National Academies Press: OpenBook

Measuring Poverty: A New Approach (1995)

Chapter: Job Corps

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Suggested Citation:"Job Corps." National Research Council. 1995. Measuring Poverty: A New Approach. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4759.
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Page 442

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APPENDIX D 442 tests: annual incomes below 100 percent of the official poverty line, eligibility for free or reduced-price school lunch or food stamps, eligibility for AFDC or other public assistance, receipt of a Pell Grant or comparable state needs-based education assistance, or eligibility for participation in programs under the Job Training Partnership Act. Other Service Programs Community Services Block Grant Beneficiaries of programs funded by the Community Services Block Grant (which include nutrition services, emergency services, and employment services) must have incomes no higher than 100 percent of the federal poverty guidelines, or, at state option, 125 percent of the poverty guidelines. Legal Services The eligibility level for Legal Services is set by individual programs, but incomes may not exceed 125 percent of the federal poverty guidelines unless specifically authorized by the Legal Services Corporation. However, there are exceptions to the income limits in specified circumstances: for example, services can be provided to people with incomes between 125 and 187.5 percent of the federal poverty guidelines if they have exceptional medical care expenses, child care or other work-related expenses, certain debts or expenses associated with age or disability, or meet other criteria. Individual programs are also required to establish ''specific and reasonable" limits each year on assets that income-eligible people may hold, taking into account the special needs of elderly, institutionalized, and handicapped people. Jobs and Training Programs Foster Grandparents People who are at least 60 years of age, no longer in the regular work force, and of low-income are eligible for a stipend plus transportation and meal costs. The low-income test is met for people with family incomes below 125 percent of the federal poverty guidelines or below 100 percent of the guidelines plus any SSI supplement that is provided by the state, whichever figure is higher. Job Corps Economically disadvantaged youths aged 14 through 21 who live in a disorienting environment are eligible to receive basic education, vocational skills training, counseling, work experience, and health services. The definition of "economically disadvantaged" (which applies to all programs authorized by the Job Training Partnership Act) includes recipients of AFDC or other cash welfare; recipients of food stamps; people with countable family incomes below 100 percent of the federal poverty guidelines or below 70 percent of the lower living standard income level, whichever is higher; foster children whose care is supported by the government; and handicapped

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Each year's poverty figures are anxiously awaited by policymakers, analysts, and the media. Yet questions are increasing about the 30-year-old measure as social and economic conditions change.

In Measuring Poverty a distinguished panel provides policymakers with an up-to-date evaluation of

  • Concepts and procedures for deriving the poverty threshold, including adjustments for different family circumstances.
  • Definitions of family resources.
  • Procedures for annual updates of poverty measures.

The volume explores specific issues underlying the poverty measure, analyzes the likely effects of any changes on poverty rates, and discusses the impact on eligibility for public benefits. In supporting its recommendations the panel provides insightful recognition of the political and social dimensions of this key economic indicator.

Measuring Poverty will be important to government officials, policy analysts, statisticians, economists, researchers, and others involved in virtually all poverty and social welfare issues.

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