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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
×

Index

A

Abnormal behavior, 1-2

Acepromazine, sifaka sensitivity to, 66

Activity profiles, 1

Age factors, 2-3, 11-12, 37, 46, 117, 152

Aggressive behavior, 1, 11, 34, 153.

  See also Isolating primates;

  Self-injury

  fleeing, 23, 25

  intragroup, 14

  redirection of, 34

  research conditions involving, 54

Agricultural Research Service, 25

Analgesics, 52-53

Anemia, 79

Anesthesia, alternatives to, 40

Animal care technicians. See Technicians

Animal Welfare Act of 1966 and 1978, 5-6

Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC), 25, 27

Animal Welfare Regulations, 23-25, 48, 106

Anorexia, 13, 66

Anthropoids, 7-8

Aotus, 8, 39, 42, 57, 80

Apes (hominoids), 8, 42-43, 103-112.

  See also Chimpanzees

Appetite loss, 78

Arthritis, 12

Assessment, 1, 4, 11, 25, 154

Ataxia, 78

Atypical behavior, 1-2

Auditory contact, 105, 148, 150

Aunting behavior, 14

Avoidance training, 41

AWIC. See Animal Welfare Information Center

Aye ayes, 7, 55, 59, 61, 63-67

B

Baboons (Papio), 8, 32, 42-43, 91-93, 95-96, 100-102

Back-flips, 12

Barriers, reducing, 44

Bedding materials, 24.

  See also Nesting materials

Behavioral profiles, 1

Behaviors, 44.

  See also Social behavior

  abnormal, 1-2

  aggressive, 1, 11, 34, 153

  atypical, 1-2

  aunting, 14

  biting, 12, 17, 34, 36-37, 112

  chasing, 35

  chewing, 24

  exploration, 2

  eye-poking, 12, 17

  fighting, 17, 33, 121

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
×

  foraging, 2-3, 18, 20, 83, 150-151

  hair-plucking, 12

  huddling, 84

  idiosyncratic, 12

  lethargic, 39

  maladaptive, 1, 6, 11

  passive, 1, 11

  pathological, 1, 6, 11

  scent-marking, 24, 62, 74, 85-86

  threatening, 35-36, 49

  tongue-flicking, 74

Biocontainment, 48-49, 107

Biological samples, collecting, 122

Birth control, 108-109

Biting behaviors, 12, 17, 34, 36-37, 112

Bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata), 13-14

Brachiating locomotion, 23, 104-105

Breathing, altered, 1, 11, 13, 88

C

Cage companions

  guidelines for, 3

  introducing, 16

Cages.

  See also Housing;

  Sanitation

  biocontainment, 49

  design factors, 23-24, 106, 111-112, 117-118

  holding, 48

  interconnecting, 23

  reaching into, 51

  size of, 6, 23-24, 32

  squeeze, 112

  transfer, 37, 50, 88, 100

  two-tier, 70

Cage space, defining behaviorally, 24

Callithrix, 8

Callitrichids, 68-79

  cognition in, 77

  housing, 69-72

  nutrition for, 72-73

  and personnel, 77-78

  pheromone communication in, 38

  reproduction and development in, 42, 74-76

  social behavior in, 73-74

  veterinary care of, 78-79

Captive primates, 11, 13, 117

Capture procedures, 25, 65, 78, 88

Capuchin monkeys (Cebus), 8, 17, 37, 80-82, 84-85, 87

Cardiac response, excessive, 1, 11

Cardiomyopathy, 89

Caregivers. See Personnel

Catheterization, 51

Cebids, 80-89

  cognition in, 87

  housing, 83-84

  nutrition for, 83-85

  and personnel, 87-88

  reproduction and development in, 43, 86-87

  social behavior in, 85-86

  veterinary care of, 88-89

Cebus, 8, 80

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 46, 101-102

Cercopithecus aethiops, 8, 91

Change, 1, 11, 13, 14, 78

Chaos, organized, 17

Chasing behavior, 35

Chemical communication, 38, 42, 70, 86

Chewing behavior, 24

Chimpanzees (Pan), 8, 37, 42-43, 51, 102-106, 108-112, 153

Clothing

  distinctive, 41

  protective, 44, 48-49, 102

CMV, 156

Cognition, 110-111, 120

  in apes (hominoids), 110-111

  in callitrichids, 77

  in cebids, 87

  investigations of, 8

  in Old World monkeys (cercopithecids), 98-99

  orienting activities to, 20

  in prosimians, 64

Colds, 112

Cold sores, 79

Colitis, 79

Colobine monkeys, 42, 91-92, 94-96

Colobus, 8, 91

Colony management, 2, 24, 116, 118, 147

Communication, 38, 42-43, 70, 86

Companionship. See Social companionship

Competition, 3, 35, 97

Computer tasks for primates, 22, 110-111, 120

Coping effectively, 1-2, 11

Copraphagy, 17, 73, 108, 153

Corrals, cleaning, 33, 38

Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis), 8

Cross-species fostering, 117

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
×

D

Daily care, 11, 21, 38-39, 112, 153

Data collection, using cooperative methods, 45

Debilitation, 152

Dehydration, 88

Dental modification, 36

Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), 113

Development factors. See Reproduction and development

Diarrhea, 65-66, 78

Direct eye contact. See Staring

Discomfort, minimizing, 47

Disease transmission, 22, 35, 44, 48-49.

  See also individual disease agents

Distress

  anticipatory, 20

  chronic, 1-2, 6, 11

  dealing with, 121

  signs of, 6

Distress vocalizations, 1, 11, 13, 78

Disturbance, dealing with, 121

Documentation, 2, 25-26, 28, 122, 148, 153

Duke University Primate Center, 57-67

Dull eyes, 78

E

Ebola-related filovirus infection guidelines, 46

Ebola-Reston virus, 101

End-point criteria, 153

Engineering standards, versus performance standards, 5-6

Enhancement program, implementing, 43-44

Enrichment, 6, 20-22.

  See also Environment

  guidelines for, 3

  mode of presentation, 22

  novel foods as, 40, 149

  plans, 27-30, 145-155

  during quarantine, 102

Entamoeba histolytica, 156

Environment

  enriching, 10, 20-22, 28-29, 35, 71, 119-120

  influence on mental state, 1

Environmental disruptions. See Change

Environmental Enhancement Plan, 153

Environmental stimuli, 11-12, 14, 20, 33-34

Escaped animals, 44

Euthanasia, 35, 153

''Exemption from Social Housing" form, 152

Experimental protocols. See Research protocols

Exploration behavior, 2

Eye contact. See Staring

Eye-poking behavior, 12, 17

F

Face shields, 44

Facial expressions, 1, 11, 13, 49

Falls, protecting against, 59, 83

Favored activities, 20

Fear, 13

Feeding, 22, 39-40, 73, 88-89

  changes in, 36

  extending time for, 107

  frequency of, 22

Fighting behavior, 17, 33, 121

Filovirus, threat of, 102

Food

  as enrichment, 40, 149

  ensuring animals receive daily ration, 21

  hiding, 20

  masking taste of medicine with, 100, 112

  novel, 40

  snacks, 79

  treats, 20, 22, 106-107, 151, 153

Foraging behavior, 2-3, 18, 20, 83, 150-151

Foraging puzzles, 20-22, 64, 106, 150

Force, using minimal, 44, 65

Foster parenting, cross-species, 117

G

Galagos, 7, 42, 56, 59-61, 63-64, 67

Geladas, 92, 96

Gibbons, 8, 42, 103-104, 110, 112

Glomerulonephritis, chronic, 89

Gloves, 44

Goeldi's monkeys, 69, 72-74

Gorillas, 8, 103-105, 107, 109-110

Green monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops), 8, 92, 102

Grimacing, 13

Grooming, 19-20

Group attacks, 17

Group housing, 3-4, 22-24, 35-38, 118

Groups

  forming, 17, 64, 119.

  See also Cage companions

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
×

  monogamous pairs, 42

  multimale, 42-43

  one-male, 42

  size, 119

Guenons, 8, 42, 92, 96, 100

Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, 24, 27, 47, 49, 95, 105

H

Hair-plucking behavior, 12

Hand-raised animals, 43, 49, 77

Hazardous agents, protection from, 44, 48-49

Health hazards, preventing, 24

Herpes tamarinus, 85, 89

Herpesvirus ateles, 156

Herpesvirus saimiri, 79, 156

Herpesvirus simiae, 101

Herpesvirus simplex, 79, 89

Herpesvirus T, 156

Holding units, 48

Hormonal concentrations, abnormal, 1, 11

Hospitalizations, 46

Housing, 2-4, 32-38, 156-157.

  See also Cages;

  Group housing;

  Individual housing;

  Sanitation;

  Social housing

  for apes (hominoids), 104-107

  for callitrichids, 69-72

  for cebids, 83-84

  designing, 22-25

  for Old World monkeys (cercopithecids), 94-95

  for prosimians, 57-60

  removing animals from, 46

Howler monkeys, 8

Huddling behavior, 84

Human interactions, 2-3, 25-26, 43-45, 49, 149

Humidity requirements, 67

Husbandry practices, 33, 37, 120-121, 153.

  See also Sanitation

Hyperaggression. See Aggressive behavior

I

IACUCs. See Institutional animal care and use committees

Idiosyncratic behavior, 12

Ill-being, 12, 114.

  See also Psychological well-being

Incompatible animals, 17, 152

Individual animals, 1, 6, 14-15, 18-19, 41-42, 117

Individual housing, 17, 33-35, 52, 149-152.

  See also Isolating primates

Indris, 7, 42, 55, 59, 61, 64-65

Infants. See Rearing infants; Young

Infectious diseases, 156-157.

  See also individual disease agents

Inner states. See Mental states

Inspections. See Daily care; Monitoring

Institutional animal care and use committees (IACUCs), 24, 48, 53-54, 99, 151-152

Institutions

  commitments needed from, 121-122

  monitoring and assessing primates, 4, 25

  program goals of, 27

  training responsibilities of, 4

  types of housing offered, 19

Instrumentation, selecting, 51

Intervention, 34, 54

Introductions, 36-37, 153

Intuition, 114

Invasive procedures, 45, 51-52

Isolation, 2, 16-17, 48-49, 152

L

Language acquisition, investigations of, 8

Langurs, 42

Leaf-eating monkeys, 8

Learning, research needed on, 120

Legal factors, cage size, 23

Lemur catta, 7

Lemurs, 7, 42-43, 55, 58

Lethargic behavior, 39

Lip smacking, 43

Locomotor expression

  balancing foraging with, 18

  providing for suitable, 2-4, 87

  variation in, 32

Lorises, 7, 42, 56, 59-64, 66-67

M

Macaques (Macaca), 8, 13-14, 34, 37, 43, 49, 51, 90-102

  bonnet (Macaca radiata), 13-14

  crab-eating (Macaca fascicularis), 8, 93

  pigtail (Macaca nemestrina), 8, 14

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
×

  rhesus (Macaca mulatta), 8, 12, 17, 37, 40, 92-93, 98-99, 102, 146-150, 153

Maladaptive behavior, 1, 6, 11

Mangabeys, 8, 94, 96

Manipulanda, 120.

  See also Objects

Marmosets (Callithrix), 8, 32, 69-77, 146, 153

Masks, protective, 44

Mating patterns, 42-43

Measles, 79, 89

Medical treatment, 12

Medicines, masking taste with food, 100, 112

Memory, research needed on, 120

Mental states, 1, 6, 114.

  See also Stressors

Mixed-genera housing, 156-157

Monitoring, 4, 25, 29-30, 153

Monkeys. See Macaques; New World monkeys; Old World monkeys; individual species

Monogamous pairs, 42

Multimale groups, 42-43

Multiple research use, 52-53

Mumps, 79

Mycobacterium tuberculosis, 156

N

Names. See Scientific names

National Agricultural Library, 25

National Research Council (NRC), 5-6

Natural objects, using, 25, 120

Nesting materials, 106

Nets, 37, 65, 78

Neuropharmacological studies, 54

New World monkey (callitrichids, cebids), 7-8, 68-89

Night monkeys (Aotus), 8, 39, 42, 57, 80-83, 88-89

Nonhuman primate environmental-enhancement (EE) plan, 145-155

Nonhuman primate importation regulations, 46

Nonhuman primates (NHPs). See Primates

Nonsocial enrichment, 21

Norplant®, 108-109

Novel foods, 40

Nutrition, 39-40

  for apes (hominoids), 107-108

  for callitrichids, 72-73

  for cebids, 84-85

  for Old World monkeys (cercopithecids), 95

  for prosimians, 60-62

O

Objects

  natural, 25, 120

  providing variety of, 24

Observation, 25, 35-36

Odor, 67, 70, 77, 86.

  See also Olfactory contact;

  Pheromone communication;

  Scent-marking behavior

Old World monkeys (cercopithecids), 7-8, 90-102

  cognition in, 98-99

  housing, 94-95

  nutrition for, 95

  and personnel, 99-100

  reproduction and development in, 43, 97-98

  social behavior in, 95-97

  veterinary care of, 100-102

Olfactory contact, 148-150

One-male groups, 42

Orangutans, 8, 42, 103-105, 108-110

Orul monkeys. See Night monkeys

P

Pain, 47, 53

Pairings, social, 119

Pan, 8, 104

Rapio, 8, 91-93, 95-96, 100-102

Passive behavior, 1, 11

Patas monkeys, 8, 42, 92, 94, 96

Pathological behavior, 1, 6, 11

Perches, 84, 118, 150

Performance standards, 3, 5-6

Personnel, 43-45.

  See also Researchers;

  Technicians;

  Veterinary medical staff

  with apes (hominoids), 111-112

  with callitrichids, 77-78

  with cebids, 87-88

  distinctive clothing for, 41

  immunizations recommended for, 112

  introducing gradually, 111

  with Old World monkeys (cercopithecids), 99-100

  with prosimians, 65

  safety of, 17, 37, 48, 50, 111

  screening for tuberculosis, 101

  training, 4, 25, 100

Pharmacological restraint. See Restraint

Pheromone communication, 38

Physical abilities, orienting activities to, 20

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
×

Physical environment, 1, 11, 39

Physical restraint. See Restraint

Physical well-being, 1, 4, 10

Pigtail macaques (Macaca nemestrina), 8, 14

Piloerection, chronic, 78

Plans for psychological well-being, 2-4, 15-30

  components of, 26

  evaluating, 24, 48

  samples of, 145-155

Platyrrhines, 8

Play, 20, 105, 115

Positive reinforcement, 41

Postural expression, 1, 11

  huddling, 84

  providing for suitable, 2-4

  unusual, 13

Pottos, 7

Predictability, achieving, 120-121

Presbytis, 8

Preventive medicine, 45

Primates.

  See also Behaviors

  in captivity, 11, 13, 117

  classification of, 6-7

  cognition in, 110-111, 120

  common features of, 8

  diversity of, 31

  exhibition, 46

  incompatible, 17

  as individuals, 1, 6, 14-15, 18-19, 41-42, 117

  meeting needs of, 1-4, 15

  multiple research use of, 52-53

  protecting, 54, 156-157

  safety of, 50

  timid, 87

  wild state of, 18, 42, 115

Procedures, responsibility for developing, 4

Prosimians, 7, 55-67

  cognition in, 64

  housing, 57-60

  lifestyles of, 57

  nutrition for, 60-62

  and personnel, 65

  pheromone communication in, 38, 42

  reproduction and development in, 63-64

  social behavior in, 62-63

  special considerations, 66-67

  veterinary care of, 65-66

Protective clothing, 44, 48-49, 102

Protocols. See Research protocols

Psychological states. See Mental states

Psychological well-being, 10-14

  checklist for, 26-30

  defined, 1, 10, 15-16

  documenting, 26

  effect of research conditions on, 47-54, 151-152

  evaluating, 113-114, 120-122

  general care and, 31-46

  indexes of, 114-115

  legislation concerning, 5

  plans for, 2-4, 15-30

  research into theory of, 114

Public Health Service (PHS) Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals , 47

Puzzles, 20-22, 64, 106, 120, 150

Q

Quarantine, 32, 45-46, 102, 121

R

Rearing infants.

  See also Young

  atypical environments for, 49

  in captivity, 49, 117

  by hand, 43

  individual history of, 2-3

Recordkeeping. See Documentation

Recovery periods, providing, 52-53

Redirection of aggression, 34

Regurgitation and reingestion, 108

Reinforcement, 41

Reintroductions, 36-37, 85, 101, 153

Relationships

  forming, 44

  improving, 121

Remediation

  assigning personnel to, 2

  documenting efforts toward, 26, 153

  strategies for, 2

Reproduction and development, 12-13.

  See also Mating patterns

  in apes (hominoids), 109-110

  in callitrichids, 74-76

  in cebids, 86-87

  in Old World monkeys (cercopithecids), 97-98

  in prosimians, 63-64

Reproductive success, 11-12

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
×

Researchers, 31

Research primates. See Primates

Research protocols, 17, 32

  dealing with consequences of, 12

  effect on psychological well-being, 47-54, 151-152

  evaluating periodically, 26, 48

  influence on housing, 19, 32, 152

  innovations in, 122

  involving infectious diseases, 48

Resocialization, 17

Restraint, 40, 44-45, 49-50, 100, 155

Rewards. See Snacks; Treats

Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta), 8, 12, 17, 37, 40, 92-93, 98-99, 102, 146-150, 153

Rhesus monkeys. See Rhesus macaques

Rocking, 12

Routine, 20

  disruptions in, 14, 153

  establishing, 41, 121

Rubeola, 156

S

Safety, 17, 37, 48, 50, 111

Saguinus, 8

Saimiri, 80-81

Sakis, 8

Sanitation, 25, 33, 38, 59.

  See also Cages;

  Housing;

  Husbandry practices

  of manipulable objects, 21

  recommended compromises with maximum, 2, 24, 58, 62, 70-71, 86

Scent-marking behavior, 24, 62, 74, 85-86

Scientific names, listed, 55-56, 68, 80-81, 90-91, 103

Self-biting, 12, 17, 34

Self-clasping, 12

Self-initiated activities, 20

Self-injury, 12

  chronic, 34-35

  preventing, 11

Self-mouthing, 12

Self-stimulation, 115

Semisocial species, 42

Sensory contact, maintaining, 45-46

Separation, premature, 35

SHF, 157

Shigella infections, 12

Shipping, 121, 146

Siamangs, 42, 103-104, 110

Sifakas, 7, 55, 59, 61, 63-66

Single housing. See Individual housing

Sluggishness, 78

Snacks, 79.

  See also Treats

Social behavior

  of apes (hominoids), 108-109

  of callitrichids, 73-74

  of cebids, 85-86

  of Old World monkeys (cercopithecids), 95-97

  of prosimians, 62-63

Social companionship, 2-3, 16-20, 28.

  See also Social deprivation

  benefits of, 12, 33

  compatible, 17, 38

  providing, 148-149

  variables affecting need for, 3

Social deprivation, 12, 99, 116-117

Social environment, 1, 11

Social grooming, 19-20

Social housing, 3-4, 22-24, 35-38, 151-152

Social pairings, long-term, 119

Social stimulation, 43

Social units, planning, 36-38

Solitary species, 42

Space requirements

  calculating minimums, 3-4

  while fleeing from aggression, 23, 25

Species, listed, 55-56, 68, 80-81, 90-91, 103

Species-appropriate behavior. See Species-typical behavior patterns

Species-typical behavior patterns, 1-2

  characteristics involved, 13

  defined, 19

  diversity in, 11, 13-16

  need for information about, 6-7, 13-14

  opportunities to engage in, 2-3, 11, 18-22

  in subjects raised in captivity, 49

  in the wild, 18

Spider monkeys, 8, 81-82, 85-86, 89

Spitting, 112

Spontaneous occurrences, 35

Squirrel monkeys (Saimiri), 8, 37, 80-81, 84, 87, 89, 147, 150-151, 153

Standard operating procedures (SOPs), 34, 146, 151-153

Standards, 5-6

  absolutes not desirable, 2

  implementing, 27, 30

  validating against performance, 3

Staring, 43, 49, 99, 150

Stimuli. See Environmental stimuli

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
×

Streptococcus pneumoniae, 112

Stressors, 45-46, 78-79

  absence of chronic, 114-115

  human traffic, 33

  inability to cope with, 17

  minor, 2

  reducing, 2, 13, 41, 44, 147

  research needed, 114, 121

  spotting, 153

Stride characteristics, identifying, 118

Subjective component, 6

Substance abuse, animal modeling of, 54

Surfaces, providing variety of, 24

Surgery, 52

SV40, 157

Swings, 150

T

Tactile contact, 33, 150

Talapoins, 8, 94, 96

Tamarins (Saguinus), 8, 69-77

Tarsiers, 7, 56, 60, 62, 64, 66-67

Technicians, 31, 88, 121-122

  familiar with animals, 44, 78, 107

  tips for, 41, 77

Television watching, 22, 111, 120

Temperament, providing for balanced, 1, 11, 16

Temperature requirements, 32, 83, 105-106

Threatening behavior, 35-36, 49

Time budgets, 18

Titi monkeys, 8, 42, 80, 86, 88

Tongue-flicking behavior, 74

Toxoplasma, 66

Toys for primates, 21-22, 149

Training animals, 40-42, 51, 100, 112, 153

Training personnel, 25, 100

  assessment of, 121

  responsibility for, 4, 122

Transfer cages, 37, 50, 88, 100

Treats, 20, 22, 106-107, 151.

  See also Snacks

Trichomoniasis, 65

Tuberculosis, 46, 101, 156

U

Uacaris, 8

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 5-6, 25, 113

U.S. Department of Defense, 113

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 113

U.S. Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals, 47

Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, 107

University of the Southeast (USE), 145

V

Vasectomizing, 108-109

Vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops), 8

Veterinary care, 11

  of callitrichids, 78-79

  of cebids, 88-89

  of Old World monkeys (cercopithecids), 100-102

  of prosimians, 65-66

Veterinary medical staff, 24, 31, 45-46

Video tasks for primates, 22, 110-111, 120

Viral infections, 89

Visual contact, 105, 148, 150

Vitamins, 39, 73, 84-85

Vocalizations, 1, 11, 13, 49, 57, 77-78

Voluntary interactions, providing opportunities for, 20

Vulnerability, 25

W

Walls, 32, 49

Water, 24, 38-39

Weight loss, 78-79

Well-being. See Physical well-being; Psychological well-being

Wild primates, 18, 42

Withdrawal, 13

Woolly monkeys, 8, 81-82, 86, 89

X

Xenophobia, 17

Y

YABA, 157

Yersinia, 66

Young.

  See also Rearing infants

  attacks on, 85

  neglect of, 66-67, 75-76, 119, 153

Z

Zoonoses, 37, 100-101

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1998. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4909.
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The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates Get This Book
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A 1985 amendment to the Animal Welfare Act requires those who keep nonhuman primates to develop and follow appropriate plans for promoting the animals' psychological well-being. The amendment, however, provides few specifics.

The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates recommends practical approaches to meeting those requirements. It focuses on what is known about the psychological needs of primates and makes suggestions for assessing and promoting their well-being.

This volume examines the elements of an effective care program--social companionship, opportunities for species-typical activity, housing and sanitation, and daily care routines--and provides a helpful checklist for designing a plan for promoting psychological well-being.

The book provides a wealth of specific and useful information about the psychological attributes and needs of the most widely used and exhibited nonhuman primates. Readable and well-organized, it will be welcomed by animal care and use committees, facilities administrators, enforcement inspectors, animal advocates, researchers, veterinarians, and caretakers.

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