NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
In 1991, the National Academy of Sciences inaugurated a series of scientific colloquia, five or six of which are scheduled each year under the guidance of the NAS Council’s Committee on Scientific Programs. Each colloquium addresses a scientific topic of broad and topical interest, cutting across two or more of the traditional disciplines. Typically two days long, colloquia are international in scope and bring together leading scientists in the field. Papers from colloquia are published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
Plants and Population: is there time?
A Colloquium sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences
December 5–6, 1998
Saturday, Dec 5, 1998
Session I: Demographic and economic projections of food demand and supply.
Session Chair: Joel Cohen, The Rockefeller University
World food & agriculture: the outlook for the medium & longer term.
Nikos Alexandratos, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
The growth of demand will limit output growth for food over the next quarter century.
D. Gale Johnson, University of Chicago
Global and local implications of biotechnology and climate change for future food supplies.
Robert Evenson, Yale University
World food trends and prospects to 2020.
Tim Dyson, London School of Economics
Panelists: Dennis Ahlburg, University of Minnesota; Kenneth Arrow, Stanford University; Bernard Gilland, Espergaerde, Denmark; Vaclav Smil, University of Manitoba
Saturday, Dec 5, 1998 2:00–5:00
Session II: Limits on agriculture: land, water, energy and biological resources.
Chair: Michael Clegg, University of California, Riverside
Plant genetic resources: what can they contribute towards increased crop productivity?
David Hoisington, Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo, Int.
Ecological approaches and the development of ‘truly’ integrated pest management.
Matthew Thomas, Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College
Ecological intensification of cereal production systems: the challenge of increasing crop yield potential and precision agriculture.
Kenneth Cassman, University of Nebraska
The transition to agricultural sustainability.
Vernon Ruttan, University of Minnesota
Panelists: Gretchen Daily, Stanford University; William Murdoch, University of California, Santa Barbara; Billie Lee Turner, Clark University; Catherine Woteki, United States Department of Agriculture
After Dinner Speaker: Ismail Serageldin, World Bank, Plants and Population: is there time?
Sunday, Dec 6, 1998
Session III: Plant and other biotechnologies.
Chair: Nina Fedoroff, The Pennsylvania State University
Biotechnology: enhancing human nutrition in developing and developed worlds.
Ganesh Kishore, Monsanto
Use of plant roots for environmental remediation and biochemical manufacturing.
Ilya Raskin, Rutgers University
The post-industrialized agricultural biotechnology era: what’s rate limiting?
John Ryals, Paradigm Genetics, Inc.
Transgenic plants for the tropics: some strategies to develop them and reach the farmer.
Luis Herrera-Estrella, Centro de Investigacion y Estudios Avanzados, Irapuato, Mexico
Panelists: Donald Roberts, Boyce Thompson Institute; Ron Sederoff, North Carolina State University; Roger Beachey; The Scripps Research Institute; Dennis Avery, Hudson Institute; Richard Meagher, University of Georgia; Brian Staskawicz, University of California, Berkeley.
Sunday, Dec 6, 1998
Session IV: Biodiversity and multiple land use demands
Chair: Dr. Harold Mooney, Stanford University
From prehispanic to future conservation alternatives: lessons from Mexico.
Arturo Gomez-Pompa, University of California, Riverside
Gardenification of tropical conserved wildlands: multitasking, multicropping and multiple users.
Daniel Janzen, University of Pennsylvania
Plant biodiversity, land use, and the sustainability of essential ecosystem services.
David Tilman, University of Minnesota
Food supply expansion and the sustainable global management of carbon and nitrogen: interacting challenges.
Robert Socolow, Princeton University
Panelists: Paul Ehrlich, Stanford University; Wes Jackson, The Land Institute; Thomas Lovejoy, Smithsonian Institution; Walter Reid, World Resources Institute.
N ATIONAL A CADEMY OF S CIENCES
OF THE U NITED S TATES OF A MERICA
Table of Contents
Papers from a National Academy of Sciences Colloquium on Plants and Population: Is There Time?