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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
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LABORATORY DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, AND RENOVATION

PARTICIPANTS, PROCESS, AND PRODUCT

Committee on Design, Construction, and Renovation of Laboratory Facilities

Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology

Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

Support for this project was provided by the National Academy of Sciences, American Chemical Society, Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation (Contract No. SG-98-115), Howard Hughes Medical Foundation (Contract No. 79197-500111), U.S. Department of Energy (Contract No. DE-FG02-96ER76043), and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (Contract No. 43NANB80812). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

International Standard Book Number 0-309-06633-6

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 00-101279

COVER: Image courtesy of Jordan J. Levin.

Additional copies of this report are available from:
National Academy Press
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Copyright 2000 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

National Academy of Sciences

National Academy of Engineering

Institute of Medicine

National Research Council

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

COMMITTEE ON DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, AND RENOVATION OF LABORATORY FACILITIES

JOHN I. BRAUMAN,

Stanford University,

Chair

JOHN L. ANDERSON,

Carnegie Mellon University

W. EMMETT BARKLEY,

Howard Hughes Medical Institute

JANET S. BAUM,

Health Education + Research Associates

ROBERT H. BECKER,

Monsanto Company

PETER J. BRUNS,

Cornell University

CAROL CREUTZ,

Brookhaven National Laboratory

DANIEL L. HIGHTOWER,

University of Kansas

DAVID R. PARKER,

Santa Clara Fire Department

FRANK J. POPPER,

Rutgers University

CHARLES A. POTTER,

Hercules, Inc.

MICHAEL REAGAN,

Ellenzweig Associates

PAUL R. RESNICK,

DuPont Fluoroproducts (retired)

AMOS B. SMITH III,

University of Pennsylvania

Staff

RUTH MCDIARMID, Senior Program Officer

MARIA P. JONES, Senior Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

BOARD ON CHEMICAL SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY

JOHN L. ANDERSON,

Carnegie Mellon University,

Co-Chair

LARRY E. OVERMAN,

University of California, Irvine,

Co-Chair

BARBARA J. GARRISON,

Pennsylvania State University

ALICE P. GAST,

Stanford University

LOUIS C. GLASGOW,

DuPont Fluoroproducts

KEITH E. GUBBINS,

North Carolina State University

NANCY B. JACKSON,

Sandia National Laboratories

JIRI JONAS,

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

GEORGE E. KELLER II,

Union Carbide Company (retired)

RICHARD A. LERNER,

Scripps Research Institute

GREGORY A. PETSKO,

Brandeis University

WAYNE H. PITCHER, JR.,

Genencor International, Inc.

KENNETH N. RAYMOND,

University of California at Berkeley

PAUL J. REIDER,

Merck Research Laboratories

LYNN F. SCHNEEMEYER,

Bell Laboratories

MARTIN B. SHERWIN,

ChemVen Group, Inc.

JEFFREY J. SIIROLA,

Eastman Chemical Company

CHRISTINE S. SLOANE,

General Motors

PETER J. STANG,

University of Utah

JOHN T. YATES, JR.,

University of Pittsburgh

STEVEN W. YATES,

University of Kentucky

DOUGLAS J. RABER, Director

RUTH MCDIARMID, Senior Program Officer

CHRISTOPHER K. MURPHY, Program Officer

SYBIL A. PAIGE, Administrative Associate

MARIA P. JONES, Senior Project Assistant

DAVID GRANNIS, Project Assistant (through July 1999)

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

COMMISSION ON PHYSICAL SCIENCES, MATHEMATICS, AND APPLICATIONS

PETER M. BANKS,

Veridian Corporation/ERIM International, Inc.,

Co-Chair

W. CARL LINEBERGER, University of Colorado,

Co-Chair

WILLIAM F. BALLHAUS, JR.,

Lockheed Martin Corporation

SHIRLEY CHIANG,

University of California at Davis

MARSHALL H. COHEN,

California Institute of Technology

RONALD G. DOUGLAS,

Texas A&M University

SAMUEL H. FULLER,

Analog Devices, Inc.

JERRY P. GOLLUB,

Haverford College

MICHAEL F. GOODCHILD,

University of California at Santa Barbara

MARTHA P. HAYNES,

Cornell University

WESLEY T. HUNTRESS, JR.,

Carnegie Institution

CAROL M. JANTZEN,

Savannah River Technology Center

PAUL G. KAMNSKI,

Technovation, Inc.

KENNETH H. KELLER,

University of Minnesota

JOHN R. KREICK,

Sanders, a Lockheed Martin Company (retired)

MARSHA I. LESTER,

University of Pennsylvania

DUSA M. MCDUFF,

State University of New York at Stony Brook

JANET L. NORWOOD,

Former U.S. Commissioner of Labor Statistics

M. ELISABETH PATÉ-CORNELL,

Stanford University

NICHOLAS P. SAMIOS,

Brookhaven National Laboratory

ROBERT J. SPINRAD,

Xerox PARC (retired)

NORMAN METZGER, Executive Director (through July 1999)

MYRON F. UMAN, Acting Executive Director (as of August 1999)

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

Preface

In response to concerns of the community of users and administrators of research facilities, the Committee on Design, Construction, and Renovation of Laboratory Facilities (see Appendix A) was appointed by the National Research Council (NRC) to provide guidance on effective approaches for building laboratory facilities in the chemical and biochemical sciences (Appendix B gives the statement of task). The committee members were chosen for their knowledge and experience in aspects of laboratory design, construction, and renovation and included scientist-users, facilities managers, providers of design services (architects and engineers), and experts in the specialized areas of environmental health and safety, hazardous materials, and community relations.

All of the members of the committee shared the community's concern about the problems of building laboratory facilities. Committee members' initial responses to the nature of these problems, possible solutions, and the content and style that the report might take were quite diverse. Following public meetings and presentations (Appendix C), however, the committee arrived at a consensus about these issues, deciding as a result to focus on how to have a successful laboratory facility designed and built, not on the details of laboratory construction.

The committee based much of its report on testimony presented during its first two meetings by scientist-users, administrators, and design professionals, as well as consultants in the areas of fire protection, compliance with Environmental Protection Agency regulations and the Americans with Disabilities Act, and building code. Committee members also heard a presentation from the entire building team of one project—including a scientist-user, facilities manager, director of

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

physical planning, architect, administrator, and construction manager (see Appendix C). The committee is grateful to the many individuals who provided technical information and insight during these briefings. This information provided a sound foundation on which the committee based its work. In addition, committee members were able to draw on their own experience.

This study does not duplicate the numerous other publications on laboratory construction (see the bibliography). It is the committee's hope that scientist-users, institutional administrators, and institutional managers will use this report to become informed users of design services and that the professional design community will use this report to enhance its ability to interact with its clients.

This study was conducted under the auspices of the NRC's Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology. The committee acknowledges this support. The chair is particularly grateful to the NRC staff as well as the members of this committee, who worked diligently and effectively on a demanding schedule to produce this report.

John I. Brauman, Chair

Committee on Design, Construction, and Renovation of Laboratory Facilities

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
×

Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This report has been reviewed by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council's (NRC's) Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the authors and the NRC in making the published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The content of the review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of this report:

Gerald D. Begley, Eastman Chemical Company,

Jacob Bigeleisen, State University of New York at Stony Brook,

F. Peter Boer, Tiger Scientific, Inc.,

Ronald Breslow, Columbia University,

Lawrence D. Brown, University of Pennsylvania,

Ira Farber, Brandeis University,

Rebekah G. Gladson, University of California at Irvine,

Frederick D. Lewis, Northwestern University,

Ann Norberg, 3M,

Marion C. Thurnauer, Argonne National Laboratory, and

K. Peter Walter, Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

Although the individuals listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, responsibility for the final content of this report rests solely with the authoring committee and the NRC.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
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LABORATORY DESIGN CONSTRUCTION AND RENOVATION

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9799.
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Laboratory facilities are complex, technically sophisticated, and mechanically intensive structures that are expensive to build and to maintain. Hundreds of decisions must be made before and during new construction or renovation that will determine how successfully the facility will function when completed and how successfully it can be maintained once put into service.

This book provides guidance on effective approaches for building laboratory facilities in the chemical and biochemical sciences. It contains both basic and laboratory-specific information addressed to the user community-the scientists and administrators who contract with design and construction experts. The book will also be important to the design and construction communities-the architects, laboratory designers, and engineers who will design the facility and the construction personnel who will build it-to help them communicate with the scientific community for whom they build laboratory facilities.

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