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Suggested Citation:"4 Operating requirements." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
Page 301

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APPENDIX B 301 When an insulated conductor is used to bond electrical components and devices, it should show a continuous green colour, with or without a yellow stripe. 4 Operating requirements 4.1 The incinerator system should be designed and constructed for operation with the following conditions: Maximum combustion chamber flue gas outlet temperature 1,200°C Minimum combustion chamber flue gas outlet temperature 850°C Pre-heat temperature of combustion chamber 650°C For batch-loaded incinerators, there are no pre-heating requirements. However, the incinerator should be so designed that the temperature in the actual combustion space reaches 600°C within 5 min after start. Pre-purge, before ignition: at least four air changes in the chamber(s) and stack, but not less than 15 s Time between restarts: at least four air changes in the chamber(s) and stack, but not less than 15 s Post-purge, after shutoff fuel oil: not less than 15 s after the closing of the fuel oil valve Incinerator discharge gases: Minimum 6% O2 . 4.2 Outside surfaces of combustion chamber(s) should be shielded from contact such that people in normal work situations are not exposed to extreme heat (20°C above ambient temperature) or direct contact with surface temperatures exceeding 60°C. Examples of alternatives to accomplish this are a double jacket with an air flow in between or an expanded metal jacket. 4.3 Incinerating systems are to be operated with underpressure (negative pressure) in the combustion chamber such that no gases or smoke can leak out to the surrounding areas. 4.4 The incinerator should have warning plates attached in a prominent location on the unit, warning against unauthorized opening of doors to combustion chamber(s) during operation and against overloading the incinerator with garbage. 4.5 The incinerator should have instruction plate(s) attached in a prominent location on the unit that clearly addresses the following:

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Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea Get This Book
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Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers:

  • How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas.
  • Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics.
  • Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

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