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Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals (2021)

Chapter: Section IV - Reference Materials

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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Suggested Citation:"Section IV - Reference Materials." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26140.
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Reference Materials S E C T I O N I V This section provides reference materials and resources to use in enhancing curricula. 76 Internship Checklists 76 Rotational Internship 77 Project-Based Internship 77 Sample Syllabi 77 Intro to Aviation 78 Airports 101 78 Airport Capstone 79 Airport Co-Op/Internship 79 Airport Policy and Administration 80 Airport Master Planning 81 Airports and the Environment 81 Airport Design Practicum 82 Professional Development and Communications 82 Fundamentals of Data Analytics 83 Fundamentals of Engineering Technology 83 Fundamentals of Public Policy 84 Fundamentals of Business 84 Resources for Course Content 84 Airport Management 85 Airport Environmental Planning 86 Airport Finance 87 Airport Global Networks 87 Airport Design 88 Airport Advanced Computer Applications 88 Airport Administration 90 Airport Planning 91 Other External Resources (Annotated Bibliography) 91 TRB Publications 91 Academic Journals 92 Trade Publications 94 Professional Organization Training Materials 94 Academic Non-Degree Programs 95 Textbooks and Additional Materials

76 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals Internship Checklists ROTATIONAL INTERNSHIP CHECKLIST TEMPLATE (examples in italics) Identify Partnering Organizations • Academic Organization: XYZ College • Industry Organization: KABC Airport Determine Points of Contact • University Faculty Member • University Academic Advisor • Industry Technical Lead(s) • Industry Administrative Lead Create Overview of Internship Structure This is a 15-week, 20-hour-per-week (300 total hours) internship intended for students in the university’s aviation program. This is a rotational internship with the student rotating among airside operations, terminal operations, finance & administration, and planning departments each month. University will grant 3.0 units of technical elective credit toward the student’s aviation major upon successful completion of the internship. Determine Intern Eligibility This internship is open for application to students with at least junior status in the university’s aviation program. Student must have at least a 3.0 GPA. Student must have a valid driver’s license. Student must have own transportation to and from airport. Determine Application Process Interested applicants should complete an airport employee application form, provide a statement of purpose, an unofficial transcript, and a letter of recommendation from a faculty member. Airport will select intern(s) based on the received applications. Applications are due to airport 120 days before internship start date. Interns will be selected 90 days before start date. Determine Internship Schedule • Day 1: Welcome and Orientation, completion of paperwork, department visits • Week 1-4: Rotation 1: Airfield Operations • Week 5-8: Rotation 2: Terminal Operations • Week 9-11: Rotation 3: Finance & Admin • Week 12-14: Rotation 4: Planning • Week 15: Wrap up, presentations, assessment Determine Internship Deliverables and Assessment Methods Student will keep daily logs of activities. Student will deliver a presentation on their work in each department during the last week of the internship. Assessment of student performance will be conducted by department mentors. Student will provide their presentations and an internship summary write up to their university. University faculty member and advisor will determine level of accomplishment.

Reference Materials 77 Sample Syllabi COURSE SYLLABUS Intro to Aviation Course Objective: Introduction to the aviation industry, including its elements, components, and structures. Topics include introductions to the national airspace system; aircraft; airlines; cargo opera- tors; corporate and general aviation; airspace and air traffic control; and government oversight of aviation. Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of this course, students should be able to successfully understand and discuss the following: • Significant milestones in the history of civil aviation • Common aviation terminology, definitions, and acronyms PROJECT-BASED INTERNSHIP CHECKLIST TEMPLATE (examples in italics) Identify Partnering Organizations • Academic Organization: XYZ College • Industry Organization: KGGG Airport Determine Points of Contact • University Faculty Member • University Academic Advisor • Industry Technical Lead(s) • Industry Administrative Lead Create Overview of Internship Structure This is a 15-week, 20-hour-per-week (300 total hours) internship intended for students in the university’s aviation program. This is a project-based internship with the student focusing on assisting the airport with developing its master plan update. University will grant 3.0 units of technical elective credit toward the student’s aviation major upon successful completion of the internship. Determine Intern Eligibility This internship is open for application to students with at least junior status in the university’s aviation program. Student must have at least a 3.0 GPA. Student must have a valid driver’s license. Student must have own transportation to and from airport. Determine Application Process Interested applicants should complete an airport employee application form, provide a statement of purpose, an unofficial transcript, and a letter of recommendation from a faculty member. Airport will select intern(s) based on the received applications. Applications are due to airport 120 days before internship start date. Interns will be selected 90 days before start date. Determine Internship Schedule • Day 1: Welcome and Orientation, completion of paperwork, department visits • Week 1-8: Assist in performing inventory of facilities • Week 9-12: Assist in performing activity forecasts • Week 13-14: Assist in conducting community engagement meetings • Week 15: Wrap up, presentations, assessment Determine Internship Deliverables and Assessment Methods Student will keep daily logs of activities. Student will deliver a presentation on their work in each department during the last week of the internship. Assessment of student performance will be conducted by department mentors. Student will provide their presentations and an internship summary write up to their university. University faculty member and advisor will determine level of accomplishment.

78 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals • Aviation industry structure, including the role of air carriers, general aviation, and corporate aviation • Organization and operation of the national airspace system and air traffic control • Basic aircraft systems, instruments, and components of a conventional airplane • Basic principles of flight • Basic weather principles and their impact on aviation operations • Role of airports in the aviation system • Careers in aviation and the sources of information on those careers COURSE SYLLABUS Airports 101 Course Objective: Airports 101 is designed to provide the student with a basic understand- ing of the airport industry, including essential elements of airport administration, operations, finance, and development. For the student interested in airport management as a career field, this course will serve as a foundation to prepare for further study, an internship, and entry- level position at an airport or related business. Whether a student is specifically interested in airport management as a potential career choice, or in another segment of aviation, such as airlines, corporate aviation, or government, it is important to understand that airports are a vital component of the global aviation transportation system, and their interface with other facets of the aviation industry is an integral part of the collegiate aviation education experience. Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of this course, students should be able to successfully understand, discuss, and demonstrate the following: • Understand the role and requirements of airport management • Discuss significant legislation and changes in technology affecting historical airport development • Compare and contrast the various airport types and their roles in the airport system • Identify airport facilities on the airfield, in the terminal, and on the landside • Discuss the importance of airport security • Explain current ground access issues at major airports • Identify current federal advisories and regulations regarding airport development and operation • Understand qualitative and quantitative methods of evaluating airfield and terminal operations • Describe the master planning process and its importance to airport management • Discuss the economic, social, and political impacts of airport development on the local vicinity • Describe various financial and organizational strategies employed by airport management • Evaluate research and other resources that focus on current airport management issues COURSE SYLLABUS Airport Capstone Course Objective: The Airport Capstone course is designed to assess and build on skills acquired in earlier courses and emphasize situations and challenges that exist in industry. Capstone provides an opportunity for students to demonstrate and refine a range of professional competencies and communication skills. Using computer and business models, case studies, and research projects, students develop and apply critical thinking and problem-solving skills, goals that are key to a student’s education and success in Industry.

Reference Materials 79 Working with a faculty capstone coordinator, students are organized into teams to define and address various research- and issue-related topics. Over the course of a semester, student teams plan their approach and assign responsibilities. Teams meet at least weekly to monitor progress. Deliverables are scheduled and interim reports are expected. Toward the end of the semester, each team prepares a poster presentation and a more detailed final report to their industry sponsor, faculty, and the other teams. Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of this course, students should have obtained the following: • Comprehensive knowledge gained from a major area of study in a manner aimed to assist students to positively address an industry need • Experience working in a professional group environment, providing peer direction, and peer assessment • Enhanced interpersonal and professional communication skills COURSE SYLLABUS Airport Co-Op/Internship Course Objective: This course is designed to provide an opportunity for the student to participate in a direct hands-on experience with airports and other airport-related interests that offer co-op and intern positions. The student will have the opportunity to enhance their education, apply- ing the knowledge and skills learned in the classroom through a total immersion experiential learning environment. The intern experience helps the student understand more clearly, the operation, administration, and development of airports while also providing the opportunity to develop professional working relationships. In many cases, the internship may serve as a screen- ing tool and extended interview that could lead to a full-time entry-level position. Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of the co-op or internship, students should be able to understand, discuss, and demonstrate the following: • Demonstrate the ability to perform satisfactorily in a professional work environment • Compare and contrast the knowledge and skills learned in the classroom with the actual work setting • Describe in detail the responsibilities, functions, and activities of the various airport depart- ments and professionals • Demonstrate examples of professional oral and written communication skills • Discuss available career path opportunities • Provide feedback and discuss areas for improving the internship program • Demonstrate a satisfactory job performance evaluation that reflects favorably on the student, the program, and the institution Note: Some internships may be organized to provide exposure to several airport departments through a rotational assignment schedule. In contrast, co-ops and other internships may be focused on temporary or limited-term employment to participate as staff of a specific depart- ment. In either case, the focus of the course is on the experiential learning that takes place while immersed in the working environment. COURSE SYLLABUS Airport Policy and Administration Course Objective: Airport Policy and Administration is an advanced study of the organiza- tional, political, and financial administration of public and private civil use airports. Areas of

80 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals emphasis include public relations management; safety and security issues; employee organiza- tional structures; economic impacts of airport operations; airport performance measurement standards; and current trends and issues of direct concern to airport administrators. This course is designed as an advanced survey of airport policies and administrative strategies for those students who have achieved a basic understanding of airport operations from relevant coursework or previous work experience. Emphasis in the course is placed on the financial strategies employed by airports under a variety of organizational structures. Airports are an inte- gral part of aviation because they interact with all other facets of the industry. As such, airport managers must be familiar with the policies and regulations imposed by industry agencies. This course will examine relevant policies imposed by the FAA, commercial airlines, and other users of a civil use airport. Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to understand, discuss, and demonstrate the following: • Understand the relevant policies and regulations specified by the FAA as it relates to airport operations • Explain the strategies employed by airport management when it comes to working with the commercial airline industry • Explain the impact of various financial strategies employed by airport management • Explain the concept of airport privatization and its effects on airport management policies and administration • Measure the performance of an airport using a variety of performance measurement methodologies • Discuss environmental issues specific to airports and strategies used to address such issues • Discuss various marketing methods used by airport management • Understand the relationship between airport management and the community the airport serves COURSE SYLLABUS Airport Master Planning Course Objective: Airport Master Planning introduces the student to the requirements, issues, and processes involved in the planning of airport development. The course includes an in-depth study of the sources of aviation data, forecasting methods, the airport master planning process, and environmental issues and requirements. The course is designed to provide the student with a basic understanding of the planning and development of airports, and it plays an important role in rounding out the aviation course offerings to students in any of the college’s aviation degree programs. Whether a student is specifically interested in airport planning and development as a potential career choice, or in another segment of aviation, such as airport management, airlines, corporate aviation, or government, the role of airports as a fundamental component of the aviation system and how airports interface with other facets of the aviation industry are integral parts of the collegiate aviation education experience. Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to understand and thoroughly discuss the following: • Objectives and processes for airport planning from the federal, state, regional, and local perspective • Forecasting concepts, processes, and various methodologies for forecasting aviation activity

Reference Materials 81 • Various factors affecting the airport’s capacity to accommodate aircraft demand and manage delays when demand exceeds capacity • Relationship between the requirements of the airside and landside facilities of the airport • National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA) process and methodologies for evaluating the impact of proposed projects on the environment • Function and characteristics of the airport’s airspace (FAR Part 77 and TERPS) and the need to protect airspace from encroachment • Process for evaluating development alternatives from operational, environmental, and finan- cial perspectives COURSE SYLLABUS Airports and the Environment Course Objective: Airports and the Environment is designed to provide the student with a broad perspective on aircraft noise and compatible land use; air and water quality; climate change; and energy efficiency issues directly associated with airports. The course will provide the student with the background of how environmental concerns evolved with the advent of commercial jets and increased levels of air travel. It will also provide a detailed overview of how airports respond to and manage contemporary environmental concerns regarding aircraft and other activity, including impact studies and the implementation of operational measures, land use compatibility controls, and capital projects. Sustainability and climate change policies and programs are also covered. Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to understand and competently discuss the following: • Historical and legislative perspectives regarding environmental concerns relevant to aviation activity on or near airports • Purpose and intent of the NEPA and other current laws and regulations • NEPA compliance policies and practices relevant to airports, including environmental impact assessments and Part 150 Noise Compatibility Programs • Metrics, thresholds, and mitigation strategies for addressing aircraft noise • Metrics, thresholds, and mitigation strategies for addressing compatible land use around airports • Metrics, thresholds, and mitigation strategies for addressing ambient air quality on and around airports • Metrics, thresholds, and mitigation strategies for addressing water quality on and around airports • Balanced wildlife hazard management and mitigation strategies • Climate change theory, supporting data, policies, and plans for adapting to future impacts • Sustainability policies, plans, and initiatives, including energy conservation, renewable energy resources, carbon footprint reduction, and waste management COURSE SYLLABUS Airport Design Practicum Course Objective: The Airport Design Practicum is designed to provide students with an opportunity to research applied technologies to develop an innovative and practical solution for contemporary issues facing airports. It culminates in the submission of a proposal that meets the guidelines of the ACRP University Design Competition (an annual event).

82 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals The ACRP University Design Competition focuses on four broad areas that involve issues relevant to airports and include: • Airport Operation and Maintenance • Runway Safety/Runway Incursions/Runway Excursions • Airport Environmental Interactions • Airport Management and Planning The practicum can also serve as a culminating experience that meets the accreditation requirements of the institution and the program. Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to demonstrate the following: • Conduct a thorough and relevant review of literature to identify gaps and opportunities for developing innovation and creative solutions • Develop and conduct technical analyses using accepted methodologies • Understand aviation regulatory policies and practices • Understand the practical application of the FAA’s SMS • Effective interactions with industry professionals • Develop a business case for proposals that include benefit-cost considerations • Provide meaningful contributions as a member of a team in a professional manner • Prepare and submit a professional quality proposal that is responsive to instructions COURSE SYLLABUS Professional Development and Communications Course Objective: This course focuses on developing professional skills needed for success in the airport industry, to include the development of oral, written, and presentation commu- nications skills, project planning, time management, and an understanding of professional culture. The objective of this course is to provide the students with a fundamental overview of the essential elements to effectively communicate and work in a professional environment. Because this course is intended to be taken by students pursuing an education in the airport industry, it will provide applications of communications principles to the airport industry. Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to demonstrate the following abilities: • Deliver a simple professional presentation • Write a simple yet professional piece of correspondence • Develop a professional style resume • Develop a professional style Internet profile, such as a LinkedIn page • Create and stick to a simple calendar and project plan • Understand and appreciate diversity, inclusion, and equity in the professional environment COURSE SYLLABUS Fundamentals of Data Analytics Course Objective: This course provides an introduction to and application of data analytics tools, methods, and purposes. It will involve applying data analytics software tools (spreadsheets,

Reference Materials 83 visualization tools, programming packages) to airport data to seek business and operational insights. The objective of this course is to provide the students with a fundamental overview of the essential elements of data analytics. Because this course is intended to be taken by students pursuing an education in the airport industry, it will provide applications of data analytics principles to the airport industry. Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to demonstrate the following: • A fundamental understanding of the concept and purpose of data analytics • A fundamental understanding of data sources • A fundamental understanding of analytical methods including creating tables, graphs, charts, and basic statistical models • A fundamental understanding of data analytics software tools and platforms • The ability to perform a basic data analytics exercise COURSE SYLLABUS Fundamentals of Engineering Technology Course Objective: This course introduces engineering principles with a focus on properties of mechanics, aerodynamics, electrical systems, IT, and an overview of engineering specializations to include mechanical, civil, and electrical engineering, and IT. The objective of this course is to provide the students with a fundamental overview of the essential elements of engineering technology. Because this course is intended to be taken by students pursuing an education in the airport industry, it will provide applications of engi- neering technology principles to the airport industry. Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to demonstrate the following: • A fundamental understanding of essential elements of mechanical engineering technology, including basic statics, dynamics of forces, and tensions • A fundamental understanding of the essential elements of electrical engineering tech- nology, including fundamentals of circuits, direct and alternating currents, and power transformers • A fundamental understanding of the essential elements of civil engineering, including struc- tures, foundations, pavements, construction, and transportation systems • A fundamental understanding of IT, including hardware and software platforms; digital networks; server-client architecture; and cloud infrastructure COURSE SYLLABUS Fundamentals of Public Policy Course Objective: This course introduces how public policy operates, to include high-level education on federal, state, and local governments, laws and regulations, and governmental procedures. The objective of this course is to provide students with a fundamental overview of the essential elements of public policy. Because this course is intended to be taken by students pursuing an education in the airport industry, it will provide applications of policy, government relations, and community engagement principles to the airport industry.

84 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to demonstrate the following: • A fundamental understanding of how policy is created • An understanding of regulatory bodies on local, regional, and federal levels • An understanding of the basics of creating rules, regulations, operating procedures, and culture • An understanding of the politics of policymaking COURSE SYLLABUS Fundamentals of Business Course Objective: This course introduces the elements of a business environment, to include intro to economics, finance, accounting, marketing, communications, organizational structures, operations, customer service, human resources management, and how to be a professional in industry. The objective of this course is to provide students with a fundamental overview of the essential elements of operating within a business enterprise. Because this course is intended to be taken by students pursuing an education in the airport industry, it will provide applications of business principles to the airport industry. Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to demonstrate the following: • A fundamental understanding of the operation of a business enterprise • An understanding of the elements of business operations • An understanding of the basics of business accounting and finance • An understanding of business marketing, advertising, and communications • A familiarization with organizational structures and human resources operations • How to read business plans, strategic plans, and annual reports Resources for Course Content Airport Management 1. ACRP Research Report 16: Guidebook for Managing Small Airports—Second Edition (2019) 2. ACRP Web-Only Document 24: Challenges to Implementing Successful Land Use Strategies at Airports (2019) 3. ACRP Research Report 213: Estimating Market Value and Establishing Market Rent at Small Airports (2020) 4. ACRP Research Report 192: Airport Management Guide for Providing Aircraft Fueling Services (2019) 5. ACRP Research Report 184: Executive Summary for the Guidebook on Understanding FAA Grant Assur- ance Obligations (2018) 6. ACRP Synthesis 86: Airport Operator Options for Delivery of FBO Services (2018) 7. ACRP Web-Only Document 44: Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations, Volume 1: Guidebook (2018) 8. ACRP Web-Only Document 44: Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations, Volume 2: Technical Appendices (2018) 9. ACRP Web-Only Document 44: Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations, Volume 3: Research Report (2018) 10. ACRP Web-Only Document 44: Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations, Volume 4: Summary of AIP Grant Assurance Requirements (2018) 11. ACRP Synthesis 30: Airport Insurance Coverage and Risk Management Practices (2011) 12. ACRP Legal Research Digest 37: Legal Issues Relating to Airports Promoting Competition (2019) 13. ACRP Report 58: Airport Industry Familiarization and Training for Part-Time Airport Policy Makers (2011)

Reference Materials 85 14. ACRP Report 59: Information Technology Systems at Airports—A Primer (2012) 15. ACRP Synthesis 19: Airport Revenue Diversification (2010) 16. ACRP Report 69: Asset and Infrastructure Management for Airports—Primer and Guidebook (2012) 17. ACRP Synthesis 56: Understanding the Value of Social Media at Airports for Customer Engagement (2014) 18. ACRP Legal Research Digest 30: Contract Risk Management for Airport Agreements (2016) 19. ACRP Legal Research Digest 23: A Guide for Compliance with Grant Agreement Obligations to Provide Reasonable Access to an AIP-Funded Public Use General Aviation Airport (2015) 20. ACRP Synthesis 39: Airport Wildlife Population Management (2013) 21. ACRP Synthesis 27: Airport Self-Inspection Practices (2011) 22. ACRP Synthesis 41: Conducting Aeronautical Special Events at Airports (2013) 23. ACRP Report 77: Guidebook for Developing General Aviation Airport Business Plans (2012) 24. ACRP Report 47: Guidebook for Developing and Leasing Airport Property (2011) 25. ACRP Legal Research Digest 2: Theory and Law of Airport Revenue Diversion (2008) 26. ACRP Legal Research Digest 7: Airport Governance and Ownership (2009) 27. ACRP Report 150: NextGen for Airports, Volume 5: Airport Planning and Development (2017) 28. ACRP Report 159: Pavement Maintenance Guidelines for General Aviation Airport Management (2016) 29. ACRP Report 138: Preventive Maintenance at General Aviation Airports, Volume 1: Primer (2015) 30. ACRP Report 113: Guidebook on General Aviation Facility Planning (2014) 31. AC 150/5070-7 - The Airport System Planning Process https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.current/documentNumber/150_5070-7 32. AC 150/5070-6B - Airport Master Plans https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/advisory_circulars/index. cfm/go/document.current/documentNumber/150_5070-6 33. AC 150/5050-4A - Community Involvement in Airport Planning https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/ advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1036772 34. AC 150/5360-13A - Airport Terminal Planning https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/ index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1033908 35. AC 150/5000-17 - Critical Aircraft and Regular Use Determination https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/ advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1031186 36. AC 150/5300-13A - Airport Design https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/ go/document.information/documentID/1020359 37. AC 150/5100-13C - Development of State Aviation Standards for Airport Pavement Construction https:// www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/ 1036953 38. AC 150/5340-18G - Standards for Airport Sign Systems https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1035909 39. AC 150/5340-1M - Standards for Airport Markings https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1035908 40. FAA Order 5100.38D Airport Improvement Program (AIP) https://www.faa.gov/airports/aip/aip_handbook/ 41. FAA Order 5050.4B, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Instructions for Airport Projects https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/publications/orders/environmental_5050_4/ 42. FAA Order 5190.6B FAA Airport Compliance Manual https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/orders_ notices/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/99721 43. FAA Order 5200.11 - FAA Airports (ARP) Safety Management System (SMS) https://www.faa.gov/ regulations_policies/orders_notices/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/323070 44. FAA Order 5500.1 - Passenger Facility Charge https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/orders_notices/ index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/12947 Airport Environmental Planning 1. ACRP Legal Research Digest 22: The Role of the Airport Sponsor in Airport Planning and Environmental Reviews of Proposed Development Projects Under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and State Mini-NEPA Laws (2014) 2. ACRP Synthesis 17: Approaches to Integrating Airport Development and Federal Environmental Review Processes (2009) 3. ACRP Synthesis 66: Lessons Learned from Airport Sustainability Plans (2015) 4. ACRP Research Report 209: Integrating Sustainability Planning and the Environmental Review Process (2019) 5. ACRP Synthesis 44: Environmental Management System Development Process (2013) 6. ACRP Report 15: Aircraft Noise: A Toolkit for Managing Community Expectations (2009)

86 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals 7. ACRP Report 84: Guidebook for Preparing Airport Emissions Inventories for State Implementation Plans (2013) 8. ACRP Research Report 168: Runway Protection Zones (RPZs) Risk Assessment Tool Users’ Guide (2016) 9. ACRP Report 43: Guidebook of Practices for Improving Environmental Performance at Small Airports (2010) 10. ACRP Web-Only Document 1: Analysis and Recommendations for Developing Integrated Airport Infor- mation Systems (2008) 11. ACRP Synthesis 16: Compilation of Noise Programs in Areas Outside DNL 65 (2009) 12. ACRP Report 149: Improving Ground Support Equipment Operational Data for Airport Emissions Modeling (2015) 13. ACRP Web-Only Document 36: Enhanced AEDT Modeling of Aircraft Arrival and Departure Profiles, Volume 2: Research Report (2018) 14. ACRP Report 7: Aircraft and Airport-Related Hazardous Air Pollutants: Research Needs and Analysis (2008) 15. ACRP Web-Only Document 26: Methodology to Improve AEDT Quantification of Aircraft Taxi/Idle Emissions (2016) 16. ACRP Web-Only Document 11: A Comprehensive Development Plan for a Multimodal Noise and Emissions Model (2010) 17. ACRP Synthesis 24: Strategies and Financing Opportunities for Airport Environmental Programs (2011) 18. ACRP Research Report 155: Guidebook for Advanced Computerized Maintenance Management System Integration at Airports (2018) 19. ACRP Research Report 195: Best Practices for Airport Obstruction Management Guidebook (2019) 20. ACRP Research Report 183: User Guides for Noise Modeling of Commercial Space Operations—RUMBLE and PCBoom (2018) 21. FAA Order 5100.38D Airport Improvement Program (AIP) https://www.faa.gov/airports/aip/aip_handbook/ 22. FAA Order 5050.4B, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Instructions for Airport Projects https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/publications/orders/environmental_5050_4/ 23. FAA Order 5190.6B FAA Airport Compliance Manual https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/orders_ notices/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/99721 24. AC 150/5300-13A - Airport Design https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/ go/document.information/documentID/1020359 25. AC 150/5100-13C - Development of State Aviation Standards for Airport Pavement Construction https:// www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/ 1036953 26. AC 150/5340-18G - Standards for Airport Sign Systems https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1035909 27. AC 150/5340-1M - Standards for Airport Markings https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1035908 Airport Finance 1. ACRP Legal Research Digest 2: Theory and Law of Airport Revenue Diversion (2008) 2. ACRP Web-Only Document 5: Development of a Guidebook for Managing Small Airports (2009) 3. ACRP Research Report 16: Guidebook for Managing Small Airports—Second Edition (2019) 4. ACRP Synthesis 1: Innovative Finance and Alternative Sources of Revenue for Airports (2007) 5. ACRP Synthesis 19: Airport Revenue Diversification (2010) 6. ACRP Report 90: Impact of Regulatory Compliance Costs on Small Airports (2013) 7. ACRP Report 121: Innovative Revenue Strategies—An Airport Guide (2015) 8. ACRP Research Report 213: Estimating Market Value and Establishing Market Rent at Small Airports (2020) 9. ACRP Report 66: Considering and Evaluating Airport Privatization (2012) 10. ACRP Research Report 215: Transportation Network Companies (TNCs): Impacts to Airport Revenues and Operations—Reference Guide (2020) 11. ACRP Research Report 176: Generating Revenue from Commercial Development On or Adjacent to Airports (2017) 12. ACRP Report 49: Collaborative Airport Capital Planning Handbook (2011) 13. ACRP Report 120: Airport Capital Improvements: A Business Planning and Decision-Making Approach (2014) 14. ACRP Report 47: Guidebook for Developing and Leasing Airport Property (2011) 15. ACRP Synthesis 30: Airport Insurance Coverage and Risk Management Practices (2011) 16. FAA Order 5100.38D Airport Improvement Program (AIP) https://www.faa.gov/airports/aip/aip_handbook/

Reference Materials 87 17. FAA Order 5050.4B, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Instructions for Airport Projects https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/publications/orders/environmental_5050_4/ 18. FAA Order 5190.6B FAA Airport Compliance Manual https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/orders_ notices/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/99721 19. FAA Order 5500.1 - Passenger Facility Charge https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/orders_notices/ index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/12947 Airport Global Networks 1. ACRP Research Report 161: Guidelines for Improving Airport Services for International Customers (2016) 2. ACRP Web-Only Document 46: Recovering International Recyclables from In-Flight Service (2020) 3. ACRP Report 61: Elimination or Reduction of Baggage Recheck for Arriving International Passengers (2012) 4. ACRP Insight Event Conference Proceedings 55: Airport Roles in Reducing Transmission of Communicable Diseases (2019) 5. ACRP Legal Research Digest 24: Sovereign Immunity for Public Airport Operations (2015) 6. ACRP Report 143: Guidebook for Air Cargo Facility Planning and Development (2015) 7. ACRP Report 111: A Guidebook for Airport-Airline Consortiums (2014) 8. ACRP Research Report 190: Common Performance Metrics for Airport Infrastructure and Operational Planning (2018) 9. ACRP Report 68: Strategies for Maintaining Air Service (2015) 10. ACRP Report 57: The Carbon Market: A Primer for Airports (2011) 11. ACRP Research Report 194: Using Disaggregated Socioeconomic Data in Air Passenger Demand Studies (2019) 12. ACRP Report 118: Integrating Aviation and Passenger Rail Planning (2015) 13. ACRP Research Report 191: A Primer to Prepare for the Connected Airport and the Internet of Things (2018) 14. ACRP Report 10: Innovations for Airport Terminal Facilities (2008) 15. ACRP Synthesis 31: Airline and Airline–Airport Consortiums to Manage Terminals and Equipment (2011) 16. ACRP Report 91: Infectious Disease Mitigation in Airports and on Aircraft (2013) 17. ACRP Legal Research Digest 37: Legal Issues Relating to Airports Promoting Competition (2019) 18. ACRP Report 36: Airport/Airline Agreements—Practices and Characteristics (2010) 19. ACRP Report 65: Guidebook for Airport Irregular Operations (IROPS) Contingency Planning (2012) 20. ACRP Report 48: Impact of Jet Fuel Price Uncertainty on Airport Planning and Development (2011) 21. ACRP Report 5: Quarantine Facilities for Arriving Air Travelers: Identification of Planning Needs and Costs (2008) 22. AC 129-3 - Foreign Air Carrier Security https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index. cfm/go/document.information/documentID/22525 23. FAA Order 5100.38D Airport Improvement Program (AIP) https://www.faa.gov/airports/aip/aip_handbook/ 24. FAA Order 5050.4B, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Instructions for Airport Projects https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/publications/orders/environmental_5050_4/ 25. FAA Order 5190.6B FAA Airport Compliance Manual https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/orders_ notices/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/99721 26. FAA Order 5200.11 - FAA Airports (ARP) Safety Management System (SMS) https://www.faa.gov/regulations_ policies/orders_notices/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/323070 27. FAA Order 5500.1 - Passenger Facility Charge https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/orders_notices/ index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/12947 Airport Design 1. ACRP Report 39: Recommended Guidelines for the Collection and Use of Geospatially Referenced Data for Airfield Pavement Management (2010) 2. ACRP Report 59: Integrating Airport Geographic Information System (GIS) Data with Public Agency GIS (2014) 3. ACRP Research Report 203: Guidelines for Collecting, Applying, and Maintaining Pavement Condition Data at Airports (2019) 4. ACRP Report 96: Apron Planning and Design Guidebook (2013) 5. ACRP Research Report 214: BIM Beyond Design Guidebook (2020) 6. AC 150/5360-13A - Airport Terminal Planning https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/ index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1033908

88 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals 7. AC 150/5000-17 - Critical Aircraft and Regular Use Determination https://www.faa.gov/regulations_ policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1031186 8. AC 150/5300-13A - Airport Design https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/ go/document.information/documentID/1020359 9. AC 150/5100-13C - Development of State Aviation Standards for Airport Pavement Construction https:// www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/ 1036953 10. AC 150/5340-18G - Standards for Airport Sign Systems https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1035909 11. AC 150/5340-1M - Standards for Airport Markings https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1035908 Airport Advanced Computer Applications 1. ACRP Research Report 155: Guidebook for Advanced Computerized Maintenance Management System Integration at Airports (2018) 2. ACRP Report 128: Alternative IT Delivery Methods and Best Practices for Small Airports (2015) 3. ACRP Research Report 195: Best Practices for Airport Obstruction Management Guidebook (2019) 4. ACRP Research Report 183: User Guides for Noise Modeling of Commercial Space Operations—RUMBLE and PCBoom (2018) 5. ACRP Web-Only Document 11: A Comprehensive Development Plan for a Multimodal Noise and Emissions Model (2010) 6. ACRP Web-Only Document 33: Commercial Space Operations Noise and Sonic Boom Modeling and Analysis (2018) 7. ACRP Web-Only Document 36: Enhanced AEDT Modeling of Aircraft Arrival and Departure Profiles, Volume 1: Guidance (2018) 8. ACRP Web-Only Document 36: Enhanced AEDT Modeling of Aircraft Arrival and Departure Profiles, Volume 2: Research Report (2018) 9. ACRP Synthesis 70: Building Information Modeling for Airports (2016) 10. ACRP Web-Only Document 32: Improving AEDT Noise Modeling of Mixed Ground Surfaces (2017) 11. ACRP Report 50: Improved Models for Risk Assessment of Runway Safety Areas (2011) 12. ACRP Research Report 180: Guidebook for Quantifying Airport Ground Access Vehicle Activity for Emissions Modeling (2017) 13. ACRP Synthesis 98: Simulation Options for Airport Planning (2019) 14. ACRP Web-Only Document 30: Development of a NOx Chemistry Module for EDMS/AEDT to Predict NO2 Concentrations (2017) 15. ACRP Web-Only Document 41: Alternative Jet Fuels Emissions: Quantification Methods Creation and Validation Report (2019) 16. AC 150/5360-13A - Airport Terminal Planning https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/ index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1033908 17. AC 150/5000-17 - Critical Aircraft and Regular Use Determination https://www.faa.gov/regulations_ policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1031186 18. AC 150/5300-13A - Airport Design https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/ go/document.information/documentID/1020359 19. FAA Order 5100.38D Airport Improvement Program (AIP) https://www.faa.gov/airports/aip/aip_handbook/ 20. FAA Order 5050.4B, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Instructions for Airport Projects https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/publications/orders/environmental_5050_4/ 21. FAA Order 5190.6B FAA Airport Compliance Manual https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/orders_ notices/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/99721 22. FAA Order 5200.11 - FAA Airports (ARP) Safety Management System (SMS) https://www.faa.gov/regulations_ policies/orders_notices/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/323070 Airport Administration 1. ACRP Research Report 16: Guidebook for Managing Small Airports—Second Edition (2019) 2. ACRP Conference Proceedings on the Web 24: Challenges to Implementing Successful Land Use Strategies at Airports (2019) 3. ACRP Research Report 213: Estimating Market Value and Establishing Market Rent at Small Airports (2020) 4. ACRP Research Report 192: Airport Management Guide for Providing Aircraft Fueling Services (2019)

Reference Materials 89 5. ACRP Research Report 184: Executive Summary for the Guidebook on Understanding FAA Grant Assur- ance Obligations (2018) 6. ACRP Synthesis 86: Airport Operator Options for Delivery of FBO Services (2018) 7. ACRP Web-Only Document 44: Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations, Volume 1: Guidebook (2018) 8. ACRP Web-Only Document 44: Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations, Volume 2: Technical Appendices (2018) 9. ACRP Web-Only Document 44: Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations, Volume 3: Research Report (2018) 10. ACRP Web-Only Document 44: Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations, Volume 4: Summary of AIP Grant Assurance Requirements (2018) 11. ACRP Synthesis 30: Airport Insurance Coverage and Risk Management Practices (2011) 12. ACRP Legal Research Digest 37: Legal Issues Relating to Airports Promoting Competition (2019) 13. ACRP Report 58: Airport Industry Familiarization and Training for Part-Time Airport Policy Makers (2011) 14. ACRP Report 59: Information Technology Systems at Airports—A Primer (2012) 15. ACRP Synthesis 19: Airport Revenue Diversification (2010) 16. ACRP Report 69: Asset and Infrastructure Management for Airports—Primer and Guidebook (2012) 17. ACRP Synthesis 56: Understanding the Value of Social Media at Airports for Customer Engagement (2014) 18. ACRP Legal Research Digest 30: Contract Risk Management for Airport Agreements (2016) 19. ACRP Legal Research Digest 23: A Guide for Compliance with Grant Agreement Obligations to Provide Reasonable Access to an AIP-Funded Public Use General Aviation Airport (2015) 20. ACRP Synthesis 39: Airport Wildlife Population Management (2013) 21. ACRP Synthesis 27: Airport Self-Inspection Practices (2011) 22. ACRP Synthesis 41: Conducting Aeronautical Special Events at Airports (2013) 23. ACRP Report 77: Guidebook for Developing General Aviation Airport Business Plans (2012) 24. ACRP Report 47: Guidebook for Developing and Leasing Airport Property (2011) 25. ACRP Legal Research Digest 2: Theory and Law of Airport Revenue Diversion (2008) 26. ACRP Legal Research Digest 7: Airport Governance and Ownership (2009) 27. ACRP Report 150: NextGen for Airports, Volume 5: Airport Planning and Development (2017) 28. ACRP Report 159: Pavement Maintenance Guidelines for General Aviation Airport Management (2016) 29. ACRP Report 138: Preventive Maintenance at General Aviation Airports, Volume 1: Primer (2015) 30. ACRP Report 113: Guidebook on General Aviation Facility Planning (2014) 31. AC 150/5070-7 - The Airport System Planning Process https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.current/documentNumber/150_5070-7 32. AC 150/5070-6B - Airport Master Plans https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/advisory_circulars/index. cfm/go/document.current/documentNumber/150_5070-6 33. AC 150/5050-4A - Community Involvement in Airport Planning https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/ advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1036772 34. AC 150/5360-13A - Airport Terminal Planning https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1033908 35. AC 150/5000-17 - Critical Aircraft and Regular Use Determination https://www.faa.gov/regulations_ policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1031186 36. AC 150/5300-13A - Airport Design https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/ go/document.information/documentID/1020359 37. AC 150/5100-13C - Development of State Aviation Standards for Airport Pavement Construction https:// www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/ 1036953 38. AC 150/5340-18G - Standards for Airport Sign Systems https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1035909 39. AC 150/5340-1M - Standards for Airport Markings https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1035908 40. FAA Order 5100.38D Airport Improvement Program (AIP) https://www.faa.gov/airports/aip/aip_handbook/ 41. FAA Order 5050.4B, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Instructions for Airport Projects https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/publications/orders/environmental_5050_4/ 42. FAA Order 5190.6B FAA Airport Compliance Manual https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/orders_ notices/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/99721 43. FAA Order 5200.11 - FAA Airports (ARP) Safety Management System (SMS) https://www.faa.gov/regulations_ policies/orders_notices/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/323070 44. FAA Order 5500.1 - Passenger Facility Charge https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/orders_notices/ index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/12947

90 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals Airport Planning 1. ACRP Research Report 216: Guidebook for Assessing Collaborative Planning Efforts Among Airport and Public Planning Agencies (2020) 2. ACRP Research Report 190: Common Performance Metrics for Airport Infrastructure and Operational Planning (2018) 3. ACRP Report 49: Collaborative Airport Capital Planning Handbook (2011) 4. ACRP Report 130: Guidebook for Airport Terminal Restroom Planning and Design (2015) 5. ACRP Report 20: Strategic Planning in the Airport Industry (2009) 6. ACRP Report 25: Airport Passenger Terminal Planning and Design, Volume 1: Guidebook (2010) 7. ACRP Report 37: Guidebook for Planning and Implementing Automated People Mover Systems at Airports (2010) 8. ACRP Report 118: Integrating Aviation and Passenger Rail Planning (2015) 9. ACRP Research Report 206: Guidebook on Effective Land Use Compatibility Planning Strategies for General Aviation Airports (2019) 10. ACRP Research Report 16: Guidebook for Managing Small Airports—Second Edition (2019) 11. ACRP Conference Proceedings on the Web 24: Challenges to Implementing Successful Land Use Strategies at Airports (2019) 12. ACRP Research Report 213: Estimating Market Value and Establishing Market Rent at Small Airports (2020) 13. ACRP Research Report 192: Airport Management Guide for Providing Aircraft Fueling Services (2019) 14. ACRP Research Report 184: Executive Summary for the Guidebook on Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations (2018) 15. ACRP Synthesis 86: Airport Operator Options for Delivery of FBO Services (2018) 16. ACRP Web-Only Document 44: Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations, Volume 1: Guidebook (2018) 17. ACRP Web-Only Document 44: Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations, Volume 2: Technical Appendices (2018) 18. ACRP Web-Only Document 44: Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations, Volume 3: Research Report (2018) 19. ACRP Web-Only Document 44: Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations, Volume 4: Summary of AIP Grant Assurance Requirements (2018) 20. ACRP Synthesis 30: Airport Insurance Coverage and Risk Management Practices (2011) 21. ACRP Legal Research Digest 37: Legal Issues Relating to Airports Promoting Competition (2019) 22. ACRP Report 58: Airport Industry Familiarization and Training for Part-Time Airport Policy Makers (2011) 23. ACRP Report 59: Information Technology Systems at Airports—A Primer (2012) 24. ACRP Synthesis 19: Airport Revenue Diversification (2010) 25. ACRP Report 69: Asset and Infrastructure Management for Airports—Primer and Guidebook (2012) 26. ACRP Synthesis 56: Understanding the Value of Social Media at Airports for Customer Engagement (2014) 27. ACRP Legal Research Digest 30: Contract Risk Management for Airport Agreements (2016) 28. ACRP Legal Research Digest 23: A Guide for Compliance with Grant Agreement Obligations to Provide Reasonable Access to an AIP-Funded Public Use General Aviation Airport (2015) 29. ACRP Synthesis 39: Airport Wildlife Population Management (2013) 30. ACRP Synthesis 27: Airport Self-Inspection Practices (2011) 31. ACRP Synthesis 41: Conducting Aeronautical Special Events at Airports (2013) 32. ACRP Report 77: Guidebook for Developing General Aviation Airport Business Plans (2012) 33. ACRP Report 47: Guidebook for Developing and Leasing Airport Property (2011) 34. ACRP Legal Research Digest 2: Theory and Law of Airport Revenue Diversion (2008) 35. ACRP Legal Research Digest 7: Airport Governance and Ownership (2009) 36. ACRP Report 150: NextGen for Airports, Volume 5: Airport Planning and Development (2017) 37. ACRP Report 159: Pavement Maintenance Guidelines for General Aviation Airport Management (2016) 38. ACRP Report 138: Preventive Maintenance at General Aviation Airports, Volume 1: Primer (2015) 39. ACRP Report 113: Guidebook on General Aviation Facility Planning (2014) 40. AC 150/5070-7 - The Airport System Planning Process https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.current/documentNumber/150_5070-7 41. AC 150/5070-6B - Airport Master Plans https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/ go/document.current/documentNumber/150_5070-6 42. AC 150/5050-4A - Community Involvement in Airport Planning https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/ advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1036772 43. AC 150/5360-13A - Airport Terminal Planning https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/ index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1033908 44. AC 150/5000-17 - Critical Aircraft and Regular Use Determination https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/ advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1031186

Reference Materials 91 45. AC 150/5300-13A - Airport Design https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/ go/document.information/documentID/1020359 46. AC 150/5100-13C - Development of State Aviation Standards for Airport Pavement Construction https:// www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/ 1036953 47. AC 150/5340-18G - Standards for Airport Sign Systems https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1035909 48. AC 150/5340-1M - Standards for Airport Markings https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/advisory_ circulars/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/1035908 49. FAA Order 5100.38D Airport Improvement Program (AIP) https://www.faa.gov/airports/aip/aip_ handbook/ 50. FAA Order 5050.4B, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Instructions for Airport Projects https://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/publications/orders/environmental_5050_4/ 51. FAA Order 5190.6B FAA Airport Compliance Manual https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/orders_ notices/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/99721 52. FAA Order 5200.11 - FAA Airports (ARP) Safety Management System (SMS) https://www.faa.gov/regulations_ policies/orders_notices/index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/323070 53. FAA Order 5500.1 - Passenger Facility Charge https://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/orders_notices/ index.cfm/go/document.information/documentID/12947 Other External Resources (Annotated Bibliography) TRB Publications ACRP Publications: Reports and Syntheses http://www.trb.org/Publications/PubsACRPPublications.aspx • Findings from individual research projects on a range of topics are published in ACRP publi- cations including reports, syntheses of practice, research results digests, web-only documents, legal research digests, and impacts on practice. Reports, often in the form of guidebooks or manuals, are the main product of ACRP research projects. Syntheses are focused on docu- menting the state of practice in critical areas based on literature reviews and surveys of recent activities. Syntheses also share innovations that are being used by others in the airport industry to solve current problems. TRB TRID (Transport Research International Documentation) https://trid.trb.org/ • TRID is a comprehensive resource for transportation research with over 1.25 million references to books, technical reports, conference proceedings, and journal articles. Publications cover all modes and disciplines of transportation. Users can sort by keyword(s) or view references for recent hot topics. Academic Journals Journal of Airport Management https://www.henrystewartpublications.com/jam • The Journal of Airport Management is a quarterly journal that publishes in-depth, peer- reviewed articles and case studies focused on airport management; finance; development; ground handling; and airport-airline relations and regulations. Each journal issue focuses on the latest research in the field, including detailed analysis, new thinking, lessons learned, and how-to guides applicable to airport management professionals; airlines and regulators; service providers; advisors; and researchers and academics.

92 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals Journal of Air Transport Management https://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-air-transport-management • The Journal of Air Transport Management is an international journal offering research articles and commentary focused on the major economic, management, and policy issues in the air transport industry. The journal is intended for both practitioners and academics and covers all major sectors of the air transport industry, including airlines, airports, and air traffic man- agement. The journal provides analyses of topic areas, including policy; regulation and law; strategy; operations; marketing; economics and finance; and sustainability as well as industry developments and trends. Collegiate Aviation Review International (CARi) https://ojs.library.okstate.edu/osu/index.php/CARI/index • CARi is a peer-reviewed journal of the University Aviation Association (UAA), focused on publishing scholarly articles from academia in the areas of aviation, aerospace, and aeronau- tics. The journal includes original research, position papers, literature reviews, book reviews, and editorials as well as proceedings from the UAA Annual Conference. Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education and Research (JAAER) https://commons.erau.edu/jaaer/ • JAAER is a peer-reviewed journal for educators, researchers, and professionals in the aviation and aerospace industry. The journal covers topics relevant to colleges and universities, with an emphasis on how the aviation and aerospace community influence the educational process as well as the effect of education on the industry. Articles are focused on aviation/aerospace education research, curriculum development, innovative methods of instruction, industry research, and partnerships between education and industry. Trade Publications Airport Business https://www.aviationpros.com/magazine/5409cf3dc827f1be4bb4840f • Airport Business is a magazine targeted to professionals who manage airports, airport-based businesses, and corporate flight facilities. Each issue includes case studies of what others are doing successfully in the North American air transportation system, along with industry news and expert analysis. Airport Improvement https://airportimprovement.com/ • Airport Improvement is focused on airport improvements, processes, and the people involved in these projects. Each issue of Airport Improvement features case studies of recently com- pleted project work at airports (e.g., general aviation projects, airside projects, security proj- ects, etc.). Each case study includes information on project details, challenges, lessons learned, and potential applications to future projects. Airport Magazine https://airportmagazine.net/ • Airport Magazine is published by the AAAE, the largest professional organization for airport executives and airport management personnel. Airport Magazine articles focus on a wide variety of critical issues facing today’s airports.

Reference Materials 93 Airports International https://airportsinternational.keypublishing.com/ • Airports International is targeted toward airport industry professionals across the globe. The magazine aims to provide information on the services, finance, and management of airports and their development projects. Each issue includes coverage of the latest industry headlines; technological developments and innovations; and new products and services. Passenger Terminal Today https://www.passengerterminaltoday.com/online-magazines • Passenger Terminal Today is focused on providing the latest news for airport operators and airport management professionals working in the airport terminal industry. The magazine is focused on airport terminal design and technology and provides analysis of the latest devel- opments. The magazine’s website (www.passengerterminaltoday.com) offers daily news and updates. Airport Technology https://www.airport-technology.com/ • Airport Technology includes articles focused on projects and trends in airports, facilities, security, technology, and more. Content is geared toward airport executives, procurement professionals, and managers at airports, airlines, and other relevant organizations. Airport Business (ACI Europe) http://www.airport-business.com/ • Airport Business provides air transport news published by Airports Council International (ACI) Europe. The magazine includes news and interviews that cover topics including airport development, operations, commercial, security, and government aviation policy. Airport Experience News https://airportxnews.com/ • Airport Experience News provides coverage on issues relevant to companies that do busi- ness in airports. Airport News provides news and information geared toward individuals working in food and beverage, retail, development, duty-free, and passenger services at airports. Security magazine (Airports) https://www.securitymagazine.com/keywords/airport%20security • Security magazine provides cybersecurity professionals with information on important enter- prise security issues, including risk management, cybersecurity, and leadership and man- agement. The magazine addresses a variety of business sectors, including transportation, construction, hospitality, and more. Business Airport International https://www.businessairportinternational.com/ • Business Airport International provides news, interviews, and other information geared toward business airports, FBOs, and ground handling partners. Each issue includes articles that have a unique location focus, case study, region or city guide, and more.

94 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals Professional Organization Training Materials AAAE: Study materials for AAE, CM, AMF, AFO, and ACE programs https://www.aaae.org/studymaterials • AAAE offers several different accreditations and certifications to members. Students and recent graduates may be interested in becoming Certified Members (CMs). The CM con- sists of a multiple-choice exam that examines a candidate’s comprehensive knowledge of airport management. Individuals working in airport management who are looking to further their career may be interested in completing the Accredited Airport Executive Program (AAE), which includes a multiple-choice exam, research paper or case study, and an inter- view with a panel of AAEs. The Airport Certified Employee (ACE) program offers students and individuals in the aviation industry the opportunity to earn a certification in specific disciplines including Law Enforcement; Airport Finance; Airfield Communications; Airfield Lighting Maintenance; Airport Operations; Airport Safety and Management Systems; and Airport Security. Other accreditations and certifications offered by AAAE include the Airport Master Firefighter (AMF) program and Airport Fire Officer (AFO) program. AAAE offers study materials for each of the certification programs. ACI Global Training Programs https://aci.aero/global-training/ • ACI offers a variety of in-house and web-based training programs for airport management and operations professionals. Courses and programs are offered in topic areas including the following: – Customer experience—courses on how to provide a pleasant and seamless airport experi- ence to customers – Economics—courses on financial management; business development and planning; revenue generation; and more to help airports make long-term planning decisions – Environment—courses focused on ways to reduce the environmental impact of airports, such as energy management and carbon management – Leadership and management—courses to develop and enhance airport professionals’ skills in areas including project management; communications and public relations; leader- ship; and enterprise risk management – Operational and technical—courses focused on different aspects of the airport including terminal and airside, and airport business operations – Safety—courses to help airport operators and executives ensure the safety of their customers and employees, such as learning about safety management systems; airside safety and operations; and emergency planning and crisis management – Security—courses to provide airports with up to date knowledge to ensure compliance with current and new security regulations – Cybersecurity—courses for airport managers and specialists focused on the security of airport systems, networks, and data Academic Non-Degree Programs University of California (UC) Berkeley Institute of Transportation Studies Airport Planning Short Course https://its.berkeley.edu/nextor/airportcourse • The UC Berkeley Institute of Transportation Studies offers a 4-week course led by practitio- ners in the industry. The course provides an overview of airport planning and design. It is

Reference Materials 95 intended for airport engineers, planners, and airport and airline management personnel as well as individuals involved in teaching transportation engineering courses. A range of topics are covered in the course, including airport and airline economics and demand forecasting; airport capacity analysis; environmental planning; airfield design; and passenger terminal planning. Textbooks and Additional Materials Prather, D. (2015). Airport Management. Aviation Supplies & Academics, Inc. https://www.asa2fly.com/Airport-Management-P2295.aspx • This textbook provides a comprehensive overview and insight into all aspects of airports, with an emphasis on how to practically apply this knowledge for successful management and opera- tion of airports. Airport Management provides students with an introduction to a career in airports. The textbook is structured with learning objectives, key terms, questions for review, and additional suggested resources. Case studies and scenarios that highlight contemporary issues faced by airport professionals on the job are also included. Young, S. B., and Wells, A. T. (2019). Airport Planning & Management (7th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education. https://www.amazon.com/Airport-Planning-Management-Seventh-Young/dp/1260143325/ • This textbook covers important aspects of airport infrastructure, ranging from airfield and runway planning and management to air traffic control and terminal and security systems. The 7th edition of Airport Planning & Management explains the FAA’s National Plan of Inte- grated Airport Systems (NPIAS) and relevant legislation and regulations, including FAR Part 139, and covers cutting-edge concepts in airport planning and management, such as automation, enhanced security, and analytics. Price, J. C. & Forrest, J. S. (2016). Practical Aviation Security: Predicting and Preventing Future Threats (3rd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. https://www.elsevier.com/books/practical-aviation-security/price/978-0-12-804293-9 • This textbook is a comprehensive guide to the aviation security system, with a focus on both current, cutting-edge technologies that are shaping the future in aviation and the critical his- torical events; policies; policymakers; and terrorists and criminal acts leading up to the present day. The textbook is intended for students looking to enter into the industry and professionals currently working in airport security or other aviation management roles. It provides readers with knowledge of how to implement effective security programs, meet international guide- lines, and protect facilities of any size. Horonjeff, R., McKelvey, F., Sproule, W., and Young, S. B. (2010). Planning and Design of Airports (5th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education. https://www.amazon.com/Planning-Design-Airports-Robert-Horonjeff/dp/0071446419 • This textbook provides guidance on all aspects of planning, design, engineering, and ren- ovating airports and terminals. Planning and Design of Airports includes current practices, techniques, and innovations in airport planning and design, including coverage of the latest technologies in aircraft and air traffic management, and passenger processing. Ashford, N. J., Mumayiz, S., and Wright, P. H. (2011). Airport Engineering: Planning, Design, and Development of 21st Century Airports (4th ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/book/10.1002/9780470950074 • This textbook provides fundamental guidance and best practices for individuals interested in airport engineering and transportation planning. The current edition of Airport Engineering

96 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals reflects the shift in the growth of airports globally, along with the wane of construction of new airports in the United States, with a focus on the role of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). Ashford, N. J., Coutu, P., and Beasley, J. R. (2012). Airport Operations (3rd ed.). McGraw-Hill Education. https://www.mhprofessional.com/9780071775847-usa-airport-operations-third-edition-group • This textbook provides strategies and best practices for efficiently managing airport functions. Airport Operations is geared toward students and educators, along with aviation managers, airport planners and designers, and other airport personnel. The textbook includes coverage of topics such as operational readiness, passenger terminal operations, airport security, airport technical services, airport access, operational administration, airport safety management systems, and sustainable development. Stephen Quilty Relevant Research Quilty, S. M. (2005). Skill and Trait Identification for Entry-Level Airport Operations and Management Personnel. International Journal of Applied Aviation Studies, 5(1), 183–194. • The author surveyed 106 airport managers and airfield operations personnel to identify the important skills, traits, and capabilities required for individuals working in airport operations and management positions. The findings of this paper are intended to inform the development of curricula for aviation management and operations programs at colleges and universities as well as the development of tailored training materials. Quilty, S. M. (2004). Airport Management Program and Curriculum Issues at 2- and 4-Year Aviation Colleges and Universities. Collegiate Aviation Review International, 22(1), 57–70. • This paper outlines issues regarding the development of an airport/aviation management curriculum for 2- and 4-year colleges and university programs. Issues discussed include the courses that should make up the core of a program, the content and learning objectives of these courses, and how to meet marketplace demands for graduates. David Byers Dissertation Byers, D. A. (2004). The Making of the Modern Airport Executive: Causal Connections among Key Attributes in Career Development, Compromise, and Satisfaction in Airport Management. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 3127101. • The author identified specific career development attributes of contemporary senior-level airport executives and evaluated the relationship of these attributes to the level of satisfaction airport executives have in their career choice. Attribute sets that were examined included early aviation interests, health factors, psychological factors, demographic factors, formal educa- tion, and other aviation-related experiences. A hypothesized causal career path model was developed that expressed the relationship these attributes had on the satisfaction with airport management as a career choice. The results of the path analysis indicated that four attri- bute sets (early aviation interests, health factors, formal education, and other aviation-related experiences) had both direct and indirect significant effects on career satisfaction.

97 References ACRP. (2017). Impacts on Practice. ACRP and Higher Education: Building the Next Generation of Airport Professionals. February. http://www.trb.org/ACRP/Blurbs/175653.aspx. Byers, D. A. (2004). The Making of the Modern Airport Executive: Causal Connections among Key Attributes in Career Development, Compromise, and Satisfaction in Airport Management. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 3127101. Byers, D. A. (2016). The Aviation Workforce of Tomorrow: Where Are They Needed—and Where Will They Come from? TR News, No. 304, July−August 2016. http://onlinepubs.trb.org/Onlinepubs/trnews/ trnews304feature.pdf. Cronin, C. B., A. Alexander, E. Majumdar, C. Riches, J. Jenkins, S. Van Beek, A. Bisker, B. Heinen, and C. Lewis. (2016). ACRP Web-Only Document 28: Identifying and Evaluating Airport Workforce Requirements. Trans- portation Research Board, Washington, DC. ICF. (2018). ACRP Research Report 186: Guidebook on Building Airport Workforce Capacity. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC. Phillips, E. D., J. Ruiz, and H. Mehta. (2006). Industry Members Evaluate the Strengths and Weaknesses of Aviation Management Graduates. Collegiate Aviation Review International, 24. Prather, C. D., and California Baptist University. (2019). ACRP Synthesis 103: Promoting Aviation Career Education in High Schools and Community Colleges. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC. Quilty, S. M. (2005). Study Results on Knowledge Requirements for Entry-Level Airport Operations and Management Personnel. Journal of Air Transportation, 10(3), 100-122. Young, S. B. (2010). ACRP Synthesis 18: Aviation Workforce Development Practices. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, DC. https://doi.org/10.17226/14368. Young, S. B., M. Price, Columbus Regional Airport Authority, and HNTB, Inc. (2013). ACRP Report 75: Airport Leadership Development Program. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, DC. https://doi.org/10.17226/22574. Wensveen, J. (2017). How to solve aviation’s talent gap problem. International Airport Review. https://www. internationalairportreview.com/article/26445/aviation-talent-gap-john-wensveen/.

98 A P P E N D I X A A fundamental component of the scope of this project is identifying and evaluating the char- acteristics of various institutions offering a baccalaureate aviation management degree. Gen- eral information, such as the institution’s location, form of ownership (i.e., whether public or private), organizational structure, and tuition was collected. For most programs, detailed cur- riculum data was investigated to determine the number of courses and credit hours committed to aviation-related and airport-specific topics. These courses were identified by course number, credit hours, course description, and categorized along generalized aviation-related topical areas including the following: • Management and/or Administration • Operations • Planning • Development • Economics and Finance • Marketing and Communications • FBO and Corporate Management • ATC and Airspace • Safety and/or Security • Environment • Regulations and Law • Capstone or Culminating Experience • Career Development • Internship (Required) • Other Technical Courses These aviation-related courses were also identified if they were specific to airports (if the term airport appeared in the course title or course description). The cumulative credit hours for aviation-related and airport-specific courses in the curriculum were compared with the total required credit hours for graduation to assess the depth and breadth of the students’ under- standing of airports as a fundamental piece of the National Air Transportation System. Aviation Management Programs Two primary resources were used to identify institutions offering a degree in aviation management. These programs were found among the listings of 4-year colleges from the UAA’s 2019 Aviation Directory and the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association’s (AOPA) 2020 Col- legiate Aviation Program Directory. From these two directories, a total of 96 separate colleges and universities were identified. Database of Programs

Database of Programs 99 These programs were assessed to determine if their curriculum included at least one airport- specific course. A total of 65 programs (68%) met the initial screening criteria for a more detailed investigation of the program’s curriculum. Program curriculum maps that describe the sequence that courses are taken were used to compare the representative programs. Other identifying characteristics included 22 aviation management programs that have been accredited by the AABI. See Appendix B for more information on accreditation standards. Also, 26 programs were identified as having a current affiliation with the AAAE through an established student chapter. Table A-1 presents a summary of the 65 aviation management programs that were included in the curriculum evaluation. Curriculum Summary The curriculum of each program was reviewed to determine the total number of credit hours required for graduation as well as aviation-related and airport-specific coursework. Open (unrestricted) elective hours were also included in the evaluation to assess the opportunity for enhancing airport-specific coursework. Table A-2 presents a summary of curriculum of the 65 programs. Tuition Summary Tuition is the cost of attending the program each semester and is usually represented as a flat fee based on the student taking a minimum of 12 credit hours. Tuition beyond the minimum course hours is based on a per-credit-hour rate (a standard 3-credit-hour course will be three times the per-credit-hour rate). Some programs may not have a flat semester tuition fee but each course is added a la carte to the cost of attendance. Most programs will have additional fees for each course broken out to pay for course expenses and other university budget items. Most public institutions are subsidized by federal and state aid programs and other resources and thus, have lower tuition rates than private institutions that do not have access to those benefits. Also, public institutions subsidized by state tax revenues will generally have much higher tuition rates for non-resident students since state funds are used for the exclusive benefit of in-state residents. Many institutions participate in regional tuition reciprocity or discount programs to offset out-of-state tuition rates. As an example, the Midwest Student Exchange Program has nine member states, including Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. Non-residents attending public insti- tutions in these states pay 150% of the in-state tuition compared with the full out-of-state rate. Tuition rates at most private institutions follow the same conventions (flat semester rate) as public institutions; however, the rates are significantly higher, and these institutions do not differentiate students by state of residency. Table A-3 presents a summary of tuition rates sorted from low to high and distinguished by public versus private institutions. Airport-Specific Course Content Airport-specific courses offered by the various aviation management programs were examined by topic and content. In many cases, programs offered only one or two airport courses, usually entitled airport management, airport operations, or airport administration. Other programs included more airport-related courses, some with airport management concentrations within the degree major.

ID Institution City State Public or Private Degree Major (Concentration) AABI Accreditation AAAE Student Chapter ASU Arizona State University (Polytechnic) * Tempe AZ Pub BS Aeronautical Management Technology (Air Transportation) X AUB Auburn University * Auburn AL Pub BS X BGSU Bowling Green State University * Bowling Green OH Pub BS Aviation: Aviation Management and Operations CBU California Baptist University * Riverside CA Pvt BS Aviation Management X CSULA California State University - Los Angeles * Los Angeles CA Pub BS Aviation Administration X CWU Central Washington University * Ellensburg WA Pub BS Aviation Management X DSU Delta State University * Cleveland MS Pub BCA Aviation Management EKU Eastern Kentucky University * Richmond KY Pub BS Aviation (Aerospace Management Concentration) X ERAUDB Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Embry Daytona Beach FL Pvt BS Aviation Business Administration X X ERAUPC -Riddle Aeronautical University Farmingdale State College * Prescott AZ Pvt BS Aviation Business Administration X X FSC Farmingdale NY Pub BS Aviation Administration X X FIT Florida Institute of Technology * Melbourne FL Pvt BS Aviation Management X X FMU Florida Memorial University * Miami Gardens FL Pvt BS Aviation Management X HU Hampton University * Hampton VA Pvt BS Aviation Management X ISU Indiana State University * Terre Haute IN Pub BS Aviation Management X JAX Jacksonville University * Jacksonville FL Pvt BS Aviation Management X KSU Kansas State University (Polytechnic) * Salina KS Pub BS Aeronautical Technology (Airport Management Option) X KSOH Kent State University * Kent OH Pub BS Aeronautics/Aviation Management X X LU Lewis University * Romeoville IL Pvt BS Aviation Administration X LTU Louisiana Tech University * Ruston LA Pub BS Aviation Management X MSUD Metropolitan State University of Denver * Denver CO Pub BS Aviation & Aerospace Management X MGSU Middle Georgia State University (MCN & ESM) Middle Tennessee State University * Macon GA Pub BS Aviation Science and Management MTSU Murfreesboro TN Pub BS Aviation Management X MKT Minnesota State University - Mankato * Mankato MN Pub BS Aviation Management OKSU Oklahoma State University * Stillwater OK Pub BS Aerospace Administration and Operations: Aviation X X PU Purdue University * Lafayette IN Pub BS Aviation Management X X RMC Rocky Mountain College * Billings MT Pvt BS Aviation Management X SLU Saint Louis University * St. Louis MO Pvt BS Aviation Management X SIU Southern Illinois University * Carbondale IL Pub BS Aviation Management SNHU Southern New Hampshire University * Manchester NH Pvt BS Aviation Management X Aviation Management Table A-1. Aviation management program summary.

TSU Texas Southern University * Houston TX Pub BS Aviation Science Management X OSU The Ohio State University * Columbus OH Pub BS Business Administration: Aviation Management X X UAK University of Alaska - Anchorage * Anchorage AK Pub BS Aviation Technology (Aviation Management Emphasis) UCM University of Central Missouri * Warrensburg MO Pub BS Aviation Management − Airport Management Option X X DBQ University of Dubuque * Dubuque IA Pvt BS Aviation Management X X UNO University of Nebraska - Omaha * Omaha NE Pub BS Aviation X UND University of North Dakota * Grand Forks ND Pub BBA Airport Management X UOK University of Oklahoma * Norman OK Pub BS Aviation Management X X UVU Utah Valley University * Provo UT Pub BS Aviation Management X X VC Vaughn College * Flushing NY Pvt BS Airport Management X WMU Western Michigan University * Kalamazoo MI Pub BS Aviation Management and Operations X X AVU Averett University Danville VA Pvt BS Aerospace Management BU Baylor University Waco TX Pvt BS Aviation Sciences – Aviation Administration CAU California Aeronautical University Bakersfield CA Pvt BS Aviation Business Administration CUNY CUNY Aviation Institute at York College New York NY Pub BS Aviation Management DESU Delaware State University Dover DE Pub BS Aviation Management EMU Eastern Michigan University Detroit MI Pub BS Aviation Management Technology ENM Eastern New Mexico University Portales NM Pub BS Aviation Science ECSU Elizabeth City State University Elizabeth City NC Pub BS Aviation Science ERAU DB Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Daytona Beach FL Pvt BS Aviation Business Administration EU Everglades University Boca Raton FL Pvt BS Aviation/Aerospace FSUWV Fairmont State University Clarksburg WV Pub BS Aviation Technology GRC Green River College Auburn WA Pub BAS Aeronautical Science LeTU LeTourneau University Longview TX Pvt BS Aviation Management MU Marywood University Wilkes-Barre PA Pvt BS Aviation Management PLK Polk State College Lakeland FL Pub BS Aerospace Sciences QU Quincy University Quincy IL Pvt BS Aviation Management SDCC San Diego Christian College San Diego CA Pvt BS Aviation TNSU Tennessee State University Nashville TN Pub BS Aeronautical and Industrial Technology (Aviation) TXAM Texas A&M University - Central Texas Killeen TX Pub BS Aviation Science TESC Thomas Edison State College Trenton NJ Pub BS Aviation Management UMES University of Maryland Eastern Shore Salisbury MD Pub BS Aviation Science UNK University of Nebraska Kearney Kearney NE Pub BS Aviation Systems Management UNT University of North Texas Denton TX Pub BS Aviation Logistics X WLM Wilmington University Wilmington DE Pvt BS Business Administration (Professional Aeronautics) * Representative programs.

102 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals Table A-2. Aviation management program curriculum summary. ID Institution Public/ Private Total Credit Hours Aviation- Related Credit Hours Airport- Specific Credit Hours Open Electives Internship Required KSU Kansas State University (Polytechnic) * Pub 120 43 27 - No CWU Central Washington University * Pub 120 58 18 - No FIT Florida Institute of Technology * Pub 123 53 18 2 No FSC Farmingdale State College * Pvt 122 45 15 - No HU Hampton University * Pub 120 68 15 - No UCM University of Central Missouri * Pub 120 39 13 6 Yes BGSU Bowling Green State University * Pub 121 39 12 12 Yes CSULA California State University - Los Angeles * Pub 120 36 12 9 No ERAUWW Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Worldwide Pvt 120 36 12 - No MGSU Middle Georgia State University (MCN & ESM) * Pvt 120 54 12 24 No MTSU Middle Tennessee State University * Pub 120 60 12 - Yes SNHU Southern New Hampshire University * Pvt 121 43 10 18 Yes CBU California Baptist University * Pvt 126 42 9 22 No ERAUPC Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (PRC) * Pvt 120 30 9 18 No EU Everglades University Pub 123 72 9 - No PU Purdue University * Pvt 120 55 9 9 No TXAM Texas A&M University - Central Texas Pub 120 42 9 - No UNO University of Nebraska - Omaha * Pub 120 60 9 - Yes WMU Western Michigan University * Pvt 123 53 7 6 No AUB Auburn University * Pub 126 31 6 20 No AVU Averett University Pub 120 30 6 - Yes CUNY CUNY Aviation Institute at York College Pub 120 60 6 - No EKU Eastern Kentucky University * Pub 120 45 6 14 No FSUWV Fairmont State University Pub 120 45 6 - No ISU Indiana State University * Pub 120 48 6 27 No JAX Jacksonville University * Pub 122 40 6 - No KSOH Kent State University * Pvt 120 51 6 3 No LU Lewis University * Pvt 128 56 6 - No MU Marywood University Pub 120 24 6 - No MSUD Metropolitan State University of Denver * Pvt 121 63 6 6 No MKT Minnesota State University - Mankato * Pub 120 31 6 - No PLK Polk State College Pub 120 45 6 - No SIU Southern Illinois University * Pub 120 48 6 - No OSU The Ohio State University * Pub 120 32 6 6 No UMES University of Maryland Eastern Shore Pvt 120 64 6 - No UND University of North Dakota * Pub 121 31 6 5 No VC Vaughn College * Pub 127 44 6 - Yes GRC Green River College Pub 120 60 5 - No CAU California Aeronautical University Pub 121 34 4 - Yes ASU Arizona State University (Polytechnic) * Pvt 123 54 3 15 Yes BU Baylor University Pub 126 44 3 - No DESU Delaware State University Pvt 120 37 3 - No

Database of Programs 103 ID Institution Public/ Private Total Credit Hours Aviation- Related Credit Hours Airport- Specific Credit Hours Open Electives Internship Required DSU Delta State University * Pvt 124 39 3 10 No EMU Eastern Michigan University Pvt 124 - 3 - No ENM Eastern New Mexico University Pub 120 - 3 - No ECSU Elizabeth City State University Pub 120 - 3 - No ERAUDB Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (DAB) * Pub 122 28 3 15 No FMU Florida Memorial University * Pub 120 38 3 21 No LeTU LeTourneau University Pub 122 - 3 - No LTU Louisiana Tech University * Pvt 121 30 3 5 Yes OKSU Oklahoma State University * Pvt 120 57 3 13 No QU Quincy University Pub 125 - 3 - No RMC Rocky Mountain College * Pub 121 39 3 27 Yes SLU Saint Louis University * Pvt 121 64 3 9 Yes SDCC San Diego Christian College Pvt 124 47 3 15 No TNSU Tennessee State University Pub 120 46 3 9 No TSU Texas Southern University * Pvt 120 46 3 12 Yes TESC Thomas Edison State College Pvt 120 - 3 - No UAK University of Alaska - Anchorage * Pub 120 48 3 9 No DBQ University of Dubuque * Pub 121 35 3 15 No UNK University of Nebraska Kearney Pub 120 - 3 - No UNT University of North Texas Pub 120 39 3 4 Yes UOK University of Oklahoma * Pub 125 34 3 14 No UVU Utah Valley University * Pub 120 67 3 15 No WLM Wilmington University Pvt 120 15 3 - No * Representative programs. Table A-2. (Continued).

104 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals ID Institution Public/ Private Tuition Resident (Semester) Tuition Resident (Credit Hour) Tuition Non- Resident (Semester) Tuition Non- Resident (Credit Hour) PLK Polk State College Pub 1,488 124 5,640 470 ECSU Elizabeth City State University Pub 1,500 125 7,500 625 UNT University of North Texas Pub 1,500 100 14,160 944 ENM Eastern New Mexico University Pub 1,998 269 2,997 352 CWU Central Washington University Pub 2,105 421 7,333 1,467 UOK University of Oklahoma * Pub 2,394 200 10,085 840 UNO University of Nebraska - Omaha * Pub 2,436 229 8,616 718 UAK University of Alaska - Anchorage * Pub 2,676 223 9,468 789 UMES University of Maryland Eastern Shore Pub 2,709 224 7,914 583 UCM University of Central Missouri * Pub 2,820 235 5,700 475 CSULA California State University - Los Angeles * Pub 3,384 282 9,324 777 GRC Green River College Pub 3,444 287 8,232 686 CUNY CUNY Aviation Institute at York College Pub 3,465 305 9,300 620 MTSU Middle Tennessee State University * Pub 3,468 300 12,936 1,078 FSC Farmingdale State College * Pub 3,535 295 8,490 708 MKT Minnesota State University - Mankato * Pub 3,697 289 7,843 622 DSU Delta State University * Pub 3,750 313 - - FSUWV Fairmont State University Pub 3,756 313 8,304 692 TXAM Texas A&M University - Central Texas Pub 3,783 192 7,372 614 UND University of North Dakota * Pub 4,106 342 12,318 1,027 DESU Delaware State University Pub 4,129 344 8,647 721 TNSU Tennessee State University Pub 4,212 351 5,892 491 OKSU Oklahoma State University * Pub 4,509 376 12,269 1,022 ISU Indiana State University * Pub 4,518 327 9,980 706 MSUD Metropolitan State University of Denver * Pub 4,575 268 12,212 834 PU Purdue University * Pub 4,604 329 9,401 600 EKU Eastern Kentucky University * Pub 4,633 386 9,669 806 KSOH Kent State University * Pub 4,633 422 8,703 792 BGSU Bowling Green State University * Pub 4,639 387 8,633 719 UVU Utah Valley University * Pub 4,728 394 14,052 1,171 TESC Thomas Edison State College Pub 4,788 399 6,108 509 AUB Auburn University * Pub 4,812 401 14,436 1,203 SIU Southern Illinois University * Pub 4,819 321 4,819 321 TSU Texas Southern University * Pub 4,835 348 11,587 670 KSU Kansas State University (Polytechnic) * Pub 5,064 293 9,468 789 EMU Eastern Michigan University Pub 5,250 438 12,840 1,070 WMU Western Michigan University * Pub 6,047 504 7,559 630 UNK University of Nebraska Kearney Pub 6,090 203 13,290 443 MGSU Middle Georgia State University (MCN & ESM) * Pub 6,336 528 10,008 834 OSU The Ohio State University * Pub 6,377 570 16,866 1,444 LTU Louisiana Tech University * Pub 7,944 662 11,627 662 ASU Arizona State University (Polytechnic) * Pub 10,710 893 28,800 2,400 Table A-3. Aviation management program tuition summary.

Database of Programs 105 WLM Wilmington University Pvt 4,572 381 - - FMU Florida Memorial University * Pvt 6,288 524 - - EU Everglades University Pvt 8,760 730 - - CAU California Aeronautical University Pvt 8,820 392 - - HU Hampton University * Pvt 12,475 1,040 - - VC Vaughn College * Pvt 12,650 840 - - RMC Rocky Mountain College * Pvt 14,988 1,249 - - QU Quincy University Pvt 15,580 1,298 - - SDCC San Diego Christian College Pvt 15,840 1,362 - - LeTU LeTourneau University Pvt 15,870 578 - - LU Lewis University * Pvt 16,635 996 - - CBU California Baptist University * Pvt 16,965 1,305 - - DBQ University of Dubuque * Pvt 17,035 1,020 - - ERAUDB Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Pvt 17,712 1,476 - - AVU Pvt 17,725 1,477 - - ERAUPC Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Pvt 18,228 1,519 - - ERAUWW -Riddle Aeronautical University Pvt 18,228 1,519 - - FIT Pvt 19,010 1,170 - - JAX Jacksonville University * Pvt 19,070 1,275 - - BU Baylor University Pvt 22,272 1,856 - - SLU Saint Louis University * Pvt 22,350 1,560 - - SNHU Southern New Hampshire University * Pvt 30,756 1,282 - - * Representative programs. Sorted by public/private and low to high semester tuition, data current as of 2019. MU Marywood University Pvt 3,216 1,423 - - ID Institution Public/ Private Tuition Resident (Semester) Tuition Resident (Credit Hour) Tuition Non- Resident (Semester) Tuition Non- Resident (Credit Hour) Averett University Embry Florida Institute of Technology * Table A-3. (Continued).

106 Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals Many courses include more than one topic, such as airport planning and management or airport planning and design, and they appear to be organized around a specific text. Table A-4 includes an analysis of airport-specific course content among the various programs. The 1st order terms reflect the primary topic of a course. The 2nd order terms reflect the secondary topic of a course. For example, 50 courses among 46 programs were found to have a course where the airport management is either a primary (38 courses) or secondary (12 courses) topic. A course in airport management would be considered a course with management as a 1st order topic, while it would be considered a 2nd order topic in a course in airport planning and management. Relevant Airport/Aviation Curriculum Summary A database containing the 65 aviation management programs was compiled for use in the analysis of descriptive and comparative factors as well as the detailed evaluation of the curriculum. The analysis identified several specific aviation management programs that offered a significant number of airport-related courses as well those with only one or two courses. Also, as given in Table A-4, there is a wide variety of airport-related course content among these programs. Although a basic information profile was developed for all 65 programs, the 41 representative programs have a detailed map of their curriculum, including the course number and title of each aviation- related and airport-specific course. Table A-5 contains a matrix of relevant airport-specific courses as well as aviation-related courses that have some significance to airport courses offered by each program. AIRPORT TOPIC 1st Order 2nd Order Total Courses Programs w/Content Percentage of Programs Management 38 12 50 46 71% Planning 35 2 37 34 52% Operations 23 3 26 25 38% Design 7 9 16 15 23% Administration 10 4 14 12 18% Security 8 2 10 9 14% Finance 5 4 9 9 14% Career 5 - 5 3 5% Environment 4 1 5 5 8% Marketing 2 1 3 3 5% Safety 1 2 3 3 5% Law 2 - 2 2 3% Technical 2 - 2 1 2% International 1 - 1 1 2% TOTAL 143 40 183 Note: Some courses have multiple topics, such as airport planning and management, and are counted as 1st Order or 2nd Order as listed. Table A-4. Airport-specific course content for aviation management programs.

ID Institution R ep re se nt at iv e Pr og ra m Av ia tio n- R el at ed C re di t H ou rs Ai rp or t - Sp ec ifi c C re di t H ou rs M an ag em en t an d/ or Ad m in is tra tio n O pe ra tio ns Pl an ni ng De ve lo pm en t Ec on om ic s a nd Fi na nc e M ar ke tin g an d Co m m un ic ati on s FB O a nd Co rp or at e M an ag em en t AT C an d Ai rs pa ce Sa fe ty a nd /o r Se cu rit y En vi ro nm en t Re gu la tio ns a nd L aw Ca ps to ne a nd /o r Cu lm in ati ng Ex pe rie nc e Ca re er D ev el op m en t In te rn sh ip O th er T ec hn ic al Co ur se s ASU Arizona State University (Polytechnic) * Y 54 3 C C X X X X X X AUB Auburn University * Y 31 6 X X X X X X X BGSU Bowling Green State University * Y 39 12 X X C C X X X X X CBU California Baptist University * Y 42 9 X X C C X X X X X X CSULA California State University - Los Angeles * Y 36 12 X X X X X X CWU Central Washington University * Y 58 18 C X C C C X X X X X DSU Delta State University * Y 35 3 X X X X X X EKU Eastern Kentucky University * Y 39 3 X C X X X ERAUDB Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Y 45 6 X C C X C X ERAUPC Y 28 3 X FSC Y 30 9 X X X X FIT Florida Institute of Technology * Y 53 18 X X X X X X X FMU Florida Memorial University * Y 38 3 X X X X X HU Hampton University * Y 45 15 X X C C C X X X X ISU Indiana State University * Y 68 15 X X X X X X X X X JAX Jacksonville University * Y 48 6 X X X X X X KSU Kansas State University (Polytechnic) * Y 40 6 X C C X C X X X KSOH Kent State University * Y 51 6 X X X X X X X X LU Lewis University * Y 43 27 X X X X X X X X X LTU Louisiana Tech University * Y 30 3 C X C X X X X X X MSUD Metropolitan State University of Denver * Y 56 6 X C X X X X MGSU Middle Georgia State University Y 54 12 X C C C C C C C MTSU Y 31 6 X X X X MKT Minnesota State University - Mankato * Y 63 6 C X C X X X OKSU Oklahoma State University * Y 60 12 X X X X X X X X PU Purdue University * Y 57 3 C C X X X X X X Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Farmingdale State College * Middle Tennessee State University * Table A-5. Relevant airport/aviation curriculum matrix for aviation management programs. (continued on next page)

ID Institution R ep re se nt at iv e Pr og ra m Av ia tio n- R el at ed C re di t H ou rs Ai rp or t - Sp ec ifi c C re di t H ou rs M an ag em en t an d/ or Ad m in is tra tio n O pe ra tio ns Pl an ni ng De ve lo pm en t Ec on om ic s a nd Fi na nc e M ar ke tin g an d Co m m un ic ati on s FB O a nd Co rp or at e M an ag em en t AT C an d Ai rs pa ce Sa fe ty a nd /o r Se cu rit y En vi ro nm en t Re gu la tio ns a nd L aw Ca ps to ne a nd /o r Cu lm in ati ng Ex pe rie nc e Ca re er D ev el op m en t In te rn sh ip O th er T ec hn ic al Co ur se s RMC Rocky Mountain College * Y 32 6 X C C X X X SLU Saint Louis University * Y 55 9 X X X X X X X SIU Southern Illinois University * Y 39 3 C C X X X X X SNHU Southern New Hampshire University * Y 48 6 X X X X X X X X X TSU Texas Southern University * Y 64 3 C X C X X X X OSU The Ohio State University * Y 43 10 C X C X X X X X X UAK University of Alaska - Anchorage * Y 46 3 X X X X X X X UCM University of Central Missouri * Y 48 3 X X X X X X DBQ University of Dubuque * Y 39 13 X X X X X X UNO University of Nebraska - Omaha * Y 31 6 C C C X X X X X X UND University of North Dakota * Y 33 9 X X X X X X X UOK University of Oklahoma * Y 34 3 C C X X X X UVU Utah Valley University * Y 67 3 X X X X X X X X X X VC Vaughn College * Y 44 6 X X X X X X X X WMU Western Michigan University * Y 53 7 C C C X X X X AVU Averett University N n/a 6 X X BU Baylor University N n/a 3 X CAU California Aeronautical University N n/a 4 X CUNY CUNY Aviation Institute at York College N n/a 6 C C X DESU Delaware State University N n/a 3 C C Table A-5. (Continued).

EMU Eastern Michigan University N n/a 3 X ENM Eastern New Mexico University N n/a 3 X ECSU Elizabeth City State University N n/a 3 C C ERAUW Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University N n/a 12 X C C X X EU N n/a 9 X X X FSUWV Fairmont State University N n/a 6 X C C Everglades University GRC Green River College N n/a 5 C C LeTU LeTourneau University N n/a 3 C C MU Marywood University N n/a 6 X X PLK Polk State College N n/a 6 X X X QU Quincy University N n/a 3 X SDCC San Diego Christian College N n/a 3 X TNSU Tennessee State University N n/a 3 X TXAM Texas A&M University - Central Texas N n/a 9 X X X TESC Thomas Edison State College N n/a 3 X UMES University of Maryland Eastern Shore N n/a 6 X X UNK University of Nebraska Kearney N n/a 3 X UNT University of North Texas N n/a 3 X WLM Wilmington University N n/a 3 X * Representative programs. Y = Representative “benchmarked” program. N = A program researched in this study that was not part of the list of representative programs. X = Course on this topic found in the curriculum. C = Course that includes multiple topics in the column list (usually affiliated with another C in a given row) Darker shaded boxes are considered airport-specific courses. (These are purple in the electronic version.) Lighter shaded boxes are courses that are not airport specific but are aviation-related and contain airport content. (These are yellow in the electronic version.)

110 A P P E N D I X B Important Note: The following discussion on accreditation does not reflect an endorsement of any accrediting organization by ACRP or the authors but is provided to illustrate specific characteristics and criteria by which most programs can be assessed whether or not they are accredited. Most institutions of higher learning subscribe to a form of accreditation as a means to ensure the quality of their programs of study. Criteria for accreditation are set by independent associa- tions that may be aligned along regional, national, or specific professional interests. Public col- leges and universities generally subscribe to regional accreditation bodies such as the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges (SACSCOC), the Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE), and the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities (NWCCU). Nationally accredited schools are generally characterized as for-profit and vocational/technical programs. The Accrediting Commission on Career Schools and Colleges and the American Academy for Liberal Education are two examples of national accreditation agencies. Many accrediting organizations are aligned with specific industries. The accreditation standards are generally based on recognized educational foundations but also focus on specific learning outcomes embedded in the curriculum relevant to the particular industry’s interests. The goal of the accreditation organization is to evaluate the institution and its programs using several different criteria and to verify that the recognized standards are being met, and in doing so, promote a standard of quality. Many collegiate aviation programs are accredited not only by their university-level regional accrediting board but also by the AABI. AABI was founded in 1988 with 14 charter members. The mission of AABI is to promote excellence and self-improvement among collegiate aviation programs and, by doing so, increase the credibility, integrity, and acceptance of these programs within the academic community and the aviation industry. AABI accredits all levels of collegiate aviation programs, from associate degrees to doctorates. The types of collegiate aviation programs that are eligible for accreditation include the following: • Aviation Management • Flight Education • Aviation Maintenance • Safety Science • Aviation Electronics/Avionics • Air Traffic Control • Aviation Studies • Unmanned Aircraft Systems Understanding Accreditation

Understanding Accreditation 111 To date, there are 94 accredited aviation programs hosted by 34 colleges and universities throughout the United States, including 4 associate degrees, 84 baccalaureate degrees, 3 master’s degrees, and 1 doctoral degree. From these, there are 29 accredited aviation management degree programs. AABI promotes specific aviation-related educational outcomes that must be demonstrated by the program graduate’s ability to 1. Describe the professional attributes; requirements or certifications; and planning applicable to aviation careers. 2. Describe the principles of aircraft design; performance and operating characteristics; and the regulations related to the maintenance of aircraft and associated systems. 3. Evaluate aviation safety and the impact of human factors on safety. 4. Discuss the impact on aviation operations of international aviation law, including appli- cable ICAO or other international standards and practices; and applicable national aviation law, regulations, and labor issues. 5. Explain the integration of airports, airspace, and air traffic control in managing the National Airspace System. 6. Discuss the impact of meteorology and environmental issues on aviation operations. The ten major components evaluated by AABI for accrediting a degree program include the following: 1. Students—student goals consistent with the mission and educational goals of the program and institution. 2. Program Mission and Educational Goals—mission statement and goals that reflect the pro- gram’s educational philosophy, purpose, and general intent. 3. Student Learning Outcomes (General/Aviation Core)—process to ensure student’s ability to demonstrate competency in meeting general and aviation-specific outcomes. 4. Curriculum—courses available to support each learning outcome and prepare graduates for successful aviation careers. 5. Faculty and Staff—adequate number of qualified faculty and staff are available to achieve the learning outcomes. 6. Facilities, Equipment, and Services—adequate resources are available to accomplish the program goals in an appropriate learning environment. 7. Institutional Structure and Support—financial and administrative support to assure the continuity of the program. 8. Aviation Safety Culture and Program—formal policies, procedures, and practices in place that emulate SMS principles to foster a culture of safety. 9. Relations with Industry—established framework for ensuring that the program remains relevant to the aviation industry. Industry Advisory Boards with members representing a diverse mix of various segments of aviation are common. 10. Continuous Assessment and Improvement—formal mechanism to assess the effectiveness of each program component and measures taken for improvement. To retain their status, AABI-accredited programs are reviewed every 5 years and must be able to provide evidence that the outcomes are being successfully achieved, and there is a process in place to continually assess and improve the program. AABI does not have an accreditation program specifically for airport management but airport- focused curricula are found within other accredited programs, most often in the aviation management or aviation studies degrees. Opportunities may exist to engage in further develop- ment of a standard for airport-oriented education, adding a new accreditation category among AABI’s other aviation academic programs.

Abbreviations and acronyms used without definitions in TRB publications: A4A Airlines for America AAAE American Association of Airport Executives AASHO American Association of State Highway Officials AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials ACI–NA Airports Council International–North America ACRP Airport Cooperative Research Program ADA Americans with Disabilities Act APTA American Public Transportation Association ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials ATA American Trucking Associations CTAA Community Transportation Association of America CTBSSP Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program DHS Department of Homeland Security DOE Department of Energy EPA Environmental Protection Agency FAA Federal Aviation Administration FAST Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (2015) FHWA Federal Highway Administration FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration FRA Federal Railroad Administration FTA Federal Transit Administration HMCRP Hazardous Materials Cooperative Research Program IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 ITE Institute of Transportation Engineers MAP-21 Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (2012) NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAO National Association of State Aviation Officials NCFRP National Cooperative Freight Research Program NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NTSB National Transportation Safety Board PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration RITA Research and Innovative Technology Administration SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SAFETEA-LU Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (2005) TCRP Transit Cooperative Research Program TDC Transit Development Corporation TEA-21 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (1998) TRB Transportation Research Board TSA Transportation Security Administration U.S. DOT United States Department of Transportation

N O N -P R O F IT O R G . U .S . P O S TA G E P A ID C O LU M B IA , M D P E R M IT N O . 88 Transportation Research Board 500 Fifth Street, N W W ashington, D C 20001 AD D RESS SERVIC E REQ U ESTED ISBN 978-0-309-67385-3 9 7 8 0 3 0 9 6 7 3 8 5 3 9 0 0 0 0

Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals Get This Book
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Airports and their support industries have changed significantly over the past several decades. It is imperative that academic programs continue to evolve with these changes to better prepare the next generation of airport industry professionals.

The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's ACRP Research Report 230: Enhancing Academic Programs to Prepare Future Airport Industry Professionals provides guidance to assist academia in preparing graduates for careers as airport industry professionals.

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