Acronyms and Glossary
Regulation 13F of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78
Regulation 13G of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78
American Bureau of Shipping
Alaska Department of Revenue
American Institute of Merchant Shipping
Alaskan North Slope
Asia-Pacific Computerized Information System
Advanced Research Projects Agency
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
American Society for Testing and Materials
Association of West European Shipbuilders
Centre administratif des affaires maritime
condition assessment program
construction differential subsidies
Code of Federal Regulations
compensated gross ton
Centro de informacion del acuerdo latinamerico
Det Norske Veritas
U.S. Department of Transportation
Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy
former Soviet Union
gross registered tonnage
hull and machinery
hydrostatically balanced loading
high tensile steel
International Association of Classification Societies
International Convention on Load Lines
International Maritime Organization
International Association of Independent Tanker Owners
International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals
International Safety Management (code)
International Standards Organization
International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers
integrated tank barge
Japanese Maritime Research Institute
Louisiana Offshore Oil Port (a deepwater offshore port)
London Tanker Brokers' Panel
maintenance and repairs
U.S. Maritime Administration
International Conference on Technologies for Marine Environment Preservation, Tokyo, Japan, September 24-29, 1995
73/78 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, adopted in 1973 and amended in 1978
million barrels per day
Marine Environmental Protection Committee of the International Maritime Organization
30th session of the Marine Environmental Protection Committee
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Minerals Management Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
memorandum of understanding
Marine Preservation Association
Marine Strategies International
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Naval Sea Systems Command
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Research Council
Oil Companies International Marine Forum
operating differential subsidies
Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-380)
Overseas Shipholding Group, Inc.
protection and indemnity
PIRA Energy Group
required freight rate
segregated ballast tank designed for ballast only
Ship Inspection REport
Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers
supplemental notice of proposed rule making
International Convention on Safety of Life at Sea
Convention for Standards for Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping
Trans-Alaska Pipeline System
Tanker Structure Cooperative Forum
ultralarge crude carrier
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
U.S. Coast Guard
very large crude carrier
Compensated gross ton.
Term defining the capability of a shipyard that reflects the complexity of construction of a vessel.
Measure of the weight of cargo (plus water, fuel, and stores) that a vessel can carry.
Measure of a vessel's volume determined according to international convention.
Hydrostatically balanced loading.
Means whereby the level of cargo (e.g., crude oil) is limited to ensure that the hydrostatic pressure at the tank (and ship) bottom is lower than the external sea pressure. Thus, if the tank is breached, seawater will flow in rather than oil flowing out.
International Maritime Organization.
United Nations agency responsible for maritime safety and environmental protection of the seas.
Process of transferring cargo at sea from one vessel to another.
Vessel designed for alternate carriage of oil, bulk cargoes, or ore.
Required freight rate.
The rate required to cover tanker operating expenses and realize a desired return on capital.
Segregated ballast tank.
Tank designed for ballast only.
Ultralarge crude carrier.
Vessel of more than 400,000 DWT.
Very large crude carrier.
Vessel of between about 150,000 and 300,000 DWT.