National Academies Press: OpenBook

Undersea Vehicles and National Needs (1996)

Chapter: C Development of Deep Submersible Vehicles in the United States: 1958-1994

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Suggested Citation:"C Development of Deep Submersible Vehicles in the United States: 1958-1994." National Research Council. 1996. Undersea Vehicles and National Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5069.
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APPENDIX D U.S. Government Agencies that Own and/or Use Submersibles a

Agency

Submersible

Owned

Leased

Purposes

U.S. Navy

DSVs

X

X

General mission support

 

ROVs

X

X

General mission support

 

AUVs

X

 

Experimental development

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

ROVs

X

X

Inspection of dams and other underwater structures

U.S. Army Ballistic Defense Command

DSVs

 

X

Recovery of missile parts in splash-down area of range

U.S. Air Force

DSVs

 

X

Recovery of missile parts in splash-down zone of missile range

Advanced Research Projects Agency

AUVs

X

X

Experimental development

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

ROVs

X

 

Development of telepresence vehicle controls for missions to other planets

Environmental Protection Agency

DSVs

 

X

Inspection of seafloor dump sites

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrationb

DSVs

 

X

General oceanographic research

 

ROVs

X

X

General oceanographic and fisheries research

U.S. Department of the Interiorc

DSVs

 

X

Research in Crater Lake, Oregon, for National Park Service

 

ROVs

 

X

 

U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration

ROVs

X

 

Drug interdiction

U.S. Coast Guard

ROVs

X

 

Maritime law enforcement

U.S. Customs Service

ROVs

 

X

Underwater inspection of ships and structures for contraband

a This listing illustrates the scope and diversity of U.S. federal agencies that have employed submersibles to support their missions. No attempt has been made to describe each vehicle used in the past 35 years, and there are probably more than are shown here. The intent is to show that a variety of government agencies have used submersibles.

b National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration agencies that have used submersibles are: the National Undersea Research Program and the National Marine Fisheries Service.

c U.S. Department of the Interior agencies that have used submersibles are the U.S. Geological Survey, the Minerals Management Service, and the National Park Service.

Suggested Citation:"C Development of Deep Submersible Vehicles in the United States: 1958-1994." National Research Council. 1996. Undersea Vehicles and National Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5069.
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The United States faces decisions requiring information about the oceans in vastly expanded scales of time and space and from oceanic sectors not accessible with the suite of tools now used by scientists and engineers. Advances in guidance and control, communications, sensors, and other technologies for undersea vehicles can provide an opportunity to understand the oceans' influence on the energy and chemical balance that sustains humankind and to manage and deliver resources from and beneath the sea. This book assesses the state of undersea vehicle technology and opportunities for vehicle applications in science and industry. It provides guidance about vehicle subsystem development priorities and describes how national research can be focused most effectively.

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