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Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
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Bibliography

ACS (American Chemical Society) 1995 The Interview Handbook. Washington, DC: Department of Career Services, ACS. A thorough discussion of interviewing as well as self-evaluation and job assessment. Targeting the Job Market. Washington, DC: Department of Career Services, ACS.

1994 Current Trends in Chemical Technology, Business, and Employment. Washington, DC: Department of Career Services, ACS. Directory of Graduate Research. Washington, DC: Office of Professional Training, ACS. Published biannually.

Agre, Phil 1994 Networking on the Network. Available via the WWW at http://weber.ucsd.edu/~pagre/network.html

AIP (American Institute of Physics) 1995 Career Opportunities: A Listing of Positions for People Trained in Physics and Related Fields. College Park, MD: Division of Career Planning and Placement, AIP. A bimonthly listing of openings at academic, industrial, governmental, nonprofit, and other organizations.

1994 Skills Used Frequently by Physics PhDs in Selected Employment Sectors. College Park, MD: Division of Education and Employment Statistics, AIP. One-page graphic summary.

Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×

APA (American Psychological Association) 1996 Psychology: Careers for the Twenty-first Century. Washington, D.C.: APA. A career guide for those who have academic training in psychology.

APS (American Physical Society) and AIP (American Institute of Physics) 1994 Graduate Student Packet for Students in Physics. Brian B. Schwartz, editor. For physicists, some recent educational and employment statistics, tips on finding a job, and examples of career opportunities for PhD physicists, many of them in nontraditional positions.

Bailey, Nancy, and Arna Leavitt 1982 Advancing by Degrees: Engineering B.S., M.S., Ph.D. Prepared by the College of Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Washington DC: Engineering Deans Council, American Society for Engineering Education. Brief but clear discussion on how to choose the best degree for your career in engineering.

Beveridge, W.I.B. 1950 The Art of Scientific Investigation. New York, NY: Vintage Books. Beynon, Robert J.

1993 Postgraduate Study in the Biological Sciences: A Researcher's Companion. London, England: Portland Press Ltd. While fairly traditional in orientation, this guide emphasizes the importance of planning at every stage in your academic career. (''Postgraduate" is British for "graduate.")

Bloom, Floyd, editor 1995 "Careers '95: The Future of the Ph.D.," Science, Vol. 270 (Oct. 6, 1995)

Bolles, Richard N. 1995 The 1995 What Color Is Your Parachute?: A Practical Manual for Job-Hunters & Career-Changers. Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press. Although this popular guide is not specifically aimed at a scientific readership, most of its principles apply. Also, the author earned a physics degree from Harvard and studied chemical engineering at MIT.

Bundy, Alan, Ben du Boulay, Jim Howe, and Gordon Plotkin 1986 The Researchers' Bible. Technical Report DAI Teaching Paper No. 4, Edinburgh, Scotland: Department of Artificial Intelligence, University of Edinburgh.


CASS Recruitment Publications 1995 Career Development Guide: Women in Engineering and Technology Edition. Evanston, IL: Cass Communications, Inc. Feature articles on such issues as women in technology, and salaries, relocation, and career opportunities for women.

CGS (Council of Graduate Schools) 1989 Graduate School and You: A Guide for Prospective Graduate Students . Washington, DC: CGS.

Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×

Detailed advice on how to decide why, whether, where, and when to go to graduate school, and how to finance a graduate education.

1990 The Doctor of Philosophy Degree: A Policy Statement. Washington, DC: CGS. A brief overview of PhD education, from both the institution's and the student's viewpoint.

1990 Research Student and Supervisor: An Approach to Good Supervisory Practice. Washington, DC: CGS. How careful planning and a good communication with your faculty adviser can lead to expeditious completion of PhD research and thesis. Adapted from a pamphlet published in Great Britain.

1991 The Role and Nature of the Doctoral Dissertation: A Policy Statement . Washington, DC: CGS. Contains especially helpful sections on collaboration, the concept of "originality," and guidance for faculty advisers.

Chapman, David 1988 "How to Do Research at the MIT AI Lab." At Working Paper 316. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

COSEPUP (Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy) 1993 Science, Technology, and the Federal Government: National Goals for a New Era. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

1995 On Being a Scientist: Responsible Conduct in Research. Washington, DC National Academy Press. An introduction to research ethics for beginning scientists and engineers, including case studies and ethical questions to ponder.

1995 Reshaping the Graduate Education of Scientists and Engineers. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. A thorough discussion of many of the issues underlying this guide, such as the structure of graduate education and the changing needs of those who employ PhD scientists and engineers.

CPC (College Placement Council) 1994 Catalog of Resources for Career Services and Employment Professionals . Bethlehem, PA: CPC. The CPC offers a variety of publications, statistical surveys, reports, and programs for universities and employers.

Dalton, G.W., and P.H. Thompson 1986 Novations: Strategies for Career Management. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foreman, and Co. An excellent and detailed account of the expectations of employers and performance and skills of professional employees as the employee grows in his or her job function.

DesJardins, Marie 1994/1995 "How to Succeed in Graduate School: A Guide for Students and Advisors," Crossroads, the Online ACM Student Magazine Available via WWW at http://info.acm.org/crossroads/xrds1-2/advice1.html

Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×

FASEB (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology) 1995 CAREERS HardCopy. Bethesda, MD: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. Monthly, which in 1995 contained useful career advice by Irene Kennedy—"Prepare to Interview," "Show Employers What You Will Do"—and position listings.

Feibelman, Peter J. 1993 A Ph.D. Is Not Enough! A Guide to Survival in Science. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. The author's own painful missteps as a graduate student prompted him to offer this manual of "survival skills" for those planning a career in science or engineering.

Fiske, Peter S. 1996 Beyond the Endless Frontier: A Practical Career Guide for Scientists . Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union. Winter/Spring 1996.


Gardner, John W. 1995 Self-Renewal: The Individual and the Innovative Society. Revised edition. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. This is the book for the "rest of your career." Gardner, a former Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and founder of Common Cause, has excellent advice on nurturing your interests and creativity to stimulate growth throughout your working life.


Hall, Roberta M., and Bernice R. Sandler 1982 The Classroom Climate: A Chilly One for Women. Washington, DC: Association of American Colleges, Project on the Status and Education of Women.

1984 Out of the Classroom: A Chilly Campus Climate for Women? Washington, DC: Association of American Colleges, Project on the Status and Education of Women.

1986 The Campus Climate Revisited: Chilly for Women Faculty, Administrators, and Graduate Students. Washington, DC: Association of American Colleges, Project on the Status and Education of Women.

1983 Academic Mentoring for Women Students and Faculty: A New Look at an Old Way to Get Ahead. Washington, DC: Association of American Colleges, Project on the Status and Education of Women.

Hans, Sherrie, and Tanya Awabdy 1995 Enhancing Graduate Training at UCSF. San Francisco, CA: Program in the Biological Sciences, University of California at San Francisco. Summary of a career development symposium that was organized by graduate students.


IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.) 1995 Industry 2000: Technical Vitality Through Continuing Education . Piscataway NJ: IEEE.

Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×

A conference summary with valuable insights from both academic and industrial engineers on how to keep up with the rapid pace of technological change.

Professional Development: Where Do You Stand? A Message from Industry 2000. Video. Piscataway, NJ: Educational Activities Department, IEEE.

Jensen, David G. 1995 Interview with "What Color Is Your Parachute?" Author Dick Bolles . Sedona, AZ: Search Masters International.


Keirsey, D., and Marilyn Bates 1984 Please Understand Me. Del Mar, CA: Prometheus Nemesis Book Co. Gives a very readable, popular introduction to the Meyer-Briggs approach to personality.

Kennedy, Irene 1995 Personal Communication with Deborah Stine, Washington DC, August 16, 1995.

Kirschner, Elizabeth M. 1995 "Nontraditional careers: Alternative careers lure chemists down a road less traveled." Chemical & Engineering News (Oct. 23): 51–55. An argument that graduate schools should offer broader educational opportunities to students to prepare them for nonacademic as well as academic careers. Includes interviews with chemists and engineers holding nontraditional positions.


Landis, Raymond B. 1989 An Academic Career: It Could Be for You: A Guide for Prospective Engineering Faculty Members. Washington, DC: American Society for Engineering Education. Is a faculty career for you? Tips on self-assessment and earning a doctorate.

LaPidus, Jules B., and Barbara Mishkin 1990 Values and Ethics in the Graduate Education of Scientists. Reprinted from: Ethics and Higher Education, William W. May, ed. Washington, DC: American Council on Education. Macmillan Publishing Company. Useful advice for both students and faculty on dealing with ethical issues in research, with a helpful bibliography.


McKeachie, Wilbert J., editor 1994 Teaching Tips: Strategies, Research, Theory for College and University Teachers, Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath.

Medawar, P.B. 1979 Advice to a Young Scientist. Basic Books. "I have tried to write the kind of book I myself should have liked to have read when I began research before most of my readers were born," writes Sir Peter, prefacing an account that is humorous, passionate, and as relevant today as when it was first published in 1979.

Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×

NACE (National Association of Colleges and Employers) 1996 Job Choices in Science and Engineering, 39th ed. Bethlehem, PA: NACE. An A to Z listing of job opportunities at major American employers of scientists and engineers, plus feature articles.

NSF (National Science Foundation) 1989 "An NSF Study and Report About Women in Computing Research." Computing Research News.


OSEP (Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel) 1995 Research-Doctorate Programs in the United States: Continuity and Change. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.


Peters, Robert L. 1992 Getting What You Came For: The Smart Student's Guide to Earning a Master's or a Ph.D. New York, NY: Noonday Press. An excellent book-length guide that begins with the question of whether to go to graduate school and ends with tips on job hunting. Topics include choosing a school, thesis and thesis adviser, the master's versus the doctorate, building a reputation, proposing and writing the thesis, special issues for women and minority students, and forming a clear vision of your career. Full bibliography.

Peterson's/COG 1995 MS/PhD: The Career Directory for Advanced Degree Engineers and Scientists. Encino, CA: Peterson's/COG Publishing Group.

Phillips, Estelle M., and D.S. Pugh 1994 How to Get a PhD: A Handbook for Students and Their Supervisors , 2nd ed. Buckingham, England/Philadelphia, PA: Open University Press. Discusses the doctorate experience (in Great Britain) not only from the student's point of view, but also from those of the faculty adviser and the university.

Presidential Task Force on the Study of Doctoral Education in Chemistry 1995 Employment Patterns of Recent Doctorates in Chemistry: Institutional Perspectives and Imperatives for Change. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society. A summary of the study, including many figures and tables. Industry was found to be the largest employer of chemistry PhDs by a wide margin.


Rheingold, H.L. 1994 The Psychologist's Guide to an Academic Career. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Rodman, Dorothy, Donald Bly, Fred Owens, and Ann-Claire Anderson. 1994 Career Transitions for Chemists. Washington, DC: Department of Career Services, American Chemical Society .


Saunders, J.H. 1974 Careers in Industrial Research and Development. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker.

Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×

Has a good discussion on personal attitudes and creative communication skills.

Sindermann, Carl J. 1987 Survival Strategies for New Scientists. New York, NY/London, England: Plenum Press. The author argues that "doing good science is a worthwhile career objective, but there are interpersonal strategies, some quite complex, that enhance the pleasures of doing it." Illustrated by numerous case studies and bulleted lists of suggestions.

1985 The Joy of Science. New York: Plenum Press.

1982 Winning the Games Scientists Play. New York: Plenum Press.

Spertus, Ellen 1991 "Why are There so Few Female Computer Scientists?" MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Technical Report 1315. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Available on WWW at http://www.ai.mit.edu/people/ellens/Gender/pap/pap.html

Stern, Virginia, and Phyllis Dubois 1990 You're in Charge, Beth Goodrich, ed. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). A career-planning guide in science, mathematics, and engineering for college students with disabilities and the advocates and advisers who work with them.

Toth, Emily 1988 "Women in Academia," The Academics' Handbook. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Tobias, Sheila, Daryl E. Chubin, and Kevin Aylesworth 1995 Rethinking Science as a Career: Perceptions and Realities in the Physical Sciences. Tucson, AZ: Research Corp. The authors examine career opportunities for scientists in the nonacademic sectors of society, and contend that "the nation needs a broad spectrum of professionals whose preparation includes a sound education in science."


University of Texas at Dallas 1995 The Problem Solvers. Doctor of Chemistry Program, University of Texas at Dallas.


Weisbrod, Glen, and Karen Hamilton 1994 Globalization of Technology and the Economy: Implications for Mechanical Engineers: A Report on the Profession's External Environment . New York: Committee on Issues Identification, American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Contains an interesting section on new technologies and business priorities, including energy generation, industrial energy efficiency, and transportation.

Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×
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Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×
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Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×
Page 114
Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×
Page 115
Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×
Page 116
Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×
Page 117
Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×
Page 118
Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×
Page 119
Suggested Citation:"BIBLIOGRAPHY." Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, and National Academy of Engineering. 1996. Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5129.
×
Page 120
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As science and technology advance, the needs of employers change, and these changes continually reshape the job market for scientists and engineers. Such shifts present challenges for students as they struggle to make well-informed education and career choices. Careers in Science and Engineering offers guidance to students on planning careers--particularly careers in nonacademic settings--and acquiring the education necessary to attain career goals. This booklet is designed for graduate science and engineering students currently in or soon to graduate from a university, as well as undergraduates in their third or fourth year of study who are deciding whether or not to pursue graduate education. The content has been reviewed by a number of student focus groups and an advisory committee that included students and representatives of several disciplinary societies. Careers in Science and Engineering offers advice on not only surviving but also enjoying a science- or engineering-related education and career-- how to find out about possible careers to pursue, choose a graduate school, select a research project, work with advisers, balance breadth against specialization, obtain funding, evaluate postdoctoral appointments, build skills, and more. Throughout, Careers in Science and Engineering lists resources and suggests people to interview in order to gather the information and insights needed to make good education and career choices. The booklet also offers profiles of science and engineering professionals in a variety of careers. Careers in Science and Engineering will be important to undergraduate and graduate students who have decided to pursue a career in science and engineering or related areas. It will also be of interest to faculty, counselors, and education administrators.

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