National Academies Press: OpenBook

Improving Surface Transportation Security: A Research and Development Strategy (1999)

Chapter: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

« Previous: Appendix B: The Likely Course of Development of Chemical and Biological Attacks
Suggested Citation:"Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1999. Improving Surface Transportation Security: A Research and Development Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9689.
×

Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

H. Norman Abramson (chair) is executive vice president (retired) of Southwest Research Institute. He is internationally known in the field of applied mechanics, particularly for his expertise in the dynamics of contained liquids, and he has extensive experience working on issues involving technology transfer and transportation. He has served as an officer or director of several professional societies, including the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and served on the NAE Council from 1984 to 1990. He has served on more than 20 committees of the NAE and the National Research Council (NRC), including the Committee on the Federal Transportation R&D Strategic Planning Process, which he chaired.

Donald E. Brown is chair of the Department of Systems Engineering of the University of Virginia. His research focuses on data fusion and simulation optimization with applications to intelligence, security, logistics, and transportation. He has developed decision support systems for several U.S. intelligence agencies and was previously an intelligence operations officer for the U.S. Army. Dr. Brown is coeditor of Operations Research and Artificial Intelligence: The Integration of Problem Solving Strategies (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990) and Intelligent Scheduling Systems (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995) and is an associate editor for the journal International Abstracts in Operations Research. He has been president, vice president, and secretary of the Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). He is past chairman of the Technical Section on Artificial Intelligence of

Suggested Citation:"Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1999. Improving Surface Transportation Security: A Research and Development Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9689.
×

the Institute for Operations Research and Management Science and was awarded that society's Outstanding Service Award.

Nick Cartwright is officer in charge of the Science and Technology Branch of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and manager of the Canadian Police Research Centre, a partnership of the RCMP, the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police, and the National Research Council of Canada. He is an expert in the development and use of technology in law enforcement and crime solution. He serves on the advisory council of the U.S. Justice Department that reviews and analyzes the technological needs of the criminal justice system. He chairs the International Civil Aviation Organization's Ad Hoc Group of Specialists on the Detection of Explosives and is a member of the scientific advisory panel that reviews and oversees the security R&D program of the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration. He is a member of the steering committee of Transport Canada's Security Screening Equipment Project and cochair of its working group on standards and technology.

A. Ray Chamberlain, a civil engineer, is a transportation consultant and area manager for Parsons Brinckerhoff. Until recently, he was the vice president for freight policy of the American Trucking Associations (ATA). In that position he served as the ATA's liaison to the Presidential Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection (PCCIP). He has held several other senior positions in private industry, state government, and academia and has been president of both the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials and the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges. He chaired the executive committee of the NRC Transportation Research Board in 1993 and has served on numerous NRC committees, including the Committee on the Federal Transportation R&D Strategic Planning Process.

H. Andy Franklin, principal engineer with the R&D department of Bechtel Technology, Inc., has project engineering and management experience in the design, analysis, testing, and construction of a wide range of industrial facilities, systems, and machinery. His expertise includes structural forensics for damaged and failed facilities, as well as inspection and recovery of facilities after major earthquakes. Dr. Franklin's recent work includes the development of a unique steel-fiber concrete with very high tensile strength for use in applications subject to shock loading (such as bomb blasts). He is a member of the American Concrete Institute and the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and was recently chair of the ASCE Aerospace Division.

Robert E. Green, Jr., is director of the Center for Nondestructive Evaluation, professor in the Materials Science and Engineering Department, and member of the principal professional staff at the Applied Physics Laboratory of The Johns

Suggested Citation:"Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1999. Improving Surface Transportation Security: A Research and Development Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9689.
×

Hopkins University. His experience includes previous positions in both industry and government. He has served on several NRC committees, the board of directors of the American Society for Nondestructive Testing (ASNT) of which he is currently president, the advisory board of Materials Technology, and the editorial board of Research in Nondestructive Evaluation. He is an active member of numerous professional societies, a fellow of both ASM International and ASNT, and cofounder of the International Symposium on Nondestructive Characterization of Materials.

Bruce Haddan is assistant vice president for applied technology at Norfolk Southern Corporation, where his responsibilities include security, disaster recovery, data warehousing, industrial engineering, operations research, and advanced technology. He has also held positions at Norfolk Southern in the auditing, accounting, and information technology departments and in a trucking subsidiary, North American Van Lines. He chaired a subcommittee of the American National Standards Institute committee on electronic data interchange during its development and issuance of standards for encryption and authentication. He has also served on and chaired numerous committees and subcommittees of the Association of American Railroads.

William J. Harris is a metallurgist with extensive experience in the railroad industry. He served on the PCCIP and is currently a consultant to the Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office. He is an emeritus professor of transportation engineering at Texas A&M University and has held a variety of other research and transportation-related positions in government and the private sector. He has served as president of the Metallurgical Society, president of the Engineers Joint Council, honorary board member of ITS America, member of the executive committee of the NRC Transportation Research Board, and organizer and president of the International Heavy Haul Association. He is a member of the NAE.

Michael L. Honig, the Ameritech Professor of Information Technology at Northwestern University, has expertise in data transmission and reception and wireless communication networks. He previously spent 13 years at Bell Laboratories and Bellcore working on voice-band data transmission, local-area networks, digital subscriber lines, and wireless communications. He is coauthor of the book Adaptive Filters: Structures, Algorithms, and Applications (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1984) and has served as editor and guest editor for a number of international journals. He is a fellow of the IEEE and a member of the board of governors of its Information Theory Society.

Jiri (Art) Janata is professor of chemistry at the Georgia Institute of Technology. His research includes analytical chemistry, electrochemistry, chemical sensors, bioinstrumentation, biophysical chemistry, fundamentals of materials science,

Suggested Citation:"Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1999. Improving Surface Transportation Security: A Research and Development Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9689.
×

micromachining, and instrumental analysis. He was previously associate director for materials and interfaces in the Environmental Molecular Science Laboratory at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. He has organized and chaired numerous symposia and conferences. He is on the editorial boards of Biosensors, Sensor Technology, and Talanta and the advisory board of Analytical Chemistry and is an associate editor for Field Analytical Chemistry and Technology.

Steven B. Lipner is director of the Systems Technology Center division of Mitretek Systems, which specializes in software engineering, Internet and client-server technology, computer and network security, and software and project economics and costing. He is also chair of Mitretek's corporate information security committee and sponsored research committee. Previously he was a vice president at Trusted Information Systems, director of information systems in the Center for Information Systems of MITRE Corporation, and manager of the Secure Systems Group at Digital Equipment Corporation. He was a member of the National Computer Systems Security and Privacy Advisory Board from 1989 to 1993.

Michael D. Meyer is chair of the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Previously he was the director of transportation planning and development for the state of Massachusetts and before that a professor of civil engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has published more than 120 technical articles and authored or coauthored numerous texts on transportation planning and policy. He is active in professional organizations, consulting, and expert review panels at the national, state, and local levels. His particular interests in transportation policy include the implementation process, the cost effectiveness of investments, and performance measures.

Fred V. Morrone is director of public safety and superintendent of police for the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which operates some of the nation's largest and busiest transportation facilities, including airports, port terminals, toll bridges, tunnels, bus and rail transit systems, and the World Trade Center. As head of the 1,300-member Department of Public Safety, he is responsible for planning, developing, implementing, and administering the Port Authority's police and fire services. He has more than 35 years of experience in security and is a member of the American Society for Industrial Security and the New Jersey, New York, and International Associations of Chiefs of Police. He is a member of the latter's Subcommittee on Terrorism.

Julia Weertman is a professor of materials science and engineering at Northwestern University. Her research is focused on the mechanical behavior of metals and alloys, deformation mechanisms, and microstructural characterization. She

Suggested Citation:"Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1999. Improving Surface Transportation Security: A Research and Development Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9689.
×

has served on numerous university advisory boards and federal advisory committees and is a fellow of both the Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society and ASM International. She is a member of the NAE and has served on a wide variety of NAE and NRC committees, including the NAE Council and the NRC Solid State Sciences Committee, of which she is a former chair.

Suggested Citation:"Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1999. Improving Surface Transportation Security: A Research and Development Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9689.
×
Page 74
Suggested Citation:"Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1999. Improving Surface Transportation Security: A Research and Development Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9689.
×
Page 75
Suggested Citation:"Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1999. Improving Surface Transportation Security: A Research and Development Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9689.
×
Page 76
Suggested Citation:"Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1999. Improving Surface Transportation Security: A Research and Development Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9689.
×
Page 77
Suggested Citation:"Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1999. Improving Surface Transportation Security: A Research and Development Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9689.
×
Page 78
Improving Surface Transportation Security: A Research and Development Strategy Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $21.00 Buy Ebook | $16.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!

The surface transportation system is vital to our nation's economy, defense, and quality of life. Because threats against the system have hitherto been perceived as minor, little attention has been paid to its security. But the world is changing, as highlighted by dramatic incidents such as the terrorist chemical attack on the Tokyo subway in 1995. As a consequence, security concerns are now attracting more attention--appropriately so, for the threat is real, and responding to it is hard. Although the surface transportation system is remarkably resilient, it is also open and decentralized, making a security response challenging. Research and development can contribute to that response in important ways.

Some important themes emerge from analysis of this strategy. First, a dual-use approach, in which security objectives are furthered at the same time as other transportation goals, can encourage the implementation of security technologies and processes. Second, modeling could be used more to develop a better understanding of the scope of the security problem. Third, DOT can play an important role in developing and disseminating information about best practices that use existing technologies and processes, including low-technology alternatives. Finally, security should be considered as part of a broader picture, not a wholly new and different problem but one that is similar and closely connected to the transportation community's previous experience in responding to accidents, natural disasters, and hazardous materials.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!