Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
William M. Eichbaum, chair, an environmental lawyer, is vice president of the World Wildlife Fund. He has been the undersecretary, Executive Office of Environmental Affairs, for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and was assistant secretary for environmental programs for the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Mr. Eichbaum also served as general counsel and deputy secretary for the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources and associate solicitor for surface mining for the U.S. Department of the Interior. Mr. Eichbaum received a B.A. from Dartmouth College and an L.L.B. from Harvard Law School and has published numerous articles on environmental law. He served on the Marine Board, the Marine Board Committee on Marine Environmental Monitoring, on the Water Science and Technology Board Committee on Coastal Waste Water Management, the Polar Research Board Antarctic Environmental Committee, and is currently serving on the Water Science and Technology Board.
Edward P. (Ted) Ames has engaged for more than 15 years in commercial fishing of a variety of species off the coast of Maine, including groundfish, pelagic fish, lobster, scallops, and sea urchins. He has also been president and laboratory director of Alden/Ames Laboratory, a high school and university science teacher, and marine resources director at the Island Institute. Mr. Ames serves on many committees and commissions, including the Maine Groundfish Hatchery Commission and the New England Fishery Management Council, and is executive director and president of the Maine Gilnetters Association. Mr. Ames has provided testimony and position papers related to state and federal fisheries legislation and
is a frequent speaker at fisheries workshops and conferences. He has B.S. and M.S. degrees in biochemistry from the University of Maine at Orono.
Robert L. Bendick, Jr., is currently director of the Florida chapter of the Nature Conservancy. Prior to that, he was project manager at the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, where he served as deputy commissioner for natural resources from 1990 to 1995. He was responsible for administration of the New York natural resource programs, including programs within the divisions of Fish and Wildlife, Lands and Forests, and Marine Resources. Mr. Bendick designed and implemented New York State's first open space conservation plan and supervised preparation of the first use and information plan for the Adirondack Forest Preserve. He served as chair of the Northern Forest Lands Council and prepared the comprehensive conservation and management plan for the Long Island Sound. Mr. Bendick previously served as director of the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management, a cabinet level position responsible for all responsible for all resource management and environmental protection activities in the state. Mr. Bendick has a bachelor's degree in history from Williams College and a master's degree in Urban Planning from New York University Graduate School of Public Administration.
Brock B. Bernstein is a partner of EcoAnalysis, Inc., a consulting firm specializing in database system design, data management, and data analysis of environmental, fisheries, and marine biological research. He has more than 20 years of experience in marine research and environmental studies. He holds a Ph.D. in biological oceanography from Scripps Institution of Oceanography. A special research interest of Dr. Bernstein is the application of statistical and experimental design principles to environmental projects carried out under real-world constraints.
Leo R. Brien (deceased) served as maritime director for the Port of Oakland from October 1993 to June 1997. Mr. Brien joined the Port of Oakland after five years as president of the Pacific Merchant Shipping Association, a legislative and regulatory advocacy group for West Coast shipping lines. While there, he sponsored legislative initiatives on behalf of the industry. He was a founder of the Bay Dredging Action Coalition, an alliance of labor, management, and other interest groups formed to shape public policy in support of dredging. From 1973 to 1988, Mr. Brien held positions of increasing responsibility with Sea-Land Service, Inc., the largest U.S.-flag container line. He was on the Governor's Technical Advisory Committee and was president of the board of the Oakland Apostleship of the Seafarers' mission. Mr. Brien was a graduate of Boston College.
Charles G. (Chip) Groat is the executive director of the Center for Coastal, Energy, and Environmental Resources (CCEER) at Louisiana State University. CCEER encompasses 12 research institutions and organizations, including three
graduate programs is oceanography and coastal science, environmental studies, and nuclear science. Dr. Groat previously was director and state geologist of the Louisiana Geological Survey and later served as assistant to the secretary for the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources, where he administered the state Coastal Zone Management Program and the Coastal Protection Program. He has taught university courses on geomorphology, energy and mineral resources, and the environmental aspects of resource development and has published numerous papers dealing with energy and mineral resources, water resources and quality, coastal geology, and resources and environmental policy. Dr. Groat received his Ph.D. in geology from the University of Texas at Austin.
Marc J. Hershman is professor of marine studies, adjunct professor of law, and director of the School of Marine Affairs at the University of Washington. He is the author and editor of books on coastal zone management, urban ports, and maritime history, as well as numerous publications dealing with law and policy affecting coastal and marine resources. He has been editor of the journal, Coastal Management, for 15 years and is a past president of the Coastal Society. Prior to coming to the University of Washington in 1976, Dr. Hershman was associate professor of law and marine studies and coordinator of the Sea Grant Law and Socioeconomics Program at the Louisiana State University. He has law degrees from Temple University Law School.
Michael F. Hirshfield is acting vice president for resource protection programs at the Chesapeake Bay Foundation. He was previously director of the Ecosystem Protection Program at the Center for Marine Conservation (CMC), where he was responsible for developing and overseeing CMC's efforts to ensure integrated management of marine ecosystems, including marine protected areas. Dr. Hirshfield previously was the senior science advisor with the Chesapeake Bay Foundation, where he provided expert scientific and policy advice on the development and implementation of projects related to coastal management, nonpoint source pollution, nutrient and toxics pollution, fisheries management, and estuarine ecology. Before joining the Chesapeake Bay Foundation, he was with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources serving as the director of the Chesapeake Bay Research and Monitoring Division. Dr. Hirshfield received a B.A. in biology from Princeton University and a Ph.D. in zoology from the University of Michigan. From 1981 to 1983, he was director of the Benedict Estuarine Research Laboratory under the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.
Eldon Hout is the manager of the State of Oregon Coastal-Ocean Program in the Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development, where he manages the state's Coastal Zone Management Program. Prior to this, he was the deputy director of the department. Mr. Hout was appointed Oregon's first ocean program manager in 1987 and worked with Ocean Resources Management Task Force
comprised of state agency directors, ocean users, local government officials, and citizen representatives to develop and secure adoption of the nation's first comprehensive plan for the management of ocean resources. Mr. Hout is the state delegate to the Department of Interior Outer Continental Shelf Policy Advisory Committee and the Coastal States Organization (CSO), where he is vice chairman and a member of the CSO Executive Committee. Mr. Hout is a graduate of Stanford University and the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. He taught political science at Pacific University from 1964 to 1974.
Robert L. Howard recently retired from Shell Oil Company after 36 years of service. At Shell he was vice president of domestic operations, exploration, and production and president of Shell Offshore, Inc., an exploration and production subsidiary. He also served as president of Shell Western Exploration and Production, a land-based oil and gas company. Mr. Howard has served on advisory committees to a number of federal agencies. He has a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Rice Institute.
Robert W. Knecht is co-director of the Center for the Study of Marine Policy and a professor at the University of Delaware. He was formerly affiliated with the University of California at Santa Barbara. Prior to his academic career, Mr. Knecht was director of the Office of Ocean Minerals and Energy and assistant administrator for coastal zone management of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. He served on the Marine Board Committee on Future Uses of the Seabed and has published extensively on ocean policy, coastal zone management, and other topics. He holds a B.S. in physics from Union College and an M.A. in marine affairs from the University of Rhode Island.
Robert C. Repetto is vice president and senior economist at the World Resources Institute (WRI), a nonprofit private organization whose mission is to help governments, international organizations, and private businesses address the question of how societies can meet basic human needs and nurture economic growth without undermining the natural resources and environmental integrity of the biosphere. Prior to joining WRI in 1983, Dr. Repetto was an associate professor of economics and population at the Harvard School of Public Health, where he served since 1974. He is a member of the Science Advisory Board for the Environmental Protection Agency and has served on panels for the National Research Council Transportation Research Board. Dr. Repetto received a B.A. and Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University and an M.Sc. in mathematical economics and econometrics from the London School of Economics. Dr. Repetto's research is in the area of environmental and resource economics.
Alison Rieser is a professor of law at the University of Maine School of Law and director of the Marine Law Institute, where she oversees legal and public policy
research on ocean pollution, coastal land use, fisheries, and international maritime relations. She is a consultant to state and federal agencies and editor of the Territorial Sea Journal. Her previous government service includes work with the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. She spent two years at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution as a research fellow in marine policy and ocean management. Ms. Rieser has a bachelor's degree from Cornell University and law degrees from George Washington University and Yale Law School.
Katharine F. Wellman is a natural resource economist at the Battelle Memorial Institute in Seattle, Washington, where she specializes in environmental economics as applied to marine resource management and public policy. She has served as a consultant to both federal and state agencies on many issues, including the designation of national marine sanctuaries, wetlands restoration policy, benefits and costs of water quality actions, and salmon restoration and management. Dr. Wellman spent three years at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution's Marine Policy Center and two years with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Washington, D.C., working on fisheries management, ocean pollution, and marine resource valuation. She has published articles in a number of professional journals and is a lecturer of economics at the University of Washington School of Marine Affairs and Western Washington University. Dr. Wellman has a B.A. and Ph.D. in economics and an M.A. in marine affairs.
George M. Woodwell, is the founder and director of the Woods Hole Research Center, which was organized in 1985. Dr. Woodwell's scientific research focuses on the structure, function, and development of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, especially the biotic contributions to the global carbon cycle and effects on climatic change. He is also interested in the application of ecological principles to public affairs and has a strong commitment to the conservation of the marine environment. Dr. Woodwell has a Ph.D. in botany from Duke University. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and has served on many National Research Council committees.