National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: Appendix M
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Glossary." National Research Council. 1998. Double-Hull Tanker Legislation: An Assessment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5798.
×

Acronyms and Glossary

Acronyms

13F

Regulation 13F of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78

13G

Regulation 13G of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78


ABS

American Bureau of Shipping

ADR

Alaska Department of Revenue

AIMS

American Institute of Merchant Shipping

ANS

Alaskan North Slope

APCIS

Asia-Pacific Computerized Information System

ARPA

Advanced Research Projects Agency

ASME

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials

AWES

Association of West European Shipbuilders


BP

British Petroleum


CAAM

Centre administratif des affaires maritime

CAP

condition assessment program

CDS

construction differential subsidies

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

CGT

compensated gross ton

CIALA

Centro de informacion del acuerdo latinamerico


DB

double bottom

DNV

Det Norske Veritas

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Glossary." National Research Council. 1998. Double-Hull Tanker Legislation: An Assessment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5798.
×

DOT

U.S. Department of Transportation

DS

double sides

DWT

deadweight ton


EIA

Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy


FSU

former Soviet Union


GRT

gross registered tonnage

GT

gross tons


H&M

hull and machinery

HBL

hydrostatically balanced loading

HTS

high tensile steel


IACS

International Association of Classification Societies

ICLL

International Convention on Load Lines

IMO

International Maritime Organization

INTERTANKO

International Association of Independent Tanker Owners

ISGOTT

International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals

ISM

International Safety Management (code)

ISO

International Standards Organization

ISOPE

International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers

ITB

integrated tank barge


JAMRI

Japanese Maritime Research Institute


LOOP

Louisiana Offshore Oil Port (a deepwater offshore port)

LTBP

London Tanker Brokers' Panel


M&R

maintenance and repairs

MARAD

U.S. Maritime Administration

MARIENV '95

International Conference on Technologies for Marine Environment Preservation, Tokyo, Japan, September 24-29, 1995

MARPOL

73/78 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, adopted in 1973 and amended in 1978

MBD

million barrels per day

MEPC

Marine Environmental Protection Committee of the International Maritime Organization

MEPC30

30th session of the Marine Environmental Protection Committee

MIT

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MMS

Minerals Management Service, U.S. Department of the Interior

MOU

memorandum of understanding

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Glossary." National Research Council. 1998. Double-Hull Tanker Legislation: An Assessment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5798.
×

MPA

Marine Preservation Association

MSI

Marine Strategies International


NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NAVSEA

Naval Sea Systems Command

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NRC

National Research Council


OBO

oil-bulk-ore (vessel)

OCIMF

Oil Companies International Marine Forum

ODS

operating differential subsidies

OPA 90

Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-380)

OSG

Overseas Shipholding Group, Inc.


P&I

protection and indemnity

PIRA

PIRA Energy Group

PL

protectively located


RFR

required freight rate


SBT

segregated ballast tank designed for ballast only

SIRE

Ship Inspection REport

SNAME

Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers

SNPRM

supplemental notice of proposed rule making

SOLAS

International Convention on Safety of Life at Sea

STCW

Convention for Standards for Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping


TAPS

Trans-Alaska Pipeline System

TSCF

Tanker Structure Cooperative Forum


ULCC

ultralarge crude carrier

USACE

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

USCG

U.S. Coast Guard


VLCC

very large crude carrier


WS

Worldscale

Glossary


Compensated gross ton.

Term defining the capability of a shipyard that reflects the complexity of construction of a vessel.

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Glossary." National Research Council. 1998. Double-Hull Tanker Legislation: An Assessment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5798.
×

Deadweight tonnage.

Measure of the weight of cargo (plus water, fuel, and stores) that a vessel can carry.


Gross tonnage.

Measure of a vessel's volume determined according to international convention.


Hydrostatically balanced loading.

Means whereby the level of cargo (e.g., crude oil) is limited to ensure that the hydrostatic pressure at the tank (and ship) bottom is lower than the external sea pressure. Thus, if the tank is breached, seawater will flow in rather than oil flowing out.


International Maritime Organization.

United Nations agency responsible for maritime safety and environmental protection of the seas.


Lightering.

Process of transferring cargo at sea from one vessel to another.


Oil-bulk-ore vessel.

Vessel designed for alternate carriage of oil, bulk cargoes, or ore.


Required freight rate.

The rate required to cover tanker operating expenses and realize a desired return on capital.


Segregated ballast tank.

Tank designed for ballast only.


Ultralarge crude carrier.

Vessel of more than 400,000 DWT.


Very large crude carrier.

Vessel of between about 150,000 and 300,000 DWT.

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Glossary." National Research Council. 1998. Double-Hull Tanker Legislation: An Assessment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5798.
×
Page 263
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Glossary." National Research Council. 1998. Double-Hull Tanker Legislation: An Assessment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5798.
×
Page 264
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Glossary." National Research Council. 1998. Double-Hull Tanker Legislation: An Assessment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5798.
×
Page 265
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Glossary." National Research Council. 1998. Double-Hull Tanker Legislation: An Assessment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5798.
×
Page 266
Double-Hull Tanker Legislation: An Assessment of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $64.00 Buy Ebook | $49.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

The passage of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA 90) by Congress and subsequent modifications of international maritime regulations resulted in a far-reaching change in the design of tank vessels. Double-hull rather than single-hull tankers are now the industry standard, and nearly all ships in the world maritime oil transportation fleet are expected to have double hulls by about 2020.

This book assesses the impact of the double hull and related provisions of OPA 90 on ship safety, protection of the marine environment, and the economic viability and operational makeup of the maritime oil transportation industry. The influence of international conventions on tank vessel design and operation is addressed. Owners and operators of domestic and international tank vessel fleets, shipyard operators, marine architects, classification societies, environmentalists, and state and federal regulators will find this book useful.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!