National Academies Press: OpenBook

Measuring Poverty: A New Approach (1995)

Chapter: Food Stamps

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Suggested Citation:"Food Stamps." National Research Council. 1995. Measuring Poverty: A New Approach. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4759.
Page 439

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APPENDIX D 439 guidelines. Finally, states must provide limited coverage (and may provide full coverage) for elderly and disabled people who are eligible for Medicare and whose family incomes are below 100 percent of the poverty guidelines. Migrant Health Centers Centers receive grant money to provide services in areas with large numbers of migratory farm workers. Free service is given to people whose principal employment is in agriculture on a seasonal basis and whose family incomes are below 100 percent of the federal poverty guidelines; partial payment, on a sliding scale, is required for people with incomes between 100 and 200 percent of the poverty guidelines. Title X Family Planning Services Clinics must provide family planning services to all people who request them. Priority must be given to people from families with low-incomes. Services are provided free of charge to people with incomes below 100 percent of the federal poverty guidelines; partial payment is required for people with incomes between 100 and 250 percent of the poverty guidelines. Food Programs Child and Adult Care Food Program Free meals in child and adult day care centers are available to those whose household incomes are not above 130 percent of the federal poverty guidelines. Those whose household incomes are above 130 percent, but not above 185 percent, of the poverty guidelines are eligible for a reduced price meal. Commodity Supplemental Food Program Commodities are provided to local projects in 63 areas that offer food packages to low-income mothers, children, and elderly persons. People eligible for food packages include pregnant women, breastfeeding women, postpartum women, infants, and children up to age 6 who qualify for food, health, or welfare benefits under a government program for low-income people. Depending on state requirements, such people may also have to be designated as being at nutritional risk or may have to live in the service area. Also eligible are elderly people with incomes below the federal poverty guidelines. Food Stamps Households composed entirely of recipients of AFDC or SSI are automatically eligible for food stamps, so long as they meet food stamp employment-related requirements (e.g., certain nonworking able-bodied adult household members must register for employment and accept a suitable job if offered one). Hence, the income eligibility requirements for these two programs apply (see next section). Households that are not automatically eligible for food stamps on the basis of receiving AFDC or SSI must meet certain income and asset requirements. Households without elderly or disabled members qualify if they have gross

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Measuring Poverty: A New Approach Get This Book
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Each year's poverty figures are anxiously awaited by policymakers, analysts, and the media. Yet questions are increasing about the 30-year-old measure as social and economic conditions change.

In Measuring Poverty a distinguished panel provides policymakers with an up-to-date evaluation of:

  • Concepts and procedures for deriving the poverty threshold, including adjustments for different family circumstances.
  • Definitions of family resources.
  • Procedures for annual updates of poverty measures.

The volume explores specific issues underlying the poverty measure, analyzes the likely effects of any changes on poverty rates, and discusses the impact on eligibility for public benefits. In supporting its recommendations the panel provides insightful recognition of the political and social dimensions of this key economic indicator.

Measuring Poverty will be important to government officials, policy analysts, statisticians, economists, researchers, and others involved in virtually all poverty and social welfare issues.

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