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· · · · ~ Abbreviations and Definitions ARI Acute respiratory infection CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CSPA Center for the Study of Policy Attitudes Developed A classification that has evolved over time to include 23 Countries countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United King dom, and the United States. Developing This designation includes all countries that are not classified Country as industrial. The developing countries can further be divided into subgroups such as the poorest developing countries (46 nations) and the heavily indebted poor countries (15 countries). DHHS Depar~nent of Health and Human Services DoD Department of Defense GDP Gross domestic product GII Global information infrastructure GNP Gross national product ICH International Congress of Harmonization INAHTA International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment 61
62 ABBRE VIA TIONS AND DEFINITIONS INCLEN International Clinical Epidemiology Network Industrial One of the developed countries. The newly industrializing Country Asian economies (Hong Kong; Korea; Singapore; and Taiwan, China) are still designated as developing econo mies. ISTC International Science and Technology Center NGO Nongovernmental organization NIH National Institutes of Health OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development PAHO Pan American Health Organization Posttraumatic stress disorder UN UNDP USAID United Nations United Nations Development Programme U.S. Agency for International Development World Health Organization