Abbott, Carl 1997 The Portland region: Where city and suburbs talk to each other—and often agree. Housing Policy Debate 8(1):11-51.
Abramson, Alan, Mitchell Tobin, and Matthew VanderGoot 1995 The changing geography of metropolitan opportunity: The segregation of the poor in U.S. metropolitan areas, 1970-1990. Housing Policy Debate 6(1):45-72.
Bahl, Roy 1994 Metropolitan fiscal disparities. Cityscape 1(1):293-306.
Bailey, Thomas 1995 .Learning to Work. Washington DC: The Brookings Institution.
Banfield, Edward 1957 The politics of metropolitan area organization. Midwest Journal of Political Science 1(May):77-91.
Banovetz, James 1965 Governmental Cost Burdens and Service Benefits in the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.
Barnett, Steven 1996 Economics of school reform: Three promising approaches. In Holding Schools Accountable, Helen Ladd, ed. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.
Barrel, Ann 1989 Where do the new U.S. immigrants live? Journal of Labor Economics 7:371-391.
Bell, Michael 1994 Tax-base sharing revisited: issues and options. In Fiscal Equalization for State and Local Government Finance, John Anderson, ed. Westport, CT.: Praeger.
Benton, J. Edwin, and Darwin Gamble 1984 City/county consolidation and economies of scale: Evidence from a time-series analysis in Jacksonville, Florida. Social Science Quarterly 65(March):190-198.
Bernhardt, Annette, Martina Morris, Mark Handcock, and Marc Scott 1997 Job Instability and Wage Inequality: Preliminary Results from Two NLS Cohorts. Unpublished paper, Institute on Education and the Economy, Columbia University.
Berry, Brian 1973 Human Consequences of Urbanization: Divergent Paths in the Urban Experience of the Twentieth Century. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Bingham, Richard, and Veronica Kalich 1996 The tie that binds: Downtowns, suburbs, and the dependence hypothesis. Journal of Urban Affairs 18(2):153-171.
Bish, Robert 1971 The Public Economy of Metropolitan Areas. Chicago: Markham.
Blair, John, Samuel Staley, and Zhongcai Zhang 1996 A critical appraisal of Rusk's theory of urban development. Journal of the American Planning Association 62(3):345-353.
Bloch, Farrell 1994 Anti-Discrimination Law and Minority Employment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Blomquist, William, and Roger Parks 1995 Fiscal, service, and political impacts of Indianapolis-Marion County's Unigov. Publius: The Journal of Federalism 25(4):37-54.
Bollens, Scott 1986 A political-ecological analysis of inequality in metropolitan areas. Urban Affairs Quarterly 22:221-41.
Bolotin, Frederic, and David Cingranelli 1983 Equity and urban policy: The underclass hypothesis revisited. Journal of Politics 45(1):209-219.
Boyne, George 1992a Is there a relationship between fragmentation and local government cost? Urban Affairs Quarterly 28(2):317-322.
1992b Local government structure and performance. Public Administration 70(Autumn):333-357.
Bradford, David, and Wallace Oates 1974 Suburban exploitation of cities and governmental structure. In Redistribution Through Public Choice, Harold Hochman and George Peterson, eds. New York: Columbia University Press
Burns, Nancy 1994 The Formation of American Local Governments: Private Values in Public Institutions. New York: Oxford University Press.
Burtless, Gary 1996 Introduction and summary. In Does Money Matter: The Effects of School Resources on Student Achievement and Adult Success, Gary Burtless, ed. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.
Burtless, Gary, ed. 1990 A Future of Lousy Jobs? The Changing Structure of U.S. Wages. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.
Calavita, Nico, Kenneth Grimes, and Alan Mallach 1997 Inclusionary housing in California and New Jersey: A comparative analysis. Housing Policy Debate 8(1):109-142.
Card, David, and Alan Krueger 1996 School resources and student outcomes: An overview of the literature and new evidence from North and South Carolina. The Journal of Economic Perspectives 10(4):31-50.
Carl Vinson Institute of Government 1989 The Impacts of City-County Consolidations: A Review of Research Findings. Athens: Governmental Research and Services Division, Carl Vinson Institute of Government, University of Georgia.
Carver, Joan 1973 Responsiveness and consolidation: A case study. Urban Affairs Quarterly 9(2):211-250.
Case, Anne, and Lawrence Katz 1991 The Company You Keep: The Effects of Family and Neighborhood on Disadvantaged Youths. Working paper no. 3705. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Chernick, Howard, and Andrew Reschovsky 1995 Urban Fiscal Problems: Coordinating actions among governments. Lafayette Policy Review, Fall, 195.
1997 Urban Fiscal Problems: Coordinating actions among governments. In The Urban Crisis: Linking Research to Action, Burton Weisbord and James Wonthy, eds. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
Chicoine, David, and Norman Walzer 1985 Governmental Structure and Local Public Finance. Boston: Oelgeschlager, Gunn & Hain.
Clapp, John 1983 A model of public policy toward office location. Environment and Planning A 15:1299-1309.
Clotfelter, Charles, and Helen Ladd 1996 Recognizing and rewarding success in public schools. In Holding Schools Accountable, Helen Ladd, ed. Washington DC: The Brookings Institution.
Coleman, James, Ernest Campbell, Carol Hobson, James McPartland, Alexander Mood, Frederic Weinfeld, and Robert York 1966 Equality of Educational Opportunity. Washington, DC:U.S. Government Printing Office.
Corcoran, Mary, and Terry Adams 1997 Race, sex and the intergenerational transmission of poverty. In Consequences of Growing Up Poor, Greg Duncan and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, eds. New York: Russell Sage.
Corcoran, Mary, Roger Gordon, Deborah Laren, and Gary Solon 1992 The association between men's economic status and their family and community origins. Journal of Human Resources 27(4):575-601.
Couch, Jim, William Shughart, and A1 Williams 1993 Private school enrollment and public school performance. Public Choice 76:301-312.
Cutler, David, and Edward Glaeser 1997 Are ghettos good or bad? Quarterly Journal of Economics 112(3):827-872.
Daniel, Kermit 1994 Fiscal and Political Implications of the Concentration of Immigrants. Working Paper #186. Philadelphia: Real Estate Center, Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.
Danielson, Michael 1976 The Politics of Exclusion. New York: Columbia University Press.
Danielson, Michael, and Julian Wolpert 1992 Rapid metropolitan growth and community disparities. Growth and Change 23(4):494-515.
1994 From old to new metropolis. In Research in Community Sociology 4:71-96.
Dodge, William 1996 Regional Excellence: Governing Together to Compete Globally and Flourish Locally. Washington, DC: National League of Cities.
Dolan, Drew 1990 Local government fragmentation: Does it drive up the cost of government? Urban Affairs Quarterly 26(1):28-45.
Dowding, Keith, Peter John, and Stephen Biggs 1994 Tiebout: A survey of the empirical literature. Urban Studies 31(4/5):767-797.
Downes, Thomas, and Thomas Pogue 1994 Accounting for fiscal capacity and need in the design of school aid formulas. In Fiscal Equalization for State and Local Government Finance, John Anderson, ed. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Downs, Anthony 1994 New Visions for Metropolitan America. Washington DC: The Brookings Institution.
1997 The challenge of our declining big cities. Housing Policy Debate 8(2):359-408.
Drachman Institute 1992 Reverse Commute Transportation: Emerging Provider Roles. Prepared for the U.S. Federal Transit Administration by the University of Arizona.
Durning, Dan 1995 The effects of city-county government consolidation: The perspectives of United States government employees in Athens-Clarke County, Georgia. Public Administration Quarterly 19(Fall):272-298.
Dye, Thomas, and Brett Hawkins, eds. 1971 Politics in the Metropolis: A Reader in Conflict and Cooperation. Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill.
Eberts, Randy, and T. Gronberg 1981 Jurisdictional homogeneity and the Tiebout model. Journal of Urban Economics 10:227-239.
Education Week 1998 The urban challenge. Jan. 8, 1998.
Ellen, Ingrid 1996 Sharing America's Neighborhoods: The Changing Prospects for Stable Racial Integration, Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University.
Ellen, Ingrid, and Margery Turner 1997 Does neighborhood matter? Assessing recent evidence. Housing Policy Debate 8(4):833-866.
Ellwood, David 1986 The spatial mismatch hypothesis: Are there teenage jobs missing in the ghetto? In The Black Youth Employment Crisis, Richard Freeman and Harry Holzer, eds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Erie, Steven, John Kirlin, and Francine Rabinowitz 1972 Can something be done? Propositions on the performance of metropolitan institutions. In Reform of Metropolitan Institutions, Lowden Wingo, ed. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.
Farley, Reynods, Elaine Fielding, and Maria Krysan 1997 The residential preferences of blacks and whites: A four metropolis analysis. Housing Policy Debate 8(4):763-800.
Farley, Reynolds, and William Frey 1993 Changes in the segregation of whites from blacks during the 1980s. American Sociological Review 59(Feb.):23-45.
Farley, Reynolds, Charlotte Steeh, Tara Jackson, Maria Krysan, and Keith Reeves 1993 Continued racial residential segregation in Detroit: ''Chocolate City, Vanilla Suburbs'' revisited. Journal of Housing Research 4:1-38.
Ferguson, Ronald 1991 Paying for public education: New evidence on how and why money matters. Harvard Journal on Legislation 28(2):465-498.
Ferguson, Ronald, and Helen Ladd 1996 How and why money matters: An analysis of Alabama schools. In Holding Schools Accountable: Performance-Based Reform in Education, Helen Ladd, ed. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.
Firebaugh, G., and K.E. Davis 1988 Trends in antiblack prejudice, 1972-1984: Region and cohort effects. American Journal of Sociology 94:251-272.
Fischel, William 1996 How Serrano caused Proposition 13. Journal of Law and Politics 12(4):607-636.
1997 Comment on Carl Abbott's "The Portland region: Where city and suburbs talk with each other—and often agree." Housing Policy Debate 8(1):65-73.
Foster, Kathryn 1996 Specialization in government: The uneven use of special districts in metropolitan areas. Urban Affairs Review 31(3):283-313.
1997 The Political Economy of Special-Purpose Government. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Freeman, Richard 1992 Crime and the employment of disadvantaged youth. In Urban Labor Markets and Job Opportunity, George Peterson and Wayne Vroman, eds. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press.
1996 Why do so many young American men commit crimes and what might we do about it? Journal of Economic Perspectives 10(1):25-42.
Frey, William 1993 People in places: Demographic trends in urban America. In Rediscovering Urban America, Jack Sommers and Donald Hicks, eds. Washington, DC: Office of Policy Development and Research, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
1995 The new geography of population shifts. In State of the Union, Volume Two: Social Trends, Reynolds Farley, ed. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Galster, George 1993 Polarization, place and race. North Carolina Law Review 71(5):1421-1462.
1997 An Econometric Model of the Metropolitan Opportunity Structure. Draft Final Report to the Fannie Mac Foundation. July. The Urban Institute, Washington, DC.
Galster, George, and Mark Keeney 1988 Race, residence, discrimination, and economic opportunity: Modeling the nexus of urban racial phenomena. Urban Affairs Quarterly 24(1):87-117.
Galster, George, and Scan Killen 1995 The geography of metropolitan opportunity: A reconnaissance and conceptual frame-work. Housing Policy Debate 6(1):7-43.
Garreau, Joel 1991 Edge City: Life on the Frontier. New York: Doubleday.
Gramlich, Edward, Deborah Lauren, and Naomi Sealand 1992 Mobility into and out of poor neighborhoods. In Drugs, Crime, and Social Isolation, Adele Harrell and George Peterson, eds. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press.
Green, Richard, and Andrew Reschovsky 1994 Fiscal assistance to municipal governments. In Dollars and Sense: Policy Choices and the Wisconsin Budget, Volume III, Donald Nichols, ed., Madison: Robert M. LaFollette Institute of Public Affairs, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Greene, Jay, Paul Peterson, and Jiangtao Du 1997 Effectiveness of School Choice: The Milwaukee Experiment. Occasional Paper 97-1, Taubman Center for State and Local Government, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.
Greene, Kenneth, and Thomas Parliament 1980 Political externalities, efficiency, and the welfare losses from consolidation. National Tax Journal 33:209-217.
Greer, Scott 1963 Metropolitics: A Study of Political Culture. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Gustely, Richard 1977 The allocational and distributional impacts of governmental consolidation: The Dade County experience. Urban Affairs Quarterly 12(3):349-364.
Hamilton, Bruce 1975 Property taxes and the Tiebout hypothesis: Some empirical evidence. In Fiscal Zoning and Land Use Controls, Edwin Mills and Wallace Oates, eds. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath.
Hamilton, Bruce, Edwin Mills, and David Puryear 1975 The Tiebout hypothesis and residential income segregation. In Fiscal Zoning and Land Use Controls, Edwin Mills and Wallace Oates, eds. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath.
Hanushek, Eric 1989 Impact of differential expenditures on school performance. Educational Researcher 18(4):45-51.
1996 School resources and student performance. In Does Money Matter: The Effect of School Resources on Student Achievement and Adult Success. Gary Burtless, ed. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
Harrigan, John 1993 Political Change in the Metropolis. New York: HarperCollins.
1996 Minneapolis-St. Paul: Structuring metropolitan government. In Regional Politics: America in a Post-City Age, H.V. Savitch and Ronald Vogel, eds. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Hartshorn, Truman 1986 Suburban Business Centers: Employment Expectations. Final Report prepared for the U.S. Department of Commerce, Economic Development Administration, Washington, DC.
Hartshorn, Truman, and Peter Muller 1989 Suburban downtowns and the transformation of metropolitan Atlanta's business landscape. Urban Geography 10:375-395.
Haveman, Robert, and Barbara Wolfe 1994 Succeeding Generations. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Hawkins, Brett 1966 Nashville Metro. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.
Hawkins, Brett, and Thomas Dye 1971 Metropolitan fragmentation: A research note. In Politics in the Metropolis: A Reader in Conflict and Cooperation, Thomas Dye and Brett Hawkins, eds. Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill.
Hawkins, Brett, and Rebecca Hendrick 1994 Do county governments reinforce city-suburban inequalities: A study of city and suburban service allocations. Social Science Quarterly 75(4):754-771.
1997 Do metropolitan special districts reinforce sociospatial inequalities? A study of sewerage and technical education in Milwaukee County. Publius: The Journal of Federalism 27(1): 135-143.
Hawkins, Brett, Keith Ward, and Mary Becker 1991 Governmental consolidation as a strategy for metropolitan development. Public Administration Quarterly 15(2):252-267.
Hedges, Larry, and Rob Greenwald 1996 Have times changed? The relation between school resources and student performance. In Does Money Matter: The Effect of School Resources on Student Achievement and Adult Success, Gary Burtless, ed. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
Hedges, Larry, Richard Laine, and Rob Greenwald 1994 Does money matter: A meta-analysis of studies of the effects of differential school inputs on student outcomes. Educational Researcher 23(April):5-14.
Heilbrun James 1987 Urban Economics and Public Policy. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Henig, Jeffrey 1998 School Choice Outcomes: A Review of What We Know. Discussion paper prepared for the Conference on School Choice, Law and Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, April 17-18, 1998. Department of Political Science, George Washington University.
Hicks, Donald 1987 Urban policy in the U.S.: Introduction. Urban Studies 24:439-446.
Hill, Edward, and Harold Wolman 1997a Accounting for the change in income disparities between US central cities and their suburbs from 1980 to 1990. Urban Studies 34(1):43-60.
1997b City-suburban income disparities and metropolitan area employment: Can tightening labor markets reduce the gaps? Urban Affairs Review 32(4):558-582.
1997c What Lies Behind Changes in Income Disparities Between Central Cities and Their Suburbs from 1980 to 1990? Paper prepared for the Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC.
Hill, Edward, Harold Wolman, and Coit Ford 1995a Can suburbs survive without their central cities: Examining the suburban dependence hypothesis. Urban Affairs Review 31(2):147-174.
1995b Response to straw men, etc. Urban Affairs Review 31(2):180-183.
Hill, Richard 1974 Separate and unequal: Government inequality in the metropolis. American Political Science Review 68:1557-1568.
Hirsch, Werner 1968 The supply of urban public services. In Issues in Urban Economics, Harvey Perloff and Lowden Wingo, eds. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Holzer, Harry 1994 Black employment problems: New evidence, old questions. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 13(4):699-722.
1996 What Employers Want. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Horan, James, and G. Thomas Taylor 1977 Experiments in Metropolitan Government. New York: Praeger Publishers.
Hoxby, Caroline 1994 Do Private Schools Provide Competition for Public Schools? Working paper, National Bureau for Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.
1996a The effects of private school vouchers on schools and students. In Holding Schools Accountable: Performance-Based Reform in Education, Helen Ladd, ed. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
1996b How to do (and not to do) school finance equalization: The legacy and lessons of Serrano. Proceedings of the National Tax Association.
1997 Evidence on School Choice: What We Learn from the Traditional Forms of School Choice in the U.S. Paper prepared for the Educational Policy and Governance Program, Taubman Center for State and Local Government, Harvard University.
Hughes, Mark 1995 A mobility strategy for improving opportunity. Housing Policy Debate 6(1):271-297.
Ihlanfeldt, Keith 1992 Jobs Accessibility and the Employment and School Enrollment of Teenagers. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
1995 The importance of the central city to the regional economy: A review of the arguments and empirical evidence. Cityscape 1(2):125-143.
Immergluck, Daniel 1998 Job proximity and the urban employment problem: Do suitable nearby jobs improve neighborhood employment rates? Urban Studies 35(1):7-23.
Innes, Judith 1992 Group processes and the social construction of growth management. Journal of the American Planning Association 58(4):440-453.
1996 Planning through consensus building: A new view of the comprehensive planning ideal. Journal of t he American Planning Association 62(4):460-471.
Jargowsky, Paul 1997 Poverty and Place: Ghettos, Barrios, and the American City. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Jencks, Christopher, and Susan Mayer 1990 The social consequences of growing up in a poor neighborhood. In Inner City Poverty in the United States, Lawrence Lynn and Michael McGeary, eds. Committee on National Urban Policy, National Research Council. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Kain, John, and Kraig Singleton 1996 Equality of educational opportunity revisited. New England Economic Review (May/June):87-111.
Kasarda, John 1995 Industrial restructuring and the changing location of jobs. In State of the Union: America in the 1990s: Volume One: Economic Trends, Reynolds Farley, ed. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Kasarda, John, Stephen Appold, Stuart Sweeney, and Elaine Sieff 1997 Central city and suburban migration patterns: Is a turnaround on the horizon? Housing Policy Debate 8(2):307-358.
Keating, Michael 1995 Size, efficiency and democracy: Consolidation, fragmentation, and public choice. In Theories of Urban Politics, David Judge, Gerry Stoker, and Harold Wolman, eds. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishers.
Kleit, Rachel 1997 Housing, Social Networks, and Access to Opportunity: Modeling the Benefits of Mixed-Income Housing. Paper presented at the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning Conference, Fort Lauderdale, FL, November.
Knapp, Gerrit 1989 The political economy of growth management in Oregon: A historical review. Review of Regional Studies 18(Winter):43-49.
1990 State land use planning and exclusionary zoning: Evidence from Oregon. Journal of Planning Education and Research 10(1):39-46.
Knox, Paul 1997 Globalization and urban economic change. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 551(May):17-27.
Ladd, Helen 1994a Big city finances. In Big-City Politics, Governance, and Fiscal Constraints, George Peterson, ed. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.
1994b Measuring disparities in the fiscal condition of local governments. In Fiscal Equalization for State and Local Government Finance, John Anderson, ed. Westport, CT: Praeger.
1994c Spatially targeted economic development strategies: Do they work? Cityscape 1(1):193-218.
Ladd, Helen, and John Yinger 1991 America's Ailing Cities: Fiscal Health and the Design of Urban Policy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
1994 The case for equalizing aid. National Tax Journal 47(1):211-224.
Lalonde, Robert 1995 The promise of public-sector sponsored training programs. Journal of Economic Perspectives 9(2):149-168.
Ledebur, Larry, and William Barnes 1992 Metropolitan Disparities and Economic Growth: City Distress and the Need for a Federal Local Growth Package. Research Report on America's Cities. Washington, DC: National League of Cities.
1993 All in It Together: Cities, Suburbs and Local Economic Regions. Washington, DC: National League of Cities.
Lehman, Jeffrey 1994 Updating urban policy. In Confronting Poverty: Prescriptions for Change, Sheldon Danzinger, Gary Sandefur, and Daniel Weinberg, eds. New York: Sage Foundation.
Levin, Henry 1998 Educational vouchers: effectiveness, choice, and costs. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 17(3):373-392.
Levy, Frank, and Richard Murnane 1992 U.S. earnings levels and earnings inequality: A review of recent trends and proposed explanations. Journal of Economic Literature 30:1333-1381.
Lewis, Paul 1995 Suburban Separation: Political Fragmentation and the Jobs/Housing Mismatch. Paper delivered at the American Political Science Association, San Francisco.
1996 Shaping Suburbia: How Political Institutions Organize Urban Development. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Logan, John, and Mark Schneider 1982 Governmental organizations and city/suburb income inequality. Urban Affairs Quarterly 17:305-318.
Lyons, W.E., David Lowery, and Ruth DeHoog 1992 The Politics of Dissatisfaction: Citizens, Services and Urban Institutions. Armonk, NY.: M.E. Sharpe Inc.
Marando, Vincent, and Carl Whitley 1972 City-county consolidation: An overview of voter response. Urban Affairs Quarterly 8(Dec.):181-203.
Maryland Office of Planning 1997 Managing Maryland's Growth. Baltimore: Maryland Office of Planning.
Massey, Douglas, and Nancy Denton 1993 American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Mayer, Christopher 1996 Does location matter? New England Economic Review (May/June):26-40.
Meier, Kenneth J., Joseph Stewart, and Robert England 1991 The politics of bureaucratic discretion: Educational access as an urban service. American Journal of Political Science 35(1):155-177.
Metropolitan Council of the Twin Cities 1997 First Annual Report on the Metropolitan Livable Communities Fund. St. Paul: Metropolitan Council of the Twin Cities.
Mieszkowski, Peter, and Edwin Mills 1993 The causes of metropolitan suburbanization. Journal of Economic Perspectives 7(3):135-147.
Mills, Edwin 1992 Sectoral clustering and metropolitan growth. In Sources of Metropolitan Growth, Edwin Mills and John McDonald, eds. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Center for Urban Policy Research.
Mills, Edwin, and Luan Lubuele 1997 Inner cities. Journal of Economic Literature 35(2):727-756.
Mills, Edwin, and Wallace Oates 1975 The theory of local public services and finance: Its relevance to urban fiscal and zoning behavior. In Fiscal Zoning and Land Use Controls, Edwin Mills and Wallace Oates, eds. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
Morgan, David, and Patrice Mareschal 1996 Central City/Suburban Inequality and Metropolitan Political Fragmentation. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, Aug. 29-Sept. 1, 1996.
Muller, Peter 1997 The suburban transformation of the globalizing American city. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 551(May):44-58.
National Research Council 1988 Urban Change and Poverty, Michael McGeary and Laurence Lynn, eds. Committee on National Urban Policy. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
1990 Inner-City Poverty in the United States. Laurence Lynn and Michael McGeary, eds. Committee on National Urban Policy. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Neal, Derek 1997 The effects of Catholic secondary schooling on educational achievement. Journal of Labor Economics 15(1) part 1:98-123.
Neal, Derek, and William Johnson 1996 The role of pre-market factors in black-white wage differentials. Journal of Political Economy 104(5):869-895.
Nelson, Arthur 1996 Portland: The metropolitan umbrella. In Regional Politics: America in a Post-City Age, H.V. Savitch and Ronald Vogel, eds. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Nelson, Michael 1990 Decentralization of the subnational public sector: An empirical analysis of the determinants of local government structure in metropolitan areas in the U.S. Southern Economic Journal 57(2):443-457.
Nunn, Samuel, and Mark Rosentraub 1996 Metropolitan fiscal equalization: distilling lessons from four U.S. programs. Local Government Review (Fall)195.
Oakerson, Ronald 1998 Governing Local Public Economies. San Francisco: ICS Press.
Oakland, William 1994 Recognizing and correcting for fiscal disparities: A critical analysis. In Fiscal Equalization for State and Local Government Finance, John Anderson, ed. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Oates, Wallace 1969 The effects of property taxes and local public spending on property values: An empirical study of tax capitalization and the Tiebout hypothesis. Journal of Political Economy 77(Nov.-Dec.):957-990.
O'Hare, William, and William H. Frey 1992 Booming, suburban, and black. American Demographics 14:30-38.
O'Regan, Katherine, and John Quigley 1996 Spatial effects upon employment outcomes: The case of New Jersey teenagers. New England Economic Review (May/June):41-59.
Orfield, Gary, with the assistance of Sara Schley, Diane Glass, and Scan Reardon 1993 The Growth of Segregation in American Schools: Changing Patterns of Separation and Poverty Since 1968. Cambridge, MA: Report of the Harvard Project on School Desegregation to the National School Boards Association.
Orfield, Myron 1997 Metropolitics: A Regional Agenda for Community and Stability. Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press.
Ostrom, Elinor 1983 The social stratification—Government inequality thesis explored. Urban Affairs Quarterly 19:91-112.
Ostrom, Vincent, Robert Bish, and Elinor Ostrom 1988 Local Government in the United States. San Francisco: Institute for Contemporary Studies .
Ostrom, Vincent, Charles Tiebout, and Robert Warren 1961 Organizing government in metropolitan areas: A theoretical inquiry. American Political Science Review 55(4):831-842.
Parks, Roger, and Ronald Oakerson 1989 Metropolitan organization and governance: A local public economy approach. Urban Affairs Quarterly 25(1):18-29.
Pastor, Manuel, Peter Dreier, Eugene Grigsby, and Lopez-Garcia Marta 1997 Growing Together: Linking Regional and Community Development in a Changing Economy. Los Angeles: International and Public Affairs Center, Occidental College.
Peirce, Neal, with Curtis Johnson and John Hall 1993 Citistates: How Urban America Can Prosper in a Competitive World. Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press.
Persky, Joseph, and Wim Wiewel 1998 Suburban Sprawl: The Distribution of Costs and Benefits Due to Employment Deconcentration. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Urban Affairs Association, Fort Worth, Texas.
Peterson, George, and Kale Williams 1995 Housing Mobility: What Has It Accomplished and What Is Its Purpose? Washington, DC: Urban Institute.
Peterson, Paul 1981 City Limits Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Quercia, Roberto, and George Galster 1997 Threshold effects and the expected benefits of attracting middle-income households to the central city. Housing Policy Debate 8(2):409-436.
Rafuse, Robert 1991 Fiscal disparities in Chicagoland. Intergovernmental Perspective 17(3):14-19.
Reschovsky, Andrew 1994 Fiscal equalization and school finance. National Tax Journal 47(1):185-198.
Reschovsky, Andrew, and Michael Wiseman 1994 How can states most effectively meet their school financing responsibilities? In Fiscal Equalization for State and Local Government Finance, John Anderson, ed. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Richman, Roger, and James Oliver 1997 The urban partnership and the development of Virginia's new Regional Competitiveness Act. The Regionalist 2(1):3-19.
Rosenbaum, James 1995 Changing the geography of opportunity by expanding residential choice: Lessons from the Gautreaux program. Housing Policy Review 6(1):231-269.
Rouse, Cecilia 1997 Private School vouchers and Student Achievement: An Evaluation of the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research
Rusk, David 1993 Cities Without Suburbs. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.
Sacher, Seth 1993 Fiscal fragmentation and the distribution of metropolitan area resources: A case study. Urban Studies 30(7): 1225-1239.
Savitch, Henry 1995 Straw men, red herrings, . . . and suburban dependency. Urban Affairs Review 31(2):175-179.
Savitch, H.V., and Ronald Vogel 1996 Perspectives for the present and lessons for the future. In Regional Politics: American in a Post-City Age, H.V. Savitch and Ronald Vogel, eds. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Savitch, Henry, David Collins, Daniel Sanders, and John Markham 1993 Ties that bind: Central cities, suburbs, and the new metropolitan region. Economic Development Quarterly 7(4):341-357.
Schneider, Mark 1986 Fragmentation and the growth of local government. Public Choice 48:255-264.
1989 The Competitive City: The Political Economy of Suburbia. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Sellers, Jeffrey 1998 The Politics of Residential Segregation in Comparative Perspective: Settlement Patterns and Policy Consequences in French, German and U.S. Service Centers. Paper presented at the Urban Affairs Association Annual Meeting, Fort Worth, Texas, April 23-25, 1998.
Sjoquist, David 1982 The effect of the number of local governments on central city expenditures. National Tax Journal 35:79-88.
Sofen, Edward 1963 The Miami Metropolitan Experiment. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Stein, Robert 1987 Tiebout's sorting hypothesis. Urban Affairs Quarterly 23(1):140-160.
Stowers, Genie 1996 Miami: Experiences in metropolitan government. In Regional Politics: American in a Post-City Age, H.V. Savitch and Ronald Vogel, eds. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Summers, Anita 1997 Major Regionalization Efforts Between Cities and Suburbs in the United States. Working Paper No. 246. Philadelphia: Real Estate Center, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.
Swanson, Bert 1996 Jacksonville: Consolidation and regional governance. In Regional Politics: American in a Post-City Age, H.V. Savitch and Ronald Vogel, eds. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Thompson, Lyke 1997 The Interlaced Metropolis: Cities in Layered Networks and Confederations in the Detroit Urbanized Area. Unpublished paper, College of Urban, Labor and Metropolitan Affairs, Wayne State University.
Tiebout, Charles 1956 A pure theory of local expenditures. Journal of Political Economy 64(October):416-424.
Turner, Margery, and Ingrid Ellen 1997 Why Does Neighborhood Matter: Impacts of Neighborhood Environment on the Well-Being of Families and Children. Paper given at the annual meeting of the Urban Affairs Association, Toronto, April 16-19.
Turner, Margery, Michael Fix, and Raymond Struyk 1991 Opportunities Denied, Opportunities Diminished: Discrimination in Hiring. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.
U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations 1991 Interjurisdictional Tax and Policy Competition: Good or Bad for the Federal System? Report M-177. Washington, DC: U.S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.
U.S. Bureau of the Census 1960 1960 Census of Population, General Social and Economic Characteristics. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.
1970 1970 Census of Population, General Social and Economic Characteristics. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.
1980 1980 Census of Population, General Social and Economic Characteristics. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.
1990a 1990 Census of Population: Social and Economic Characteristics, Metropolitan Areas. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.
1990b 1990 Census Profile: Metropolitan Areas and Cities. September. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.
1993 Poverty in the United States: 1992. Current Population Reports, Series P60-185. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.
1994 Geographic Areas Reference Manual. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.
1995 Statistical Abstract of the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.
1996a 1990 Census of Population and Housing Summary Tape File 3C. CD-ROM. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.
1996b Current Population Survey March 1964-1996. CD-ROM. Santa Monica, CA: Unicon Research Corporation 1996.
1996c Governmental Finances: 1991-92 Series GF/92-5. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.
1996d Statistical Abstract of the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.
Vidal, Avis 1995 Reintegrating disadvantaged communities into the fabric of urban life: The role of community development. Housing Policy Debate 6(1):169-230.
Voith, Richard 1992 City and suburban growth: Substitutes or complements? Business Review (Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia) Sept./Oct.:21-33.
1993 Does city income growth increase suburban income growth, house value appreciation and population growth? Working paper no. 93-27, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
1995 Do Suburbs Need Cities? Working paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
Wagner, Richard, and Warren Weber 1975 Competition, monopoly, and the organization of government in metropolitan areas. Journal of Law and Economics 18:601-684.
Wallis, Allan 1994 The third wave: Current trends in regional governance. National Civic Review 83(3):290-310.
Weicher, John 1990 How poverty neighborhoods are changing. In Inner City Poverty in the United States, Laurence Lynn and Michael McGeary, eds. Committee on National Urban Policy, National Research Council. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Weiher, Gregory 1991 The Fractured Metropolis: Political Fragmentation and Metropolitan Segregation. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Weir, Margaret 1995 The politics of racial isolation in Europe and America. In Classifying by Race, Paul Peterson, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Williams, Oliver 1971 Metropolitan Political Analysis: A Social Access Approach. New York: Free Press.
Wilson, William Julius 1987 The Truly Disadvantaged. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
1996 When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Wish, Naomi, and Stephen Eisdorfer 1996 The Impact of the Mt. Laurel Initiatives: An Analysis of the Characteristics of Applicants and Occupants. South Orange, NJ: Seton Hall University, Center for Public Service.
Witte, John 1997 Achievement Effects of the Milwaukee Voucher Program. Paper presented at the American Economics Association annual meeting, New Orleans, Jan. 4-6.
Witte, John, Troy Sterr, and Christopher Thorn 1995 Fifth Year Report: Milwaukee Parental Choice Program. University of Wisconsin Milwaukee.
Wolman, Harold 1985 National-urban relations in foreign federal systems. In Urban Policy in a Changing Federal System, Royce Hanson, ed. Committee on National Urban Policy, National Research Council. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Wolman, Harold, and Edward Page 1987 The impact of intergovernmental grants on subnational resource disparities: A crossnational comparison. Public Budgeting and Finance 7(3):82-98.
Yinger, John 1995 Closed Doors, Opportunities Lost: The Continuing Costs of Housing Discrimination. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
1996 Fiscal Disparities and Education Finance. Technical paper, Economic Policy Institute, The Maxwell School, Syracuse University.
Zeigler, Donald, and Stanley Brunn 1980 Geopolitical fragmentation and the pattern of growth and need. In The American Metropolitan System: Present and Future, Stanley Brunn and James Wheeler, eds. New York: V.H. Winston and Sons.