National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. Hydrologic Sciences: Taking Stock and Looking Ahead. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6107.
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Hydrologic Sciences

Taking Stock and Looking Ahead

Proceedings of the 1997 Abel Wolman Distinguished Lecture and Symposium on the Hydrologic Sciences

Water Science and Technology Board

Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.
1998

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. Hydrologic Sciences: Taking Stock and Looking Ahead. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6107.
×

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20418

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

Support for this project was provided by the Department of Energy under Agreement No. DE-FG02-93ER61547, the National Science Foundation under Agreement No. BES-9812445, the U.S. Geological Survey under Agreement No. 98HQAG2023, and the National Water Research Institute. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 98-84689

International Standard Book Number 0-309-06076-1

Additional copies of this report are available from:
National Academy Press
2101 Constitution Ave., NW Box 285 Washington, DC 20055 800-624-6242 202-334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area) http://www.nap.edu

Copyright 1998 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. Hydrologic Sciences: Taking Stock and Looking Ahead. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6107.
×

THE ABEL WOLMAN DISTINGUISHED LECTURER

THOMAS DUNNE,

University of California, Santa Barbara

SYMPOSIUM MODERATOR

DAVID L. FREYBURG,

Stanford University

SYMPOSIUM CONTRIBUTORS

DIANE M. McKNIGHT,

University of Colorado

ERIC F. WOOD,

Princeton University

FRED M. PHILLIPS,

New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology

STEPHEN J. BURGES,

University of Washington

SYMPOSIUM DISCUSSANTS

KAYE L. BRUBAKER,

University of Maryland

DARA ENTEKHABI,

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

DAVID P. GENEREUX,

Florida International University

EFI FOUFOULA-GEORGIOU,

University of Minnesota

SYMPOSIUM COORDINATORS

LAURA EHLERS, Program Officer

ANITA HALL, Production Assistant

SHEILA DAVID, Program Officer (through 6/97)

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. Hydrologic Sciences: Taking Stock and Looking Ahead. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6107.
×

WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BOARD

HENRY J. VAUX, JR., Chair,

University of California, Riverside

DAVID L. FREYBURG, Chair (through 6/97),

Stanford University

CAROL A. JOHNSTON, Vice Chair,

University of Minnesota, Duluth

BRUCE E. RITTMANN, Vice Chair (through 6/97),

Northwestern University

LINDA M. ABRIOLA (through 6/97),

University of Michigan

JOHN S. BOYER,

University of Delaware

JOHN BRISCOE,

The World Bank, Washington, D.C.

WILLIAM E. EICHBAUM (through 6/97),

World Wildlife Fund, Washington, D.C.

DENISE FORT,

University of New Mexico

WILFORD L. GARDNER (through 6/97),

University of California, Berkeley (retired)

EVILLE GORHAM,

University of Minnesota, St. Paul

THOMAS M. HELLMAN,

Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, New York, New York

CHARLES D. D. HOWARD,

Charles Howard and Associates, Victoria, British Columbia

WILLIAM A. JURY,

University of California, Riverside

WILLIAM M. LEWIS, JR.,

University of Colorado, Boulder

RICHARD G. LUTHY,

Carnegie Mellon University

JOHN W. MORRIS,

J. W. Morris Ltd., Arlington, Virginia

CHARLES R. O'MELIA,

The Johns Hopkins University

REBECCA T. PARKIN,

American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C.

IGNACIO RODRIGUEZ-ITURBE (through 6/97),

Texas A&M University

FRANK W. SCHWARTZ,

Ohio State University

ERIC F. WOOD,

Princeton University

Staff

STEPHEN D. PARKER, Director

JACQUELINE A. MACDONALD, Associate Director

CHRIS ELFRING, Senior Staff Officer

LAURA J. EHLERS, Staff Officer

JEFFREY W. JACOBS, Staff Officer

MARK GIBSON, Research Assistant

M. JEANNE AQUILINO, Administrative Associate

ANITA A. HALL, Administrative Assistant

ELLEN A. de GUZMAN, Senior Project Assistant

KIMBERLY A. SWARTZ, Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. Hydrologic Sciences: Taking Stock and Looking Ahead. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6107.
×

COMMISSION ON GEOSCIENCES, ENVIRONMENT, AND RESOURCES

GEORGE M. HORNBERGER, Chair,

University of Virginia, Charlottesville

PATRICK R. ATKINS,

Aluminum Company of America, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

JERRY F. FRANKLIN,

University of Washington, Seattle

B. JOHN GARRICK,

PLG, Inc., Newport Beach, California

THOMAS E. GRAEDEL,

Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut

DEBRA S. KNOPMAN,

Progressive Foundation, Washington, D.C.

KAI N. LEE,

Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts

JUDITH E. McDOWELL,

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

RICHARD A. MESERVE,

Covington and Burling, Washington, D.C.

HUGH C. MORRIS,

Canadian Global Change Program, Delta, British Columbia

RAYMOND A. PRICE,

Queen's University at Kingston, Ontario

H. RONALD PULLIAM,

University of Georgia, Athens

THOMAS C. SCHELLING,

University of Maryland, College Park

VICTORIA J. TSCHINKEL,

Landers and Parsons, Tallahassee, Florida

E-AN ZEN,

University of Maryland, College Park

MARY LOU ZOBACK,

U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California

Staff

ROBERT M. HAMILTON, Executive Director

GREGORY SYMMES, Assistant Executive Director

JEANETTE SPOON, Administrative Officer

SANDRA S. FITZPATRICK, Administrative Associate

MARQUITA SMITH, Administrative Assistant/Technology Analyst

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. Hydrologic Sciences: Taking Stock and Looking Ahead. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6107.
×

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and vice-chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1998. Hydrologic Sciences: Taking Stock and Looking Ahead. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6107.
×

Acknowledgments

This report has been reviewed by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the NRC's Report Review Committee. This independent review provided candid and critical comments that assisted the authors and the NRC in making the published report as sound as possible and ensured that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The content of the review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of this report:

Raphael Bras, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

George Hornberger, University of Virginia

Marc Parlange, The Johns Hopkins University

Suresh Rao, University of Florida M. Gordon Wolman, The Johns Hopkins University

While the individuals listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, responsibility for the final content of this report rests solely with the authoring committee and the NRC.

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Hydrologic science, an important, interdisciplinary science dealing with the occurrence, distribution, and properties of water on Earth, is key to understanding and resolving many contemporary, large-scale environmental issues. The Water Science and Technology Board used the opportunity of its 1997 Abel Wolman Distinguished Lecture to assess the vitality of the hydrologic sciences by the hydrologic community. The format included focus by lecturer Thomas Dunne on the intellectual vitality of the hydrologic sciences, followed by a symposium featuring several invited papers and discussions.

Hydrologic Sciences is a compilation of the Wolman Lecture and the papers, preceded by a summarizing overview. The volume stresses a number of needs for furtherance of hydrologic science, including development of a coherent body of transferable theory and an intellectual center for the science, communication across multiple geo- and environmental science disciplines, appropriate measurements and observations, and provision of central guidance for the field.

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