National Academies Press: OpenBook

A Strategy for Research in Space Biology and Medicine in the New Century (1998)

Chapter: Appendix A Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 1998. A Strategy for Research in Space Biology and Medicine in the New Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6282.
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Appendix A
Acronyms and Abbreviations


ACTH

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

ADH

Antidiuretic hormone

ALS

Advanced Life Support (program)

ANS

Autonomic nervous system

AT

Ataxia telangiectasia


BMC

Bone mineral content

BMD

Bone mineral density

BMP

Bone morphogenetic proteins


CAM

Cell adhesion molecule

CELSS

Closed Ecological Life Support System program (NASA)

CRM

Crew resource management

CSA

Canadian Space Agency

CSBM

Committee on Space Biology and Medicine

CSST

Crew Status and Support Tracker

CVP

Central venous pressure


DEZ

Distal elongation zone (of a plant root)

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid


EEG

Electroencephalograph

EGG

Electrogastrogram

EKG

Electrocardiograph

ELISA

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

ES

Embryonic stem (cell)

ESA

European Space Agency

EVA

Extravehicular activity


FGF

Fibroblast growth factor

fMRI

Functional magnetic resonance imaging


GCR

Galactic cosmic radiation

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 1998. A Strategy for Research in Space Biology and Medicine in the New Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6282.
×

GH

Growth hormone

GM-CFU

Granulocyte macrophage colony forming unit


HPA

Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis

HU

Hindlimb unloading

HZE

High atomic number (Z), high energy


ICE

Isolated and confined environments

ICRP

International Commission on Radiological Protection

Ig

Immunoglobulin

IGF

Insulin-like growth factor

IL

Interleukin

IML

International Microgravity Laboratory

ISS

International Space Station


JSC

Johnson Space Center


LBNP

Lower body negative pressure

LEO

Low Earth orbit

LET

Linear energy transfer

LMS

Life and Microgravity Sciences (1996 shuttle mission)

LOFT

Line-oriented flight training


MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging


NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASDA

National Space Development Agency of Japan

NCRP

National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NRA

NASA Research Announcement

NRC

National Research Council

NSCORT

NASA Specialized Centers of Research and Training

NSF

National Science Foundation


PCR

Polymerase chain reaction

PI

Principal investigator

PTH

Parathyroid hormone


RBC

Red blood cell

RBE

Relative biological effectiveness

RNA

Ribonucleic acid

RSA

Russian Space Agency


SAM

Sympathetic-adrenal-medullary system

SL-J

Space Laboratory-Japan

SLS

Spacelab for Life Sciences

SMS

Space motion sickness

SMSP

Shuttle-Mir Space Program

SPE

Solar particle event


TGF

Tumor growth factor

TNF

Tumor necrosis factor


VOR

Vestibular ocular reflex, vestibulo-ocular reflex

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 1998. A Strategy for Research in Space Biology and Medicine in the New Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6282.
×
Page 251
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 1998. A Strategy for Research in Space Biology and Medicine in the New Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6282.
×
Page 252
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Construction of the international space station, scheduled to start in late 1998, ushers in a new era for laboratory sciences in space. This is especially true for space life sciences, which include not only the use of low gravity as an experimental parameter to study fundamental biological processes but also the study of the serious physiological changes that occur in astronauts as they remain in space for increasingly longer missions.

This book addresses both of these aspects and provides a comprehensive review of ground-based and space research in eleven disciplines, ranging from bone physiology to plant biology. It also offers detailed, prioritized recommendations for research during the next decade, which are expected to have a considerable impact on the direction of NASA's research program. The volume is also a valuable reference tool for space and life scientists.

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