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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1996. Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes: Is It Adequate?. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5151.
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Appendix D Acronyms

The list below includes agencies, organizations, health personnel, surveys and programs.


AACN

American Association of Colleges of Nursing

ACNW

American College of Nurse Midwives

AAHSA

American Association of Homes and Services for the Aging

AD

associate degree in nursing

ADL

activities of daily living

AHA

American Hospital Association

AHCA

American Health Care Association

AHCPR

Agency for Health Care Policy and Research

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AMI

acute myocardial infarction

ANA

American Nurses Association

APN

advance practice nurse


BLS

Bureau of Labor Statistics

BSN

bachelor's-of-science degree in nursing


CAHF

California Association of Health Facilities

CBO

Congressional Budget Office

CCU

critical care unit

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CNA

certified nurse assistant

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1996. Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes: Is It Adequate?. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5151.
×

CNAP

Career Nurse Assistants Program

CON

certificate of need

CQI

continuous quality improvement


DHHS

Department of Health and Human Services

DON

director of nursing

DRG

diagnosis-related group


ER

emergency room


FANEL

Federation for Accessible Nursing Education and Licensure

FFS

fee-for-service

FTE

full-time-equivalent employee


GAO

General Accounting Office

GHAA

Group Health Association of America

GI

gastrointestinal

GNP

geriatric nurse practitioner

GNS

gerontological nurse specialist


HCFA

Health Care Financing Administration

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

HMO

health maintenance organization

HRSA

Health Resources and Services Administration


IADL

instrumental activities of daily living

ICU

intensive care unit

IOM

Institute of Medicine

IPA

independent practice association

IV

intravenous


JCAHO

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations


KP

Kaiser Permanente


LPN

licensed practical nurse

LTC

long-term care

LVN

licensed vocational nurse


MDS

minimum data set

MMACS

Medicare and Medicaid Automated Certification Survey

MOS

Medical Outcomes Study

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1996. Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes: Is It Adequate?. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5151.
×

NA

nurse assistant

NADONA

National Association of Directors of Nursing Administration/Long-Term Care

NAPNES

National Association for Practical Nurse Education and Service

NCCNHR

National Citizens' Coalition for Nursing Home Reform

NCHS

National Center for Health Statistics

NCSBN

National Council of State Boards of Nursing

NF

nursing facility

NG

nasogastric

NHCMQ

National Nursing Home Case mix and Quality Demonstration

NICHD

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NINR

National Institute of Nursing Research

NLN

National League for Nursing


OBN

Ohio Board of Nursing

OBRA

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act

OSCAR

On-Line Survey Certification and Reporting System

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

OT

occupational therapist

OTA

Office of Technology Assessment


PHCE

personal health care expenditures

PHS

Public Health Service

PPO

preferred provider organization

PPS

Prospective Payment System

PRB

Population Reference Bureau

PRO

peer review organization

ProPAC

Prospective Payment Assessment Commission

PSRO

professional standards review organization

PT

physical therapist


QA

quality assurance

QI

quality indicators


RAI

resident assessment instrument

RAP

resident assessment protocols

RN

registered nurse

RUG

resource utilization group


SCU

special care unit

SEIU

Service Employees International Union

SMSA

standard metropolitan statistical area

SNF

skilled nursing facility

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1996. Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes: Is It Adequate?. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5151.
×

TQM

total quality management

TEFRA

Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act

TNH

teaching nursing home


UAP

unlicensed assistive personnel

UHF

Unicare Health Facilities


VA

Department of Veterans Affairs

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1996. Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes: Is It Adequate?. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5151.
×
Page 205
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1996. Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes: Is It Adequate?. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5151.
×
Page 206
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1996. Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes: Is It Adequate?. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5151.
×
Page 207
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1996. Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes: Is It Adequate?. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5151.
×
Page 208
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Hospitals and nursing homes are responding to changes in the health care system by modifying staffing levels and the mix of nursing personnel. But do these changes endanger the quality of patient care? Do nursing staff suffer increased rates of injury, illness, or stress because of changing workplace demands? These questions are addressed in Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes, a thorough and authoritative look at today's health care system that also takes a long-term view of staffing needs for nursing as the nation moves into the next century. The committee draws fundamental conclusions about the evolving role of nurses in hospitals and nursing homes and presents recommendations about staffing decisions, nursing training, measurement of quality, reimbursement, and other areas. The volume also discusses work-related injuries, violence toward and abuse of nursing staffs, and stress among nursing personnel--and examines whether these problems are related to staffing levels. Included is a readable overview of the underlying trends in health care that have given rise to urgent questions about nurse staffing: population changes, budget pressures, and the introduction of new technologies. Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes provides a straightforward examination of complex and sensitive issues surround the role and value of nursing on our health care system.

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