Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
Janice Madden (Chair) is Vice Provost, Graduate Education, University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Madden, who has been on the faculty at the University of Pennsylvania since 1972, serves as the Robert C. Daniels Term Professor of Urban Studies, Regional Science, Sociology, and Real Estate, and as a Professor in the Department of Real Estate at the Wharton School. She is also a Research Associate at the University of Pennsylvania's Population Studies Center and has previously served as Director of the Alice Paul Research Center and the Women's Studies Program at the University. Dr. Madden has been on the Board of Directors of, and a consultant with, Econsult Corporation of Philadelphia since 1980. Her clients have included the U.S. Army Family Research Program, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity, and the U.S. Department of Justice. Her recent publications include "Work, Wages, and Poverty: Income Distribution in Post-Industrial Philadelphia," with William Stull, (1991) and "Rising Incomes and Earnings Inequality: U.S. Metropolitan Areas in the 1980s" (forthcoming). She serves on the editorial board for Women and Work and is the U.S. editor for Urban Studies. Dr. Madden has just completed a term as President of the Association of Graduate Schools (AGS) and as a member of the American Association of Universities' (AAU's) Committee on Graduate Education. She is currently a member of the Board of Directors of the Council of Graduate Schools, is a member of the Graduate Record Examination Board, and serves on the Steering Committee for the AAU/AGS Project for Research on Doctoral Education. Dr. Madden has previously served on the NRC's Committee on Vocational Education and Economic Development in Depressed Areas. Her honors include, most recently, the Academic Excellence Award of the Trustees' Council of Penn Women (1997). She holds a Ph.D. (1972) in economics from Duke University and a B.A. (1969) in economics from the University of Denver.
Paul R. Biemer is Chief Scientist and Director of the Survey Methods Research Program at Research Triangle Institute, Inc., in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. He also serves as an instructor in both the Survey Research Center, Annual Summer Institute, University of Michigan and the Joint University of Maryland-University of Michigan Program in Survey Methodology. Before joining RTI in 1991, he was head of the Department of Experimental Statistics and director of the University Statistics Center at New Mexico State University. Prior to that, he was assistant chief of the Statistical Research Division at the Bureau of the Census. Dr. Biemer has more than 18 years of postdoctoral experience in survey methods and statistics, including survey methodology, nonsampling and measurement error evaluation and analysis, survey design and estimation, experimental design and analysis, and contract research management. He specializes in the design and analysis of studies to evaluate alternative survey designs and has published widely in these areas. Dr. Biemer serves as associate editor for the Journal of Official Statistics and is a reviewer for numerous other journals. He is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association. He has previously chaired the Survey Research Methods Section of the American Statistical Association and has served on the NRC's Panel to Evaluate the Survey of Income and Program Participation. Dr. Biemer received the Bronze Medal from the Bureau of the Census for superior federal service in 1985 and the H.O. Hartley Award for outstanding contributions to the statistical profession 1990. He received a B.S. (1972) in mathematics and a Ph.D. (1978) in statistics from Texas A&M University.
Bronwyn Hall is Associate Professor, Department of Economics at the University of California, Berkeley where she has been on the faculty since 1987. She has several simultaneous appointments: since 1996, she has also been serving as Temporary Professor of Economics and Fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford University; since 1995 she has been International Research Associate, Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, England; and since 1988 she has been a Research Fellow or Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research, and a member of its Programs on Productivity and Technical Change. Since 1977 she has also been founder and owner, TSP International, a computer software firm that maintains, develops, and distributes the TSP econometrics package. Dr. Hall's research interests focus on the economics of research and development and innovation. She is Associate Editor, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, and a member of the advisory board for International Finance. She has also been a member of the editorial board for Economics of Innovation and New Technology. Dr. Hall has served on the Census Advisory Committee of the American Economic Association; the Advisory Committee to the Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan; the Advisory Committee of Economists to the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research; and the Data Base Review Committee of the Small Business Administration, 1984–1985. She has served on two NRC panels, the Steering Committee for a Workshop on Industrial Science and Technology Indicators and the Steering Committee on Projections of Scientists and Engineers. She has also testified before the House Subcommittee on Science, Space, and Technology. Dr. Hall holds a B.A. in physics (1966) from Wellesley College and a Ph.D. in economics (1988) from Stanford University.
T.R. Lakshmanan is Professor, Department of Geography, and Executive Director, Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, at Boston University. Dr. Lakshmanan held these positions from 1978 and 1979, respectively, until 1994, and resumed them in January 1998. From 1994 to 1998, Dr. Lakshmanan served as director of the Bureau of Transportation Statistics at the U.S. Department of Transportation. Dr. Lakshmanan has also been a Visiting Scholar, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis; Fellow, Clare Hall, Cambridge University; Visiting Scholar, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; and Visiting Scholar, The Institute for Futures Studies, Stockholm. He is the author of numerous books, articles, and papers. He has authored and edited Systems and Models for Energy and Environmental Analysis; Spatial, Environmental and Resource Policy in Developing Countries; Rural Industrialization in Regional Development in the Third World; Large-Scale Energy Projects: Assessment of Regional Consequences; and Economic Faces of the Building Sector. His recent articles include "Full Benefits and Costs of Transportation: Review and Prospects," "Technical Change in Transportation: Social and Institutional Issues," and "The Changing Context of Transportation Modeling: Implications of the New Economy, Intermodalism, and the Drive for Environmental Quality." Dr. Lakshmanan was editor, Annals of Regional Science, from 1988 to 1994. He served as Chairman of the Working Group on Energy Resources and Development of the International Geographic Union from 1980 to 1988 and was Vice President of the International Regional Science Association from 1981 to 1983. He has served on the Executive Committee of NRC's Transportation Research Board and on the Panel on Technologies for Affordable Housing. He is currently serving on the NRC's Committee on Geography. In 1985 he was elected a Life Member of Clare Hall College, Cambridge University and in 1989 was awarded the Anderson Medal of the American Association of Geographers. Dr. Lakshmanan holds a Ph.D. (1965) from Ohio State University and an M.A. (1953) and B.Sc. (1952) from the University of Madras.
Eduardo R. Macagno is Associate Vice President for Research and Graduate Education and Dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Columbia University. Dr. Macagno holds a faculty position as professor of biological sciences in the department of Biological Sciences at Columbia where he has been since 1973. Dr. Macagno also served as an instructor in neural systems and behavior at the Marine Biological Laboratory for fifteen years. He has sponsored nineteen graduate students and eight postdoctoral fellows at Columbia. Dr. Macagno's laboratory studies the elucidation of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying features of the developing nervous system. He currently holds grants from the National Science Foundation to study "Receptor Phosphatases and Control of Neuritis Growth" and from the National Institutes of Health to study "Cell Interactions and the Genesis of Neuronal Arbors." He has numerous publications in physics and neurobiology. His edited books include P.C. Letourneau, S.B. Kater, and E.R. Macagno, eds., The Nerve Growth Cone (1991) and M. Shankland and E.R. Macagno, eds., Determinants of Cell Fate (1992). Dr. Macagno is co-editor of the Journal of Neurobiology. He was a member of the Cell and Molecular Basis of Disease Study Section of the National Institutes of Health from 1991 to 1996 and chaired the Section from 1994 to 1996. He served on the American Association of Universities' Committee on the Future of Graduate Education from 1996 to 1998. He was selected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1992. Dr. Macagno holds a Ph.D. (1968) in physics from Columbia University and a B.A. (1963) in physics from the University of Iowa.
Robert H. McGuckin is Director of Economic Research at the Conference Board with which he has served since August 1996. In addition to his responsibilities for economic research at the Conference Board, Dr. McGuckin supervises the Business Cycle Indicators program and the Consumer Research Center. Prior to joining the Conference Board, Dr. McGuckin was chief of the Center for Economic Studies (CES) at the U.S. Bureau of the Census where he guided development of the Longitudinal Research Database (LRD) and a broad research program in both statistics and economics. During his tenure, CES became a world leader in the development of microdata approaches to economic theory and policy. Dr. McGuckin held several positions with the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice during the years 1974–86, including Assistant Director of the Economic Policy office and Director of Research for the Economic Analysis Group. While at the Department of Justice, Dr. McGuckin was named the Victor H. Kramer Fellow at the University of Chicago School of Law for the 1978–1979 academic year. Before entering government service, Dr. McGuckin was an Assistant Professor of Economics at the University of California at Santa Barbara from 1970 to 1976. Dr. McGuckin is a specialist in industrial organization, productivity, antitrust, and statistics, and has published numerous articles on economic and statistical topics in refereed professional journals. His recent work has focused on mergers and acquisitions, adoption of advanced computer technologies by business, and business organizations, and he has also written on a wide range of topics, from the effects of Chinese economic reforms on productivity growth to issues of the effect of aggregation on economic studies. Dr. McGuckin currently serves as a director of the Center for the Study of Contracts and Structure of Industry at the University of Pittsburgh's Katz School of Business. He received his Ph.D. in economics from the State University of New York at Buffalo in 1970, and his B.A. in mathematics from Ithaca College in 1965.
John McTague recently retired as Vice President, Technical Affairs, Ford Motor Company. Appointed to the position in 1990, he directed the operations of Ford Research Laboratories, Environmental and Safety Engineering, New Generation Vehicle Programs, and Corporate Technology Planning. He previously served as Ford's Vice President, Research. Prior to joining Ford in 1986, Dr. McTague served as Acting Science Advisor to the President of the United
States. He has also held positions as director of the National Synchotron Light Source at Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York, as adjunct professor of chemistry at Columbia University, as a faculty member in chemistry at the University of California, Los Angeles, and as a member of the technical staff of the North American Rockwell Science Center. Dr. McTague was appointed by President Bush to his Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) in February 1990. He is a former member of the Advisory Board for the Directorate on Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences at the National Science Foundation. Dr. McTague is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and he has served on a number of NRC Committees, including most recently the Steering Committee on Projections of Scientists and Engineers. He is a member of the Secretary of Energy's Advisory Board and is Chairman of the Board of Overseers of Fermilab. He serves on the boards of directors of the National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering, the State of Michigan Strategic Fund, Michigan Technologies, Inc., and Raychem Corporation. He holds a B.S. (1960) and a Ph.D. (1965) in physical chemistry from Brown University.
David Mowery is Milton W. Terrill Professor of Business at the Walter A. Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley, and Director of the Haas School's Ph.D. Program. Prior to joining the faculty at Berkeley, Dr. Mowery taught at Carnegie-Mellon University, served as Study Director for the NRC Panel on Technology and Employment, and served in the Office of the United States Trade Representative as a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow. His research deals with the economics of technological innovation and with the effects of public policies on innovation. Dr. Mowery has published numerous academic papers and has written or edited a number of books, including The International Computer Software Industry: A Comparative Study of Industry Evolution and Structure; Paths of Innovation: Technological Change in 20th-Century America; The Sources of Industrial Leadership; Science and Technology Policy in Interdependent Economies; Technology and the Pursuit of Economic Growth; Alliance Politics and Economics: Multinational Joint Ventures in Commercial Aircraft; Technology and Employment: Innovation and Growth in the U.S. Economy; The Impact of Technological Change on Employment and Economic Growth; Technology and the Wealth of Nations; and International Collaborative Ventures in U.S. Manufacturing. Dr. Mowery has served on a number of National Research Council panels, including those on the Competitive Status of the U.S. Civil Aviation Industry, the Causes and Consequences of the Internationalization of U.S. Manufacturing, the Federal Role in Civilian Technology Development, U.S. Strategies for the Children's Vaccine Initiative, and Applications of Biotechnology to Contraceptive Research and Development. He has also testified before congressional committees and served as an adviser for the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, various federal agencies and industrial firms. His academic awards include the Raymond Vernon Prize from the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, the Economic History Association's Fritz Redlich Prize, the Business History Review's Newcomen Prize, and the Cheit Outstanding Teaching Award. He received his undergraduate and Ph.D. degrees in economics from Stanford University and was a postdoctoral fellow at the Harvard Business School.
Julie Norris is Director, Sponsored Programs, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a position she assumed after a long career at the University of Houston where she was Assistant Vice President and Director of Sponsored Programs. Her responsibilities at MIT include management of both pre- and post-award activities in the area of sponsored programs, including responsibility for the preparation and negotiation of the institute's indirect cost proposal and other cost analysis activities. Ms. Norris is a member of the Council on Governmental Relations (COGR). She
served on COGR's board from 1982–1988 and was chair of the Grant and Contract Policy Committee in 1987–88. She was re-appointed to the board in 1992 for another six year term, served as chair of the Grant and Contract Policy Committee from 1992–1994, and as Chairman of the Board, 1994–1996. Ms. Norris served as chair of COGR's Costing Policies Committee in 1996–1997 and for 1997–1998 serves as chair of the Research Administration and Compliance Committee. She is also a member of the National Council of University Research Administrators (NCURA) and has served that national organization as treasurer, vice president, and president. She has also been a consultant to the National Science Foundation on its Research Facilities and Expenditures studies. Ms. Norris served on the research team for the study entitled "Financing and Managing University Research Equipment" which was produced by the American Association of Universities (AAU), the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges (NASULGC), and COGR. She is the primary contributor to the COGR document "Managing Externally Funded Programs at Colleges and Universities" and one of the authors of NCURA's "Regulation and Compliance Handbook." She is the author of Volume I of NCURA's "Fundamentals of Sponsored Projects Administration" and is currently working on Volume II. In addition she is the author of the sponsored programs chapter in NACUBO's "College and University Business Administration'' and one of the authors of AIS's "Managing Federal Grants." Ms. Norris was the first recipient of NCURA's award for Outstanding Contributions to Research Administration. She holds an M.A. (1966) in history from the University of Houston, and a B.A. (1958) in history from Rice University.
Paula E. Stephan is Professor of Economics and Associate Dean of Policy Studies at Georgia State University where she has been on the faculty since 1971. A labor economist by training, her recent research focuses on issues in science and technology. She is interested in both the careers of scientists and engineers and the process by which knowledge moves across institutional boundaries in the economy. Her publications include "The Economics of Science," Journal of Economics Literature (September 1996); "Company Scientist Locational Links: The Case of Biotechnology," (with D. Audretsch), American Economic Review (June 1996); and Striking the Mother Lode in Science: The Importance of Age, Place, and Time (with S. Levin), Oxford University Press, 1992. Dr. Stephan has received funding for research from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the National Science Foundation, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the U.S. Department of Labor, the Exxon Education Foundation, and the Andrew Mellon Foundation. Dr. Stephan has recently served on several NRC Committees, including the Committee on Dimensions, Causes, and Implications of Trends in the Early Career Events for Life Scientists; Committee on Methods of Forecasting Demand and Supply of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers; and the Committee on NRC Research Associates Career Outcomes. She holds a B.A. from Grinnell College and an M.A. and Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan.