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Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
Malcolm L. Spaulding (chair) is professor and chair of the Department of Ocean Engineering at the University of Rhode Island, where he has been a member of the faculty since 1973. He is an expert in numerical modeling of nearshore and coastal processes, including hydrodynamics, oil and pollutant transport and fate, waves, and sediment transport. Dr. Spaulding received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering and applied mechanics from the University of Rhode Island. He serves on a number of national and international research and advisory organizations related to coastal and ocean processes. He has served on National Research Council committees for the Marine Board and the Ocean Studies Board and is currently a member of the Marine Board.
Malcolm MacKinnon III (NAE) retired in 1990 from the U.S. Navy, where he was the chief engineer of the Navy and the vice commander, Naval Sea Systems Command. RADM MacKinnon is the president and chief executive officer of MSCL, Inc., a consulting firm that provides technical services to the maritime industry (military and commercial) worldwide. He is a graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy and holds advanced degrees in naval architecture and marine engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a Distinguished Graduate of the Naval War College. RADM MacKinnon has extensive experience in the design, construction, engineering, and maintenance of ships and submarines, as well as in search and recovery operations at sea. He served on the Marine Board committee that assessed the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's fleet replacement and modernization plan and is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
Jacqueline Michel is a vice-president of Research Planning, Inc. She is a geochemist with extensive scientific and practical experience in the fate and effects of spilled oil on marine, aquatic, and terrestrial resources. Much of her experience is derived from work under contract to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration as a member of the Scientific Support Team, which provides 24-hour emergency response support for oil and chemical incidents. Dr. Michel's areas of expertise include risk assessment and determination, technological recoveries, shoreline assessment, chemical countermeasures, and damage assessment to natural resources. She has authored several reports and scientific papers on the behavior, fate, and effects of Group V oils and has developed response options for tracking, containing, and recovering nonfloating oil spills. Dr. Michel is an adjunct professor of environmental sciences in the School of Environment, University of South Carolina. She received her B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in geology from the University of South Carolina.
R. Keith Michel, president of Herbert Engineering Corporation, has been with the company since 1973, working on design, specification development, and contract negotiations of container ships, bulk carriers, and tankers. Mr. Michel has served on industry advisory groups to the International Maritime Organization and the U.S. Coast Guard, developing guidelines for alternative tanker designs. He was a project engineer for the U.S. Coast Guard's report on oil outflow analysis for double-hull and hybrid tanker arrangements that were part of the U.S. Department of Transportation's technical report to Congress on the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Mr. Michel served on the National Research Council Committee on the Oil Pollution Act of 1990: Implementation Review and is a member of the Marine Board. He holds a B.S. degree in naval architecture and marine engineering from Webb Institute of Naval Architecture.
James L. O'Brien has been the president and chief executive officer of O'Brien's Oil Pollution Service, Inc., since 1983. He is a former officer in the U.S. Coast Guard, where he was involved with pollution response, including an assignment as the leader of the Pacific Strike Team, a group responsible for responding to spills of oil and hazardous substances. He has been involved in responses to more than 150 significant oil spills, including well blowouts, vessel collision and strandings, facility releases, and pipeline ruptures, and he participated in spill-removal efforts during Desert Storm operations in Saudi Arabia. Mr. O'Brien's company provides services for companies and is the contract spill-management organization for a number of clients. He has published several articles in professional journals and has made presentations at national and international technical conferences.
Steven L. Palmer is a project manager in the Siting Coordination Office of the Department of Environmental Protection for the state of Florida. His professional
experience includes aquatic ecosystem protection and watershed management assessments, air quality protection, and solid and hazardous waste management for both freshwater and marine environments. Mr. Palmer has testified as an expert witness in administrative hearings before legislative committees and at public hearings. He has served as a member of the U.S. Coast Guard Group V Oil Work Group Team, which examines issues surrounding the transport and cleanup of spills of heavy oils. He holds a B.A. in mathematics and marine science from the University of South Florida and an M.S. in civil engineering from Florida State University.