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Global Ocean Science: Toward an Integrated Approach (1999)

Chapter: Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 1999. Global Ocean Science: Toward an Integrated Approach. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6167.
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Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations


ADCP

Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler

AGU

American Geophysical Union

AESOPS

Southern Ocean Process Study

ALACE

Autonomous Lagrangian Circulation Explorer

AMS

Accelerator Mass Spectrometer

AO

Announcement of Opportunity

APROPOS

Advance and Primary Opportunities in Physical Oceanography Studies

ARI

Accelerated Research Initiatives

ASLO

American Society of Limnology and Oceanography

ATM

NSF Atmospheric Sciences Division

AUV

Autonomous Vehicles


BATS

Bermuda Atlantic Time-Series Study

BI-OMP

Biotechnological Investigations—Ocean Margins Program


CCCO

Committee on Climate Changes and the Ocean

CDIAC

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center

CEPEX

Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment

CIRES

Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences   (University of Colorado)

CLIMAP

Climate: Long-Range Investigation, Mapping, and Prediction

CLIVAR

Climate Variability and Predictability Programme

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 1999. Global Ocean Science: Toward an Integrated Approach. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6167.
×

CLIVAR—ACC

CLIVAR on Anthropogenic Climate Change

CLIVAR—DecCen

CLIVAR—Decadal to Centennial

CLIVAR—GOALS

CLIVAR on Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System

COARE

TOGA Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment

CoOP

Coastal Ocean Processes

COP

NOS Coastal Ocean Program

CoPO

Coastal Physical Oceanography

CORE

Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education

CTD

Conductivity, Temperature, and Depth

CUEA

Coastal Upwelling and Ecosystem Analysis


DA

Data Assimilation

DAC

Data Assembly Center

DIU

Data Information Unit

DMO

Data Management Office

DOE

U.S. Department of Energy

DRI

Departmental Research Initiatives

DSDP

Deep-Sea Drilling Program


EAR

NSF Earth Science Division

EGB

Environmental Geochemistry and Biogeochemistry program

EMP

Enhanced Monitoring Period

ENSO

El Niño/Southern Oscillation

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

ERL

OAR Environmental Research Laboratories


FAMOUS

French-American Undersea Study

FIP

Fleet Improvement Plan

FOCUS

Future of Ocean Chemistry in the United States

FUMAGES

Future of Marine Geology and Geophysics


GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GEOSECS

Geochemical Ocean Sections

GLOBEC

Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics

GOALS

Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System

GOFS

Global Ocean Flux Study

GOOS

Global Ocean Observing System


HOTS

Hawaii Ocean Time-Series


ICSU

International Council of Scientific Unions

IDOE

International Decade of Ocean Exploration

IGBP

International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

IGY

International Geophysical Year

IMET

Improved Meteorological Package

IOC

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 1999. Global Ocean Science: Toward an Integrated Approach. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6167.
×

IOP

Intensive Observing Period

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IRI

International Research Institute

ISOS

International Southern Ocean Studies


JGOFS

Joint Global Ocean Flux Study

JGR

Journal of Geophysical Research

JOI

Joint Oceanographic Institutions, Inc.

JOIDES

Joint Oceanographic Institution for Deep Earth Sampling

JSC

Joint Scientific Committee


LADCP

Lowered Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler

LEXEN

Life in EXtreme ENvironments

LMER

Land Margin Ecosystem Research

LOICZ

Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone

LRP

Long-Range Science Plan


MANOP

Manganese Nodule Project

MCS

Multi-Channel Seismic

MESH

Marine aspects of Earth System History

MG&G

Marine Geology and Geophysics

MMS

Modular Modeling System

MODE

Mid-Ocean Dynamics Experiment

MOP

Major Oceanographic Program

MOR

Mid Ocean Ridge

MOU

Memorandum of Understanding

MTPE

NASA Mission to Planet Earth


NAE

National Academy of Engineering

NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASCO

NAS Committee on Oceanography

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NAVOCEANO

Naval Oceanographic Office

NCEP

National Centers for Environmental Prediction

NESDIS

National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service

NMFS

National Marine Fisheries Service

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NODC

National Oceanographic Data Center

NOPP

National Ocean Partnership Program

NORPAX

North Pacific Experiment

NOS

National Ocean Service

NRC

National Research Council

NRL

Naval Research Laboratories

NSF

National Science Foundation

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 1999. Global Ocean Science: Toward an Integrated Approach. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6167.
×

NSIDC

National Snow and Ice Data Center

NWS

National Weather Service


OAR

Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research

OCE

NSF Ocean Sciences Division

OCFS

Oceanographic Centers and Facilities Section

ODP

Ocean Drilling Program

OEUVRE

Ocean Ecology: Understanding and Vision for Research

OGP

Office of Global Programs

OMP

Ocean Margins Program

ONR

U.S. Office of Naval Research

OSB

Ocean Studies Board

OSRS

Ocean Sciences Research Section


POLYMODE

Mid-Ocean Dynamics Experiment eddies division


R/V

research vessel

RFP

request for proposals

RIDGE

Ridge Inter-Disciplinary Global Experiments

ROSCOP

Report of Observations and Samples Collected on Oceanographic Programs

ROV

Remotely Operated Vehicles


S&T

science and technology

SeaWIFS

Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor

SOSUS

Sound Surveillance System

SSC

Scientific Steering Committee

SSG

Scientific Steering Group


TDD

Telephonic Device for the Deaf

T-POP

TOGA Program on Prediction

TOGA

Tropical Oceans and Global Atmosphere Program

TOGA TAO

TOGA Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean array

TOPEX

Ocean Surface Topography Experiment

TS

temperature-salinity


UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization

UNOLS

University-National Oceanographic Laboratory Systems

USGCRP

United States Global Change Research Program

USSAC

United States Science Advisory Committee

USSSP

United States Science Support Program


WCRP

World Climate Research Program

WHP

World Hydrographic Program

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

WOCE

World Ocean Circulation Experiment

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 1999. Global Ocean Science: Toward an Integrated Approach. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6167.
×
Page 112
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 1999. Global Ocean Science: Toward an Integrated Approach. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6167.
×
Page 113
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 1999. Global Ocean Science: Toward an Integrated Approach. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6167.
×
Page 114
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 1999. Global Ocean Science: Toward an Integrated Approach. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6167.
×
Page 115
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During recent years, large-scale investigations into global climate change and other highly visible issues have taken the lion's share of declining research funds. At the same time, funding for basic research in such core disciplines as physical oceanography, biological oceanography, chemical oceanography, and marine geology has dwindled.

Global Ocean Science examines how the largest U.S. ocean research programs, such as the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) and the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), have significantly contributed to our understanding of the oceans. The book examines the impact of these programs on research, education, and collegiality within this diverse scientific community and offers recommendations to help ensure a vital future for ocean science, including:

Specific results of the programs such as data collected, conceptual breakthroughs, information published, demonstrable use of program products, incorporation of new knowledge into education, and contribution to policymaking and decisionmaking by federal agencies.

Mechanisms for efficiently identifying knowledge gaps and research questions, strategic planning of research programs, managing competitive proposals, securing needed resources, and more.

This practical book will be welcomed by ocean investigators, users of oceanographic research findings, policymakers, administrators, educators, and students.

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