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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1985. Alcohol in America: Taking Action to Prevent Abuse. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/605.
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Page 121
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1985. Alcohol in America: Taking Action to Prevent Abuse. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/605.
×
Page 122
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1985. Alcohol in America: Taking Action to Prevent Abuse. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/605.
×
Page 123
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1985. Alcohol in America: Taking Action to Prevent Abuse. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/605.
×
Page 124
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1985. Alcohol in America: Taking Action to Prevent Abuse. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/605.
×
Page 125
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1985. Alcohol in America: Taking Action to Prevent Abuse. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/605.
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Page 126

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Ind ex A Accidents, 15, 96 automobile, 15, 32-34, 72-73, 87, 106, 108 celebrity victims, 87 residential fires, 96-97 Adolescent drinking, 26, 70-81 minimum drinking ages, 25, 40-41, 47, 48, 56, 72-74, 106 parental responsibilities, 76-77 reasons for, 70-72 schools' role, 74-76, 78-81, 107 traffic accident statistics, 72-73 See also Drinking Advertising, 48, 65, 107 beer and wine, 85, 88 distilled liquor, 83, 85 expenditures, 93-94 industry restraint, 88 strategies and effects, 84-86 taxation of expenditures, 94 See also Mass media; Television programming and advertis- ~ng Age. See Drinking age Air bags, 43, 96, 108 Alcohol Act of 1969 (Finland), 57-58 121 Alcohol and Drug Abuse Com- mittee, 87 Alcohol availability and price, 25, 26, 45-61 consumption relationship, 46- 47, 49-53, 106-107 drunk driving relationship, 40- 41 government regulation, 47-49 limits on availability, 56-59 political considerations, 59-61 price decline, 45-46 tax increases, 53-56 Alcohol Beverage Control (ABC) boards, 49 Alcohol consumption. See Drink- ing Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Men- tal Health Administration, 8 Alcohol Safety Action Projects, 36, 38 Alcoholic beverage industry, 18, 59-60 Alcoholics, discrimination against, 102 Alcoholics Anonymous, 8 Alcoholism, 8-10, 74 Anti-Saloon League, 6-7 Attitude changes

122 / ALCOHOL IN AMERICA public drunkenness, 101 toward drinking, 4-9, 102-103 toward drunk driving, 38-39 Automobile accidents, 15, 32-34, 72-73, 87, 106, 108 Automobile protective devices, 42-43, 96, 98, 99, 108 air bags, 43, 96, 108 seat belts, 43, 96, 108 B Bartender training, 63-65, 79 See also Server intervention Beer advertisements, 85 ethyl alcohol content, 10 taxes on, 45, 53-54 Blood alcohol concentration (BAC), 11, 15, 96, 100 legal intoxication, 11, 34 Blue Cross/Blue Shield, 102 British Road Safety Act, 35-36 Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, 48, 88 C California, 63-65, 68, 76, 88, 90, 102, 109 Cancer, 16 Cardiovascular diseases, 16 Caucus of Producers, Writers, and Directors, 87, 94 Cigarettes. See Smoking Cirrhosis, 14-15, 51-53, 55 Coast Guard, 99 Coca-Cola Co., 85 Code of Advertising Standards, 88 College programs, 78-81 Colonial period, 4-5, 9 Commercial servers. See Server intervention Consumer Product Safety Com- mission, 97, 98 Consumption of alcohol. See Drinking D Decriminalization of public drunkenness, 100-102 Defense Department, 30, 48 Demonstration Alcohol Educa- tion Project, 78-81 Denmark, 51 de Tocqueville, Alexis, 5 Diabetes, 16 District of Columbia, 48, 65, 72 Dramshop laws, 41, 62-63, 67- 68, 107 Drinking alcohol availability and price effects on, 46-47, 49-53 changes in drinking practices, 3 consumption measurement, 10-13 distribution of alcohol-related problems, 21-24 emotional effects of, 17-18 fatalities related to, 13-18, 87, 96-98 health care costs, 17 health, effects on, 14-15, 16, 17, 19, 51-53, 55 historical and contemporary perspectives, 1, 4-9, 18-19 income-level relationship, 56 metabolism rates, 11 per capita consumption, 2, 13, 46, 50, 106 positive effects, 18-19 See also Adolescent drinking Drinking age, 25, 40-41, 47, 48, 56, 72-74, 106 Drug abuse, 15, 75 Drunk driving, 32-44, 106 alcohol availability effect on, 40-41 alcohol price effect on, 40, 52

INDEX / 123 arrests effect on, 34-38, 106 automobile protective devices, 42-43 educational campaigns, 41-42 fatality statistics, 15, 32-34, 72-73, 87, 106, 108 penalties effect on, 38-40 E Education programs, 25-26 mass media campaigns, 41-42, 88-94, 108 school programs, 74-76, 78- 81, 107 Eighteenth Amendment, 1, 6 Environmental changes, 26, 95- 103, 108 automobile protective devices. 42-43, 96, 98, 99, 108 government role, 98-100 location and design of drink- ing establishments, 65-67 Environmental Protection Agency, 98 Ethyl alcohol, 10 F Federal Aviation Administration, 99 Fetal alcohol syndrome, 16 Finland, 57-58 Fires, residential, 96-97 Food and Drug Administration, 98 G Government regulation, 27, 30- 31, 69 of alcohol sales, 47-49 Prohibition era, 1-3, 6-8 safety requirements, 98-100 See also Taxation of alcohol HHappy hours, 65 Health, 14-15, 16, 17, 19, 51-53, 55 Health and Human Services, Department of, 30 Health Education Foundation, 65 Homicide, 15 Hours of sale, 47, 48, 56 I Illinois, 109 Insurance policies, 67-68, 102 Internal Revenue Service, 30, 48 Intoxicated customers. See Server intervention Iowa, 63 Ischemic heart disease, 19 L Legal actions, 25 arrests and penalties for drunk driving, 34-40, 106 dramshop laws, 41, 62-63, 67- 68, 107 drinking age, 40-41, 47, 48, 56, 72-74, 106 public drunkenness, 100-102 See also Alcohol availability and price Liability. See Server intervention Liability insurance, 67-68 Licensing systems, 48-49 Liquor, distilled advertisements, 83, 85 ethyl alcohol content, 10 taxes on, 45, 53-54 Liver disease (cirrhosis), 14-15, 51-53, 55 Liver metabolism, 11 M Maryland, 97 Mass media, 24, 26, 39, 82-94

124 / ALCOHOL IN AMERICA and adolescent drinking, 71-72 advertising strategies and ef- fects, 84-86 conflicting messages, 93-94 drinking images presented by, 82-84, 107 education programs, 41-42, 88-93, 108 industry restraints, 86-88 See also Advertising; Television programming and advertis- ~ng Massachusetts, 65 Massachusetts University, 78-81 Minimum drinking age. See Drinking age Minnesota University, 65 Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), 30, 64, 65, 73, 109 N National Center for Alcohol Edu- cation, 75 National Clearinghouse for Alco- hol Information, 75 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 64, 73-74, 98 National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 8, 69, 74-75, 93, 100, 110 National Park Service, 30 National Transportation Safety Board, 98, 100 New York, 60, 65, 109 Noncommercial servers, 62 Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 98 o Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 98 Organic brain syndromes, 17 Overdose of alcohol, 15 p Parental responsibilities, 76-77 Pregnancy, and excessive alcohol consumption, 16 Presidential Commission on Drunk Driving, 30 Presidential Task Force on Drunk Driving, 64 Prevention policies, 20-31, 104- 112 current initiatives, 29-31, 109- 112 focus of, 3-4, 20-24, 104-106 objections and barriers to, 27- 29 program elements, 24-26, 106- 109 Price of alcohol. See Alcohol availability and price Prohibition period, 1-3, 6-8, 49, 51, 104 Public drunkenness, 25, 100-102 Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, 98 R Remove Intoxicated Drivers (RID), 30, 73 Residential fires, 96-97 Road Safety Act of 1967 (Britain), 35-36 S SEA Restaurant Corporation, 68-69 Safety Action Program, 79 San Francisco, 102, 109 School programs, 74-76, 78-81, 107 Seat belts, 43, 96, 108 Server intervention, 25, 62-69 bartender training, 63-65, 79 dramshop laws, 41, 62-63, 67- 68, 107

INDEX / 125 drunk driving relationship, 41 liability, 67-68 program strategies, 65-69 Shalom program, 76 Small Business Administration, 48 Smoking, 17 cigarette tax, 59 residential fires, 96-97 Social relationships, 18 Spirits. See Liquor, distilled Stanford University, 90 Strokes, 16 Student Opportunity Program, 79 Students Against Drunk Driving (SADD), 30, 73 Suicide, 15 T Taxation of alcohol alcohol consumption relation- ship, 51-53, 106 as major source of government W revenue, 47-48 political considerations, 59-61 Wine static level of, 45, 50 tax increases, 53-56 taxation of advertising expen- ditures, 94 See also Government regulation Teenage drinking. See Adoles- cent drinking Television programming and ad- vertising, 82-84, 86-88, 93, 107 See also Advertising; Mass media Temperance societies and theo- ries, 5-6 Three Community Study, 90-91 Transportation automobile protective devices, 42-43, 96, 98, 99, 108 government role in safety, 99 traffic accident statistics, 15, 32-34, 72-73, 106, 108 Transportation Department, 36, 99 Treatment programs, 24 health insurance, 102 Twenty-first Amendment, 2, 8, 48 V Volstead Act, 7 advertisements, 85, 88 ethyl alcohol content, 10 taxes on, 45, 53-54 Wine Institute, 88, 94 Wisconsin, 64, 67 z Zoning laws, 57

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Alcohol is a killer—1 of every 13 deaths in the United States is alcohol-related. In addition, 5 percent of the population consumes 50 percent of the alcohol. The authors take a close look at the problem in a "classy little study," as The Washington Post called this book. The Library Journal states, "...[T]his is one book that addresses solutions....And it's enjoyably readable....This is an excellent review for anyone in the alcoholism prevention business, and good background reading for the interested layperson." The Washington Post agrees: the book "...likely will wind up on the bookshelves of counselors, politicians, judges, medical professionals, and law enforcement officials throughout the country."

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