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Contents List of Figures List of Tables Executive Summary 1 Introduction Evaluation Process, 6 2 Findings and Recommendations DOE/National Laboratories /Industry Interactions, 9 Applications to Nuclear Fuel Cycles, 10 Gadolinium Isotopes for Nuclear Reactors, 10 Plutonium Applications, 11 Removal of 9~Zr and HI from Reactor Cladding, 12 Potential Applications of AVLIS to Commercial Nuclear Waste Disposal, 12 Applications in the Tritium Cycle, 14 Enrichment of Other Isotopes, 14 Isotopically Pure Carbon for Producing Diamond, 15 Potential Medical Applications of 23C, '5N, TO, and Other Stable Isotopes for Use as Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging Agents, LS Miscellaneous Separations, 16 Materials Design and Processing, 17 Laser Material Processing, 17 Corrosion-Res~stant Materials, 18 Components Spin-Off, 18 Subsystem and Component Transfer, 18 Lithography, 19 Availability of LLNL AVLIS Facilities, 20 Proliferation, 20 References, 23 Appendixes A Overview of the AVLIS Process B Statement of Task C Organizations Invited to Examine the AVLIS Process IX x x 1 3 9 27 43 44
LIST OF FIGURES 1-1 Atomic vapor laser isotope separation--major systems. 1-2 AVLIS laser system concepts design. A-1 U-AVLIS enterprise competition and deployment history. A-2 Illustration of the AVLIS process. A-3 Periodic table iBustradug the potential isotopic tailoring capability of the AVLIS process. Industrial-grade high-average-power visible laser system. Copper laser condor showing six copper laser chains. Tunable dye laser system. Uranium AVLIS separator vacu~rn vessel. Two technical paths for uranium processing for light-water reactor fuel. LIST OF TABLES 1-1 Operating Characteristics of AVLIS Copper Lasers 1-2 Operating Charactenstics of AVLIS Dye Lasers A-1 Major Disciplines Encompassed by U-AVLIS Technology A-2 Operating Charactenstics of AVLIS Copper Lasers A-3 Operating Charactenstics of AVLIS Dye Lasers x 4 7 28 30 32 35 37 38 40 42 8 8 33 36 36