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FORWARD The Committee on Nuclear and Radiochemistry existed as a standing committee under the Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology of the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications of the National Research Council from 1947 until 1993. The committee was charged with maintaining awareness of the chemical aspects of basic and applied nuclear science, stimulating scientific and technical progress, and identifying national problems and needs in nuclear and radiochemistry. Its members were drawn from academic, industrial, and government laboratories and represented the areas of nuclear chemistry, radiochemistry, and nuclear medicine. The committee concerned itself with those areas of nuclear science that involve the chemist, such as the collection and distribution of radiochemical procedures, specialized techniques and instrumentation, the place of nuclear and radiochemistry in college and university programs, the training of nuclear and radiochemists, radiochemistry in environmental science, and radionuclides in nuclear medicine. A major interest of the committee was the publication of the Nuclear Science Series monographs on Radiochemistry, Radiochemical Techniques, and Nuclear Medicine. The committee endeavored to present monographs of maximum use to the working scientist. Each monograph presented pertinent information required for radiochemical work with an individual element or with a specialized technique or with the use of radionuclides in nuclear medicine. Experts on the various subjects were recruited to write the monographs, and the U.S. Department of Energy sponsored the printing of the series. This monograph, the last of the series, is an up-to-date review of the radiochemical considerations of importance in nuclear power reactors. When the Committee on Nuclear and Radiochemistry was subsumed by the Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology in 1993, responsibility for the Nuclear Science Series of Monographs was transferred to the Division of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology of the American Chemical Society. Plans are for continuation of the Nuclear Science Series of monographs as review articles in the Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry. Steven W. Yates University of Kentucky Monograph Coordinator
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