Acheson, J.M. 1975. The lobster fiefs: economic and ecological effects of territoriality in the Maine lobster industry. Human Ecology 3(3): 183–207.
Anderson, T., and D. Leal. 1996. The Salmon in Economics. Bozeman, Mont.: Political Economy Research Center.
Annala, J.H.1996. New Zealand's ITQ system: have the first eight years been a success or a failure? Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 6: 43–62.
Bacon, C. 1996. Time Trend Data for U.S. Coastal Resources. Unpublished paper available from the Marine Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.
Becker, C.D., and E. Ostrom. 1995. Human ecology and resource sustainability: the importance of institutional diversity. Annual Review of Ecological Systems 26: 113–133.
Bell, F.W. 1972. Technological externalities and common property resources: an empirical study of the U.S. northern lobster fishery. Journal of Political Economy 80(1): 148–158.
Bell, F.W. 1989. Application of Wetland Evaluation Theory to Florida Fisheries. Tallahassee, Fla.: The Florida Sea Grant College.
Bigelow, J. 1992. Developing managerial wisdom. Journal of Management Inquiry 1(2): 143–153.
Bingham, G. 1995. Issues in ecosystem valuation: improving information for decision making. Ecological Economics 14: 73–90.
Binswanger, H., M. Faber, and R. Manstetten. 1990. The dilemma of modern man and nature: an exploration of the Faustian imperative. Ecological Economics 2: 197–223.
Bockstael, N., R. Costanza, I. Strand, W. Boynton, K. Bell, and L. Wainger. 1995. Ecological economic modeling and valuation of ecosystems. Ecological Economics 14(2): 143–159.
Botkin, D.B. 1990. Discordant Harmonies. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bowman, A. and R. Kearney. 1986. The Resurgence of the States. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
Boynton, W.R., J.H. Garber, R. Summers, and W.M. Kemp. 1995. Inputs, transformations, and transport of nitrogen and phosphorus in Chesapeake Bay and selected tributaries. Estuaries 18: 285–314.
Butts, R. 1988. Management of the Marine and Ocean Resources of the Washington Coast: An Interim Report to the Washington State Legislature. Joint Select Committee on Marine and Ocean Resources. Olympia, Wash.: Washington State Legislature.
Capuzzo, J.M. 1995. Environmental Indicators of Toxic Chemical Contaminants in the Gulf of Maine. Pp. 187–204 in Improving Interactions Between Coastal Science and Policy: Proceedings of the Gulf of Maine Symposium. November 1–3, 1994. Kennebunkport, Maine. National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
Catena, J. 1992. Policy Options for Maine's Marine Waters: A Report of the Marine Policy Committee of the Land and Water Resources Council. Augusta, Me.: Maine Coastal Program, State Planning Office.
Center for Urban and Regional Studies. 1991. Evaluation of the National Coastal Zone Management Program. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press.
Checkland, P. 1982. Systems Thinking, Systems Practice. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Christie, D. 1989. Florida's Ocean Future: Toward a State Ocean Policy. Tallahasse, Fla.: Environmental Policy Unit Report for the Governor's Office of Planning and Budgeting.
Christensen, J.P., D.B. Smith, and L.M. Mayer. 1992. The nitrogen budget of the Gulf of Maine and climate change. Pp. 75–90 in Proceedings of the Gulf of Maine Scientific Workshop. Wiggin and Mooers (eds.) January 8–10, 1991, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Boston: Urban Harbors Institute, University of Massachusetts-Boston.
Cicin-Sain, B., M. Hershman, R. Hildreth, and J. Isaacs. 1990. Improving Ocean Management Capacity in the Pacific Coast Region: State and Regional Perspectives. Newport, Ore.: National Coastal Resources and Development Institute.
Cicin-Sain, B., and R. Knecht. 1985. The problem of governance of U.S. ocean resources and the new exclusive economic zone. Ocean Development and International Law 15: 289.
Clark, D.L. 1985. Emerging paradigms in organizational theory and research. Pp. 43–78 in Y.S. Lincoln (ed.), Organizational Theory and Inquiry. Newbury Park, Calif.: SAGE Publications.
Clemson, B. 1984. Cybernetics: A New Management Tool. Turnbridge Wells, Kent, UK: Abacus Press.
Costanza, R., R. d'Arge, R. deGroot, S. Farber, M. Grasso, B. Hannon, K. Limberg, S. Naeem, R. V. O'Neill, J. Paruelo, R.G. Raskin, P. Sutton , and M. van de Belt. 1997. The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature 387: 253–260.
Council on Environmental Quality. 1992. United States of America National Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Culliton, T.J., M.A. Warren, T.R. Goodspeed, D.G. Remer, C.M. Blackwell, and J. MacDonough. 1990. Fifty years of Population Change along the Nation's Coast. Coastal Trends Series. Washington, D.C.: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Davenport, T.H., R.G. Eccles, and L. Prusak. 1992. Information politics. Sloan Management Review 34(1): 53–65.
Eichbaum, W.E. 1984. Cleaning up the Chesapeake Bay. Environmental Law Reporter 14(6): 10237–10245.
Eichenberg, T., and J. Archer. 1987. The federal consistency doctrine: coastal zone management and the ''new federalism." Ecology Law Quarterly 14: 9.
Eisenberg, E.M. 1990. Jamming: transcendence through organizing. Communications Research 17(2): 139–164.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1988. Financing Marine and Estuarine Programs: A Guide to Resources. Report no. 503/8-88/001. Washington, D.C.: U.S. EPA.
EPA. 1995. The State of the Chesapeake Bay, 1995. Washington, D.C.: U.S. EPA.
Fitzgerald, R. 1987. Exxon v. Fischer: thresher sharks protect the coastal zone. British Columbia Environmental Affairs Law Review 14: 561.
Fogerty, J.J., M.P. Sissenwine, and E.B. Cohen. 1991. Recruitment variability and the dynamics of exploited marine populations. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 6: 241–246.
Freeman, A.M. III. 1995. The benefits of water quality improvements for marine recreation: a review of the empirical evidence. Marine Resource Economics 10(4): 385–406.
Good, J.W., and R.G. Hildreth. 1987. Oregon Territorial Sea Management Study. Salem, Ore.: Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development.
Hackman, J.R., ed. 1990. Groups That Work (and Those That Don't). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Hardin, G. 1968. The tragedy of the commons. Science 162: 1243–1248.
Hawaii Ocean and Marine Resources Council. 1988. Hawaii Ocean Resources Management Plan. Honolulu: State of Hawaii.
Hedgpeth, J.W. 1993. Foreign invaders. Science 261: 34–35.
Hershman, M., D. Fluharty, and S. Powell. 1988. State and Local Influence Over Offshore Oil Decisions. Seattle: Washington Sea Grant Program, University of Washington.
Heydebrand, W.V. 1989. New organizational forms. Work and Occupations 16(3): 323–357.
Hildreth, R. 1995. Ocean Planning by U.S. Coastal States: Legal Implications for Ocean Resource Use and Preservation. Seattle: University of Washington School of Law, Washington Law School Foundation, Continuing Legal Education.
Hoagland, P., H.L. Kite-Powell, and M.E. Schumacher. 1996. Marine Area Governance and Management in the Gulf of Maine: A Case Study. Unpublished paper available from the Marine Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.
Huppert, D.D. 1988. The Role of Economic Analysis in Marine Fishery Regulation. Pp. 88 in Marine Fishery Allocations and Economic Analysis: Proceedings of a Regional Workshop, J.W. Milon (ed). May 1988. Gainesville, Fla.: University of Florida Press.
Hutchins, E. 1990. The technology of team navigation. Pp. 191–220 in Intellectual Teamwork. J. Galegher, R.E. Kraut, and C. Egido (eds.). Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.
Imperial, M.T., and T.M. Hennessey. 1996. An ecosystem-based approach to managing estuaries: an assessment of the National Estuary Program. Coastal Management 24(2): 115–139.
Isenberg, D.J. 1985. Some hows and whats of managerial thinking. Pp. 168–181 in J.G. Hunt and J.D. Blair, (eds.). Leadership on the Future Battlefield. Washington, D.C.: Pergamon-Brassey.
Janowitz, M. 1959. Changing patterns of organizational authority: the military establishment. Administrative Science Quarterly 3: 473–493.
John, D. 1994. Civic Environmentalism: Alternatives to Regulation in States and Communities. Aspen Institute and National Academy of Public Administration, Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press.
John, D. 1996. Protecting a Profitable Paradise: The National Ocean Service Leads Multi-Agency Planning in the Florida Keys. Unpublished paper available from the Marine Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.
Kalberg, S. 1980. Max Weber's types of rationality: cornerstones for the analysis of rationalization processes in history. American Journal of Sociology 85: 1145–1179.
Kaoru, Y., V.K. Smith, and J.L. Liu. 1995. Using random utility models to estimate the recreational value of estuarine resources. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 77(1): 141–151.
Kearney, A.T., Inc. 1994. A Framework for Identifying Financing Approaches for Implementing Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plans Developed Under the National Estuary Program. Unpublished report. U.S. Environment Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.
Kelleher, G., C. Bleakley, and S. Wells. 1995. A Global Representative System of Marine Protected Areas, Vol. 1. The Great Barrier Reef Park Authority. London, U.K.: The World Bank and the World Conservation Union.
Kelly, E. 1988. Zoning. Pp. 251–286 in The Practice of Local Government Planning (2nd ed.). Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association.
King, J., and B. Olson. 1988. Coastal state capacity for marine resource management. Coastal Management 16: 305.
Kitsos, T. 1994. Troubled Waters: A Half Dozen Reasons Why the Federal Offshore Oil and Gas Program is Failing—A Political Analysis . Prepared for the 3rd Annual Symposium of the Ocean Governance Study Group. Lewes, Delaware.
Lester, R. 1994. Rediscovering the Public Interest in the Outer Continental Shelf Lands. Prepared for the 3rd Annual Symposium of the Ocean Governance Study Group. Lewes, Delaware.
Lynn, G.D., P. Conroy, and F.S. Prochaska. 1981. Economic valuation of marsh areas for marine production processes. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 8(2): 175–186.
March, J.G., and H.A. Simon. 1958. Organizations. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Marine Board. 1993. Marine Board Forum: The Future of the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone. Marine Board, National Academy of Sciences. Unpublished proceedings. April 10, 1993.
Martin, D.M., T. Morton, T. Dobrzynski, and B. Valentine. 1996. Estuaries on the edge: the vital link between land and sea. Washington, D.C.: American Oceans Campaign.
McLaughlin, R., and L. Howorth. 1991. Mississippi Ocean Policy Study. University, Miss.: Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Legal Program, University of Mississippi Law Center.
Miles, R.E., and C.S. Snow. 1992. Causes of failure in network organizations. California Management Review 34(4): 53–72.
Mintzberg, H. 1983. Structure in Fives: Designing Effective Organizations. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
Mitchell, F. 1991. Preservation of state and federal authority under OPA. Environmental Law 21: 237.
Murawski, S.A. 1996. St. Peter's thumbprint: An industrial-ecological history of the New England groundfish fishery in the 20th century. Woods Hole, Mass.: Woods Hole Laboratory, New England Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 1996. Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary: Strategy for Stewardship. Final Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement, Vol I–III. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce.
NOAA. 1997. NOAA Fisheries Strategic Plan. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce.
National Performance Review. 1993. From Red Tape to Results: Creating a Government that Works Better and Costs Less. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
National Research Council (NRC). 1989. Our Seabed Frontier. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1990a. Interim Report of the Committee on Exclusive Economic Zone Information Needs: Coastal States and Territories. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1990b. Managing Troubled Waters: The Role of Marine Environmental Monitoring. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1991. Interim Report of the Committee on Exclusive Economic Zone Information Needs: Seabed Information Needs of Offshore Industries. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1992. Working Together in the EEZ: Final Report of the Committee on Exclusive Economic Zone Information Needs. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1994a. Improving the Management of U.S. Marine Fisheries. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1994b. Priorities for Coastal Ecosystem Science. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1994c. Restoring and Protecting Marine Habitat: The Role of Engineering and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1995a. Beach Nourishment and Protection. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1995b. Improving Interactions Between Coastal Science and Policy: Proceedings of the Gulf of Maine Symposium. Kennebunkport, Maine. November 1–3, 1994. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1995c. Science, Policy, and the Coast. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1995d. Understanding Marine Biodiversity. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
NRC. 1995e. Wetlands: Characteristics and Boundaries. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). 1996Testing the Waters: Who Knows What You're getting into. New York: NRDC publications.
NRDC, 1997. Hook, Line, and Sinking: The Crisis in Marine Fisheries. New York: NRDC Publications.
Norse, E.A. 1993. Global Marine Biological Diversity: A Strategy for Building Conservation into Decision Making. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
North Carolina Marine Science Council. 1984. North Carolina and the Sea: An Ocean Policy Analysis. Raleigh, N.C.: Office of Marine Affairs, North Carolina Department of Administration.
Office of Management and Budget. 1994. Catalog Domestic Assistance. Library of Congress No. 73-600118. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office.
Osborne, R. 1988. Laboratories of Democracy. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Outer Continental Shelf Policy Committee. 1993. Moving beyond Conflict to Consensus. Report of the OCS Policy Committee's Subcommittee on OCS Legislation. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior.
President's Council on Sustainable Development. 1996. Sustainable America: A New Consensus for Prosperity, Opportunity, and a Healthy Environment for the Future. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Roberts, K.H., ed. 1993. New Challenges to Understanding Organizations. New York: Macmillan.
Roberts, K.H., S.K. Stout, and J.J. Halpern. 1994. Decision dynamics in two high reliability military organizations. Management Science 40(5): 614–624.
Rochlin, G.I. 1989. Informal organizational networking as a crisis avoidance strategy: U.S. naval flight operations as a case study. Industrial Crisis Quarterly 3: 159–176.
Sahl, J.D., and B.B. Bernstein. 1995. Developing policy in an uncertain world. International Journal of Sustainable Development World Ecology 2: 124–135.
Simon, H.A. 1957. Administrative Behavior (2nd ed.). New York: Macmillan.
Smith, V.K., and Y. Kaoru. 1990. Signals or noise? explaining the variation in recreation benefit estimates. American Agricultural Economics Association 72(2): 419–433.
Stroud, R.H. 1994. Conserving America's Fisheries. Proceedings of a National Symposium of the Magnuson Act, New Orleans, March 8–10, 1993. Savannah, Ga: National Coalition for Marine Conservation.
United Nations Commission on Environment and Development (Brundtland Commission). 1987. Our Common Future. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.
U. S. Department of Natural Resources. 1995. Restoring the Chesapeake Bay: Chesapeake Bay Progress Report. Annapolis, Md.: State of Maryland.
Walsh, R.G., D.M. Johnson, and J.R. McKean. 1992. Benefit transfer of outdoor recreation demand studies, 1968–1988. Water Resources Research 28(3): 707–713.
Waterman, M. 1995. Marine protected areas in the Gulf of Maine. Natural Areas Journal 15: 43–49.
Weber, M. 1947. The Theory of Social and Economic Organization. London: Oxford University Press.
Weber, M.L. 1995. Healthy Coasts, Healthy Economy: A National Overview of America's Coasts. Washington, D.C.: Coast Alliance.
Weber, M.L., and J.A. Gradwohl. 1995. The Wealth of Oceans. New York: W.W. Norton.
Weick, K.E. Sources of order in underorganized systems: Themes in recent organization theory. Pp. 103–136 in Y.S. Lincoln (ed.) Organizational Theory and Inquiry. Newbury Park, Calif.: SAGE Publications.
Weick, K.E., and K.H. Roberts. 1993. Collective mind in organizations: heedful interrelating on flight decks. Administrative Science Quarterly 38: 357–381.
Wilson, J.A., J.M. Acheson, M. Metcalfe, and P. Kleban. 1994. Chaos, complexity and community management of fisheries. Marine Policy 18(4): 291–305.
Zey, M. 1992. Criticisms of rational choice models. Pp. 9–31 in Decision Making: Alternatives to Rational Choice Models. M. Zey (ed). Newbury Park, Calif.: SAGE Publications.