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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of Selected Divisions of the Physical Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26312.
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Page 39
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. An Assessment of Selected Divisions of the Physical Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2021. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26312.
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Page 40

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Acronyms 2D two dimensional 3D three dimensional 4D four dimensional AAPM American Association of Physicists in Medicine API American Petroleum Institute APS American Physical Society ASME American Society for Mechanical Engineering ASTM ASTM International, formerly the American Society for Testing and Materials AVS American Vacuum Society BBM Biophysical and Biomedical Measurement Group BIPM Bureau International des Poids et Mesures CAVS cold-atom vacuum standard CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CEESI Colorado Engineering Experiment Station, Inc. CMM coordinate measuring machine CODATA Committee on Data for Science and Technology COVID-19 Coronavirus disease 2019 CRADA cooperative research and development agreement DoD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy EPR electron paramagnetic resonance EUV extreme ultraviolet GPU graphics processing unit GUV germicidal ultraviolet IDEA Inclusion, Diversity, and Equity Alliance JAWS Josephson-junction based arbitrary waveform synthesizer JQI Joint Quantum Institute LCT Laser Cooling and Trapping Group MDA Missile Defense Agency NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCNR NIST Center for Neutron Research nEDM neutron electric dipole moment 39

NeXT neutron/X-ray tomography NFM Nanostructure Fabrication and Measurement Group NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NMI national measurement institute NOAC NIST-on-a-chip NRC National Research Council (of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) NRCP National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements NSF National Science Foundation PEEM photoemission electron microscopy PhAND photon-assisted neutron detector PI principal investigator PML Physical Measurement Laboratory PROSPECT Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum experiment QED-C Quantum Economic Development Consortium QHR Quantum Hall Resistance Standard QuICS Joint Center for Quantum Information and Computer Science RF radiofrequency SI International System of Units SIRCUS spectral irradiance and radiance responsivity calibration with uniform sources SPIE International Society for Optics and Photonics SRI Standard Reference Instrument SSD Sensor Science Division STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics STM scanning tunneling microscopy SURF III Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility TLS two-level system UV ultraviolet 40

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At the request of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has, since 1959, annually assembled panels of experts from academia, industry, medicine, and other scientific and engineering environments to assess the quality and effectiveness of the NIST measurements and standards laboratories, as well as the adequacy of the laboratories' resources. This report assesses the scientific and technical work performed by the NIST Physical Measurement Laboratory in the Quantum Measurement Division, Radiation Physics Division, Sensor Science Division, Microsystems and Nanotechnology Division, and Nanoscale Device Characterization Division.

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