National Academies Press: OpenBook

Ensuring Quality Cancer Care (1999)

Chapter: Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine and . 1999. Ensuring Quality Cancer Care. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6467.
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Acronyms


AAHC/URAC:

American Accreditation Health Care Commission, Inc./URAC

AARP:

American Association of Retired Persons

ABC:

achievable benchmarks of care

ACCC:

Association of Community Cancer Centers

ACoS:

American College of Surgeons

ACoS-COC:

American College of Surgeons, Commission on Cancer

ACR:

American College of Radiology

ACS:

American Cancer Society

AHCPR:

Agency for Health Care Policy and Research

AIDS:

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AJCC:

American Joint Committee on Cancer

AMA:

American Medical Association

ASCO:

American Society of Clinical Oncology


BC/BS:

Blue Cross/Blue Shield

BCQ:

Breast Cancer Chemotherapy Questionnaire

BCRP:

Breast Cancer Research Program

BCS:

breast-conserving surgery

BCT:

breast-conserving therapy

BPH:

benign prostatic hyperplasia


CABG:

coronary artery bypass graft

CARES:

Cancer Rehabilitation Evaluation System

CCOP:

Community Clinical Oncology Program

CDC:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDMRP:

Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs

CHOP:

Community Hospital Oncology Program

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine and . 1999. Ensuring Quality Cancer Care. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6467.
×

C.I.:

confidence interval

CML:

chronic myelocytic leukemia

CONQUEST:

Computerized Needs-Oriented Quality Measurement Evaluation System

CRN:

Cancer Research Network

CSRP:

Cancer Surveillance Research Program

CT:

computerized tomography


DHHS:

Department of Health and Human Services

DOCS:

Documented Outcomes Collection System

DoD:

Department of Defense

DRE:

digital rectal exam


ERISA:

Employee Retirement Income Security Act


FACCT:

Foundation for Accountability

FDA:

Food and Drug Administration

FFS:

fee-for-service

FLIC:

Functional Living Index—Cancer

FOBT:

fecal occult blood test


GAO:

General Accounting Office


HCFA:

Health Care Financing Administration

HD:

Hodgkin's disease

HEDIS:

Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set

HIV:

human immunodeficiency virus

HLA:

human leukocyte antigen

HMO:

health maintenance organization

HRSA:

Health Resources and Services Administration


ICD-9:

International Classification of Diseases, 9th edition

IMS:

Indicator Measurement System

IOM:

Institute of Medicine

IPA:

independent practice association


JCAHO:

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Heathcare Organizations


LHRH:

luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone


MCO:

managed care organizations

MESH:

medical subject headings


NCAB:

National Cancer Advisory Board

NCCN:

National Comprehensive Cancer Network

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine and . 1999. Ensuring Quality Cancer Care. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6467.
×

NCCS:

National Coalition of Cancer Survivors

NCDB:

National Cancer Data Base

NCI:

National Cancer Institute

NCPB:

National Cancer Policy Board

NCQA:

National Committee for Quality Assurance

NHL:

non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

NIH:

National Institutes of Health

NLM:

National Library of Medicine

NSCLC:

non-small-cell lung cancer

NSGCT:

nonseminomatous germ cell tumors


OASIS:

Outcomes and Assessment Information Set

OR:

odds ratio


PBGH:

Pacific Business Group on Health

PCE:

Patient Care Evaluation

PDQ:

Physician Data Query

PHS:

Public Health Service

PIVOT:

Prostate Cancer Intervention Versus Observation Trial

PLCO:

prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian

PORT:

Patient Outcomes Research Teams

PPIP:

Put Prevention into Practice

PPO:

preferred provider organizations

PRO:

peer review organizations

PSA:

prostate-specific antigen

PTCA:

percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty


RCT:

randomized controlled trials

ResDAC:

Research Data Assistance Center

RP:

radical prostatectomy

RR:

relative risk


SEER:

Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program

SSA:

Social Security Administration

SSI:

Supplemental Security Income


TNM:

tumor-node-metastasis

TQM:

total quality management

TRUS:

transrectal ultrasound


USAMRMC:

United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command

USPSTF:

United States Preventive Services Task Force


VA:

Department of Veterans Affairs

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine and . 1999. Ensuring Quality Cancer Care. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6467.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine and . 1999. Ensuring Quality Cancer Care. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6467.
×
Page 231
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine and . 1999. Ensuring Quality Cancer Care. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6467.
×
Page 232
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine and . 1999. Ensuring Quality Cancer Care. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6467.
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Page 233
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine and . 1999. Ensuring Quality Cancer Care. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6467.
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Page 234
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Ensuring Quality Cancer Care Get This Book
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We all want to believe that when people get cancer, they will receive medical care of the highest quality. Even as new scientific breakthroughs are announced, though, many cancer patients may be getting the wrong care, too little care, or too much care, in the form of unnecessary procedures.

How close is American medicine to the ideal of quality cancer care for every person with cancer? Ensuring Quality Cancer Care provides a comprehensive picture of how cancer care is delivered in our nation, from early detection to end-of-life issues. The National Cancer Policy Board defines quality care and recommends how to monitor, measure, and extend quality care to all people with cancer. Approaches to accountability in health care are reviewed.

What keeps people from getting care? The book explains how lack of medical coverage, social and economic status, patient beliefs, physician decision-making, and other factors can stand between the patient and the best possible care. The board explores how cancer care is shaped by the current focus on evidence-based medicine, the widespread adoption of managed care, where services are provided, and who provides care. Specific shortfalls in the care of breast and prostate cancer are identified. A status report on health services research is included.

Ensuring Quality Cancer Care offers wide-ranging data and information in clear context. As the baby boomers approach the years when most cancer occurs, this timely volume will be of special interest to health policy makers, public and private healthcare purchasers, medical professionals, patient advocates, researchers, and people with cancer.

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