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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Fetal Research and Applications: A Conference Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4797.
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Fetal Research and Applications

A Conference Summary

Conference Committee on Fetal Research and Applications

Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.
1994

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Fetal Research and Applications: A Conference Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4797.
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NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20418

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

The Institute of Medicine was chartered in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to enlist distinguished members of the appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. In this, the Institute acts under the Academy's 1863 congressional charter responsibility to be an adviser to the federal government and its own initiative in identifying issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

Support for this study was provided by National Research Council funds.

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 94-67254

International Standard Book Number 0-309-05176-2

Additional copies of this report are available from:
National Academy Press
2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Box 285 Washington, DC 20055 Call 800-624-6242 or 202-334-3313 (in the Washington Metropolitan Area)

B474

Printed in the United States of America

Copyright 1994 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The image adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is based on a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatlichemusseen in Berlin.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Fetal Research and Applications: A Conference Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4797.
×

CONFERENCE COMMITTEE ON FETAL RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS

UTA FRANCKE,* Chair, Professor of Genetics and Pediatrics,

Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California

FREDERICK C. BATTAGLIA,* Professor,

Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado

MARTHA CONSTANTINE-PATON, Professor of Biology,

Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut

EZRA C. DAVIDSON,* Jr., Professor and Chairman,

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, King-Drew Medical Center, Los Angeles, California

JOSEPH M. DAVIE,* Vice President of Research, Biogen, Inc.,

Cambridge, Massachusetts

NEAL L. FIRST,** Professor of Reproductive Biology and Biotechnology,

Department of Meat and Animal Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin

HAIG H. KAZAZIAN,* Jr., Sutland Professor of Pediatric Genetics,

The Johns Hopkins University,

Director,

Center for Molecular Genetics, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland

Institute of Medicine Staff

CONSTANCE M. PECHURA, Study Director, Associate Director,

Division of Biobehavioral Sciences and Mental Disorders

GARY B. ELLIS, Director,

Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (to January 1993)

MICHAEL STOTO, Director,

Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

TERRI BARBA, Project Assistant

Consultant

JUDITH M. SCHWARTZ, Contract Writer

*  

Member, Institute of Medicine

**  

Member, National Academy of Sciences

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Fetal Research and Applications: A Conference Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4797.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Fetal Research and Applications: A Conference Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4797.
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Acknowledgments

The committee and staff are grateful for the time and effort of the conference speakers. These individuals shared their considerable expertise through presentations that brought clarity and focus to difficult issues, ranging from legal and ethical dilemmas to scientific challenges and opportunities. Further, their work encouraged a remarkably free exchange of ideas. We hope that this report adequately reflects these important contributions.

We also wish to thank the conference participants, many of whom traveled long distances and took time out from busy schedules to attend. The discussions benefited greatly from these participants' questions and observations, and the report is richer for them.

Finally, we wish to thank the Institute of Medicine and the National Academy of Sciences for supporting this conference and the individuals who provided insightful review of the report draft.

Uta Francke

Chair

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Fetal Research and Applications: A Conference Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4797.
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Fetal Research and Applications

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Research involving human fetuses and fetal tissue has been a subject of national debate and rancor for more than two decades. Despite the many demonstrated medical benefits of such research and the issuance of guidelines by various governmental and private ethics advisory bodies, federal support of this research has been severely curtailed. In 1993 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) sponsored a conference on fetal research and applications. This book examines the current state of fetal research and fetal tissue research. It contains an overview of research in the field and a short history on the regulatory and legislative actions governing the field. The bulk of the volume centers on ethical and legal issues of fetal research, preembryo research, fetal research, and fetal tissue transplantation. The volume also contains a full reprinting of the summary from the 1989 IOM book Medically Assisted Conception: An Agenda for Research, including the recommendations and research agenda suggested in that volume. Readers can therefore view that information in context with the suggestions and topics discussed at the conference. The background and research summarized in Fetal Research and Applications should provide insights for future progress and contribute to a fuller understanding of the social and ethical issues involved in this field.

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