Abbreviated Committee Biographies
LAURENCE J. ADAMS (NAE) is the retired President and Chief Operating Officer of the Martin Marietta Corporation. He joined Martin Marietta in 1948 after receiving a bachelors degree in aerospace engineering from the University of Minnesota. Mr. Adams has held over a dozen engineering, management, and senior leadership positions in the company, and was president of Martin Marietta Aerospace before becoming President and Chief Operating Officer. He is an expert in many areas of space and missile engineering, including propulsion, materials structures and dynamics, safety, reliability, and systems effectiveness. Mr. Adams has been a member of United States Air Force committees and panels, and USAF Scientific Advisory Board studies and panels. Mr. Adams has served as chair of several NRC committees, including the Committee on Advanced Space Technology and the Panel on Small Spacecraft Technology, and is a former president of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
PENINA AXELRAD is an assistant professor in the Aerospace Engineering Sciences at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Prior to joining the faculty of the University of Colorado, she was a lecturer in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at Stanford University, where she received her Ph.D. in 1991. Dr. Axelrad received her B.S and M.S. in aeronautical and astronautical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her professional experience with GPS includes prior employment as a GPS program manager and lead systems engineer for Stanford Telecommunications and as a GPS consultant for various companies. Dr. Axelrad has published a number of papers in the GPS field and she is the 1994-1995 Western Region Vice President of the Institute of Navigation. She also is an associate editor of NAVIGATION, The Journal of the Institute of Navigation.
JOHN D. BOSSLER is the director of Center for Mapping at the Ohio State University and a professor in the Department of Geodetic Science and Surveying. Dr. Bossler was the Director of Charting and Geodetic Services at NOAA and is a retired Rear Admiral in the NOAA Commissioned Corps. Dr. Bossler is knowledgeable of GPS and has experience in ocean and land mapping, geodesy, global change research, land and ocean surveying, and high accuracy uses of GPS. Dr. Bossler is past president of AM/FM International, the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping, the Geodesy Section of the American Geophysical Union, and is president of the University Consortium of Geographic
Information Science. Dr. Bossler received his civil engineering degree from the University of Pittsburgh, and his M. S. and PhD in geodetic science from the Ohio State University. Dr. Bossler has served and chaired several NRC committees.
RONALD BRAFF is a Principal Engineer at the Center for Advanced Aviation System Development (CAASD) at The MITRE Corporation. Mr. Braff is an expert in navigation technology, a technical advisor for the FAA concerning the application of GPS in the National Airspace System, and the test director for the FAA's Local Area Augmentation System (LAAS) for GPS. While at MITRE, his past activities included management and technical contributions in the following areas for the FAA: applications of satellites to communications, navigation, and surveillance, operational research of the FAA's field maintenance system, and analysis of air traffic control automation. Mr. Braff is the editor of the peer reviewed quarterly, NAVIGATION, The Journal of The Institute of Navigation. He recently served on the NRC's Committee on Advances in Navigation and Piloting.
A. RAY CHAMBERLAIN has been Vice President of the American Trucking Associations, Inc. since 1984. In 1987, Dr. Chamberlain was appointed as Executive Director of the State of Colorado Department of Highways and later its successor, the Colorado Department of Transportation. He has served one term as president of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials; and has served as chair of the National Research Council's Transportation Research Board and the National Association of State University and Land Grant Colleges. He has also served as Chief Executive Officer of Chemagnetics, Inc.; Executive Vice President of Simons, Li & Associates, Inc.; and President of Mitchell & Co., Inc. From 1969 to 1980, he was President of Colorado State University, where he held a variety of positions, including Dean of Engineering, Executive Vice President and Treasurer of the Governing Board. He is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Dr. Chamberlain is on the Board of Directors for, Fort Collins Chamber of Commerce, the Food Production Foundation, and Synergetics International. He has served on several NRC committees and chaired the NRC's Transportation Research Board's Strategic Transportation Research Study on Highway Safety. Dr. Chamberlain obtained his B.S. in engineering from Michigan State University and his Ph.D. in engineering from Colorado State University. Dr. Chamberlain possesses a broad knowledge of surface transportation issues, including state and local issues as well as the freight industry.
RUTH M. DAVIS (NAE) is President and CEO of the Pymatuning Group, Inc. in Arlington, Virginia and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Her research interests include automation, electronics, computers, and energy. Dr. Davis received her Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Maryland in 1955. She joined the David Taylor Model Basin in 1955 and was head of the Operations Research Division there from 1957 to 1961. She has worked for the National Library of Medicine, the National Bureau of Standards, and was Deputy Undersecretary for Research and Engineering for the Department of Defense and an Assistant Secretary in the Department of Energy. Since 1981, she has been President of the Pymatuning Group, and an Adjunct Professor in the School of Engineering at the University of Pittsburgh. Dr. Davis is currently the chairman of the Aerospace
Corporation, and is on the board of seven Fortune 500 Companies. She is also a member the NRC's Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board and the Naval Studies Board. She is serving on the Committee on the Space Station, and the Panel for the Cooperation on Applied Science and Technology Program. Dr. Davis has received the Department of Commerce Gold Medal and the Ada Augusta Lovelace Award.
JOHN V. EVANS (NAE) is President and Director of COMSAT Laboratories, which is the largest research center devoted entirely to satellite communications research. Prior to his current position, Dr. Evans was Assistant Director of the MIT Lincoln Laboratory. Dr. Evans is the co-editor of Radar Astronomy and has published over a hundred papers on the topics of radar reflection and high-power radar studies of the upper atmosphere and ionosphere. Dr. Evans has served on several NRC committees and chaired the Committee on Solar Terrestrial Research. Dr. Evans has served on the U. S. National Committee of the International Union of Radar Science since 1968. While he was chair in 1978, Dr. Evans led a delegation of over 150 U. S. scientists to the General Assembly in Helsinki, Finland.
JOHN S. FOSTER, Jr. (NAE) is the retired Vice President of the Science and Technology Department at TRW Inc. He joined TRW in 1973 as head of the company's energy research and development programs. Prior to his employment at TRW, Dr. Foster served in two Presidential Administrations as Director of Defense Research and Engineering (DDR&E) within the Department of Defense. In this position he instituted new policies and procedures for the management of technology and systems acquisition, and personally contributed to the successful development of many advanced defense systems, including GPS. Dr. Foster received a bachelor's degree in mathematics and physics at McGill University in Montreal, and earned a Ph.D. in physics from the University of California at Berkeley. He joined the staff of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory while he was still a student, and helped to establish the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in 1952. He later served as Director of the Laboratory. Dr. Foster holds several patents, and is the author of many publications in the fields of high-energy physics, defense technology, and electronic systems. He has served on several NRC committees, including the Study of Presidentially Appointed Scientists and Engineers, and the Panel on the Impact of National Security Controls on International Technology Transfer.
EMANUEL J. FTHENAKIS is the retired Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Fairchild Industries. Previously, he had the position of Executive Vice President in charge of the company's Communications, Electronics, and Space Group. Mr. Fthenakis joined Fairchild in 1971 as Director of Information Systems at the Space and Electronics Division, and was founder and Chief Executive of American Satellite Company during its formative years. A native of Greece, and a naturalized U.S. citizen, Mr. Fthenakis graduated from the National Polytechnic University of Greece and from Columbia University in New York. He was a member of the technical staff at Bell Laboratories and later joined General Electric Company's Space Division as Director of Engineering, where he was involved in the development of strategic reentry vehicles and other missile programs. Between 1962 and 1969, Mr. Fthenakis founded, organized, and directed the Ford Space Division and was
responsible for developing the first U.S. military communications satellite system. In 1982 he received a presidential appointment to serve on the National Security Telecommunications Advisory Council.
J. FREEMAN GILBERT (NAS) is with the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics at the University of California, San Diego. He received his Ph.D. in 1956 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and is widely published in the field of geophysics. Dr. Gilbert has served on a number of NRC committees and has served as a board member for the Computer Sciences and Telecommunications board, and the Earth Sciences and Resources Board, which he currently chairs.
RALPH H. JACOBSON is the President and Chief Executive Officer of The Charles Stark Draper Laboratory. Prior to holding this position, Mr. Jacobson served in the U.S. Air Force for 31 years, and retired at the rank of Major General. His career included tours as a tactical airlift pilot, a project officer for the Titan-II inertial guidance system, and a number of assignments in the U.S. Space Program. As a Brigadier General, Mr. Jacobson was assigned to the Space Shuttle Program Office at NASA Headquarters, and later was the Air Staff Officer responsible for the budget of the Air Force's space program. His last position was Director of Special Projects within the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force. Mr. Jacobson received a B.S. from the U.S. Naval Academy, an M.S. in astronautics from the Air Force Institute of Technology, and an M.S. in business administration from the George Washington University. He is a member of several boards, committees, and advisory groups in the national security and aerospace fields, and is a former member of the NRC Committee on the Enhanced, Lower Cost Air Force Space Systems.
IRENE C. PEDEN (NAE) is a professor of electrical engineering at the University of Washington. She joined the faculty of the University of Washington in 1961 after receiving her Ph.D. from Stanford University, and after holding a number of professional positions in industry. From 1991 to 1993 Dr. Peden served in the National Science Foundation as the Director of the Electrical & Communications Systems Division and the Director of the Engineering Infrastructure Development Division. Her expertise includes electrical engineering and radio science, and she has published a number of professional papers on these subjects. Dr. Peden has served as a board member and chair for dozens of professional and honorary societies, and has served on several NRC committees.
KEITH D. MCDONALD is President of Sat Tech Systems and Technical Director for Navtech Seminars, Inc. Previously, Mr. McDonald directed the FAA's Aeronautical Satellite Division, and managed the satellite applications and technology program. He was also the Scientific Director of the DOD's Navigation Satellite Program during the formative stages of the GPS program. Mr. McDonald has been active in RTCA, preparing guidelines for the use of satellite systems in aviation, and has received the RTCA Citation for Outstanding Service. He also has received the Institute of Navigation's (ION) Norman P. Hays Award for outstanding contributions to the advancement of navigation, and served as the 1990 ION President.
JAMES W. SENNOTT is a professor of electrical and computer engineering at Bradley University. He is an expert in navigation and positioning systems, estimation theory, multiple access, spread-spectrum communications, image processing, software design and microprocessor architectures. In addition to his work at Bradley University, Dr. Sennott has worked with the Department of Transportation; NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; Caterpillar Tractor,Co.; SatTech Systems, Inc.; Delco Electronics; Interstate Electronics; Track Recorders; COMSAT Laboratory; and the MITRE Corporation. Dr. Sennott has been the principal investigator on contracts funded by the FAA; the U. S. Coast Guard; Caterpillar Tractor, Inc.; and the U. S. Maritime Administration. In his work for the U. S. Coast Guard, Dr. Sennott assisted in the development and application of GPS methods, including DGPS. Dr. Sennott received his B.S. in electrical engineering from the University of Delaware in 1963 and his M.S. and Ph.D. from Carnegie-Mellon University.
JOSEPH W. SPALDING is Project Manager of the Advanced GPS Project at the United States Coast Guard Research and Development Center in Groton, CT. Mr. Spalding has been conducting research in GPS and DGPS for nine years, and has published a dozen technical reports on these subjects. His current projects at the Research and Development Center include systems that measure the integrity of GPS and DGPS performance both onboard ships and as static monitors for the Coast Guard DGPS service and vessel attitude determination by using an array of GPS antenna/receiver combinations. Mr. Spalding holds a B.S. in electrical engineering from the State University of New York Maritime College and an M.S. in computer science from the University of New Haven. He is also a licensed Merchant Marine officer holding a rating of Third Mate of Oceans.
LAWRENCE E. YOUNG is a technical group supervisor developing high precision radiometric systems for geoscience and spacecraft applications at Caltech's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). The last twelve years of this work have concentrated on the development of high-accuracy GPS technology including digital receivers, multipath reduction, nanosecond-level clock synchronization, and the use of GPS for kinematic platforms and satellite applications. Dr. Young has published a number of papers related to GPS receiver and antenna research. He received a B.A. in physics from Johns Hopkins University, and a Ph.D. in nuclear physics from the State University of New York at Stony Brook.