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Biographical Memoirs: V.77 (1999)

Chapter: Front Matter

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1999. Biographical Memoirs: V.77. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9681.
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Biographical Memoirs

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1999. Biographical Memoirs: V.77. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9681.
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This page in the original is blank.
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1999. Biographical Memoirs: V.77. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9681.
×

Biographical Memoirs

VOLUME 77

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
WASHINGTON, D.C.
1999

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1999. Biographical Memoirs: V.77. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9681.
×

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970.

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-06644-1

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER 0077-2933

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5-26629

Available from
NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1999. Biographical Memoirs: V.77. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9681.
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CONTENTS

 

 

PREFACE

 

vii

 

 

LYMAN JAMES BRIGGS
BY PETER BRIGGS MYERS AND JOHANNA M. H. LEVELT SENGERS

 

3

 

 

ROGER WILLIAM BROWN
BY JEROME KAGAN

 

21

 

 

PHILIP PACY COHEN
BY ROBERT H. BURRIS

 

35

 

 

BERNARD DAVID DAVIS
BY WERNER K. MAAS

 

51

 

 

MICHAEL J. S. DEWAR
BY JOSEF MICHL AND MARYE ANNE FOX

 

65

 

 

ROBERT HENRY DICKE
BY W. HAPPER, P. J. E. PEEBLES, AND D. T. WILKINSON

 

79

 

 

WALTHER FREDERICK. GOEBEL
BY MACLYN McCARTY

 

97

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1999. Biographical Memoirs: V.77. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9681.
×

 

 

GERTRUDE SCHARFF GOLDHABER
BY PETER D. BOND AND ERNEST HENLEY

 

109

 

 

CARL W. GOTTSCHALK
BY MAURICE B. BURG

 

123

 

 

JESSE D. JENNINGS
BY C. MELVIN AIKENS

 

143

 

 

JOHN GAMBLE KIRKWOOD
BY STUART A. RICE AND FRANK H. STILLINGER

 

163

 

 

IZAAK MAURITS KOLTHOFF
BY JOHANNES F. COETZEE

 

177

 

 

EDWIN HERBERT LAND
BY VICTOR K. MCELHENY

 

199

 

 

RICHARD MACY NOYES
BY RICHARD J. FIELD AND JOHN A. SCHELLMAN

 

225

 

 

JAMES OLDS
BY RICHARD F. THOMPSON

 

247

 

 

ALWIN MAX PAPPENHEIMER, JR.
BY H. SHERWOOD LAWRENCE

 

265

 

 

FREDERICK DOMINIC ROSSINI
BY ERNEST L. ELIEL

 

283

 

 

THEODORE WILLIAM SCHULTZ
BY D. GALE JOHNSON

 

303

 

 

JOHN CHARLES WALKER
BY DONALD J. HAGEDORN

 

319

 

 

GIAN-CARLO WICK
BY MAURICE JACOB

 

333

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1999. Biographical Memoirs: V.77. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9681.
×

PREFACE

On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy's goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good.

The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject's work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation's contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world.

R. STEPHEN BERRY

Home Secretary

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 1999. Biographical Memoirs: V.77. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9681.
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Biographic Memoirs Volume 77 contains the biographies of deceased members of the National Academy of Sciences and bibliographies of their published works. Each biographical essay was written by a member of the Academy familiar with the professional career of the deceased. For historical and bibliographical purposes, these volumes are worth returning to time and again.

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