National Academies Press: OpenBook

Science and Human Rights (1988)


Suggested Citation:"APPENDICES." National Research Council. 1988. Science and Human Rights. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9733.
Page 81
Suggested Citation:"APPENDICES." National Research Council. 1988. Science and Human Rights. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9733.
Page 80

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Appendix A Affiliations of Participants SPEAKERS Juan Luis Gonzalez is a surgeon and president of the independent Medical Association of Chile (Colegio Medico de Chile). He has been a leader and spokesman for the many Chilean physicians who have actively and courageously condemned the widespread use of torture in Chile and has testified before the U.S. Congress on torture in Chile. Dr. Gonzalez received the Scientific Freedom and Responsi- bility Award from the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was president of the National Civic Assembly in Chile, which called for a work stoppage to protest human rights abuses and press for return to a Chilean democracy. Dr. Gonzalez was arrested in July 1986 and charged with "violating Chile's state security laws." He was released on bad! in mid-August and acquitted in January 1987. Ismai] Mohamed is an algebraist and associate professor of mathe- matics, University of Witwatersrand. At the time of the symposium, he was on sabbatical at the City College of the City University of New York. Dr. Mohamed is vice-president of the Transvaal United Democratic Front and a founding member of the Detainees' Parents Support Committee, both of which, along with 15 other organi- zations, were placed under severe restrictions by the government of South Africa on February 24, 1988. An outspoken opponent of apartheid, he has been subjected to detention without trial for polit- ical reasons on several occasions. His latest arrest was in February 81

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Why does the National Academy of Sciences have a Committee on Human Rights? How does the committee define human rights and which rights are fundamental? Does a focus on human rights undermine efforts toward international scientific cooperation , development, political stability, or nuclear disarmament? Why does the committee work only in behalf of scientists and how do scientists become victims of human rights violations? How and why do some health professionals collude with torturers? These questions are typical of those asked frequently of the members and staff of the academy's Committee on Human Rights. They are important questions that this document helps to answer.

Science and Human Rights is the summary of the presentation and discussion of a Symposium convened by the National Academy of Sciences to discuss these issues. Also included in this report are three major papers written by former prisoners from Chile, South Africa, and the Soviet Union.

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