National Academies Press: OpenBook

The Problem of Changing Food Habits: Report of the Committee on Food Habits 1941-1943 (1943)

Chapter: A Summary of a Study of Some Personality Factors in Block

« Previous: Tests of Acceptability of Emergency Rations
Suggested Citation:"A Summary of a Study of Some Personality Factors in Block." National Research Council. 1943. The Problem of Changing Food Habits: Report of the Committee on Food Habits 1941-1943. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9566.
×
Page 105
Suggested Citation:"A Summary of a Study of Some Personality Factors in Block." National Research Council. 1943. The Problem of Changing Food Habits: Report of the Committee on Food Habits 1941-1943. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9566.
×
Page 106

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

A SUMMARY OF A STUDY OF SOME PERSONALITY FACTORS IN BLOCK LEADERS IN LOW INCOME GROUPS * This study was made in Detroit, with the assistance of graduate students in the School of Public Affairs arid Social Work at Wayne University, and the cooperation of the Detroit Victory Aid Council. The material was analyzed by Mrs. Eva Shippee of the Committee on Food Habits. The study alas undertaken for the Committee on Food Habits to discover some of the personality factors which influence the success of the block leader, on whom the success of the nutrition program depends, and to evalu- ate some of the problems which confront her. Sixty-one block leaders were interviewed and classified, on the basis of the methods they used, into: ~ ~ the "good" group, who distributed and explained the materials, enjoyed the in- terpersonal relationships of their work, and secured the maximum coopera- tion of their neighbors; 2) the "medium" group, who only distributed the material, and were discouraged by the obstacles, using them as excuses for not doing more; 3) the "poor" group, who had no personal contacts with their neighbors in their work but left the leaflets on door-steps or in mail- boxes, or hired children to distribute them in this manner; 4) the "O" group, who had not participated in ally campaign. It is especially significant that the difficulties are practically the since for each group, whereas attitudes vary from optimism and acceptance of the challenge, to complete discourage- ment and immediate seizure upon any difficulty as excuse for doing nothing further. More of those in the "good" group than in any other volunteered for the work, had attended training meetings, were active in other organizations, en- joyed personal contacts with their neighbors, and had pleasant relationships with them. A positive relationship between self-confidence and an outgoing attitude was observed. On the basis of these findings, the need for an effective administrative organization was stressed. It was recommended: ~) that duplication in as- signment be avoided because of both its obvious inefficiency and its dis- couraging effect on the workers; ~ ~ that publicity be given block leaders to insure their favorable reception; and 3) that not too much material be given the worker at one time. If possible, only those who volunteer for the work should be used; the program and the activities should be carefully explained beforehand; the age of the volunteer's children, attitude toward work and people, motives for be- coming a block leader, and personality traits should be considered; and an attempt made to use only women who fit into their neighborhoods from the * See "Publications of the Committee on Food Habits" on page ~73 of this report. Boa

o6 The Problem of Changing Food Habits point of view of social class and background. In the training, the need for personal contacts should be made clear, and expected difficulties and ob- stacles with recommendations for treatment should be discussed. The block leaders should know what their function is, understand its interpersonal char- acter, and share experiences in the training group. Each campaign should be planned in advance to fit the particular needs of the community and here block leaders should be encouraged to contribute suggestions.

Next: Part III--Related Research »
The Problem of Changing Food Habits: Report of the Committee on Food Habits 1941-1943 Get This Book
×
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!