA DE MOUY, Research Associate

CYNTHIA GETNER, Financial Business Partner

ANDREA HODGSON, Senior Program Officer

STEVEN M. MOSS, Program Officer

FRAN SHARPLES, Advisor

AUDREY THEVENON, Senior Program Officer

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×

BOARD ON PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY

ANDREW LANKFORD, Chair, University of California, Irvine

MEIGAN ARONSON, The University of British Columbia

WILLIAM BIALEK (NAS), Princeton University

JILL DAHLBURG, Naval Research Laboratory

SALLY DAWSON, Brookhaven National Laboratory

LOUIS DIMAURO, The Ohio State University

WENDY FREEMAN (NAS), University of Chicago

WENDELL HILL III, University of Maryland

ALAN HURD, Los Alamos National Laboratory

CHUNG-PEI MA, University of California, Berkeley

DAVID H. REITZE, California Institute of Technology

SUNIL SINHA, University of California, San Diego

RISA H. WECHSLER, Kavli Institute of Particle Physics & Cosmology

WILLIAM A. ZAJC, Columbia University

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

COLLEEN HARTMAN, Board Director

NEERAJ GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer

AMISHA JINANDRA, Associate Program Officer

CHRISTOPHER J. JONES, Senior Program Officer

RADAKA LIGHTFOOT, Financial Business Partner

GREG MACK, Senior Program Officer

DONALD SHAPERO, Senior Scholar

LINDA WALKER, Program Coordinator

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×

NATIONAL MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING BOARD

THERESA KOTANCHEK, Chair, Evolved Analytics LLC

JOHN KLIER, Vice Chair, University of Massachusetts Amherst

KEVIN ANDERSON (NAE), Brunswick Corporation

CRAIG ARNOLD, Princeton University

TERESA CLEMENT, Raytheon Missile Systems

THOMAS M. DONNELLAN, Applied Research Laboratory

STEPHEN FORREST (NAS, NAE), University of Michigan

AMIT GOYAL (NAE), State University of New York at Buffalo

JULIA GREER, California Institute of Technology

LATONIA M. HARRIS, Janssen Pharmaceuticals

MICK MAHER, Maher & Associates LLC

GREGORY TASSEY, University of Washington

MATTHEW J. ZALUZEC, University of Florida

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

JAMES LANCASTER, Director

ERIK SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer

NEERAJ P. GHORKALY, Associate Program Officer

BETH DOLAN, Financial Business Partner

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant

AMISHA JINANDRA, Research Associate

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×

Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

YUN CHEN, Johns Hopkins University

PRINEHA NARANG, Harvard University

GREGORY D. SCHOLES, Princeton University

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by MARK SCHNITZER, Stanford University. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26139.
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Page R12
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Quantum concepts hold the potential to enable significant advances in sensing and imaging technologies that could be vital to the study of biological systems. The workshop Quantum Science Concepts in Enhancing Sensing and Imaging Technologies: Applications for Biology, held online March 8-10, 2021, was organized to examine the research and development needs to advance biological applications of quantum technology. Hosted by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, the event brought together experts working on state-of-the-art, quantum-enabled technologies and scientists who are interested in applying these technologies to biological systems. Through talks, panels, and discussions, the workshop facilitated a better understanding of the current and future biological applications of quantum-enabled technologies in fields such as microbiology, molecular biology, cell biology, plant science, mycology, and many others. This publication summarizes the presentation and discussion of the workshop.

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