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Bridge Builders: African Experiences With Information and Communication Technology (1996)

Chapter: APPENDIX B: LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

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Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX B: LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS." National Research Council. 1996. Bridge Builders: African Experiences With Information and Communication Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5260.
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Appendix B
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations


AAS

African Academy of Sciences, Nairobi, Kenya

AAAS

American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C.

AHILA

Association for Health Information and Libraries in Africa

AIM

African Index Medicus

APC

Association for Progressive Communications, United Kingdom

ARCT

African Regional Centre for Technology, Dakar, Senegal


BBS

Bulletin Board System

BITE

Bringing Internet To Ethiopia

BOSTID

Board on Science and Technology for International Development, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.


CABECA

Capacity Building for Electronic Communication in Africa


DTP

Desktop Publishing


EAIA

East Africa Internet Association

ELCI

Environmental Liaison Centre International, Nairobi, Kenya

ENDA

Environment and Development Action in the Third World

ESANET

Eastern and Southern Africa Networking Project

ESAP

Economic Structural Adjustment Program


FRD

Foundation for Research and Development, South Africa

FTP

File Transfer Protocol


GII

Global Information Infrastructure

GnFido

GreenNet/Fidonet hub


ICT

Information and Communication Technology

IDRC

International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Canada

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX B: LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS." National Research Council. 1996. Bridge Builders: African Experiences With Information and Communication Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5260.
×

IFS

International Foundation for Science, Sweden

IGC

Institute for Global Communications, United States

IIP

Intergovernmental Informatics Programme (UNESCO)

ILL

Inter-library Loan

ISDN

Integrated Services Digital Network


LAN

Local Area Network

LEO

Low-earth Orbiting Satellite


MG

Megabyte

MHz

Megahertz

MIS

Management Information System


OCR

Optical Character Recognition

OIA

Office of International Affairs, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.


NGO

Non-Governmental Organization

NMR

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

NRC

National Research Council, Washington, D.C.


PABX

Private Area Branch Exchange (switchboard)

PADIS

Pan African Development Information System, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

PGI

General Information Programme (UNESCO)

PPP

Point-to-Point Protocol Connection

PVO

Private-Voluntary Organization


RAM

Random-access Memory


SANGONET

Southern Africa Non-Governmental Network

SAREC

Swedish Agency for Research Co-operation with Developing Countries

SDI

Selective Dissemination of Information

SLIP

Serial Line Internet Protocol

STI

Scientific and Technological Information


TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

TDR

Tropical Disease Research

THF

The Health Foundation

TIFF

Tagged Image File Format; also .TIF

TWAS

Third World Academy of Science, Trieste, Italy


UNECA

United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

USIA

United States Information Agency


VSAT

Very Small Aperture Terminal


WAIS

Wide Area Information Server

WHO

World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

WWW

Worldwide Web

Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX B: LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS." National Research Council. 1996. Bridge Builders: African Experiences With Information and Communication Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5260.
×
Page 283
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX B: LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS." National Research Council. 1996. Bridge Builders: African Experiences With Information and Communication Technology. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5260.
×
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This volume tells 16 remarkable stories--first person accounts of how information and communication technologies have been successfully introduced into institutions for the benefit of scientists and engineers in sub-Saharan Africa. These case studies focus on the lessons learned in designing and implementing projects dealing with scientific and technological information and examine the impact.

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