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Integrating Federal Statistics on Children Report of a Workshop Board on Children and Families â¢ Committee on National Statistics Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education National Research Council â¢ Institute of Medicine NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1995
NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the further- ance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Harold Liebowitz is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academyâs pur- poses of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accor- dance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engi- neering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Harold Liebowitz are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. This project is supported by funds provided by the National Research Council and the Annie E. Casey Foundation. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 95-78856 International Standard Book Number 0-309-05249-1 Copyright 1995 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Additional copies of this report are available from: National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Box 285, Washington, D.C. 20055. Call 800-624-6242 or 202-334-3313 (in the Washington Metropolitan Area). Printed in the United States of America
BOARD ON CHILDREN AND FAMILIES SHELDON H. WHITE (Chair), Department of Psychology, Harvard University JACK P. SHONKOFF (Vice Chair), Heller Graduate School, Brandeis University JOMILLS H. BRADDOCK, II, Department of Sociology, University of Miami DAVID V.B. BRITT, Childrenâs Television Workshop, New York City LARRY BUMPASS, Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin PEGGY DAVIS, Clinical Law Center, New York University FERNANDO A. GUERRA, San Antonio Metropolitan Health District BERNARD GUYER, Department of Maternal and Child Health, Johns Hopkins University (on sabbatical) ALETHA C. HUSTON, Department of Human Development and Family Life, University of Kansas RAY MARSHALL, LBJ School of Public Affairs, University of Texas ROBERT MICHAEL, Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago PAUL NEWACHECK, Institute of Health Policy Studies and Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco JULIUS B. RICHMOND, Department of Social Medicine, Harvard University Medical School TIMOTHY M. SANDOS, City Council, Denver, Colorado LISBETH B. SCHORR, Harvard Project on Effective Services, Harvard University CAROLE SIMPSON, ABC News, Washington, D.C. DEBORAH STIPEK, Graduate School of Education, University of California, Los Angeles DIANA TAYLOR, Womenâs Health Program, Department of Family Health Care Nursing, University of California, San Francisco GAIL WILENSKY, Project Hope, Bethesda, Maryland JOEL J. ALPERT (Liaison), Institute of Medicine Council ANN L. BROWN (Liaison), Commission on Behavioral and Social Science and Education RUTH T. GROSS (Liaison), Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Institute of Medicine DEBORAH A. PHILLIPS, Director ANNE BRIDGMAN, Program Officer for Communications DRUSILLA BARNES, Administrative Associate iii
COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL STATISTICS 1994 - 1995 NORMAN M. BRADBURN (Chair), National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago JOHN E. ROLPH (Vice Chair), Department of Information and Operations Management, School of Business Administration, University of Southern California JOHN F. GEWEKE, Department of Economics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis JOEL B. GREENHOUSE, Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University ERIC A. HANUSHEK, W. Allen Wallis Institute of Political Economy, Department of Economics, University of Rochester ROBERT M. HAUSER, Department of Sociology and Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin, Madison NICHOLAS JEWELL, Vice Provost, Chancellorâs Office, University of California, Berkeley WILLIAM NORDHAUS, Department of Economics, Yale University JANET L. NORWOOD, The Urban Institute, Washington, D.C. EDWARD B. PERRIN, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington KEITH F. RUST, Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland DANIEL L. SOLOMON, Associate Dean, Academic Affairs, North Carolina State University MIRON L. STRAF, Director iv
Contents INTEGRATING FEDERAL STATISTICS ON CHILDREN 1 WORKSHOP SUMMARY 9 WORKSHOP PAPERS Child Development in the Context of Family and Community Resources: An Agenda for National Data Collection 27 Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Brett Brown, Greg J. Duncan, and Kristin Anderson Moore Childrenâs Transition to School 98 Sandra L. Hofferth Federal Data on Educational Attainment and the Transition to Work 122 Aaron M. Pallas Monitoring Changes in Health Care for Children and Families 156 Paul Newacheck and Barbara Starfield Estimating the Incidence, Causes, and Consequences of Interpersonal Violence for Children and Families 192 Colin Loftin and James A. Mercy APPENDIX Workshop Agenda and Participants 215 v
Acknowledgments The Board on Children and Families and the Committee on National Statistics wish to thank the authors of the papers in this volume, as well as the many presenters and discussants who provided thoughtful comments at the workshop. We especially thank Robert Hauser of the University of Wisconsin for serving as chair. We also gratefully acknowledge the commitment and support of all those who worked collaboratively to organize the workshop and prepare this report. In the early stages of the project, Constance Citro, Deborah Phillips, and Miron Straf developed plans for the workshop. Nancy Maritato took the major responsibility for organizing the workshop and prepared an initial draft of the workshop summary. Drusilla Barnes and Agnes Gaskin assisted in the planning and organizing efforts. Deborah Phillips and Anne Bridgman took the lead in making revisions, responding to review, and preparing the final draft. Christine McShane edited the report and prepared it for publication. vi