National Academies Press: OpenBook

Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline (1998)

Chapter: G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995

« Previous: F Dietary Intake Data from the Boston Nutritional Status Survey, 1981–1984
Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

G
Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995

TABLE G-1 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Thiamin (mg), CSFII, 1994–1995

 

 

 

Percentile

Gender/Age Categorya

N

Mean

1st

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0–6 mo

69

0.69

0.11

0.22

0.29

0.45

0.63

0.87

1.15

1.35

1.70

SE

0.05

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.06

0.06

0.06

0.08

0.09

0.12

7–11 mo

45

0.90

0.38

0.53

0.61

0.75

0.9

1.05

1.19

1.27

1.42

SE

0.05

0.06

0.06

0.06

0.06

0.06

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

1–3 y

702

1.14

0.53

0.68

0.76

0.91

1.1

1.32

1.55

1.71

2.04

SE

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

4–8 y

666

1.44

0.75

0.92

1.01

1.19

1.4

1.65

1.91

2.09

2.49

SE

0.03

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.06

0.09

M 9–13 y

180

1.933

0.82

1.06

1.21

1.49

1.86

2.30

2.74

3.04

3.66

SE

0.07

0.08

0.08

0.08

0.07

0.07

0.08

0.11

0.13

0.19

M 14–18 y

191

2.17

0.89

1.16

1.33

1.65

2.08

2.60

3.14

3.50

4.28

SE

0.09

0.06

0.09

0.10

0.09

0.09

0.15

0.17

0.20

0.59

M 19–30 y

328

2.03

0.92

1.16

1.3

1.58

1.95

2.39

2.84

3.14

3.78

SE

0.06

0.04

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.07

0.09

0.10

0.15

M 31–50 y

627

2.02

0.87

1.12

1.28

1.55

1.92

2.37

2.88

3.25

4.12

SE

0.06

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.08

0.13

0.17

0.30

M 51–70 y

490

1.74

0.75

0.96

1.09

1.34

1.67

2.06

2.48

2.76

3.35

SE

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.04

0.06

0.08

0.09

0.14

M 71+ y

237

1.70

0.77

0.97

1.10

1.33

1.64

2.00

2.37

2.62

3.14

SE

0.07

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.09

0.12

0.15

0.22

Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

 

Percentile

Gender/Age Categorya

N

Mean

1st

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

F 9–13 y

200

1.55

0.78

0.97

1.08

1.28

1.52

1.79

2.05

2.21

2.54

SE

 

0.06

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.06

0.07

0.08

0.10

F 14–18 y

169

1.43

0.55

0.75

0.87

1.09

1.37

1.70

2.07

2.33

2.93

SE

 

0.07

0.06

0.06

0.06

0.06

0.06

0.08

0.11

0.14

0.23

F 19–30 y

302

1.27

0.52

0.80

0.80

0.99

1.22

1.49

1.78

1.99

2.45

SE

 

0.07

0.04

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.08

0.09

0.11

0.15

F 31–50 y

590

1.34

0.51

0.71

0.82

1.03

1.28

1.59

1.92

2.15

2.67

SE

 

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.07

0.12

F 51–70 y

510

1.28

0.59

0.75

0.85

1.02

1.24

1.49

1.77

1.97

2.40

SE

 

0.03

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.03

0.05

0.06

0.09

F 70+ y

221

1.21

0.53

0.68

0.78

0.95

1.18

1.43

1.69

1.86

2.20

SE

 

0.04

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.06

0.07

0.10

F pregnant

33

1.53

0.67

0.87

0.98

1.2

1.48

1.81

2.14

2.36

2.82

SE

 

0.39

0.47

0.42

0.42

0.39

0.38

0.40

0.46

0.51

0.65

F lactating

16

2.35

0.88

1.17

1.35

1.71

2.21

2.83

3.52

3.99

5.03

SE

 

0.52

0.64

0.58

0.55

0.50

0.48

0.55

0.73

0.89

1.31

All individuals

5,527

1.59

0.58

0.79

0.91

1.16

1.49

1.90

2.37

2.71

3.50

SE

 

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.09

All indiv +P/L

5,576

1.59

0.58

0.79

0.91

1.16

1.49

1.91

2.38

2.72

3.52

SE

 

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.10

a SE = standard error; All indiv +P/L = all individuals plus pregnant and lactating women.

SOURCE: Unpublished data on the usual intake distributions for selected B vitamins, K.Dodd and A.Carriquiry, Iowa State University, 1997. Based on transformation of CSFII data using the method of Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449.

Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE G-2 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Riboflavin (mg), CSFII, 1994–1995

 

Percentile

Gender/Age Categorya

N

Mean

1st

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0–6 mo

69

0.97

0.18

0.34

0.44

0.65

0.93

1.25

1.56

1.77

2.18

SE

 

0.07

0.06

0.07

0.07

0.08

0.08

0.08

0.08

0.08

0.14

7–11 mo

45

1.53

0.50

0.75

0.90

1.15

1.45

1.82

2.25

2.58

3.33

SE

 

0.17

0.11

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.14

0.21

0.32

0.41

0.64

1–3 y

702

1.66

0.73

0.96

1.10

1.33

1.62

1.94

2.27

2.50

2.98

SE

 

0.02

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.07

4–8 y

666

1.91

0.88

1.13

1.26

1.52

1.84

2.23

2.63

2.91

3.56

SE

 

0.04

0.05

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.07

0.09

0.16

M 9–13 y

180

2.45

0.93

1.26

1.47

1.85

2.35

2.95

3.56

3.97

4.81

SE

 

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.09

0.09

0.09

0.11

0.16

0.20

0.32

M 14–18 y

191

2.64

0.99

1.32

1.53

1.94

2.50

3.18

3.92

4.43

5.54

SE

 

0.11

0.06

0.07

0.07

0.08

0.10

0.14

0.19

0.23

0.32

M 19–30 y

328

2.46

1.03

1.32

1.50

1.86

2.33

2.92

3.56

4.00

4.96

SE

 

0.10

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.08

0.10

0.12

0.16

0.19

0.27

M 31–50 y

627

2.30

0.97

1.27

1.44

1.76

2.18

2.70

3.30

3.74

4.78

SE

 

0.06

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.05

0.08

0.12

0.16

0.30

M 51–70 y

490

2.04

0.85

1.09

1.24

1.54

1.94

2.44

2.98

3.35

4.18

SE

 

0.06

0.05

0.04

0.05

0.05

0.07

0.10

0.11

0.15

0.39

M 71+ y

237

2.05

0.83

1.09

1.26

1.56

1.97

2.45

2.96

3.30

4.02

SE

 

0.09

0.06

0.06

0.06

0.06

0.08

0.11

0.16

0.19

0.29

F 9–13 y

200

2.01

0.92

1.18

1.34

1.62

1.97

2.35

2.73

2.98

3.46

SE

 

0.08

0.08

0.07

0.07

0.07

0.08

0.09

0.11

0.13

0.17

F 14–18 y

169

1.75

0.61

0.84

0.99

1.28

1.66

2.12

2.61

2.94

3.64

SE

 

0.09

0.07

0.09

0.10

0.09

0.08

0.15

0.18

0.22

0.64

F 19–30 y

302

1.56

0.57

0.80

0.93

1.18

1.49

1.85

2.26

2.55

3.22

SE

 

0.10

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.08

0.10

0.12

0.15

0.18

0.28

F 31–50 y

590

1.58

0.64

0.85

0.96

1.18

1.50

1.89

2.30

2.58

3.26

SE

 

0.04

0.05

0.03

0.03

0.05

0.04

0.06

0.08

0.10

0.18

F 51–70 y

510

1.54

0.66

0.85

0.97

1.18

1.47

1.81

2.20

2.49

3.16

SE

 

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.08

0.11

0.20

F 70+ y

221

1.47

0.63

0.83

0.94

1.14

1.40

1.72

2.08

2.34

2.95

SE

 

0.05

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.09

0.13

0.26

F pregnant

33

1.77

0.51

0.83

1.01

1.35

1.74

2.16

2.55

2.79

3.26

SE

 

0.37

0.44

0.54

0.58

0.56

0.42

2.76

0.18

0.17

0.46

F lactating

16

2.88

0.93

1.38

1.66

2.17

2.81

3.50

4.19

4.62

5.47

SE

 

0.50

0.59

0.60

0.60

0.57

0.52

0.47

0.46

0.49

0.62

Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

 

Percentile

Gender/Age Categorya

N

Mean

1st

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

All individuals

5,527

1.93

0.69

0.94

1.10

1.40

1.81

2.31

2.89

3.32

4.35

SE

 

0.03

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.07

0.11

All indiv +P/L

5,576

1.94

0.69

0.95

1.10

1.41

1.82

2.32

2.90

3.33

4.36

SE

 

0.03

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.06

0.11

a SE = standard error; All indiv +P/L = all individuals plus pregnant and lactating women.

SOURCE: Unpublished data on the usual intake distributions for selected B vitamins, K.Dodd and A.Carriquiry, Iowa State University, 1997. Based on transformation of CSFII data using the method of Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449.

Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE G-3 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Niacin (mg), CSFII, 1994–1995

 

 

 

Percentile

Gender/Age Categorya

N

Mean

1st

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0–6 mo

69

8.23

1.60

2.90

3.90

5.70

7.90

10.40

13.10

14.80

17.80

SE

 

0.63

0.52

0.62

0.63

0.61

0.63

0.76

0.92

1.04

1.37

7–11 mo

45

11.02

4.20

5.90

7.00

8.80

10.90

13.10

15.20

16.50

18.90

SE

 

0.75

0.69

0.69

0.69

0.72

0.78

0.84

0.89

0.93

1.00

1–3 y

702

13.45

5.40

7.30

8.40

10.40

13.00

15.90

19.10

21.20

25.90

SE

 

0.30

0.26

0.27

0.28

0.29

0.31

0.35

0.42

0.50

0.75

4–8 y

666

17.60

8.20

10.50

11.90

14.20

17.10

20.40

23.90

26.20

31.40

SE

 

0.33

0.51

0.33

0.34

0.41

0.31

0.51

0.61

0.69

1.15

M 9–13 y

180

23.71

10.60

13.60

15.40

18.70

23.00

27.90

33.00

36.30

43.10

SE

 

0.81

1.06

1.05

1.04

0.95

0.83

0.86

1.01

1.13

1.70

M 14–18 y

191

28.90

12.00

15.90

18.20

22.30

27.60

34.00

41.20

46.50

58.80

SE

 

1.28

1.08

1.10

1.10

1.12

1.25

1.55

1.99

2.34

3.32

M 19–30 y

328

31.83

13.80

17.60

19.90

24.50

30.50

37.70

45.40

50.60

61.60

SE

 

1.29

0.80

0.85

0.90

1.04

1.26

1.56

1.95

2.28

3.14

M 31–50 y

627

29.39

13.80

17.50

19.60

23.40

28.30

34.10

40.50

45.10

55.30

SE

 

0.78

0.53

0.53

0.53

0.55

0.66

0.96

1.45

1.88

3.03

M 51–70 y

490

25.84

11.00

14.30

16.30

20.00

24.80

30.50

36.70

41.10

50.80

SE

 

0.87

0.51

0.53

0.55

0.63

0.80

1.08

1.49

1.83

2.80

M 71+ y

237

22.50

9.80

12.60

14.20

17.50

21.70

26.60

31.80

35.30

42.70

SE

 

0.84

0.49

0.53

0.56

0.63

0.77

1.06

1.54

1.95

3.00

F 9–13 y

200

18.53

8.90

11.20

12.60

15.10

18.20

21.60

25.00

27.20

31.60

SE

 

0.72

0.55

0.59

0.61

0.66

0.73

0.83

0.97

1.09

1.40

F 14–18 y

169

18.97

7.20

9.80

11.40

14.30

18.10

22.50

27.60

31.20

39.60

SE

 

1.05

0.76

0.80

0.82

0.84

0.93

1.25

1.83

2.34

3.76

F 19–30 y

302

18.17

7.10

9.50

11.00

13.80

17.50

21.80

26.20

29.10

35.20

SE

 

0.94

0.53

0.73

0.81

0.84

0.87

1.12

1.45

1.73

3.02

F 31–50 y

590

19.30

8.40

10.90

12.40

15.10

18.60

22.70

27.00

30.00

36.40

SE

 

0.55

0.57

0.51

0.44

0.47

0.61

0.66

0.89

1.07

1.43

F 51–70 y

510

18.38

8.80

11.00

12.30

14.70

17.80

21.50

25.20

27.60

32.70

SE

 

0.38

0.40

0.40

0.41

0.40

0.40

0.48

0.55

0.63

1.23

F 70+ y

221

17.30

7.50

9.70

11.10

13.60

16.80

20.50

24.20

26.60

31.70

SE

 

0.45

0.47

0.47

0.47

0.47

0.48

0.51

0.62

0.73

1.05

F pregnant

33

19.53

8.60

11.20

12.80

15.60

19.10

23.00

26.80

29.30

34.30

SE

 

6.97

6.74

8.28

8.97

9.31

7.86

5.30

3.95

3.81

4.60

F lactating

16

27.38

11.60

15.30

17.60

21.70

26.80

32.40

38.00

41.60

48.70

SE

 

4.09

3.76

3.98

4.08

4.21

4.27

4.33

4.65

5.10

6.63

Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

 

 

 

Percentile

Gender/Age Categorya

N

Mean

1st

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

All individuals

5,527

22.23

7.50

10.50

12.30

15.90

20.80

26.90

33.90

38.90

50.90

SE

 

0.28

0.20

0.29

0.29

0.18

0.37

0.37

0.76

0.93

1.39

All indiv +P/L

5,576

22.24

7.50

10.50

12.30

15.90

20.80

26.90

33.90

38.90

50.80

SE

 

0.27

0.19

0.33

0.33

0.18

0.40

0.36

0.76

0.91

1.34

a SE = standard error; All indiv +P/L = all individuals plus pregnant and lactating women.

SOURCE: Unpublished data on the usual intake distributions for selected B vitamins, K.Dodd and A.Carriquiry, Iowa State University, 1997. Based on transformation of CSFII data using the method of Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449.

Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE G-4 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Vitamin B6 (mg), CSFII, 1994–1995

 

Percentile

Gender/Age Categorya

N

Mean

1st

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0–6 mo

69

0.41

0.09

0.16

0.20

0.29

0.40

0.52

0.62

0.69

0.84

SE

 

0.04

0.03

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.03

0.05

0.07

0.10

0.15

7–11 mo

45

0.77

0.34

0.45

0.51

0.62

0.76

0.90

1.04

1.13

1.30

SE

 

0.07

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.06

0.08

0.09

0.11

0.14

1–3 y

702

1.31

0.58

0.74

0.84

1.02

1.27

1.55

1.84

2.03

2.44

SE

 

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.09

4–8 y

666

1.53

0.68

0.88

1.00

1.21

1.48

1.80

2.13

2.36

2.85

SE

 

0.04

0.03

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.03

0.04

0.06

0.08

0.19

M 9–13 y

180

2.04

0.80

1.07

1.24

1.55

1.96

2.45

2.94

3.27

3.96

SE

 

0.09

0.08

0.08

0.08

0.08

0.09

0.10

0.12

0.14

0.20

M 14–18 y

191

2.26

0.86

1.15

1.32

1.66

2.12

2.69

3.37

3.86

5.02

SE

 

0.11

0.07

0.07

0.08

0.08

0.10

0.16

0.22

0.25

0.41

M 19–30 y

328

2.43

0.94

1.25

1.44

1.81

2.31

2.91

3.57

4.01

4.98

SE

 

0.11

0.06

0.07

0.07

0.09

0.10

0.13

0.16

0.19

0.26

M 31–50 y

627

2.26

0.90

1.19

1.37

1.70

2.13

2.68

3.31

3.77

4.86

SE

 

0.07

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.08

0.13

0.18

0.32

M 51–70 y

490

2.04

0.80

1.06

1.23

1.54

1.95

2.45

2.97

3.32

4.06

SE

 

0.06

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.08

0.11

0.13

0.19

M 71+ y

237

1.99

0.77

1.01

1.17

1.48

1.89

2.39

2.93

3.29

4.08

SE

 

0.09

0.04

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.08

0.12

0.17

0.21

0.32

F 9–13 y

200

1.58

0.67

0.88

1.00

1.24

1.54

1.88

2.22

2.44

2.90

SE

 

0.07

0.05

0.06

0.06

0.07

0.07

0.09

0.11

0.12

0.17

F 14–18 y

169

1.50

0.54

0.75

0.87

1.10

1.41

1.80

2.25

2.57

3.31

SE

 

0.10

0.09

0.05

0.07

0.12

0.09

0.17

0.23

0.26

0.40

F 19–30 y

302

1.44

0.55

0.76

0.88

1.10

1.38

1.71

2.06

2.31

2.86

SE

 

0.08

0.04

0.05

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.11

0.14

0.17

0.25

F 31–50 y

590

1.52

0.57

0.78

0.91

1.15

1.43

1.81

2.20

2.47

3.07

SE

 

0.04

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.08

0.12

F 51–70 y

510

1.50

0.63

0.82

0.94

1.15

1.43

1.77

2.13

2.38

2.93

SE

 

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.07

0.08

0.12

F 70+ y

221

1.46

0.56

0.76

0.88

1.11

1.41

1.76

2.12

2.35

2.84

SE

 

0.05

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.07

0.08

0.12

F pregnant

33

1.61

0.58

0.81

0.95

1.22

1.56

1.95

2.34

2.59

3.11

SE

 

0.42

0.35

0.39

0.41

0.43

0.44

0.44

0.44

0.45

0.50

F lactating

16

2.56

0.98

1.29

1.49

1.88

2.41

3.08

3.81

4.31

5.41

SE

 

0.45

0.40

0.44

0.46

0.48

0.49

0.49

0.51

0.56

0.81

Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

 

Percentile

Gender/Age Categorya

N

Mean

1st

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

All individuals

5,527

1.79

0.59

0.82

0.97

1.26

1.66

2.17

2.74

3.16

4.14

SE

 

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.06

0.11

All indiv +P/L

5,576

1.79

0.59

0.82

0.97

0.13

1.67

2.17

2.75

3.17

4.15

SE

 

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.05

0.06

0.11

a SE = standard error; All indiv +P/L = all individuals plus pregnant and lactating women.

SOURCE: Unpublished data on the usual intake distributions for selected B vitamins, K.Dodd and A.Carriquiry, Iowa State University, 1997. Based on transformation of CSFII data using the method of Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449.

Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE G-5 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Folate (µg), CSFII, 1994–1995

 

Percentile

Gender/Age Categorya

N

Mean

1st

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0–6 mo

69

80

16

29

38

56

78

101

122

137

167

SE

 

6

6

7

7

7

6

8

9

10

13

7–11 mo

45

129

51

69

79

99

125

154

183

202

241

SE

 

12

9

8

8

8

11

16

22

27

42

1–3 y

702

182

70

93

108

136

173

218

268

303

382

SE

 

5

4

4

5

5

5

6

8

12

37

4–8 y

666

232

95

124

141

176

221

276

335

375

461

SE

 

6

3

3

3

4

5

8

11

14

22

M 9–13 y

180

334

112

153

180

234

310

407

517

595

770

SE

 

17

10

11

12

13

16

21

31

40

65

M 14–18 y

191

321

100

140

165

217

293

392

512

600

811

SE

 

19

7

8

9

12

18

26

35

44

77

M 19–30 y

328

322

112

148

172

223

297

394

505

584

758

SE

 

18

6

6

7

10

18

24

29

36

76

M 31–50 y

627

309

106

143

167

214

281

372

484

569

783

SE

 

11

5

5

6

7

9

14

22

30

57

M 51–70 y

490

286

97

131

153

198

263

348

447

518

680

SE

 

10

6

6

6

7

8

12

18

23

37

M 71+ y

237

297

101

137

161

209

276

362

458

527

680

SE

 

15

6

6

7

9

13

20

32

42

68

F 9–13 y

200

254

90

123

143

184

240

308

383

435

547

SE

 

13

8

9

9

11

13

16

21

26

41

F 14–18 y

169

223

72

98

116

152

205

273

352

409

540

SE

 

16

7

6

7

8

12

19

35

57

145

F 19–30 y

302

214

71

100

118

153

200

259

326

374

488

SE

 

14

6

6

7

9

12

18

25

31

45

F 31–50 y

590

227

74

103

120

155

208

277

357

414

551

SE

 

8

4

4

5

5

7

10

16

22

41

F 51–70 y

510

224

83

111

129

163

211

270

335

379

476

SE

 

8

5

5

5

6

7

9

12

15

22

F 70+y

221

224

75

105

124

161

212

273

338

383

477

SE

 

9

5

6

6

7

9

11

14

17

25

F pregnant

33

241

114

140

156

188

230

282

338

377

462

SE

 

29

16

15

15

17

23

37

57

73

113

F lactating

16

461

160

215

251

324

428

561

713

822

1,068

SE

 

102

41

51

57

72

95

128

172

206

294

Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

 

Percentile

Gender/Age Categorya

N

Mean

1st

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

All individuals

5,527

259

80

111

131

173

235

317

414

486

663

SE

 

4

2

2

2

3

3

5

9

12

24

All indiv +P/L

5,576

259

80

111

131

174

236

318

415

488

667

SE

 

4

2

2

2

2

3

5

9

12

23

a SE = standard error; All indiv +P/L = all individuals plus pregnant and lactating women.

SOURCE: Unpublished data on the usual intake distributions for selected B vitamins, K.Dodd and A.Carriquiry, Iowa State University, 1997. Based on transformation of CSFII data using the method of Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449.

Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

TABLE G-6 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Vitamin B12 (µg), CSFII, 1994–1995

 

Percentile

Gender/Age Categorya

N

Mean

1st

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

0–6 mo

69

1.37

0.36

0.60

0.76

1.03

1.34

1.67

2.00

2.22

2.68

SE

 

0.11

0.10

0.12

0.12

0.12

0.11

0.12

0.17

0.21

0.31

7–11 mo

45

4.53

0.80

1.30

1.70

2.40

3.60

5.50

8.40

11.00

18.10

SE

 

2.27

0.16

0.21

0.29

0.62

1.36

2.82

5.25

7.50

14.10

1–3 y

702

3.36

1.44

1.85

2.08

2.52

3.11

3.92

4.95

5.73

7.63

SE

 

0.12

0.07

0.07

0.06

0.06

0.08

0.13

0.26

0.38

0.74

4–8 y

666

3.83

1.57

2.04

2.33

2.88

3.62

4.54

5.58

6.34

8.09

SE

 

0.14

0.09

0.10

0.10

0.11

0.13

0.17

0.26

0.34

0.59

M 9–13 y

180

6.23

2.00

2.90

3.40

4.40

5.90

7.50

9.40

10.90

14.50

SE

 

0.46

0.17

0.21

0.25

0.33

0.45

0.60

0.83

1.04

1.65

M 14–18 y

191

5.67

2.30

3.00

3.50

4.30

5.40

6.70

8.20

9.30

11.80

SE

 

0.25

0.18

0.20

0.21

0.22

0.24

0.31

0.43

0.55

0.86

M 19–30 y

328

5.99

2.20

2.90

3.40

4.30

5.60

7.30

9.00

10.30

13.10

SE

 

0.30

0.16

0.15

0.17

0.20

0.27

0.41

0.56

0.66

0.96

M 31–50 y

627

6.30

2.10

2.80

3.30

4.20

5.60

7.60

10.20

12.20

17.40

SE

 

0.50

0.15

0.16

0.17

0.22

0.40

0.68

1.06

1.43

2.71

M 51–70 y

490

6.92

1.80

2.40

2.80

3.60

5.20

8.10

12.80

17.10

30.10

SE

 

1.00

0.11

0.12

0.15

0.20

0.52

1.18

2.50

4.19

10.60

M 71+ y

237

6.25

1.80

2.40

2.80

3.70

5.10

7.40

10.80

13.80

22.90

SE

 

0.80

0.17

0.20

0.22

0.30

0.49

0.91

1.75

2.65

5.87

F 9–13 y

200

4.07

1.72

2.25

2.57

3.16

3.92

4.82

5.77

6.42

7.82

SE

 

0.21

0.14

0.16

0.17

0.19

0.22

0.25

0.28

0.31

0.40

F 14–18 y

169

4.18

1.30

1.90

2.30

2.90

3.90

5.10

6.50

7.50

9.90

SE

 

0.33

0.14

0.18

0.19

0.23

0.29

0.42

0.63

0.82

1.31

F 19–30 y

302

3.68

1.19

1.67

1.98

2.60

3.45

4.51

5.68

6.47

8.21

SE

 

0.32

0.13

0.19

0.21

0.25

0.29

0.35

0.47

0.60

1.11

F 31–50 y

590

4.24

1.27

1.74

2.02

2.55

3.41

4.88

7.29

9.51

16.09

SE

 

0.39

0.10

0.11

0.12

0.15

0.20

0.34

1.03

1.95

5.34

F 51–70 y

510

4.91

1.40

1.80

2.10

2.80

3.90

5.80

8.70

11.30

18.90

SE

 

0.65

0.09

0.09

0.11

0.24

0.56

0.92

1.48

2.21

5.38

F 70+ y

221

4.61

1.09

1.49

1.75

2.33

3.32

5.09

8.28

11.63

24.24

SE

 

0.84

0.08

0.10

0.10

0.12

0.27

0.71

1.89

3.47

11.00

F pregnant

33

3.83

1.40

1.94

2.27

2.90

3.70

4.62

5.55

6.16

7.39

SE

 

1.45

1.24

1.59

1.78

1.94

1.72

1.28

1.32

1.41

1.32

F lactating

16

6.63

1.90

2.80

3.40

4.60

6.30

8.20

10.30

11.70

14.60

SE

 

1.55

1.11

1.30

1.39

1.52

1.62

1.69

1.77

1.86

2.19

Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×

 

Percentile

Gender/Age Categorya

N

Mean

1st

5th

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

All individuals

5,527

5.03

1.30

1.90

2.30

3.00

4.10

5.90

8.50

11.10

19.00

SE

 

0.16

0.04

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.09

0.16

0.37

0.68

2.01

All indiv +P/L

5,576

5.04

1.30

1.90

2.30

3.00

4.10

5.90

8.60

11.10

19.00

SE

 

0.16

0.04

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.09

0.16

0.37

0.66

1.97

a SE = standard error; All indiv +P/L = all individuals plus pregnant and lactating women.

SOURCE: Unpublished data on the usual intake distributions for selected B vitamins, K.Dodd and A.Carriquiry, Iowa State University, 1997. Based on transformation of CSFII data using the method of Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449.

Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 466
Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 467
Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 468
Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
×
Page 469
Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
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Page 470
Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
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Page 471
Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
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Page 472
Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
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Page 473
Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
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Page 474
Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
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Page 475
Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
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Page 476
Suggested Citation:"G Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1995." Institute of Medicine. 1998. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6015.
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Next: H Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994 »
Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline Get This Book
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Since 1941, Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) has been recognized as the most authoritative source of information on nutrient levels for healthy people. Since publication of the 10th edition in 1989, there has been rising awareness of the impact of nutrition on chronic disease. In light of new research findings and a growing public focus on nutrition and health, the expert panel responsible for formulation RDAs reviewed and expanded its approach--the result: Dietary Reference Intakes.

This new series of references greatly extends the scope and application of previous nutrient guidelines. For each nutrient the book presents what is known about how the nutrient functions in the human body, what the best method is to determine its requirements, which factors (caffeine or exercise, for example) may affect how it works, and how the nutrient may be related to chronic disease.

This volume of the series presents information about thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline.

Based on analysis of nutrient metabolism in humans and data on intakes in the U.S. population, the committee recommends intakes for each age group--from the first days of life through childhood, sexual maturity, midlife, and the later years. Recommendations for pregnancy and lactation also are made, and the book identifies when intake of a nutrient may be too much. Representing a new paradigm for the nutrition community, Dietary Reference Intakes encompasses:

  • Estimated Average Requirements (EARs). These are used to set Recommended Dietary Allowances.
  • Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs). Intakes that meet the RDA are likely to meet the nutrient requirement of nearly all individuals in a life-stage and gender group.
  • Adequate Intakes (AIs). These are used instead of RDAs when an EAR cannot be calculated. Both the RDA and the AI may be used as goals for individual intake.
  • Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs). Intakes below the UL are unlikely to pose risks of adverse health effects in healthy people.

This new framework encompasses both essential nutrients and other food components thought to pay a role in health, such as dietary fiber. It incorporates functional endpoints and examines the relationship between dose and response in determining adequacy and the hazards of excess intake for each nutrient.

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