National Academies Press: OpenBook

Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap (2021)

Chapter: Front Matter

Page i
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26343.
×
Page R1
Page ii
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26343.
×
Page R2
Page iii
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26343.
×
Page R3
Page iv
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26343.
×
Page R4
Page v
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26343.
×
Page R5
Page vi
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26343.
×
Page R6
Page vii
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26343.
×
Page R7
Page viii
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26343.
×
Page R8
Page ix
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26343.
×
Page R9
Page x
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26343.
×
Page R10
Page xi
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26343.
×
Page R11
Page xii
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/26343.
×
Page R12

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

© 2021 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. NATIONAL COOPERATIVE HIGHWAY RESEARCH PROGRAM Systematic, well-designed, and implementable research is the most effective way to solve many problems facing state departments of transportation (DOTs) administrators and engineers. Often, highway problems are of local or regional interest and can best be studied by state DOTs individually or in cooperation with their state universities and others. However, the accelerating growth of highway transportation results in increasingly complex problems of wide interest to highway authorities. These problems are best studied through a coordinated program of cooperative research. Recognizing this need, the leadership of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) in 1962 initiated an objective national highway research program using modern scientific techniques— the National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP). NCHRP is supported on a continuing basis by funds from participating member states of AASHTO and receives the full cooperation and support of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), United States Department of Transportation, under Agreement No. 693JJ31950003. COPYRIGHT INFORMATION Authors herein are responsible for the authenticity of their materials and for obtaining written permissions from publishers or persons who own the copyright to any previously published or copyrighted material used herein. Cooperative Research Programs (CRP) grants permission to reproduce material in this publication for classroom and not-for-profit purposes. Permission is given with the understanding that none of the material will be used to imply endorsement by TRB and any of its program sponsors of a particular product, method, or practice. It is expected that those reproducing the material in this document for educational and not-for-profit uses will give appropriate acknowledgment of the source of any reprinted or reproduced material. For other uses of the material, request permission from CRP. DISCLAIMER To facilitate more timely dissemination of research findings, this pre-publication document is taken directly from the submission of the research agency. The material has not been edited by TRB. The opinions and conclusions expressed or implied in this document are those of the researchers who performed the research. They are not necessarily those of the Transportation Research Board; the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; the FHWA; or the program sponsors. The Transportation Research Board, the National Academies, and the sponsors of the National Cooperative Highway Research Program do not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade or manufacturers’ names appear herein solely because they are considered essential to the object of the report. This pre-publication document IS NOT an official publication of the Cooperative Research Programs; the Transportation Research Board; or the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Recommended citation: Sullivan, J., K. Clouser, and J. Shaw. 2021. Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap. Pre-publication draft of NCHRP Research Report 988. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.

Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap iii Contents List of Figures ........................................................................................................................................................ iv List of Tables .......................................................................................................................................................... v Summary ............................................................................................................................................................. vi Project Objectives ............................................................................................................................................... .... vi Defining Rural America .................................................................................................................................. .........vi Research Approach .................................................................................................................................................viii Activities & Findings ............................................................................................................................................... viii Conclusions & Recommendations .......................................................................................................................... ix Implementation ....................................................................................................................................................... x CHAPTER 1 ............................................................................................................................................... 1 Defining Rural America .......................................................................................................................................... 1 Why Focus on Rural Transportation? ..................................................................................................................... 2 Need for NCHRP 20-122 Project ............................................................................................................................. 4 NCHRP 20-122 Project Objectives .......................................................................................................................... 4 CHAPTER 2 ............................................................................................................................................... 5 Comprehensive Approach ...................................................................................................................................... 5 Multi-disciplinary Research Team ............................................................................................................................. 5 Stakeholder Driven ................................................................................................................................................... 5 Community Types ..................................................................................................................................................... 6 Rural Transportation Themes or Categories ............................................................................................................. 7 Key Project Activities ................................................................................................................................................ 9 Project Phases and Tasks ..................................................................................................................................... 10 CHAPTER 3 ............................................................................................................................................. 12

Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap iv Fact Sheets (Task 1: Environmental Scan) ............................................................................................................ 12 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................. 12 Results ..................................................................................................................................................................... 16 Literature Review (Task 2: Literature Review & Gap Analysis) ............................................................................. 16 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................. 16 Results ..................................................................................................................................................................... 16 RNS Database Search (Task 2: Literature Review & Gap Analysis)........................................................................ 17 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................. 17 Results ..................................................................................................................................................................... 19 Practitioner Needs (Task 3: Colorado Workshop)................................................................................................. 20 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................. 20 Participants ........................................................................................................................................................ 20 Pre-Workshop Information ................................................................................................................................ 22 Breakout Groups ................................................................................................................................................ 22 Agenda ............................................................................................................................................................... 23 Results ..................................................................................................................................................................... 24 Safety Needs (Task 6: Georgia Workshop) ........................................................................................................... 24 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................. 25 Participants ........................................................................................................................................................ 25 Methodology ...................................................................................................................................................... 26 Results ..................................................................................................................................................................... 26 Policy Needs (Task 7: TRB Workshops) ................................................................................................................. 26 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................. 27 Participants ........................................................................................................................................................ 27 Methodology ...................................................................................................................................................... 27 Results ..................................................................................................................................................................... 28 Researcher Needs (Task 7: TRB Workshop) .......................................................................................................... 29 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................. 29 Participants ........................................................................................................................................................ 29 Methodology ...................................................................................................................................................... 30 Practitioner & Researcher Needs (Task 8: Stakeholder Webinar) ......................................................................... 33 Overview ................................................................................................................................................................. 33 Participants ........................................................................................................................................................ 33 Methodology ...................................................................................................................................................... 33 Results ..................................................................................................................................................................... 33 CHAPTER 4 ............................................................................................................................................. 35 Research Needs Statements ................................................................................................................................ 35 Original Seven RNS .................................................................................................................................................. 35 RNS Presented to Project Panel Fall 2018 .............................................................................................................. 36 Panel Prioritization ............................................................................................................................................. 36 Database ............................................................................................................................................................. 40

Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap v Portfolios of Themed Research ............................................................................................................................ 41 Project Identification .............................................................................................................................................. 41 Portfolio Layout ...................................................................................................................................................... 45 Original Portfolio Methodology .............................................................................................................................. 45 Updated Portfolio Methodology ............................................................................................................................. 45 Final Roadmap Portfolios ........................................................................................................................................ 46 Problem Statements ............................................................................................................................................ 46 Problem Statements Presented to the AASHTO R&I Committee ........................................................................... 46 Results ................................................................................................................................................................ 46 CHAPTER 5 ............................................................................................................................................. 49 Implementation ................................................................................................................................................... 49 Awareness ........................................................................................................................................................... 49 Additional RNS and Problem Statements ............................................................................................................. 50 Additional Products and Portfolios ...................................................................................................................... 51 Identifying a Home .............................................................................................................................................. 51 Measuring Success ............................................................................................................................................... 52 CHAPTER 6 ............................................................................................................................................. 53 APPENDIX A ......................................................................................................................................... A-1 APPENDIX B ......................................................................................................................................... B-1 APPENDIX C ......................................................................................................................................... C-1 APPENDIX D......................................................................................................................................... D-1 APPENDIX E ......................................................................................................................................... E-1 APPENDIX F .......................................................................................................................................... F-1 APPENDIX G ......................................................................................................................................... G-1 APPENDIX H ........................................................................................................................................ H-1 APPENDIX I ........................................................................................................................................... I-1

Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap iv List of Figures Figure 1: Six Rural Community Types ......................................................................................... vii Figure 2: Fifteen Themes .............................................................................................................. vii Figure 3. State and Federal Agencies Have Varying Definitions of “Rural” and “Remote” Areas. ................................................................................................................................................. 2 Figure 4: Six Rural Community Types ........................................................................................... 6 Figure 5: Fifteen Rural Transportation Themes .............................................................................. 8 Figure 6. Roadmap Phases, Tasks, and Activities ........................................................................ 10 Figure 7: Colorado Workshop Participants................................................................................... 21 Figure 8: Regional Distribution of CO Workshop Attendees ....................................................... 21 Figure 9: Colorado Workshop Agenda Part 1............................................................................... 23 Figure 10: Colorado Workshop Agenda Part 2............................................................................. 24 Figure 11: 2nd National Summit on Rural Road Safety Save-the-date Card ................................. 25 Figure 12: Collecting Safety Research Needs at the 2nd National Summit on Rural Road Safety, Georgia .................................................................................................................................. 26 Figure 13: TRB Executive Committee Meeting Agenda Part 1 ................................................... 28 Figure 14: TRB Executive Committee Meeting Agenda Part 2 .................................................. 28 Figure 15: TRB Executive Committee Meeting Agenda Part 3 ................................................... 29 Figure 16: TRB Workshop Agenda Part 1 .................................................................................... 31 Figure 17: TRB Workshop Agenda Part 2 .................................................................................... 31 Figure 18: TRB Workshop Roundtables and Posters ................................................................... 32 Figure 19: TRB Workshop Index Card Examples ........................................................................ 32 Figure 20: TRB Workshop Poster and Dot Exercise Examples ................................................... 32 Figure 21: TRB 2020 Equity Workshop Postcard ........................................................................ 50

Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap v List of Tables Table 1: Rural Transportation Issue Themes versus Community Type ....................................... 13 Table 2: Rural Transportation Issue Themes versus Mode .......................................................... 14 Table 3. Rural Transportation Issue Themes for the Colorado Workshop ................................... 15 Table 4: TRB Committee Participation ........................................................................................ 17 Table 5: New Research Needs Identified During the Webinar ..................................................... 34 Table 6: Seven Original Research Need Statements (RNS) ......................................................... 38 Table 7. Proposed Early-Action RNS ........................................................................................... 39 Table 8: Results of RNS Rankings by Project .............................................................................. 40 Table 9: Subcategories Part 1 ....................................................................................................... 42 Table 10: Subcategories Part 2 ..................................................................................................... 43 Table 11: Subcategories Part 3 ..................................................................................................... 44 Table 12: Problem Statements Presented to AASHTO R&I Committee ..................................... 47 Table 13: Transit PS Created ........................................................................................................ 47 Table 14: Policy PS Created ......................................................................................................... 48 Table 15: Performance Measure Results to Date .......................................................................... 52

Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap vi Summary Project Objectives The objective of the NCHRP 20-122 project was to develop a Rural Transportation Research Roadmap that provided a long-term vision for research aimed at improving rural transportation in the United States. This comprehensive, balanced rural research Roadmap needed to be inclusive of a diverse range of rural transportation stakeholders, community types, and topics. Although the primary emphasis was technical research, stakeholder outreach also indicated a strong interest in research to assess the effectiveness of existing rural transportation policies. Recognizing a high level of current interest in this topic, the project included a fast-track schedule aimed at identifying high-priority early action items suitable for implementation beginning in Fiscal Year 2020. Defining Rural America For many people, the phrase “rural America” brings to mind images of the country’s agricultural heartland, but the diversity of the nation’s rural areas goes far beyond agriculture. The U.S. Census Bureau reports that rural areas comprise 97% of the country’s land area and are home to 19% of the population (United_States_Census_Bureau 2017). As of the 2010 Census, 60% of the country’s 3,142 counties were mostly or completely rural (Ratcliffe, Burd et al. 2016). Among other examples, the rural U.S. includes undeveloped areas and small towns, rural parks and resorts, mining and forestry sites, Native American communities, exurban areas located near (but not part of) metropolitan areas, and most of the outlying U.S. territories from Guam and Saipan to the U.S. Virgin Islands and inland Puerto Rico. Thus, the fundamental challenge of creating a Rural Transportation Research Roadmap is capturing the diversity of American rural communities while providing an opportunity to coalesce around research needs that address the transportation challenges they share. As discussed in Chapter 1, for decades, demographers and public officials have struggled to establish practical working definitions of “rural” areas and “rural” transportation. Since numerous government agencies administer separate urban and rural programs with differing eligibility criteria, “rural” is defined in multiple ways, sometimes indefinite and often conflicting. The most commonly used definition is from the U.S. Census bureau, which uses detailed geospatial criteria to identify Urbanized Areas with populations of 50,000 or more, and Urban Clusters with 2,500 to 49,999 residents (U.S. Census Bureau 2011). These cities and suburbs comprise the nation’s “urban” land, and to Census demographers all other areas are “rural.” There are also codified definitions for “frontier and remote” communities, which have both low population density and long travel distances to urban centers. Other definitions of “rural” are less formal. Although no specific definition of “rural” has been selected for the NCHRP 20-122 project, the intent is to focus on research that is generally relevant to rural (or predominantly rural) communities, including all travel modes and all levels of government. As shown in Figure 1 (and described in more detail in Chapter 2), for the purposes of the NCHRP 20- 122 project rural communities were grouped into six overlapping categories based on their social and economic characteristics. The categories include resource-oriented, exurban, tourism-based, frontier and remote, beyond the lower 48 states, and tribal lands/native villages.

Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap vii Figure 1: Six Rural Community Types Figure 2: Fifteen Themes To ensure that the Roadmap was comprehensive and balanced, there was also a need to ensure that it captured the diversity of modes, disciplines, and users in a rural setting. Therefore, for the purpose of defining the boundaries of rural transportation for the Roadmap, the Research Team created a list of rural Active Transportation Rural Public & School Transportation Aviation Rural Transportation Safety Cross-cutting Funding, Planning, & Policy Transportation Access & Mobility Driver Education & Licensing Technology Including Connected and Automated Vehicles Economic Development & Tourism Transportation Rural Products to Market Intersection of Health & Transportation Weather, Climate, Resilience & Environment Law Enforcement, Crimes & Drugs Workforce Development Roadway Infrastructure & Balancing Capacity with Demand

Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap viii transportation themes or categories that the critical research needs could be sorted into. This list varied slightly throughout the project, but the final list is shown Figure 2. Research Approach Work on the Roadmap was conducted in two phases and began August 28, 2018. Phase I included an environmental scan, a literature review and gap analysis, and a stakeholder workshop. In this Phase, the Roadmap developed early action items that addressed overarching research needs, had a degree of urgency, and were broadly relevant to the rural transportation system. These items were documented in an Interim Report and seven projects were submitted to the AASHTO R&I Committee in Fall 2018. In Phase II, the Roadmap identified longer-term research needs (both overarching and specialized) and organized them into a portfolio of critical needs by rural transportation theme. This work was accomplished through three additional stakeholder workshops and a stakeholder webinar. This phase culminated in this final report and a companion presentation. Activities & Findings The project in total included eight different activities including: • Environmental Scan. The Research Team conducted an environmental scan of rural transportation issues in the United States and relevant countries to determine the many challenges related directly or indirectly to transportation. The intent was to gather and document as many rural transportation issues as possible. This activity resulted in the creation of fourteen fact sheets documenting this information, as well as examples of potential research topics to help address the needs of transportation practitioners and the travelling public and to close knowledge gaps. These fact sheets were used at the first stakeholder workshop. • Literature Review. This activity identified research that has already been conducted on the topics identified in the environmental scan. A gap analysis determined the gaps in current rural transportation research (i.e., what topics have not yet been researched). The Research Team logged studies, reports, and projects in progress that were important for the Roadmap and documented this information in a literature review. • RNS Database Search. The Research Team conducted a search of the TRB RNS Database to identify rural research needs that had been submitted by TRB committees but had not yet been funded. Secondly, they reached out directly to several committees that are known to support rural research needs or rural practitioners with the goal of identifying research needs that TRB committees were currently discussing but had not been developed into RNS or had not yet been submitted to the TRB RNS database. In a few cases, the TRB committees already had full RNS that they planned to submit for funding in that year and provided those for the project. This information was included in the project’s research needs database. • Colorado Workshop. This activity included hosting a 1-day workshop in conjunction with the National Rural Intercity Bus Conference in September 2018 in Colorado. The goals of the workshop were to identify critical rural transportation issues and needs, provide direction on the draft recommended Research Roadmap, and identify problem statements suitable for submission to NCHRP and other research programs. This workshop included a total of 35 multi-disciplinary, multi-modal, multi- community participants. The workshop yielded findings on additional rural transportation challenges, additional operational and research needs, feedback on the seven pre-prepared RNS, and submission of a PS prepared by the ADA40 TRB Committee on Parks and Public Lands. The new research needs were incorporated in the project’s research needs database and an additional 18 RNS were created based on this workshop. • Georgia Workshop. This 2-hour workshop was held as a session entitled “Innovative Rural Safety Research: What is Needed to Get Rural to Zero” at the second National Summit for Rural Road Safety

Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap ix in Savannah, Georgia in December 2018. The goal of this workshop was to identify additional safety research needs to be included in the Roadmap. This workshop has 13 participants. To ensure that as much information could be collected as possible, the Research Team also invited all 120 participants of the 2nd National Summit on Rural Road Safety to provide their feedback on safety research needs through the use of index cards, even if they did not attend the workshop. The Georgia workshop yielded nine index cards from summit participants and more than fifty potential safety research needs developed based on both the workshop and index cards. The new research needs were incorporated in the project’s research needs database. • TRB Executive Committee Workshop. This 4-hour workshop of the TRB Executive Committee Meeting was held at the TRB annual meeting in January 2019. The objectives of this workshop were to explore and identify potential rural transportation research needs in the areas of economic development, and social and health wellbeing. The participants included the twenty-five member TRB Executive Committee and their invited guests (i.e., NCHRP 20-122 Project Panel, NCHRP 20-122 Research Team, and four invited speakers). The new research needs were incorporated in the project’s research needs database. • TRB Workshop. This 4-hours workshop was held at the TRB annual meeting in January 2019. The focus of this workshop was to build awareness of the previous deliverables, seek the endorsement of TRB attendees on the priorities already gathered, and capture the research needs from a different group of stakeholders. More than 70 attendees participated, and this new group of stakeholders provided the perspective of state and federal DOT employees and members of the research community. The TRB Workshop yielded more than 160 single-sided index cards full of notes and these notes and new research needs were incorporated in the project’s research needs database. • Webinar. A webinar was conducted in March 2019. The purpose of this webinar was to continue prioritizing the research needs and gather additional research need to fill in the modes, disciplines, and community types that had not yet been represented at the previous stakeholder meetings. At the webinar, the Research Team provided an overview of the project to date and instructions for gathering final stakeholder input. Webinar attendees were also asked to share the recording of the webinar and the method for submitting stakeholder input (a Qualtrics form) with other experts). The 46 new research needs, and all rankings were incorporated in the project’s research needs database. Conclusions & Recommendations The research needs in the project’s research needs database were reviewed for duplications; needs not rural specific; issues that were not research at all, but rather indicated a need for wider dissemination of existing research results; existing or ongoing research on the topic; and relevance (specifically the ones gathered from the RNS database which could have been older). Research needs were then combined, removed, or revised as needed. The information from this database was then used to create several products including: • Research Needs Statements (RNS). For the purposes of this report, a Research Needs Statement (RNS) includes a project title, background, and research objective. In total, twenty-six RNS were created for this project. The creation of RNS was a cyclical process, undertaken by both Research Team members and TRB committees. • Problem Statement (PS). In general, the problem statement is an expansion of one of the RNS. It is written in the CRP format which includes a problem title, background, literature search summary, research objective, urgency and potential benefits, implementation considerations and supports, recommended research funding and research period, problem statement author, others supporting the PS, potential panel members, and person submitting the problem statement. In total, thirteen PS were created for this project. The PS were created by both Research Team members and TRB committees. Seven PS were submitted through the AASHTO R&I Committee for potential Fiscal Year 2020 funding, one PS

Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap x submitted for potential TCRP Fiscal Year 2020 funding by the Community Transportation Association of America (CTAA), and four PS created for future submission to the Policy Chair of the TRB Executive Committee for policy funding. • Portfolios of Research. Fifteen Portfolios of Research have been created. Each portfolio provides all of the research needs for that particular rural transportation theme. The portfolios are subcategorized, and each research need is provided with its own unique identification number. In some cases, a project description is also included. These portfolios are expected to be utilized for distribution during implementation of this project. The major success of this project was having three of the PS chosen for funding. These included: • Assessing America’s Great Outdoors: Recreational Travel Patterns, Demands, and Needs. This project, submitted to the NCHRP 20-122 by TRB Committee ADA40, is now known as NCHRP 08- 132. At the time this final report was written, a Project Panel has been identified and a request for proposals had been issued and completed. The estimated project start date was June 1, 2020. Additional information can be found at: https://apps.trb.org/cmsfeed/TRBNetProjectDisplay.asp?ProjectID=4744. • National Intercity Bus Atlas Development and Implementation. This project, submitted to NCHRP 20-122 by Dr. Fred Fravel, is now known as NCHRP 08-133. At the time this final report was written, it appears that the project RFP has not yet been released. Additional information can be found at: https://apps.trb.org/cmsfeed/TRBNetProjectDisplay.asp?ProjectID=4745. • Design Guide for Rural Deviated Fixed Route Transit Systems. This project was partially funded. TCRP provided $100,000 to begin the project and it was then sent to AASHTO to see if it would fund the remainder of the project. This project is now known as TCRP Project number B-49. Implementation As with any project, the success of the plan is only as good as the steps taken for its implementation. The implementation of this Roadmap has five parts including (1) making people aware of the NCHRP 20-122 project and the final Roadmap portfolios, (2) creating additional RNS and PS to submit for funding, (3) creating additional “marketing” items and portfolios, (4) identifying a “home” for the Roadmap, and (5) measuring success. To accomplish these implementation tasks, the Project Panel has requested that the Research Team create an implementation funding request to send to the NCHRP 20-44 panel to continue these activities. Although not included in the tasks for this project, the Research Team had begun some of these implementation steps during this project including project awareness and identifying a “home” for the Roadmap. During this project the Research Team completed eight conference or TRB committee presentations, a TRB 2020 Workshop on Equity sponsored by eight TRB committees and one joint subcommittee, a postcard handout for the 2020 TRB Annual Meeting, and an article in the CRP Annual Report. Although the final Roadmap portfolios were a key milestone in the NCHRP 20-122 project, the Research Team also recognized a critical need to establish a process for updating the Roadmap, so it could continue to be a useful, “living document”. To keep the Roadmap updated, items will need to be removed as research is completed and added as rural transportation needs evolve. To prepare for this need, the Research Team included a discussion of this topic at the Equity workshop held during the 2020 TRB Annual Meeting. The consensus from participants was that the new TRB Rural Transportation Issues Coordinating Council would likely be the most appropriate place for the Roadmap to reside. The TRB Rural Transportation Issues Coordinating Council, formed April 15, 2020 under the TRB Strategic Alignment, is comprised of representatives from TRB committees that have ties to the rural topic. TRB has appointed the principal investigator of the Roadmap project to serve as the chair of the TRB Rural Transportation Issues Coordinating Council, thus ensuring that among the responsibilities of the council will be to house, maintain, and update this Roadmap. Technical Activities Coordinating Councils, Version 2, June 2020, available at http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/dva/strategicalignment/ TRBCoordinatingCouncils.pdf, says:

Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap xi "The Rural Transportation Issues Coordinating Council promotes among the Technical Activities committees attention to the specific and unique circumstances related to providing transportation to and within rural areas. All aspects of rural transportation are considered, including but not limited to planning, design, construction, operations and service provision, maintenance. This relates to transportation of both people and goods and service to rural communities, markets and people."

Next: Chapter 1 Background »
Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap Get This Book
×
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Although only 19% of the population lives in rural areas, more than 70% of the U.S.’s four million miles of roadways are in rural areas. The rural transportation system also includes numerous airports; railways; inland and coastal waterways; rural and intercity buses; and bicycle, pedestrian, and multi-use paths and trails. In addition, approximately 47% of the nation’s motor vehicle fatalities occur in rural areas.

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's pre-publication draft of NCHRP Research Report 988: Rural Transportation Issues: Research Roadmap is designed to assist state departments of transportation and other public agencies and help inform policy–driven investment decisions.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!