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Suggested Citation:"ACRONYMS." National Research Council. 1997. Satellite Gravity and the Geosphere: Contributions to the Study of the Solid Earth and Its Fluid Envelopes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5767.
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Acronym


ACC

Antarctic Circumpolar Current


CIGAR

Consortium for Investigation on Gravity Anomaly Recovery


ECMWF

European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts

EGM96

Earth Geopotential Model (1996)

ENSO

El Niño/Southern Oscillation

ERS-1

European Remote Sensing Satellite-1

ESA

European Space Agency


GCIP

GEWEX Continental-Scale International Project

GCM

General Circulation Model

Geosat

Geodesy Satellite

GEWEX

Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment

GLONASS

Global Navigation Satellite System

GPS

Global Positioning System

GPS/MET

GPS Meteorology Satellite


IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change


JGM

Joint Gravity Model


LAGEOS

Laser Geodynamics Satellite


NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NRC

National Research Council


PSD

Power Spectral Density


RMS

Root Mean Square


SAR

Synthetic Aperture Radar

SGG

Spaceborne Gravity Gradiometer

SGGE

Spaceborne Gravity Gradiometer Extended

SSI

Satellite to Satellite Interferometry

SST

Satellite to Satellite Tracking


TOPEX

Ocean Topography Experiment


WBC

Western Boundary Current

WOCE

World Ocean Circulation Experiment

Suggested Citation:"ACRONYMS." National Research Council. 1997. Satellite Gravity and the Geosphere: Contributions to the Study of the Solid Earth and Its Fluid Envelopes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5767.
×
This page in the original is blank.
Suggested Citation:"ACRONYMS." National Research Council. 1997. Satellite Gravity and the Geosphere: Contributions to the Study of the Solid Earth and Its Fluid Envelopes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5767.
×
Page 105
Suggested Citation:"ACRONYMS." National Research Council. 1997. Satellite Gravity and the Geosphere: Contributions to the Study of the Solid Earth and Its Fluid Envelopes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5767.
×
Page 106
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Satellite Gravity and the Geosphere: Contributions to the Study of the Solid Earth and Its Fluid Envelopes Get This Book
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For the past three decades, it has been possible to measure the earth's static gravity from satellites. Such measurements have been used to address many important scientific problems, including the earth's internal structure, and geologically slow processes like mantle convection. In principle, it is possible to resolve the time-varying component of the gravity field by improving the accuracy of satellite gravity measurements.

These temporal variations are caused by dynamic processes that change the mass distribution in the earth, oceans, and atmosphere. Acquisition of improved time-varying gravity data would open a new class of important scientific problems to analysis, including crustal motions associated with earthquakes and changes in groundwater levels, ice dynamics, sea-level changes, and atmospheric and oceanic circulation patterns.

This book evaluates the potential for using satellite technologies to measure the time-varying component of the gravity field and assess the utility of these data for addressing problems of interest to the earth sciences, natural hazards, and resource communities.

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