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Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
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Appendixes

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
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Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
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A Workshop Participants and Agenda

Participants

Duane Adams, Advanced Research Projects Agency

Robert J. Aiken, Department of Energy/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Robert C. Atkinson, Teleport Communications Group

David J. Barram, Department of Commerce

Tora K. Bikson, RAND Corporation

Alan R. Blatecky, MCNC

Robert J. Bonometti, Office of Science and Technology Policy

Cynthia H. Braddon, The McGraw Hill Companies

Lewis M. Branscomb, Harvard University

Vito Brugliera, Zenith Electronics Corporation

James H. Burrows, National Institute of Standards and Technology

James A. Chiddix, Time Warner Cable

Yi-Tzuu Chien, National Science Foundation

Melvyn Ciment, National Science Foundation

David D. Clark, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Mark Corbitt, Federal Communications Commission

Michael Corrigan, General Services Administration

George Cotter, National Security Agency

D. Joseph Donahue, Thomson Consumer Electronics

H. Allen Ecker, Scientific-Atlanta Incorporated

Joseph A. Flaherty, CBS Incorporated

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

Howard Frank, Advanced Research Projects Agency

Bernard R. Gifford, Academic Systems Corporation

Paul E. Green, Jr., IBM T.J. Watson Research Center

Richard R. Green, Cable Television Laboratories Incorporated

Michael D. Greenbaum, Bell Atlantic Corporation

Allen S. Hammond, New York Law School

Daniel Hitchcock, Department of Energy

Sally E. Howe, National Coordination Office for High Performance Computing and Communications

Paul E. Hunter, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Laura M. Jennings, Microsoft Corporation

Brian Kahin, J.F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

Richard T. Liebhaber, MCI Communications Corporation

Robert W. Lucky, Bell Communications Research

Marina M. Mann, Electric Power Research Institute

Eric K. Marcus, Commerce Clearing House Incorporated

Michael J. Marcus, Federal Communications Commission

Clement J. McDonald, Regenstrief Institute for Health Center

James C. McKinney, Advanced Television Systems Committee

David G. Messerschmitt, University of California at Berkeley

Avram C. Miller, Intel Corporation

Graham Mobley, Scientific-Atlanta Incorporated

Mahal Mohan, AT&T Corporation

Lloyd N. Morrisett, John and Mary Markle Foundation

Michael R. Nelson, Office of Science and Technology Policy

Richard E. Ottinger (retired), Georgia Public Telecommunications Commission

Michael A. Papillo, Houston Associates Incorporated

Stewart D. Personick, Bell Communications Research

Anthony M. Rutkowski, Internet Society

Lawrence Seidman, Hughes Telecommunications and Space Sector

Richard S. Sharpe, John A. Hartford Foundation

Donald W. Simborg, KnowMed Systems

J. Marty Tenenbaum, Enterprise Integration Technologies Corporation (EIT)/CommerceNet

Shukri Wakid, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Marvin I. Weinberger, Infonautics Corporation

Stephen S. Wolff, Cisco Systems Incorporated

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

Agenda

Monday, January 16, 1995

5:30 p.m.

Reception with Project Liaisons

6:00

Dinner

6:45

Welcome: Lewis Branscomb, Workshop Chair

Tuesday, January 17, 1995

 

Participants-at-large (all discussion panels): Tora Bikson, RAND Corporation; Michael Greenbaum, Bell Atlantic Corporation; Allen Hammond, New York Law School; Brian Kahin, Harvard University; David Messerschmitt, University of California at Berkeley

9:00

Introduction and Charge to Workshop: Lewis Branscomb

9:15

TPWG and Its Sponsorship of the NII Technology Deployment Project: Howard Frank, Advanced Research Projects Agency

9:30

Technology Deployment Scenarios

 

Discussion Leader: Robert Lucky, Bell Communications Research

 

Steering Committee Participants: James Chiddix, Time Warner Cable; Joseph Flaherty, CBS Incorporated; Richard Liebhaber, MCI Communications Corporation

 

Invited Participants: Robert Atkinson, Teleport Communications Group; Marina Mann, Electric Power Research Institute; James McKinney, Advanced Television Systems Committee; Mahal Mohan, AT&T Corporation; Richard Ottinger, Georgia Public Telecommunications Commission (retired); Stewart Personick, Bell Communications Research; Lawrence Seidman, Hughes Telecommunications and Space Sector

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

1:00 p.m.

End-user Hardware/Software Issues

 

Discussion Leader: James Chiddix, Time Warner Cable

 

Invited Participants: Vito Brugliera, Zenith Electronics Corporation; Joseph Donahue, Thomson Consumer Electronics; Allen Ecker, Scientific-Atlanta Incorporated; Richard Green, Cable Television Laboratories Inc.; Laura Jennings, Microsoft Corporation; Avram Miller, Intel Corporation

3:00

Domain-Specific Applications: Specialized vs.; Common Conditions

 

Discussion Leaders: Cynthia Braddon, The McGraw-Hill; Companies, and Donald Simborg, KnowMed Systems

 

Invited Participants:

 

Education Alan Blatecky, MCNC; Bernard Gifford, Academic Systems Corporation; Marvin Weinberger, Infonautics Corporation

 

Health care; Clement McDonald, Regenstrief Institute; Richard Sharpe , John A. Hartford Foundation

 

Publishing; Eric Marcus, Commerce Clearing House Inc.

5:00

Day One Concludes

5:15

Reception

6:30

Dinner

7:30

Remarks: Lewis Branscomb, Workshop Chair

 

Speech: David Barram, Deputy Secretary; Department of Commerce

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

Wednesday, January 18, 1995

9:00

The Internet as an NII Model

 

Discussion Leader: Richard Liebhaber, MCI Communications

 

Steering Committee Participant: David Clark, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

 

Invited Participants: Anthony Rutkowski, Internet Society; Marty Tenenbaum, EIT/CommerceNet; Stephen Wolff, Cisco Systems Incorporated

10:45

Dueling Definitions

 

Discussion Leader: David Clark, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1:00 p.m.

Capstone—NII Technology Deployment; Barriers and Drivers

 

Discussion Leader: Joseph Flaherty, CBS Incorporated

 

Members of the Steering Committee and Designated Participants

2:45

Springing Forward: Next Steps, White Papers, and the; May 23-24 Forum

 

Members of the Steering Committee; Plenary Discussion

4:30

Adjourn

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

B Forum Participants and Agenda

Participants

Alden Abbott, Department of Commerce

Mike Abel, NEC America

Duane A. Adams, Advanced Research Projects Agency

Robert J. Aiken, Department of Energy/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Paul Allison, North Communications

Allan J. Arlow, Attorney at Law, Washington, D.C.

Eric M. Aupperle, Merit Network Incorporated

Donald M. Austin, National Coordination Office for High Performance Computing and Communications

Henriette D. Avram, Library of Congress (retired)

Wendell B. Bailey, National Cable Television Association

Jonathan Band, Morrison and Foerster

John Baras, University of Maryland

Carol Barnes, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Bruce Barrow, Defense Information Systems Agency

Richard Barth, Motorola Incorporated

Herbert Becker, Library of Congress

Scott Behnke, DynCorp

Louis Berger, BBN Systems and Technologies

Henry Bertoni, Polytechnic University, Brooklyn

Kul Bhasin, NASA Lewis Research Center

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

Charles Billingsley, Information Technology Association of America

Alan R. Blatecky, MCNC

Robert T. Blau, BellSouth Corporation

Robert Bonometti, Office of Science and Technology Policy

Jane Bortnick Griffith, Library of Congress

Heather Boyles, FARNET Incorporated

Cynthia H. Braddon, The McGraw-Hill Companies

George Brandenburg, Harvard University

Anne Wells Branscomb, Harvard University

Lewis M. Branscomb, Harvard University

Tim Brennan, UMBC/Resources for the Future

Charles Brownstein, Corporation for National Research Initiatives/Cross-Industry Working Team

Donald P. Brutzman, Naval Postgraduate School

James H. Burrows, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Daniel F. Burton, Council on Competitiveness

Aubrey M. Bush, National Science Foundation

Ty Carter, American Bankers Association

Deborah Castleman, Department of Defense

Lynn Chapman, Raychem Corporation

Nim Cheung, Bell Communications Research

James A. Chiddix, Time Warner Cable

Yi-Tzuu Chien, National Science Foundation

Eliot J. Christian, U.S. Geological Survey

David D. Clark, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Whit Clay, Capitoline/MS&L

Tim Clifford, DynCorp

Guy Copeland, Computer Sciences Corporation

Mark Corbitt, Federal Communications Commission

Robert R. Cordell, Bell Communications Commission

Michael L. Corrigan, EDS

George Cotter, National Security Agency

Robert W. Crandall, Brookings Institution

John C. Davis, Department of Defense

John Deferrari, U.S. General Accounting Office

Paul Detering, Raychem Corporation

Gilbert Devey, National Science Foundation

D. Joseph Donahue, Thomson Consumer Electronics Incorporated

Norman Douglas, National Communications System

Don Dulchinos, Cable Television Laboratories Incorporated

Lammot du Pont, National Institute of Standards and Technology

H. Allen Ecker, Scientific-Atlanta Incorporated

Dennis W. Elliott, ALOHA Networks Incorporated

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

Joel Engel, Ameritech

Erik Fair, Apple Computer Incorporated

Maria Farnon, Tufts University

Gerald Faulhaber, University of Pennsylvania

David Feldmeier, Bell Communications Research

Francis Dummer Fisher, University of Texas

Joseph A. Flaherty, CBS Incorporated

Howard Frank, Advanced Research Projects Agency

Barbara Y. Fraser, CERT Coordination Center

Richard B. Friedman, University of Wisconsin Medical School

Cita Furlani, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Donald Fye, GTE Personal Communications Services

Bernard R. Gifford, Academic Systems Corporation

Warren Gifford, Bell Communications Research

John Gilsenan, Department of State

Joseph Gitlin, John Hopkins Medical Institutions

Ross S. Glatzer, Prodigy Services Company (retired)

Norman Glick, National Security Agency

Gayle F. Gordon, Department of the Interior

Diana Gowen, MCI

Paul E. Green, Jr., IBM T.J. Watson Research Center

Richard R. Green, Cable Television Laboratories Incorporated

Michael D. Greenbaum, Bell Atlantic Corporation

Marjorie Greene, First Washington Associates

Irene Greif, Lotus Development Corporation

David Gross, AirTouch Communications Incorporated

Daniel Grulke, Department of Defense

W. Ed Hammond, Duke University Medical Center

Kathryn Hanson, Silicon Graphics

John Harrald, George Washington University

Frank Hartel, National Institutes of Health

Ted Hartson, Post Newsweek Cable

Stephen Haynes, WESTLAW

John Hestenes, National Science Foundation

Jenifer Hill, Capitoline/MS&L

Terence Hill, International Monetary Fund

Lincoln Hoewing, Bell Atlantic

Lee Holcomb, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Eric S. Hood, NorthwestNet

Edward Horowitz, Viacom Incorporated

Ellis Horowitz, University of Southern California

Sally E. Howe, National Coordination Office for High Performance Computing and Communications

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

Kathleen Huber, Bay Networks

Peter W. Huber, Manhattan Institute for Policy Research

Paul E. Hunter, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Lionel S. Johns, Office of Science and Technology Policy

David Johnson, CTA Incorporated

Elizabeth Johnston, General Accounting Office

Anita K. Jones, Department of Defense

Charles N. Judice, Bell Atlantic

Brian Kahin, Harvard University

Kevin Kahn, Intel Corporation

Ellen S. Kappel, Joint Oceanographic Institutions Incorporated

James H. Keller, harvard University

Leonard Kleinrock, University of California at Los Angeles

Ken Klingenstein, University of Colorado at Boulder

Marilyn Kraus, Defense Information Systems Agency

Richard Kuhn, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Henry Lai, General Services Administration

Larry Landweber, University of Wisconsin

Carl E. Landwehr, Naval Research Laboratory

Barry M. Leiner, Advanced Research Projects Agency

Ted Leventhal, Business Research Publications

Martin Libicki, Institute for National Strategic Studies

Richard T. Liebhaber, MCI Communications Corporation

Andrew Lippman, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Fred Scoresby Long, National Weather Service

Jonathan Low, Department of Labor

Robert W. Lucky, Bell Communications Research

Daniel Lynch, Interop Company and Cybercash Incorporated

David Lytel, Office of Science and Technology Policy

Mary Madigan, Personal Communications Industry Association

John Major, Motorola Incorporated

Marina M. Mann, Electric Power Research Institute

Robert Mason, Case Western Reserve University

Alan McAdams, Cornell University

Lois Clark McCoy, National Institute for Urban Search and Rescue

Jack McDonald, MBX Incorporated

Bernadette McGuire-Rivera, National Telecommunications and Information Administration

James McKinney, Advanced Television Systems Committee

Milo Medin, @Home

Michael Melas, IBM Research Division

David G. Messerschmitt, University of California at Berkeley

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

Jennifer Miller, International Communications Industry Association

Gary J. Minden, Advanced Research Projects Agency

Graham Mobley, Scientific-Atlanta Incorporated

Mahal Mohan, AT&T Corporation

Tracie E. Monk, DynCorp

Frank R. Moore, Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Lloyd N. Morrisett, John and Mary Markle Foundation

Sushil G. Munshi, Sprint Corporation

Michelle Muth, U.S. Office of Consumer Affairs

Tassos Nakassis, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Paul Narula, AG Communication Systems

Michael North, North Communications

Ann Okerson, Association of Research Libraries

Michael A. Papillo, Houston Associates Incorporated

Gregory L. Parham, Department of Agriculture

Stewart D. Personick, Bell Communications Research

Lawrence P. Petak, Federal Communications Commission

Eugene T. Phillip, National Communications Agency

Ronald W. Piasecki, General Services Administration

Robert S. Powers, MCI Telecommunications Incorporated

Arati Prabhakar, National Institute of Standards and Technology

April Ramey, Department of Treasury

Gordon Ray, NEC America Incorporated

John C. Redmond, GTE Laboratories

Ira Richer, MITRE Corporation

John Philip Riganati, David Sarnoff Research Center

Carl Ripa, Bell Communications Research

Linda G. Roberts, Department of Education

Michael M. Roberts, EDUCOM

Robert Roche, Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association

Thomas C. Rochow, McDonnell Douglas Corporation

Quincy Rodgers, General Instrument Corporation

Jeffrey H. Rohlfs, Strategic Policy Research

Tom Rowbotham, Technology Strategy, BT Centre, London

Jashojit Roy, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Deborah Rudolph, Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers

John Ryan, Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Nora H. Sabelli, National Science Foundation

Damian Saccocio, America Online

Pamela Samuelson, University of Pittsburgh School of Law

Allan M. Schiffman, Terisa Systems/CommerceNet

Gail Garfield Schwartz, Teleport Communications Group

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

Mary Anne Scott, Department of Energy

Molly Shaffer, Department of Commerce

Richard S. Sharpe, John A. Hartford Foundation

Robert Shepherd, Defense Information Systems Agency

M. Wayne Shiveley, MITRE Corporation

Edward H. Shortliffe, Stanford University School of Medicine

Curtis A. Siller, Jr., AT&T Bell Laboratories

Donald W. Simborg, KnowMed Systems

Karen Sollins, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Thomas Spacek, Bell Communications Research

Padmanabhan Srinagesh, Bell Communications Research

Gilbert Staffend, Allied Signal Automotive

Mark Stahlman, New Media Associates Incorporated

Ross Stapleton-Gray, D.C. Charter, Internet Society

Robert Steele, Boeing Information Services

Rupert Stow, Rupert Stow Associates

Edmond Thomas, NYNEX Science and Technology Incorporated

Jack Thompson, Gnostech Incorporated

Suzanne P. Tichenor, Council on Competitiveness

Frank Tong, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center

John C. Toole, National Coordinating Office for High Performance Computing and Communications

William Turnbull, National Coordinating Office for High Performance Computing and Communications/National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration

Leslie L. Vadasz, Intel Corporation

Hal Varian, University of California at Berkeley

Shukri Wakid, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Stuart Wecker, Symmetrix Incorporated

Stephen B. Weinstein, NEC USA Incorporated

Allan H. Weis, Advanced Network and Services Incorporated

Thomas E. Wheeler, Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association

Walter Wiebe, Federal Networking Council

Steven S. Wildman, Northwestern University

Roxanne Williams, Department of Agriculture

Michael Winter, Department of Transportation

Hank Wolf, IEEE-USA Committee on Communications and Information Policy

Stephen S. Wolff, Cisco Systems Incorporated

Ronald Zellner, Texas A&M University

Stephen Zilles, Adobe Systems Incorporated

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

Forum Agenda

Monday, May 22, 1995

6:00 p.m.

Reception

7:00 p.m.

Dinner Speech: Mark Stahlman, New Media Associates

Tuesday, May 23, 1995

8:30 a.m.

Welcoming Remarks: Suzanne Woolsey, National Research Council

 

Overview: Lewis M. Branscomb, Forum Chair

 

Keynote Address: Arati Prabhakar, Director, National Institute of Standards and Technology

9:00 a.m.

NII 2000: Is the Future Now?

 

Moderator: Robert W. Lucky, Bell Communications

 

Research

 

Participants: Edward D. Horowitz, Viacom Incorporated; Peter W. Huber , Manhattan Institute for Policy Research; David G. Messerschmitt, University of California at Berkeley; Quincy Rodgers, General Instrument Corporation

10:40 a.m.

Reaching the End User

 

Moderator: Leslie L. Vadasz, Intel Corporation

 

Participants: Paul E. Green, Jr., IBM T.J. Watson Research Center; Irene Greif, Lotus Development Corporation; Leonard Kleinrock, University of California at Los Angeles; J. Graham Mobley, Scientific-Atlanta Incorporated; Michael North, North Communications; Hal Varian, University of California at Berkeley

1:00 p.m.

Technology Deployment: Investment and Experimentation

 

Wireline Communications

 

Moderator: James A. Chiddix, Time Warner Cable

 

Participants: Wendell B. Bailey, National Cable Television Association; Tim Clifford, DynCorp (formerly with Sprint Corporation); Joel Engel , Ameritech; Richard R. Green, Cable Television laboratories Incorporated; Mahal Mohan, AT&T Corporation

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

 

Stewart D. Personick, Bell Communications Research; Robert S. Powers , MCI Telecommunications Corporation; John C. Redmond, GTE Laboratories; Gail Garfield Schwartz, Teleport Communications Group; Edmond Thomas , NYNEX Science and Technology Incorporated

2:45 p.m.

Wireless Communications

 

Moderator: Joseph A. Flaherty, CBS Incorporated

 

Participants: D. Joseph Donahue, Thomson Consumer Electronics Incorporated; Mary Madigan, Personal Communications Industry Association; John Major, Motorola Incorporated; James C. McKinney, Advanced Television Systems Committee; Robert Roche, Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association

4:00 p.m.

Emerging Architecture

 

Moderator: David D. Clark, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

 

Participants: Jonathan Band, Morrison and Foerster; Robert T. Blau , BellSouth Corporation; Kevin Kahn, Intel Corporation; Andrew Lippman , Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Padmanabhan Srinagesh, Bell Communications Research

Wednesday, May 24, 1995

8:30 a.m.

Recap of Tuesday Session: Lewis M. Branscomb, Forum Chair

 

Perspectives from the TPWG: Duane A. Adams, Technology Policy Working Group

9:00 a.m.

Doing Business on the NII

 

Technical Requirements (Application-Related Standards and Beyond)

 

Moderator: Donald W. Simborg, KnowMed Systems

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

 

Participants: W. Ed Hammond, Duke University Medical Center; James H. Keller, Harvard University; Lois Clark McCoy, National Institute for Urban Search and Rescue; Linda G. Roberts, Department of Education; Thomas C. Rochow, McDonnell Douglas Corporation

 

Business and Protection Issues

 

Moderator: Cynthia H. Braddon, The McGraw-Hill Companies

 

Participants: Robert W. Crandall, Brookings Institution; Michael D. Greenbaum, Bell Atlantic Corporation; Allan M. Schiffman, Terisa Systems/CommerceNet; Donald W. Simborg, KnowMed Systems; Steven S. Wildman, Northwestern University

1:00 p.m.

The Internet: A Model

 

Moderator: Richard T. Liebhaber, MCI Communications Corporation

 

Participants: Ross S. Glatzer, Prodigy Services Company (retired); Daniel C. Lynch, Interop Company and Cybercash Incorporated; Milo Medin, @Home; Allan H. Weis, Advanced Network and Services Incorporated; Stephen S. Wolff, Cisco Systems Incorporated

2:30 p.m.

Forks in the Road: Private Sector Uncertainties/Public Policy Realities

 

Moderator: Irene Greif, Lotus Development Corporation

 

Questions From the Audience: Q & A Finale

 

Where are the inconsistencies?

 

Where is the best business case?

 

Is all the technology here yet?

 

What more would you like to hear?

4:30 p.m.

Adjournment with Request for Additional White Papers and Comments

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

C Call for White Papers (Abridged)

The NII 2000 Steering Committee—a group of high-level executives and distinguished academicians—seeks white papers from academia, businesses, foundations, industry, interest groups, trade associations, and other interested parties on topics relevant to NII technology deployment. The steering committee is charged by the Technology Policy Working Group (TPWG) of the federal Information Infrastructure Task Force with a year-long course of activities to develop a baseline understanding regarding what technologies are to be deployed when, where, and by whom. The project is being coordinated by the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) and is drawing upon inputs from multiple industries, sectors, organizations, and individual experts. A list of NII 2000 Steering Committee members is attached.

All white papers will be made available to federal NII decision makers and be considered for discussion at a Spring Forum in Washington, D.C., May 23–24, 1995. White paper authors will have the opportunity to revise their papers after the Spring Forum. All papers—regardless of whether they are selected for discussion at the Spring Forum—will be presented to the government and will contribute to the Steering Committee's final NII 2000 report to the TPWG and the public.

Responding To The Call

In keeping with its charge, the NII 2000 Steering Committee seeks properly documented discussions with quantitative evidence/analysis on

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
×

technical, financial, and economic aspects of technology deployment issues and prospects for the next 5 to 7 years. Issues of particular interest to the steering committee include the following:

  1. Architecture and Facilities
  • Bandwidth capacity available to and from government (all levels), corporations (domestic and international), small businesses, and residences; also mobile users of portable platforms
  • Interoperability and openness: dimensions, barriers, and facilitators
  • Interactivity and symmetry (i.e., relative support for two-way communication)
  • Internetworking and interconnection regarding different kinds of networks and services
  • Public networks, private networks, virtual private networks
  • Enabling Technologies (e.g., end-user devices, interfaces, and protocols)
  • Recovery of Carrier Costs (facilities and/or services) in an Open-network Environment
  • Middleware Technologies/Capabilities: (e.g., mechanisms such as digital signatures, encryption or search agents that protect intellectual property, privacy, security; directory services)
  • Applications
    • Expected capabilities for digital libraries, distributed collaboration, software agents, ''smart cards," telecommuting, video delivery (on-demand and near-on-demand), multimedia services
    • Expected attributes and implementation of electronic kiosks/public access facilities
    • Technology deployment issues affecting a particular domain (e.g., education, finance, manufacturing, transportation), which may have implications for other domains (e.g., establishing standards in health care)
    • Critical hardware and/or software interface features, requirements, and standards
  • Equitable Access and Public Service Obligations (relative costs and implementation rates)
  • Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    7  

    . Research and Development (i.e., critical areas for future projects in device, software, and systems research; also private sector trends and priority areas for government-funded research)

    Format Requirements Summary

    • Papers should begin with a brief statement of a problem and concentrate on analysis and forecast (5- to 7-year horizon) of deployment issues and key factors, including sources of uncertainty, contingencies, barriers, and facilitators. Conclusions should concisely state the business case for a given deployment effort and any implications for public policy.
    • Submissions should be double-spaced and should not exceed 6,250 words (approx. 25 pages).
    • All papers must be signed by a principal and accompanied by a signed NRC copyright release agreement.
    • Statistics must be referenced; cites should be formatted as endnotes.

    Computer Science And Telecommunications Board

    Established by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916, the National Research Council (NRC) is the federal government's principal advisor on science and technology issues. The NRC conducts its work primarily by convening experts (serving pro bono) on a given issue. Within the NRC, the CSTB oversees technology and policy projects related to information infrastructure and similar topics.

    White Paper Criteria And Format

    Criteria

    To the degree relevant, each paper should:

    • Distinctly frame a problem/issue related to NII technology deployment;
    • Make a projection regarding that problem/issue over the next 5 to 7 years;
    • Provide a comprehensive baseline and status report of key developments related to that problem or issue;
    • Assess the interaction between technical and nontechnical (legal/regulatory, economic, social) factors;
    • Identify contingencies and uncertainties related to investment and deployment of new technologies;
    • Identify key applications, enabling technologies, and capabilities;
    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×
    • Identify classes of users to be served, noting (a) which users may be served most easily or quickly, (b) which users are more difficult to serve (and why), and (c) market ramp-up expectations and determinants;
    • When using terms such as "interactive," "open," ''scalable," provide a short definition or context for understanding how those terms are being used; and
    • Identify possible public, private, or public/private sector responses.
    Format
    A. Statement of the Problem

    Each paper should provide a 1 to 2 paragraph statement of the particular technology deployment issue.

    B. Background (approximately 4 to 5 pages)

    This section should provide a baseline understanding of the technology, service, industry, domain, or issue in question, and define terms. A picture of the current "state-of-play" should emerge from the section.

    C. Analysis and Forecast (approximately 12 to 15 pages)

    This third section is the heart of the paper and as such, should look at some of the broad factors (economic, legal/regulatory, social, technical) influencing deployment decisions. In particular, authors should (to the extent relevant) (a) identify contingencies and uncertainties affecting investment decisions, (b) discuss factors used by the industry/domain in making the business case for a new technology, and (c) make projections regarding the next 5 to 7 years. This section should also include a discussion of barriers to resolving any outstanding problems/issues.

    D. Recommendations (approximately 3 to 4 pages)

    In this final section, authors should state whether and how the problem(s) identified can best be addressed by the private sector, the public sector, or by a cooperative effort between the two.

    E. Additional Resources (optional)

    A listing of relevant documents, analyses, forecasts is welcome. Authors may attach these source materials as appendices.

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    D White Papers Received

    Mark R. Abbott (Oregon State University), "The National Information Infrastructure and the Earth Sciences: Possibilities and Challenges"

    Robert J. Aiken and John S. Cavallini (U.S. Department of Energy), "Government Services Information Infrastructure Management"

    Allan J. Arlow (telecommunications consultant, Annapolis, Md.), "Cutting the Gordian Knot: Providing the American Public with Advanced Universal Access in a Fully Competitive Marketplace at the Lowest Possible Cost"

    Wendell Bailey (National Cable Television Association) and James Chiddix (Time Warner Cable), "The Role of Cable Television in the NII"

    Jonathan Band (Morrison and Foerster, Washington, D.C.), "Competing Definitions of 'Openness' on the GII"

    Richard C. Barth (Motorola Incorporated), "Communications for People on the Move: A Look into the Future"

    Robert T. Blau (BellSouth Corporation), "Building the NII: Will the Shareholders Come (And If They Don't, Will Anyone Really Care?)"

    Gregory Bothun (University of Oregon), Jim Elias (U S West Communications), Randolph G. Foldvik (U S West Communications), and Oliver McBryan (University of Colorado), "The Electronic Universe: Network Delivery of Data, Science, and Discovery"

    Jill Boyce, John Henderson, and Larry Pearlstein (Hitachi America Ltd.), "An SDTV Decoder with HDTV Capability: An All-Format ATV Decoder"

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    Lewis M. Branscomb and Jim Keller (Harvard University), "NII and Intelligent Transportation Systems"

    Hans-Werner Braun and Kimberly Claffy (San Diego Supercomputer Center), "Post-NSFNET Statistics Collection"

    Charles N. Brownstein (Cross-Industry Working Team), "NII Roadmap: Residential Broadband"

    Vito Brugliera (Zenith Electronics), James A. Chiddix (Time Warner Cable), D. Joseph Donahue (Thomson Consumer Electronics), Joseph A. Flaherty (CBS Inc.), Richard R. Green (Cable Television Laboratories), James C. McKinney (ATSC), Richard E. Ottinger (PBS), and Rupert Stow (Rupert Stow Associates), "The NII in the Home: A Consumer Service"

    Donald P. Brutzman, Michael R. Macedonia, and Michael J. Zyda (Naval Postgraduate School), "Internetwork Infrastructure Requirements for Virtual Environments"

    John S. Cavallini and Mary Anne Scott (U.S. Department of Energy) and Robert J. Aiken (U.S. Department of Energy/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory), "Electric Utilities and the NII—Issues and Opportunities"

    David D. Clark (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), "Interoperation, Open Interfaces, and Protocol Architecture"

    Tim Clifford (DynCorp), "Service Provider Interoperability and the National Information Infrastsructure"

    Robert W. Crandall (Brookings Institution), "Funding the National Information Infrastructure: Advertising, Subscription, and Usage Charges"

    D. Joseph Donahue (Thomson Consumer Electronics), "NII in the Home"

    H. Allen Ecker and J. Graham Mobley (Scientific-Atlanta Inc.), "The Evolution of the Analog Set-Top Terminal to a Digital Interactive Home Communications Terminal"

    Dennis W. Elliott and Norman Abramson (ALOHA Networks Inc.), "Spread Aloha Wireless Multiple Access: The Low-Cost Way for Ubiquitous, Tetherless Access to the Information Infrastructure"

    Joel S. Engel (Ameritech), "Plans for Ubiquitous Broadband Access to the National Information Infrastructure in the Ameritech Region"

    Maria Farnon (Tufts University), "How Do Traditional Legal, Commercial, Social, and Political Structures, When Confronted with a New Service, React and Interact?"

    Charles H. Ferguson (Vermeer Technologies Inc.), "The Internet, the World Wide Web, and Open Information Services: How to Build the Global Information Infrastructure"

    Francis Dummer Fisher (University of Texas at Austin), "Organizing the Issues"

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    Richard Friedman and Sean Thomas (University of Wisconsin), "The Argument for Universal Access to the Health Care Information Infrastructure: The Particular Needs of Rural Areas, the Poor, and the Underserved"

    David A. Garbin (MITRE Corporation), "Toward a National Data Network: Architectural Issues and the Role of Government"

    Oscar Garcia (submitted for the IEEE Computer Society), "Statement on National Information Infrastructure Issues"

    Joseph Gitlin (Johns Hopkins University), "Proposal for an Evaluation of Health Care Applications on the NII"

    Ross Glatzer (Prodigy Services, retired), "The Internet: A Model: Thoughts on the Five-Year Outlook"

    Jiong Gong and Padmanabhan Srinagesh (Bell Communications Research), "The Economics of Layered Networks"

    Marjorie Green (First Washington Associates), "As We May Work: An Approach Toward Collaboration on the NII"

    Paul E. Green, Jr. (IBM T.J. Watson Research Center), "Making Fiber Optic Bandwidth Available to End Users"

    Richard R. Green (Cable Television Laboratories Inc.), "Cable Television Technology Deployment"

    Michael D. Greenbaum (Bell Atlantic) and David Ticoll (Alliance for Emerging Technologies), "Privacy, Access and Equity, Democracy, and Networked Interactive Media"

    W. Ed Hammond (Duke University Medical Center), "The Use of the Social Security Number as the Basis for the National Citizen Identifier"

    Peter W. Huber (Manhattan Institute), Boban Mathew (Yale University), and John Thorne (Bell Atlantic), "Estimating the Costs of Telecommunications Regulation"

    Kevin C. Kahn (Intel Corporation), "Residential PC Access: Issues with Bandwidth Availability"

    Randy H. Katz (University of California at Berkeley), William L. Scherlis (Carnegie Mellon University), and Stephen L. Squires (Advanced Research Projects Agency), "The National Information Infrastructure: A High Performance Computing and Communications Perspective"

    Leonard Kleinrock (University of California at Los Angeles), "Nomadic Computing and Communications"

    Mary Madigan (Personal Communications Industry Association), "NII 2000: The Wireless Perspective"

    Robert M. Mason, Chester Bowling, and Robert J. Niemi (Case Western Reserve University), "Small Manufacturing Enterprises and the National Information Infrastructure"

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    Lois Clark McCoy and Douglas Gillies (National Institute for Urban Search and Rescue) and John Harrald (NIUSR and George Washington University), "Architecture for an Emergency Lane on the NII: Crisis Information Management"

    John C. McDonald (MBX Inc.), "Aspects of Integrity in the NII"

    David G. Messerschmitt (University of California at Berkeley), "What the NII Could Be: A User Perspective"

    Avram Miller and Ogden Perry (Intel Corporation), "Role of the PC in Emerging Information Infrastructures"

    Mahal Mohan (AT&T Corporation), "NII Evolution—Technology Deployment Plans, Challenges, and Opportunities: AT&T Perspective"

    Reagan W. Moore (San Diego Supercomputer Center), "Enabling Petabyte Computing"

    Organization for the Protection and Advancement of Small Telephone Companies (OPASTCO), "Private Investment and Federal National Information Infrastructure (NII) Policy"

    Tom Perrine (San Diego Supercomputing Center), "Thoughts on Security and the NII"

    Stewart D. Personick (Bell Communications Research), "Trends in Deployments of New Telecommunications Services by Local Exchange Carriers in Support of an Advanced National Information Infrastructure"

    Robert S. Powers (MCI Telecommunications Inc.), Tim Clifford (DynCorp), and James M. Smith (Competitive Telecommunications Association), "The Future NII/GII—Views of Interexchange Carriers"

    J.C. Redmond, C.D. Decker, and W.G. Griffin (GTE Laboratories Inc.), "Technology in the Local Network"

    Robert F. Roche (Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association), "Recognizing What the NII Is, What It Needs, and How to Get It"

    Thomas C. Rochow, George E. Scarborough, and Frank David Utterback (McDonnell Douglas Corporation), "Electronic Integrated Product Development as Enabled by a Global Information Environment: A Requirement for Success in the Twenty-First Century"

    Quincy Rodgers (General Instrument Corporation), "Interoperability, Standards, and Security: Will the NII Be Based on Market Principles?"

    Russell I. Rothstein and Lee McKnight (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), "Technology and Cost Models of Connecting K-12 Schools to the National Information Infrastructure"

    David Schell, Lance McKee, and Kurt Buehler (Open GIS Consortium), "Geodata Interoperability—A Key NII Requirement"

    Daniel Schutzer (Citibank), "Electronic Commerce"

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    Gail Garfield Schwartz and Paul E. Cain (Teleport Communications Group), "Prospects and Prerequisites for Local Telecommunications Competition: Public Policy Issues for the NII"

    John W. Thompson, Jr. (GNOSTECH Incorporated), "The Awakening 3.0: PCs, TSBs, or DTMF-TV: Which Telecomputer Architecture Is Right for the Next Generations' Public Network?"

    Gio Wiederhold (Stanford University), "Effective Information Transfer for Health Care: Quality versus Quantity"

    Ronald D. Zellner, Jon Denton, and Luana Zellner (Texas A&M University), "Integrating Technology with Practice: A Technology-enhanced Field-based Teacher Preparation Program"

    Ziebarth, John P. (National Center for Supercomputing Applications), W. Neil Thompson (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission), J.D. Nyhart (Massachussetts Institute of Technology), Kenneth Kaplan (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), Bill Ribarsky (Georgia Institute of Technology), Gio Wiederhold (Stanford University), Michael R. Genesereth (Stanford University), Kenneth Gilpatric (consultant to National Performance Review NetResults.Regnet; formerly with Administrative Conference of the United States), Tim E. Roxey (National Performance Review RegNet.Industry, Baltimore Gas and Electric, and Council for Excellence in Government), William J. Olmstead (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission), Ben Slone (Finite Matters Ltd.), Jim Acklin (Regulatory Information Alliance), "REGNET: An NPR Regulatory Reform Initiative Towards NII/GII Collaboratories"

    Stephen N. Zilles and Richard Cohn (Adobe Systems Incorporated), "Electronic Document Interchange and Distribution Based on the Portable Document Format, an Open Interchange Format"

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    E NII 2000 Liaisons

    Andrew Blau, Benton Foundation

    Michael Borrus, Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy

    Fiona Branton, Computer Systems Policy Project

    Charles N. Brownstein, Corporation for National Research Initiatives/Cross-Industry Working Team

    Daniel F. Burton, Council on Competitiveness

    Ty Carter, American Bankers Association

    Ed Fouhy, Pew Center for Civic Journalism

    Paul Hart, United States Telephone Association

    Ted Heydinger, Information Technology Industry Council

    Lincoln Hoewing, Bell Atlantic

    Suzanna Hoppszallern, American Hospital Association

    Laurie Itkin, National Conference of State Legislatures

    Mary Gardiner Jones, Alliance for Public Technology

    Jeffrey Joseph, U.S. Chamber of Commerce

    Robert Kahn, Corporation for National Research Initiatives

    Linda Laskowski, U S West Communications

    Doug Miller, Software Publishers Association

    Jennifer Miller, International Communications Industry Association

    William Morin, National Association of Manufacturers

    Paul Evan Peters, Coalition for Networked Information

    David Peyton, Information Technology Association of America

    Carol Risher, Association of American Publishers

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    Michael M. Roberts, EDUCOM

    Deborah Rudolph, Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers

    Ellen Schned, Viacom International

    Robert Smith, Jr., Interactive Services Association

    Roger Smith, American Electronics Association

    Casmir Skrzypczak, NYNEX Corporation

    Suzanne P. Tichenor, Council on Competitiveness

    Frederick Weingarten, The Computer Research Association

    Eric Wolferman, Newspaper Association of America

    Mark Zalewski, X.9 Financial Services

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    F Letter from Vice President Albert Gore March 6, 1995

    Dear Dr. Branscomb:

    On behalf of the Administration, I want to thank you for the work that you and your colleagues are doing in connection with the National Research Council's "NII 2000" Committee.

    There is one issue that the Administration is particularly interested in that I hope the Committee can shed some light on. Although the Administration's NII policy is technology neutral, we would like to see an NII that allows individuals to be producers as well as consumers of information, that enables "many to many" communication, and that provides a "general purpose" infrastructure capable of supporting a wide range of services.

    The NRC's previous report on the NII, Realizing the Information Future , concluded that some U.S. companies may invest in an infrastructure that is capable of providing one-way video delivery but not a broader range of services. For this reason, it would be very helpful to have an objective assessment of the capabilities of different residential broadband architectures (e.g., hybrid fiber-coax, fiber-to-the-curb, wireless alternatives) being deployed by the private sector. The NRC could select a representative sample of applications and services (videoconferencing, high-speed access to the Internet or other on-line services, telecommuting, distance learning, grassroots electronic publishing) and determine whether the

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    broadband architectures under consideration will be capable of supporting these applications.

    Clearly, market considerations will drive the technology and architectural decisions of U.S. telecommunications providers. Futhermore, a network that may originally support a limited range of services can be incrementally upgraded in response to consumer demand. The Administration has absolutely no interest in mandating a particular technology. This would be completely contrary to the Administration's NII philosophy.

    However, we are interested in working cooperatively with industry and academia to promote a shared vision of a versatile, general purpose infrastructure with a "Jeffersonian" architecture. We would welcome any concrete suggestions the Committee may have for advancing these goals.

    Thank you again for your work on this important NRC Committee.

    Sincerely,

    (signed)

    Al Gore

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    G Acronyms and Abbreviations Used


    ACS

    access control and security

    ADSL

    asymmetric digital subscriber line

    ARDIS

    Advanced Radio Data Information Service

    ARPA

    Advanced Research Projects Agency

    ATIS

    Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions

    ATM

    asynchronous transfer mode

    ATV

    Advanced Television


    BDSL

    broadband digital subscriber line

    BTA

    basic trading area


    CAT

    Committee on Applications and Technology

    CDMA

    code-division multiple access

    CDPD

    cellular digital packet data

    CIC

    Committee on Information and Communications

    CNRI

    Corporation for National Research Initiatives

    COC

    Council on Competitiveness

    COMPLEC

    competitive local exchange carrier

    CPU

    central processing unit

    CSPP

    Computer Systems Policy Project

    CSTB

    Computer Science and Telecommunications Board

    CTIA

    Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    DBS

    direct broadcast satellite

    DET

    digital entertainment terminal

    DOD

    Department of Defense

    DOE

    Department of Energy

    DOS

    Disk Operating System


    EDI

    electronic data interchange

    EIA

    Electronic Industries Association


    FCC

    Federal Communications Commission

    FTTC

    fiber to the curb


    Gbps

    gigabits per second

    GII

    global information infrastructure

    GILS

    Government Information Locator Service

    GSM

    Global System for Mobile Communications

    GSSI

    government services information infrastructure

    GUI

    graphical user interface


    HCT

    home communications terminal

    HDSL

    high-bit-rate digital subscriber line

    HDTV

    high-definition television

    HFC

    hybrid fiber coaxial cable

    HPCCI

    High Performance Computing and Communications Initiative

    HTML

    Hypertext Mark-up Language


    IC

    integrated circuit

    IEEE

    Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers

    IETF

    Internet Engineering Task Force

    IISP

    Information Infrastructure Standards Panel

    IITF

    Information Infrastructure Task Force

    IMA

    Interactive Multimedia Association

    IP

    Internet Protocol

    IS

    information systems

    ISDN

    Integrated Services Digital Network

    ISP

    Internet service provider

    ITS

    Intelligent Transportation System

    ITU

    International Telecommunications Union

    IXC

    interexchange carrier


    kbps

    kilobits per second

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    LAN

    local area network

    LATA

    local access and transport area

    LEC

    local exchange carrier

    LEO

    low earth orbit

    LMDS

    local multipoint distribution service


    MAN

    metropolitan area network

    Mbps

    megabits per second

    MIS

    management information systems

    MMDS

    multichannel multipoint distribution service

    MPEG

    Motion Picture Experts Group

    MSO

    Multiple System Operator

    MTA

    major trading area


    NAP

    network access point

    NASA

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    NATA

    North American Telecommunications Association

    NCTA

    National Cable Television Association

    NII

    national information infrastructure

    NIM

    network interface module

    NIST

    National Institute of Standards and Technology

    NSF

    National Science Foundation

    NTIA

    National Telecommunications and Information Administration

    NTSC

    National Television System Committee


    ODN

    Open Data Network

    OTA

    Office of Technology Assessment (U.S. Congress; closed 1995)


    PAL

    phase alternation by line

    PC

    personal computer

    PCIA

    Personal Communications Industry Association

    PCS

    personal communication service

    PDA

    personal digital assistant

    POP

    point of presence

    POTS

    ''plain old" telephone service


    QAM

    quadrature amplitude modulation

    QOS

    quality of service


    R&D

    research and development

    RBHC

    regional Bell holding company

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
    ×

    RBOC

    regional Bell operating company

    RTIF

    Realizing the Information Future (CSTB, 1994b)


    SDTV

    standard definition television

    SECAM

    sequential couleur avec memoire

    SMDS

    switched multimegabit data service

    SME

    small manufacturing enterprise

    SONET

    Synchronous Optical NETwork

    SQL

    Structured Query Language

    STB

    set-top box

    STT

    set-top terminal


    TCP

    Transmission Control Protocol

    TDMA

    time-division multiple access

    TPWG

    Technology Policy Working Group

    TV

    television


    URL

    universal resource locator


    VAN

    value-added network

    VBI

    vertical blanking interval

    VPN

    virtual private network

    VSAT

    very small aperture terminal

    VSB

    vestigial side band


    WAN

    wide area network

    WINF

    WINForum; Wireless Information Networks Forum

    WWW, Web

    World Wide Web

    Suggested Citation:"APPENDIXES." National Research Council. 1996. The Unpredictable Certainty: Information Infrastructure Through 2000. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5130.
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    We have available an impressive array of information technology. We can transmit literature, movies, music, and talk. Government, businesses, and individuals are eager to go on-line to buy, sell, teach, learn, and more. How, then, should we go about developing an infrastructure for on- line communication among everyone everywhere? The Unpredictable Certainty explores the national information infrastructure (NII) as the collection of all public and private information services. But how and when will the NII become a reality? How will more and better services reach the home, small businesses, and remote locations? The Unpredictable Certainty examines who will finance the NII, exploring how technology companies decide to invest in deployment and the the vain search for "killer apps" (applications that drive markets). It discusses who will pay for ongoing services and how they will pay, looking at past cost/price models relevant to the future. The Unpredictable Certainty discusses the underlying technologies, appliances, and services needed before the NII becomes a reality; reviews key features of important technologies; and analyzes current levels of deployment in telephone, cable and broadcast television, and wireless systems, and the difficulties in interconnection. The volume explores the challenge of open interfaces that stimulate new applications but also facilitate competition, the trend toward the separation of infrastructure from specific services, the tension between mature services and new contenders, the growth of the Internet, and more. The roles governments at different levels might play in fostering NII deployment are outlined, including R&D and the use of information infrastructure for better delivery of government services and information.

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