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Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability (1999)

Chapter: Appendix B: Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 1999. Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9690.
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Page 345

Appendix B
Acronyms

ARPA

Advanced Research Projects Agency

ASCEND 21

International Conference on an Agenda of Science for Environment and Development into the 21st Century

CFCs

Chlorofluorocarbons

CGIAR

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

CSD

Commission on Sustainable Development (UN)

EMEP

Geneva Protocol on Long-term Financing of the Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe

ENSO

El Niño-Southern Oscillation

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

FAO

UN Food and Agricultural Organization

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GHCN

Global Historical Climatology Network

GSG

Global Scenarios Group

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 1999. Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9690.
×

Page 346

HCFCs

Hydrochlorofluorocarbons

HFCs

Hydrofluorocarbons

HDI

Human Development Index

IAP

InterAcademy Panel on International Issues

ICSU

International Council for Science

IGBP

International Geosphere-Biosphere Program

IHDP

International Human Dimensions Program

IMF

International Monetary Fund

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

IUCN

The World Conservation Union

LTER

NSF Long-Term Ecological Research Program

NGO

Nongovernmental organization

NOx

Nitrogen oxides

NAE

National Academy of Engineering

NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NPPC

Northwest Power Planning Council

NRC

National Research Council

NSF

National Science Foundation

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

PSR

Pressure-State-Response model

RAINS

Regional Air Pollution Information and Simulation Model

SCOPE

Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment

START

SysTem for Analysis, Research, and Training

UN

United Nations

UNCED

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio de Janiero, 1992, also known as ''the Earth Summit")

UNCLOS

UN Convention on the Law of the Sea

UNCSD

UN Commission on Sustainable Development

UNDP

UN Development Program

UNEP

UN Environment Program

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 1999. Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9690.
×

Page 347

UNESCO

UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization

UNICEF

UN Children's Fund

VOC

Volatile organic compounds

WGBU

German Advisory Council on Global Change

WCED

World Commission on Environment and Development

WCRP

World Climate Research Program

WHO

World Health Organization

WRI

World Resources Institute

WSC

World Summit for Children

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 1999. Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9690.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 1999. Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9690.
×
Page 345
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 1999. Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9690.
×
Page 346
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 1999. Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9690.
×
Page 347
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Research Council. 1999. Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9690.
×
Page 348
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World human population is expected to reach upwards of 9 billion by 2050 and then level off over the next half-century. How can the transition to a stabilizing population also be a transition to sustainability? How can science and technology help to ensure that human needs are met while the planet's environment is nurtured and restored?

Our Common Journey examines these momentous questions to draw strategic connections between scientific research, technological development, and societies' efforts to achieve environmentally sustainable improvements in human well being. The book argues that societies should approach sustainable development not as a destination but as an ongoing, adaptive learning process. Speaking to the next two generations, it proposes a strategy for using scientific and technical knowledge to better inform future action in the areas of fertility reduction, urban systems, agricultural production, energy and materials use, ecosystem restoration and biodiversity conservation, and suggests an approach for building a new research agenda for sustainability science.

Our Common Journey documents large-scale historical currents of social and environmental change and reviews methods for "what if" analysis of possible future development pathways and their implications for sustainability. The book also identifies the greatest threats to sustainability--in areas such as human settlements, agriculture, industry, and energy--and explores the most promising opportunities for circumventing or mitigating these threats. It goes on to discuss what indicators of change, from children's birth-weights to atmosphere chemistry, will be most useful in monitoring a transition to sustainability.

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