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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Transit Agency Relationships and Initiatives to Improve Bus Stops and Pedestrian Access. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26166.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Transit Agency Relationships and Initiatives to Improve Bus Stops and Pedestrian Access. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26166.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Transit Agency Relationships and Initiatives to Improve Bus Stops and Pedestrian Access. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26166.
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Page 81
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Transit Agency Relationships and Initiatives to Improve Bus Stops and Pedestrian Access. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26166.
×
Page 81
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Transit Agency Relationships and Initiatives to Improve Bus Stops and Pedestrian Access. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26166.
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78 References Abenoza, R. F.; Ceccato, V.; Susilo, Y. O.; and Cats, O. (2018). “Individual, Travel, and Bus Stop Characteris- tics Influencing Travelers’ Safety Perceptions.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2672 (8): 19–28. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361198118758677. Athens Area Arts Council. (2005). You, Me, and The Bus–Athens GA Design Competition. Athens Area Arts Council, Athens, GA, October. Athens-Clarke County Transit. (2018). Athens-Clarke County Bus Stop Improvement Program Revisions and Recommendations. Athens-Clarke County Transit, Athens, GA, March. Athens-Clarke County Transit Department. (2018). Art Shelter Design Requirements [internal document]. Athens-Clarke County Transit, Athens, GA. Athens-Clarke County Transit Department. (2020). Snapshot Monthly Newsletter–SPLOST & TSPLOST Updates. Athens-Clarke County Transit, Athens, GA, April. Athens Transit. (2005). Project 18. Bus Stop Improvement Program. Athens-Clarke County Unified Government, Athens, GA. https://www.accgov.com/2322/Project-18-Bus-Stop-Improvement-Program. Athens Transit System. (2018). Transit Development Plan Update. Athens-Clarke County Transit, Athens, GA, May. Blais, D.; and El-Geneidy, A. M. (2014). “Better living through mobility: The relationship between access to transportation, well-being and disability.” In 93rd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board. Washington, DC. Bowe, F. G. (1979). “Transportation: A key to independent living.” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilita- tion 60 (10): 483–486. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/496601. Boyle, D. K. (2015). TCRP Synthesis 117: Better On-Street Bus Stops. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC. https://doi.org/10.17226/22175. Butte Regional Transit. (2007). Bus Stop Improvement Plan. Butte Regional Transit, Butte County, CA. http:// www.blinetransit.com/documents/B-Line%20Bus%20Stop%20Improvement%20Plan%202007.pdf. Byala, L. B.; Filardo, K.; Hirsch, O.; Walk, M. J.; Cardenas, J. P.; Hwang, J. (2019). TCRP Synthesis 140: Comprehensive Bus Network Redesigns–A Synthesis of Transit Practice. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC. City and County of San Francisco. (2020). San Francisco Planning Code. American Legal Publishing Corporation, Cincinnati, OH, March. City of Boulder. (2015). Transit Stop Improvements–Project Information Sheet. City of Boulder, CO. City of El Paso. (2009). Mass Transit Board Presentation–Bus Shelters and Bus Stop Improvement Program. City of El Paso, TX. http://agenda.sunmetro.net/agenda/12-01-09/12_01_09_07_2.pdf. City of Santa Maria. (2011). Bus Stop Improvement Plan. City of Santa Maria, CA. https://core.ac.uk/download/ pdf/32413222.pdf. City of Santa Monica. (2020). Bus Stop Improvement Project. City of Santa Monica, CA. https://www.smgov.net/ bebp/project.aspx?id=26104. City of Whittier. (2020). Bus Shelter Improvement Program. City of Whittier, CA. https://www.whittierprcs.org/ transit/bus-shelter-improvement-program. DiPetrillo, S.; Lubin, A.; Loukaitou-Sideris, A.; Salehian, C.; Gibson, S. C.; Williams, K. M.; and Green, T. T. (2018). “Improving Pathways to Fixed-Route Transit: Transit Agency Practices to Expand Access for All Users.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2672 (8): 578–587. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361198118769902. Eo, J. (2018). Analyzing how bus ridership is influenced by physical environments, crime, and collision adjacent to bus stops. California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, CA.

References 79 Estupiñán, N.; and Rodríguez, D. A. (2008). “The relationship between urban form and station boardings for Bogotá’s BRT.” Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 42 (2): 296–306. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.tra.2007.10.006. Federal Transit Administration. (2015). FTA Circular 4710.1–Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA): Guidance. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC. Guthrie, A.; Fan, Y.; Crabtree, S.; and Burga, F. (2019). Those Who Need It Most: Maximizing Transit Accessibility and Removing Barriers to Employment in Areas of Concentrated Poverty (No. CTS #2017014). Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota. http://www.cts.umn.edu/Publications/ResearchReports/. Hillsborough Area Regional Transit Authority. (2014). HART has you covered with upgraded bus stops and shelters! Hillsborough Area Regional Transit Authority, Tampa, FL. http://gohart.blogspot.com/2014/03/hart-has- you-covered-with-upgraded-bus.html. Hinebaugh, D.; and Staes, L. (2001). “Public Transit Access to Private Property.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1753 (1): 43–51. https://doi.org/10.3141/1753-06. Kalamazoo County Transportation Authority. (2018). Kalamazoo Area Bus Stop Action Plan. Kalamazoo County Transportation Authority, Kalamazoo, MI. Kim, J. Y.; Bartholomew, K.; and Ewing, R. (2018). Impacts of bus stop improvements (Report No. UT-18.04). Utah Department of Transportation Research Division, Salt Lake City, UT. https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/ dot/35670. Kim, J. Y.; Bartholomew, K.; Ewing, R. (2020). “Another one rides the bus? The connections between bus stop amenities, bus ridership, and ADA paratransit demand.” Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 135: 280–288. ISSN 0965-8564. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2020.03.019. Kim, S.; and Ulfarsson, G. F. (2013). “Transportation in an Aging Society: Linkage between Transportation and Quality of Life.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2357 (1): 109–115. https://doi.org/10.3141/2357-13. Lagune-Reutler, M.; Guthrie, A.; Fan, Y.; and Levinson, D. (2016). Transit Riders’ Perception of Waiting Time and Stops’ Surrounding Environments. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC. Lakhotia, S.; Rao, K. R.; and Tiwari, G. (2019). “Accessibility of Bus Stops for Pedestrians in Delhi.” Journal of Urban Planning and Development 145 (4): 05019015. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000525. Litman, T. (2008). “Valuing Transit Service Quality Improvements.” Journal of Public Transportation 11 (2): 43–63. https://doi.org/10.5038/2375-0901.11.2.3. Lubin, A.; and Deka, D. (2012). “Role of public transportation as job access mode: Lessons from survey of people with disabilities in New Jersey.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2277 (1): 90–97. https://doi.org/10.3141/2277-11. Maryland Department of Transportation. (2019). Bus Stop Design Guide. Maryland Department of Transporta- tion, Baltimore, MD. McDuffie, B. (2018). Bus Stop Improvement Program Recommended Revisions/Update, Athens-Clarke County Transit, Athens, GA, March 15. McKenzie, B. S. (2013). “Neighborhood Access to Transit by Race, Ethnicity, and Poverty in Portland, OR.” City & Community 12 (2): 134–155. https://doi.org/10.1111/cico.12022. McMahon Associates. (2018). PACTS Transit Stop Access Project–Phase I. Portland Area Comprehensive Transportation System. Metro Transit. (2017). Better Bus Stops Community Engagement Report. Metro Transit, Minneapolis, MN. https://www.metrotransit.org/better-bus-stops. Mohammed, T. (1999). Pace Development Guidelines. Pace, Chicago, IL, November. Montarzino, A.; Robertson, B.; Aspinall, P.; Ambrecht, A.; Findlay, C.; Hine, J.; and Dhillon, B. (2007). “The Impact of Mobility and Public Transport on the Independence of Visually Impaired People.” Visual Impairment Research 9 (2–3): 67–82. https://doi.org/10.1080/13882350701673266. Mountain Line. (2019). Mountain Line Receives Grant for New Buses and Bus Stop Improvements. Mountain Line, Missoula, MT. https://www.mountainline.com/mountain-line-receives-grant-for-new-buses-and- bus-stop-improvements/. Mueller, D. (2009). ADA Bus Stop Accessibility Study Report. Transit Services Division, City of Tucson Department of Transportation, Tucson, AZ. Municipality of Anchorage. (2020). Transit Improvements. Municipality of Anchorage, AK. https://www. muni.org/Departments/transit/PeopleMover/Pages/TransitImprovements.aspx. Murphy, A. 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80 Transit Agency Relationships and Initiatives to Improve Bus Stops and Pedestrian Access Nelson\Nygaard Consulting Associates. (2017). Bus Stop Design & Accessibility Guidelines. Memphis Urban Area Metropolitan Planning Organization, Memphis, TN. New River Valley Metropolitan Planning Organization. (2015). Bus Stop Safety and Accessibility Study for the Town of Blacksburg. New River Valley Metropolitan Planning Organization, Blacksburg, VA. Odeck, J.; Hagen, T.; and Fearnley, N. (2010). “Economic appraisal of universal design in transport: Experiences from Norway.” Research in Transportation Economics 29 (1): 304–311. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.retrec. 2010.07.038. Oh, J.-S.; Smith, C. S.; Qatra, R.; and Al-Akash, M. (2017). Estimating and Enhancing Public Transit Accessibility for People with Mobility Limitations (No. TRCLC 15-02). Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities, Kalamazoo, MI. Pace. (2020a). Passenger Waiting Areas. Chicago, IL [online], June 16. https://www.pacebus.com/Guidelines/ 04e_waiting_areas.asp. Pace. (2020b). Posted-Stops-Only Conversion. Chicago, IL [online], July 15. https://www.pacebus.com/project/ posted-stops-only-conversion. Pierce Transit. (2016). 2016 Bus Stop Manual. Lakewood, WA. Regional Public Transportation Authority. (2008). RPTA Bus Stop Program and Standards–Final Report: Findings and Recommendations. Phoenix, AZ. https://www.valleymetro.org/images/uploads/misc_reports/ Bus_Stop_-_Design_Guidelines.pdf. Regional Transportation Authority. (2020a). About Us. Chicago, IL [online], May 12. https://www.rtachicago. org/about-us. Regional Transportation Authority. (2020b). Access to Transit Program. Chicago, IL [online], May 12. https:// www.rtachicago.org/plans-programs/access-transit-program. Regional Transportation Authority. (2020c). Access to Transit Program: 2020 Call for Projects and Applicant Program Guide. Chicago, IL, March 13. Regional Transportation Authority. (2020d). Access to Transit Program: 2020 Call for Projects Application. Chicago, IL, March. Regional Transportation Authority. (2020e). RTA Access to Transit Program–2020 Call for Projects FAQ. Chicago, IL, March. Regional Transportation Authority. (2020f). RTA Announces 2020 Access to Transit Call for Projects for Small Scale Capital Projects. Chicago, IL [online], March 13. https://rtachicago.org/index.php/about-us/media/ press-release-archives/2020-press-releases/rta-announces-2020-access-transit-call. Rhode Island Public Transit Authority. (2019). Transit Strategies–Better Bus Stops and Facilities. Providence, RI. https://transitforwardri.com/pdf/Strategy%20Paper%2017%20Better%20Bus%20Stops%20190709%20 FINAL.pdf. Ryan, S.; and Frank, L. (2009). “Pedestrian Environments and Transit Ridership.” Journal of Public Transportation 12 (1): 39–57. https://doi.org/10.5038/2375-0901.12.1.3. Salgado-Tamayo, L. (2007). Comparison of Capital Costs for Fixed-Route Bus Stop Improvements to Paratransit Operating Cost. Maryland Transit Administration, Baltimore, MD. https://dredf.org/ADAtg/maint.shtml# appendix. SamTrans. (2018). SamTrans Business Plan. San Carlos, CA. http://www.samtrans.com/Assets/__Agendas+and+ Minutes/SamTrans/Board+of+Directors/Presentations/2018/SamTrans+Business+Plan+FINAL.pdf. San Benito County Local Transportation Authority. (2016). Bus Stop Improvement Program. San Benito County, CA. http://www.sanbenitocountyexpress.org/pdf/bid-2017May/5.%20San%20Benito%20 County%20BSIP_Submittal%20052716.pdf. San Francisco Department of Public Works. (2020). Curb Ramp Program. San Francisco, CA [online], May 12. https://sfpublicworks.org/curbrampprogram. San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. (2015). Muni Forward: Implementation Workbook. San Francisco, CA, April. San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. (2018). Muni Service Equity Strategy. San Francisco, CA, March. San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. (2019). SFMTA Organizational Chart. San Francisco, CA [online], December 21. https://www.sfmta.com/reports/sfmta-organization-chart. San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. (2020a). About Muni Forward. San Francisco, CA [online], May 12. https://www.sfmta.com/projects/commuter-shuttle-program. San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. (2020b). Commuter Shuttle. San Francisco, CA [online], May 12. https://www.sfmta.com/getting-around/muni/muni-forward/about-muni-forward. San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. (2020c). Muni Forward. San Francisco, CA [online], May 12. https://www.sfmta.com/projects/muni-forward. San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. (2020d). Muni Forward Transit Priority Projects. San Francisco, CA [online], May 12. https://www.sfmta.com/projects/muni-forward-transit-priority-projects.

References 81 San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. (2020e). Muni Service Equity Strategy. San Francisco, CA [online], May 12. https://www.sfmta.com/projects/muni-service-equity-strategy. San Luis Obispo Regional Transit Authority. (2017). RTA Bus Stop Improvement Plan. https://www.slorta.org/ wordpress/wp-content/uploads/Draft-Bus-Stop-Improvements-Plan.pdf. SunLine Transit Agency. (2015). SunLine Transit Agency Bus Stop Improvement Program (Phase 6). Palm Springs, CA. http://www.palmspringsca.gov/home/showdocument?id=41200. Talbott, M. R. (2011). Bus Stop Amenities and their Relationship with Ridership: A Transportation Equity Approach. University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Texas A&M Transportation Institute. (1996). TCRP Report 19: Guidelines for the Location and Design of Bus Stops. National Academy Press, Washington, DC. Thatcher, R.; Ferris, C.; Chia, D.; Purdy, J.; Ellis, B.; Hamby, B.; Quan, J.; and Golden, M. (2013). TCRP Report 163: Strategy Guide to Enable and Promote the Use of Fixed-Route Transit by People with Disabilities. National Academies of Sciences, Washington, DC. Tindale-Oliver and Associates. (2018). Space Coast Area Transit Bus Stop Accessibility Study. Space Coast Area Transit, Cocoa, FL. Transfort. (2015). Bus Stop Design Standards & Guidelines. Fort Collins, CO. TransitCenter. (2018). From Sorry to Superb: Everything You Need to Know about Great Bus Stops. https://transit center.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Sorry_To_Superb.pdf. Unified Governments of Athens-Clarke County, Georgia. (2008). Agreement Between Unified Governments of Athens-Clarke County and Athens Area Arts Council, Inc. Athens, GA, September. Unified Governments of Athens-Clarke County, Georgia. (2018a). RFP–Call for ART–Type I Art Shelters. Athens, GA, June. Unified Governments of Athens-Clarke County, Georgia. (2018b). RFP–Call for ART–Type II Art Shelters. Athens, GA, June. Unified Governments of Athens-Clarke County, Georgia. (2020). University of Georgia/Unified Government Athens-Clarke County Transportation Agreement–07/01/2020 to 06/30/3021. Athens, GA. United States Access Board. (2002). ADA Accessibility Guidelines. Washington, DC. United States Department of Justice. (2010). 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design. Washington, DC. United States Department of Transportation. (2006). Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Standards for Transportation Facilities. Washington, DC. United States Department of Transportation. (2018). National Transit Database. Washington, DC [online], December 21. https://www.transit.dot.gov/ntd/ntd-data. Utah Transit Authority. (2018). Bus Stop Master Plan. Salt Lake City, UT. Utah Transit Authority. (2019). Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for Years Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017. Salt Lake City, UT. Utah Transit Authority. (2020). Main Web Page. Salt Lake City, UT, May. https://www.rideuta.com. 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In the United States, many transit stops are not adequate: bus stops that are just a signpost on a busy road, bus stops with broken sidewalks and/or pathway obstructions, bus stops with a lack of seating, and bus stops clearly not accessible to people with disabilities. For many bus riders, the journey to access and the wait at the bus stop are experiences that may inhibit their ability or desire to take the bus.

The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's TCRP Synthesis 152 Transit Agency Relationships and Initiatives to Improve Bus Stops and Pedestrian Access summarizes the current state of practice for bus stop and pedestrian infrastructure improvement programs and processes in place at transit agencies and other public organizations.

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