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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×

SAFETY OF THE HIGH-LEVEL URANIUM ORE RESIDUES AT THE NIAGARA FALLS STORAGE SITE, LEWISTON, NEW YORK

Committee on Remediation of Buried and Tank Wastes

Board on Radioactive Wastes Management

Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources

National Research Council

WASHINGTON, DC 1995

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

Support for this study on Remediation of Buried and Tank Wastes was provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, under Grant No. DE-FC01-94EW54069. All opinions, findings, conclusions, and recommendations expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of Energy.

Cover art by Mary M. Bernstein - Ensnarement

Additional copies of this report are available from:

Board on Radioactive Wastes Management

2001 Wisconsin Avenue, N.W.

HA456

Washington, D.C. 20007

Telephone: 202/334-3066

Copyright 1995 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×

COMMITTEE ON REMEDIATION OF BURIED AND TANK WASTES

ROBERT J. BUDNITZ, Chair,

Future Resources Associates, Berkeley, California

THOMAS A. BURKE,

The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

ROBERT J. CATLIN,

University of Texas (ret.), Houston

JAMES H. CLARKE,

Eckenfelder, Inc., Nashville, Tennessee

THOMAS A. COTTON,

JK Research Associates, Inc, Vienna, Virginia

RODNEY C. EWING,

University of New Mexico, Albuquerque

DONALD R. GIBSON, JR.,

TRW Environmental Safety Systems, Vienna, Virginia

JAMES H. JOHNSON, JR.,

Howard University, Washington, DC

THOMAS M. LESCHINE,

University of Washington, Seattle

W. HUGH O'RIORDAN,

Givens Pursley & Huntley, Boise, Idaho

GLENN PAULSON,

Paulson and Cooper, Inc., Jackson Hole, Wyoming

BENJAMIN ROSS,

Disposal Safety Incorporated, Washington, DC

PAUL A. WITHERSPOON,

University of California, Berkeley

RAYMOND G. WYMER,

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ret.), Tennessee

Staff

ROBERT S. ANDREWS, Senior Staff Officer

DENNIS DuPREE, Senior Project Assistant

ANGELA TAYLOR, Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×

BOARD ON RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT

MICHAEL C. KAVANAUGH, Chair,

ENVIRON Corporation, Emeryville, California

B. JOHN GARRICK, Vice-Chair,

PLG, Incorporated, Newport Beach, California

JOHN F. AHEARNE,

Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina

JEAN M. BAHR,

University of Wisconsin, Madison

LYNDA L. BROTHERS,

Davis Wright Tremaine, Seattle, Washington

SOL BURSTEIN,

Wisconsin Electric Power (ret.), Milwaukee

MELVIN W. CARTER,

Georgia Institute of Technology (emeritus), Atlanta

PAUL P. CRAIG,

University of California, Davis (emeritus)

MARY R. ENGLISH,

University of Tennessee, Knoxville

ROBERT D. HATCHER, JR.,

University of Tennessee/Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Knoxville

DARLEANE C. HOFFMAN,

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California

H. ROBERT MEYER,

Keystone Scientific, Inc., Fort Collins, Colorado

PERRY L. McCARTY,

Stanford University, California

CHARLES McCOMBIE,

National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Wastes, Wettingen, Switzerland

PRISCILLA P. NELSON,

University of Texas, Austin

D. KIRK NORDSTROM,

U.S. Geological Survey, Boulder, Colorado

D. WARNER NORTH,

Decision Focus, Incorporated, Mountain View, California

GLENN PAULSON,

Paulson and Cooper, Inc., Jackson Hole, Wyoming

PAUL SLOVIC,

Decision Research, Eugene, Oregon

BENJAMIN L. SMITH, Independent Consultant,

Columbia, Tennessee

Staff

CARL A. ANDERSON, Staff Director

KEVIN D. CROWLEY, Associate Director

ROBERT S. ANDREWS, Senior Staff Officer

KARYANIL T. THOMAS, Senior Staff Officer

THOMAS KIESS, Staff Officer

SUSAN B. MOCKLER, Research Associate

LISA J. CLENDENING, Administrative Assistant

REBECCA BURKA, Senior Project Assistant

ROBIN L. ALLEN, Senior Project Assistant

DENNIS L. DuPREE, Senior Project Assistant

PATRICIA A. JONES, Project Assistant

ANGELA TAYLOR, Project Assistant

ERIKA WILLIAMS, Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×

COMMISSION ON GEOSCIENCES, ENVIRONMENT, AND RESOURCES

M. GORDON WOLMAN, Chairman,

The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

PATRICK R. ATKINS,

Aluminum Company of America, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

JAMES P. BRUCE,

Canadian Climate Program Board, Ottawa, Ontario

WILLIAM L. FISHER,

University of Texas, Austin

GEORGE M. HORNBERGER,

University of Virginia, Charlottesville

DEBRA KNOPMAN,

Progressive Foundation, Washington, D.C.

PERRY L. McCARTY,

Stanford University, California

JUDITH E. McDOWELL,

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts

S. GEORGE PHILANDER,

Princeton University, New Jersey

RAYMOND A. PRICE,

Queen's University at Kingston, Ontario

THOMAS C. SCHELLING,

University of Maryland, College Park

ELLEN SILBERGELD,

University of Maryland Medical School, Baltimore

STEVEN M. STANLEY,

The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

VICTORIA J. TSCHINKEL,

Landers and Parsons, Tallahassee, Florida

Staff

STEPHEN RATTIEN, Executive Director

STEPHEN D. PARKER, Associate Executive Director

MORGAN GOPNIK, Assistant Executive Director

GREGORY SYMMES, Reports Officer

JAMES MALLORY, Administrative Officer

SANDI FITZPATRICK, Administrative Associate

SUSAN SHERWIN, Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Harold Liebowitz is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and of advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce Alberts and Dr. Harold Liebowitz are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×

PREFACE

The study reported herein, requested by the Office of Environmental Restoration, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), provided the Committee on Remediation of Buried and Tank Wastes an opportunity to focus on a specific example of buried radioactive waste, the Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS). Much of the background information was gathered and analyzed by a subcommittee, which also prepared initial drafts of this report. We acknowledge the efforts of the Committee members that served on that subcommittee, Tom Burke, Bob Catlin (Chair), Jim Johnson, and Ray Wymer.

The Committee offers thanks to the representatives from DOE and its contractors at the NFSS and the Fernald Environmental Management Project site who gave generously of their time and efforts in providing briefings and documents and responding in a timely manner to all questions. We also extend thanks to those representatives from federal and state agencies and other organizations, as well as to other interested members of the public, who offered comments.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1995. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9161.
×
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