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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5985.
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The Immigration Debate

Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration

James P. Smith and Barry Edmonston, Editors

Panel on the Demographic and Economic Impacts of Immigration

Committee on Population

and

Committee on National Statistics

Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.
1998

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5985.
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NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20418

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This study was supported by Order No. 95-55 between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

The immigration debate : studies on the economic, demographic, and fiscal effects of immigration / James P. Smith and Barry Edmonston, editors.

p. cm.

Includes bibliographical references.

ISBN 0-309-05998-4 (pbk.)

1. United States—Emigration and immigration—Economic aspects. 2. United States—Emigration and immigration—Case studies I. Smith, James P. (James Patrick), 1943- II. Edmonston, Barry.

JV6471 .I445 1998

330.973—ddc21

97-45468

Additional copies of this report are available from:

National Academy Press
2101 Constitution Avenue NW Washington, DC 20418 Call 800-624-6242 or 202-334-3313 (in the Washington Metropolitan Area). This report is also available online at http://www.nap.edu

Printed in the United States of America

Copyright 1998 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5985.
×

PANEL ON DEMOGRAPHIC AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS ON IMMIGRATION

JAMES P. SMITH (Chair),

RAND, Santa Monica, California

ALAN J. AUERBACH,

Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley

GEORGE J. BORJAS,

John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

THOMAS ESPENSHADE,

Office of Population Research, Princeton University

RICHARD FREEMAN,

Department of Economics, Harvard University, and Labor Studies, National Bureau of Economic Research

JOHN F. GEWEKE,

Department of Economics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

CHARLES HIRSCHMAN,

Department of Sociology, University of Washington

ROBERT INMAN,

Department of Finance, Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania

GUILLERMINA JASSO,

Department of Sociology, New York University

RONALD D. LEE,

Departments of Demography and Economics, University of California, Berkeley

MARY WATERS,

Department of Sociology, Harvard University

FINIS R. WELCH,

Department of Economics, Texas A&M University

BARRY EDMONSTON, Study Director

KRISTIN McCUE, Research Associate

JOEL ROSENQUIST, Senior Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5985.
×

COMMITTEE ON POPULATION 1997

RONALD D. LEE (Chair),

Departments of Demography and Economics, University of California, Berkeley

CAROLINE H. BLEDSOE,

Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University

JOHN BONGAARTS,

The Population Council, New York

JOHN B. CASTERLINE,

The Population Council, New York

LINDA G. MARTIN,

RAND, Santa Monica, California

JANE MENKEN,

Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder

ROBERT A. MOFFITT,

Department of Economics, Johns Hopkins University

MARK R. MONTGOMERY,

The Population Council, New York

W. HENRY MOSLEY,

Department of Population Dynamics, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health

ALBERTO PALLONI,

Department of Sociology, University of Wisconsin, Madison

JAMES P. SMITH,

RAND, Santa Monica, California

BETH J. SOLDO,

Department of Demography, Georgetown University

BARNEY COHEN, Director

JOHN HAAGA, Director (through November 1997)

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5985.
×

COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL STATISTICS 1997

NORMAN M. BRADBURN (Chair),

National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago

JULIE DAVANZO,

RAND, Santa Monica, California

WILLIAM F. EDDY,

Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University

JOHN F. GEWEKE,

Department of Economics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

JOEL B. GREENHOUSE,

Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University

ERIC A. HANUSHEK,

W. Allen Wallis Institute of Political Economy and Department of Economics, University of Rochester

RODERICK J.A. LITTLE,

Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

CHARLES F. MANSKI,

Department of Economics, University of Wisconsin, Madison

WILLIAM D. NORDHAUS,

Department of Economics, Yale University

JANET L. NORWOOD,

The Urban Institute, Washington, D.C.

EDWARD B. PERRIN,

School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington

PAUL R. ROSENBAUM,

Department of Statistics, Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania

KEITH F. RUST,

Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland

FRANCISCO J. SAMANIEGO,

Division of Statistics, University of California, Davis

MIRON L. STRAF, Director

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5985.
×
This page in the original is blank.
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5985.
×

CONTRIBUTORS

JAY BHATTACHARYA,

Department of Economics, Stanford University

SUSAN B. CARTER,

Department of Economics, University of California, Riverside

MICHAEL S. CLUNE,

Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley

THOMAS J. ESPENSHADE,

Department of Sociology and Office of Population Research, Princeton University

WILLIAM H. FREY,

Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

EDWARD FUNKHOUSER,

Department of Economics, University of California, Santa Barbara

DEBORAH L. GARVEY,

Department of Economics, Princeton University

JOHN HAGAN,

Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, Canada

RONALD D. LEE,

Departments of Demography and Economics, University of California, Berkeley

KAO-LEE LIAW,

Department of Geography, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada

THOMAS MaCURDY,

Department of Economics and Senior Fellow, The Hoover Institution

TIMOTHY W. MILLER,

Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley

THOMAS NECHYBA,

Department of Economics, Stanford University

ALBERTO PALLONI,

Department of Sociology, University of Wisconsin, Madison

JAMES P. SMITH,

RAND, Santa Monica, California

RICHARD SUTCH,

Departments of Economics and History and Institute of Business and Economic Research, University of California, Berkeley

DANIEL TREFLER,

Institute for Policy Analysis, University of Toronto, and Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago

STEPHEN J. TREJO,

Department of Economics, University of California, Santa Barbara

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5985.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5985.
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Acknowledgments

In 1990, Congress appointed a bipartisan Commission on Immigration Reform to review the nation's immigration policies and laws. In turn, the commission asked the National Research Council to convene a panel of experts to assess the demographic, economic, and fiscal consequences of immigration. The panel was not asked to answer all the current questions about immigration or to recommend policy. Rather, the goal was to improve the scientific foundation for public discussion and policy making around a few key issues. In 1997, the panel released its report, entitled The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration , which contains its main findings and conclusions. This companion volume contains the detailed background papers that the panel commissioned along the way.

This book is the product of a great deal of hard work by a set of dedicated authors, to whom I am very grateful. In addition, I thank the U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform for its financial support and commission staff members Susan Forbes Martin, Lindsay Lowell, and David Howell for their efforts during the development of the project. At the National Research Council, Barbara Boyle Torrey, executive director of the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, was an important source of help and encouragement. The work took place under the general direction of John Haaga and Miron Straf. Barry Edmonston provided a constant intellectual and managerial presence, aided by several other current and former staff members including Kristin McCue, Karen Foote, and Barney Cohen. Elaine McGarraugh skillfully edited the manuscript. LaTanya Johnson prepared the papers for publication. I thank them all.

James P. Smith, Chair

Panel on the Demographic and Economic Impacts of Immigration

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5985.
×

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5985.
×
Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5985.
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THE IMMIGRATION DEBATE

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5985.
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The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration Get This Book
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The New Americans (NRC 1997) presents an analysis of the economic gains and losses from immigration--for the nation, states, and local areas--providing a scientific foundation for public discussion and policymaking. This companion book of systematic research presents nine original and synthesis papers with detailed data and analysis that support and extend the work in the first book and point the way for future work. The Immigration Debate includes case studies of the fiscal effects of immigration in New Jersey and California, studies of the impact of immigration on population redistribution and on crime in the United States, and much more.

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