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Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition (2003)

Chapter: 12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients

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Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

12
Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients

Information on the nutrient composition of foods and feed ingredients is essential for formulating feeds and diets to meet the nutrient requirements of nonhuman primates. Variability of nutrient composition of a specific feed ingredient is a function of several factors, including growing and harvest conditions, processing and storage influences and nutritional status of the organism. Selection of analytic methods can contribute to variability of published results (National Research Council, 1998).

Data presented in Table 12-1 include dry matter, gross energy, crude protein, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, ash, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, total dietary fiber, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. Gross energy (GE) is the only food energy value listed in Table 12-1 because other energy values, such as digestible energy (DE) or metabolizable energy (ME), are not constants but are functions of food composition, amount of food consumed per unit of time, and the ability of the consuming primate to digest or metabolize the food. Although ME concentrations of total diets have been determined for a few nonhuman primate species, ME concentrations in individual foods or feed ingredients consumed by nonhuman primates have not been reported. Because digestive tract morphology and physiology is so diverse, ME values of individual foods would be expected to vary appreciably among species within the Primate order. Although untested, ME values of low- to medium-fiber foods consumed by omnivorous primates, such as rhesus macaques, might be similar to ME values of those foods when consumed by humans. ME values of higher-fiber foods might be similar to ME values of those foods when consumed by small ruminants. Mineral and vitamin composition of foods and feed are presented in Tables 12-2 and 12-3, respectively. Amino acid composition is provided in Table 12-4. Mineral concentrations of macro mineral sources are presented in Table 12-5. Various sources of fats and oils are listed in Table 12-6 and their characteristics are described.

Although many common feed ingredients are used in the manufacture of commercial primate feeds, many food items included in nonhuman-primate diets are not typical of those used in livestock feeding programs. As a result, a wide variety of literature sources were used to develop the values in the following tables. When sufficient data are available, the nutrient concentrations expressed are averages, reflecting the most likely nutrient concentrations in commonly used feeds. The values in the tables are intended to be used as guides, and users are encouraged to have feed ingredients chemically analyzed before widespread application.

REFERENCES

Allen, M.E. 1989. Nutritional Aspects of Insectivory. Ph.D. Thesis. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University.


Bath, D., J. Dunbar, J. King, S. Berry and S. Olbrich. 1999. Byproducts and unusual feedstuffs. Feedstuffs 71(31):32-38.

Bird, D.M., S. Ho., and O.P. Macdonald. 1982. Nutritive values of three common prey items of the American kestrel. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A 73:513-515.


Cera, K.R., D.C. Mahan and G.A. Reinhart. 1989. Apparent fat digestibilities and performance responses of postweaning swine fed diets supplemented with coconut oil, corn oil or tallow. J. Anim. Sci. 67:2040-2047.


Defoliart, G.R., M.D. Finke, and M.L. Sunde. 1982. Potential value of the mormon cricket (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) harvested as a high-protein feed for poultry. J. Econ. Entomol. 78:848-852.


Ewan, R.C. 1989. Predicting the energy utilization of diets and feed ingredients by pigs. Pp. 271-274 in Energy Metabolism, European Association of Animal Production Bulletin No. 43. Y. van der Honing and W. H. Close, Eds. Pudoc Wageningen, Netherlands.


Finke, M.D. 2002. Complete nutrient composition of commercially raised invertebrates used as food for insectivores. Zoo Biology. 21:269-285.


Glew, R.H., D.J. VanderJagt, C. Lockett, L.E. Grivetti, G.C. Smith, A. Pastuszyn, and M. Millson. 1997. Amino acid, fatty acid, and mineral composition of 24 indigenous plants of Burkina Faso. J. Food Comp. Anal. 10:205-217.

Guglielmo, C.G., and W.H. Karasov. 1995. Nutritional quality of winter browse for ruffed grouse. J. Wild. Manage. 59:427-436. .

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

Hummer, R.L. 1970. Feeding and Nutrition of Non-human Primates. New York: Academic Press


Institute of Medicine (IOM). 1996. Food Chemical Codex, 4th ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.


Janeke, E.K. 1995. Captive primate food selection: the effects of plant chemistry on browse choice by Francois’ leaf-eating monkey (Presbytis francoisi). Pp. 113 in Thesis (M.S.)—San Diego State University. San Diego, CA.

Jensen, R.G. (Ed). 1995. Handbook of Milk Composition. New York: Academic Press.


Massieu, G., J. Guzman, R.O. Cravioto, and J. Calvo. 1951. Nutritive value of some primitive Mexican foods. J. Am. Dietetic Assoc. 27:212-214.


National Research Council. 1971. Atlas of Nutritional Data on United States and Canadian Feeds. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Research Council. 1981. Nutrient Requirements of Goats. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Research Council. 1982. United States-Canadian Tables of Feed Composition: Nutritional Data for United States and Canadian Feeds. 3rd ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Research Council. 1998. Nutrient Requirements of Swine, 10th Rev. ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.


Pearl, G.G. 1995. Feeding Fats. Fats and Proteins Research Foundation Publication No. 269. Bloomington, IL: Fats and Proteins Research Foundation. 23 pp.


Robbins, C.T., and A.N. Moen. 1975. Composition and digestibility of several deciduous browses in the Northeast. J. Wild. Manage. 39:337-341.


Schmidt, D.A., M.S. Kerley, J.L. Dempsey, and I.J. Porton. 1999. The potential to increase neutral detergent fiber levels in ape diets using readily available produce. Pp. 102-107 in Third Conference Proceedings of the American Zoo and Aquarium Association Nutrition Advisory Group. Columbus, OH.


U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2001. USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 14. Nutrient Data Laboratory Homepage, http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 1996. USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 11. Nutrient Data Laboratory Homepage, http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp/Data/SR11-1/sr11-1.html.


Warnell, K.J. 1988. Feed intake, digestibility, digesta passage, and fecal microbial ecology of the red panda (Ailurus fulgens). P.29 in Thesis (M.S.)-Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

TABLE 12-1 Composition of Important Feeds: Energy Values,Proximate Analyses, Plant Cell Wall Constituents, Data Expressed As-Fed and Dry (100% Dry Matter)a

 

Plant Cell Wall Constituents

 

Entry Number

Description

International Feed Numberb

Dry Matter (%)

Gross Energyc (kcal/g)

Crude Protein (%)

Crude Fat (%)

Lino-leic Acid (%)

Lino-lenic Acid (%)

Ash (%)

TDF (%)

NDF (%)

ADF (%)

Cellulose (%)

Hemi-cellulose (%)

Lignin (%)

Data Source

 

Alder Alnus sp

1

leaves, sun-cured

85.0

3.87

18.7

5.1

5.0

17.9

Bath et al., 1999

2

 

100.0

4.55

22.0

6.0

5.9

21.0

 

 

Alfalfa Medicago sativa

3

meal dehy, 15% CP

1-00-022

90.0

15.6

2.2

9.1

46.0

37.0

26.0

11.0

NRC, 1982

4

 

100.0

4.10

17.3

2.4

10.1

51.1

41.1

28.9

12.2

 

5

meal dehy, 17% CP

1-00-023

92.0

17.0

2.6

0.35

9.7

41.2

30.2

22.0

10.0

NRC, 1998; NRC, 1982

6

 

100.0

4.11

18.5

2.8

0.38

10.5

44.8

32.8

23.9

10.9

 

7

meal dehy, 20% CP

1-00-024

92.0

19.6

3.3

0.44

10.4

38.8

26.4

20.0

7.0

NRC, 1998; NRC, 1982

8

 

100.0

4.17

21.3

3.6

0.48

11.3

42.2

28.7

21.7

7.6

 

9

meal dehy, 22% CP

1-07-851

93.0

22.2

4.1

10.2

36.0

26.0

19.0

7.0

NRC, 1982

10

 

100.0

4.27

23.9

4.4

11.0

39.0

28.0

20.0

8.0

 

 

Almond Prunus amygdalus

11

hulls

4-00-359

90.0

1.9

2.7

5.8

29.0

25.0

17.0

4.0

8.0

NRC, 1982

12

 

100.0

4.06

2.1

3.0

6.5

32.0

28.0

19.0

4.0

9.0

 

 

Apple Malus sylvestris

13

fruit, raw, with peel

16.1

0.2

0.4

0.09

0.02

0.3

2.7

1.6

1.0

0.7

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

14

 

100.0

4.21

1.2

2.2

0.56

0.11

1.6

16.8

10.2

6.0

4.2

 

15

pomace, dehy

89.0

4.4

4.5

2.0

23.1

Bath et al., 1999

16

 

100.0

4.41

4.9

5.1

2.2

26.0

 

17

pomace, oat hulls added, dehy

4-28-096

89.0

4.6

4.7

3.1

40.0

12.0

NRC, 1982

18

 

100.0

4.36

5.2

5.3

3.5

44.9

13.5

 

 

Apricot Prunus armeniaca

19

fruit, dried, sulfured

68.9

3.7

0.5

0.09

0.00

3.1

9.0

USDASR14

20

 

100.0

4.07

5.3

0.7

0.13

0.00

4.4

13.1

 

21

fruit, raw, epd

13.7

1.4

0.4

0.08

0.00

0.8

2.4

1.0

0.6

0.4

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

22

 

100.0

4.22

10.3

2.9

0.59

0.00

5.5

17.6

7.3

4.7

2.6

 

 

Ash Fraxinus spp.

23

leaves, sun-cured

85.0

12.4

4.7

5.7

NRC, 1971

24

 

100.0

4.38

14.6

5.5

6.7

 

 

Asparagus Asparagus officinalis

25

spear, raw

7.6

2.3

0.2

0.08

0.01

0.6

2.1

1.4

0.9

0.4

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

26

 

100.0

4.41

30.0

2.6

1.09

0.07

7.5

27.6

17.9

12.4

5.5

 

 

Aspen Populus spp

27

leaves, sun-cured

85.0

14.6

4.6

7.7

26.4

Bath et al., 1999

28

 

100.0

4.30

17.2

5.4

9.1

31.0

 

29

flower buds, spring

38.2

1.84

5.2

Guglielmo and Karasov, 1995

30

 

100.0

4.82

13.5

 

 

Avocado Persea americana

31

fruit, raw, ep, all commerical varieties

25.7

2.0

15.3

1.84

0.11

1.0

5.0

USDASR14

32

 

100.0

7.41

7.7

59.5

7.15

0.43

4.0

19.4

 

 

Bamboo, arrow Psuedosasa japonica

33

leaves

24.1

1.05

3.1

0.7

2.2

18.5

11.8

9.8

6.7

2.0

Warnell, 1988

34

 

100.0

4.35

12.7

2.7

9.1

76.8

48.9

40.5

27.9

8.4

 

 

Banyan, weeping Chinese Ficus benjamina

35

leaves, mature, fresh

39.9

3.4

13.1

Janeke, 1995

36

 

100.0

8.5

32.8

 

 

Banyantree Ficus benghalensis

37

leaves, fresh

2-27-208

32.0

3.1

NRC, 1981

38

 

100.0

9.6

 

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

 

Plant Cell Wall Constituents

 

Entry Number

Description

International Feed Numberb

Dry Matter (%)

Gross Energyc (kcal/g)

Crude Protein (%)

Crude Fat (%)

Lino-leic Acid (%)

Lino-lenic Acid (%)

Ash (%)

TDF (%)

NDF (%)

ADF (%)

Cellulose (%)

Hemi-cellulose (%)

Lignin (%)

Data Source

 

Bakery waste

39

dried bakery product

4-00-466

92.0

10.8

11.3

5.70

4.0

2.0

1.3

0.7

NRC, 1998

40

 

100.0

4.82

11.7

12.3

6.20

4.3

2.2

1.4

0.8

 

 

Banana Musa sapientum

41

aerial part, fresh

2-00-483

16.0

1.0

0.1

2.1

NRC, 1971

42

 

100.0

3.71

6.4

0.8

13.1

 

43

flower

8.7

1.4

1.0

3.6

2.0

1.6

Schmidt et al., 1999

44

 

100.0

15.8

11.1

41.2

22.6

18.6

 

45

fruit, raw, ep

25.7

1.0

0.5

0.06

0.03

0.8

2.4

1.4

USDASR14

46

 

100.0

4.17

4.0

1.9

0.22

0.13

3.1

9.3

5.4

 

47

fruit, raw, with peel

19.9

1.1

0.7

2.4

0.5

1.9

Schmidt et al., 1999

48

 

100.0

5.7

3.6

12.3

2.8

9.5

 

49

leaves, fresh

2-09-902

19.0

2.9

NRC, 1981

50

 

100.0

15.7

 

51

peel

16.2

1.0

1.4

1.9

NRC, 1971

52

 

100.0

4.21

6.1

8.7

11.7

 

 

Barley Hordeum distichon

53

grain, two row

4-00-572

89.0

11.3

1.9

0.88

18.0

6.2

11.8

NRC, 1998

54

 

100.0

12.7

2.1

0.99

20.2

7.0

13.3

 

 

Barley Hordeum vulgare

55

grain, six row

4-00-574

89.0

10.5

1.9

0.91

18.6

7.0

11.6

NRC, 1998

56

 

100.0

11.8

2.1

1.02

20.9

7.9

13.0

 

57

grain,hulless

4-00-552

88.0

14.9

2.1

1.14

10.1

2.2

7.9

NRC, 1998

58

 

100.0

16.9

2.4

1.30

11.5

2.5

9.0

 

 

Bean, snap Phaseolus spp

59

green, raw

9.7

1.8

0.1

0.02

0.04

0.7

3.4

2.1

1.8

0.3

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

60

 

100.0

4.19

18.7

1.2

0.24

0.37

6.8

34.9

21.9

18.3

3.6

 

61

yellow, raw

9.7

1.8

0.1

0.02

0.04

0.7

3.4

2.1

USDASR14

62

 

100.0

4.19

18.7

1.2

0.24

0.37

6.8

34.9

21.6

 

 

Beech, American Fagus grandifolia

63

leaves, sun-cured

1-00-628

86.0

10.5

2.2

4..1

55.6

40.9

21.3

14.7

14.4

NRC, 1971; Robbins and Moen, 1975

64

 

100.0

12.2

2.5

4..8

64.7

47.6

24.8

17.1

16.8

 

 

Beet, sugar Beta vulgaris altissima

65

greens, raw

7.8

1.8

0.1

0.02

0.00

2.0

3.7

USDASR14

66

 

100.0

3.40

23.3

0.8

0.24

0.03

25.8

47.1

 

67

pulp, dehy

4-00-669

91.0

8.6

0.8

42.4

24.3

18.1

NRC, 1998

68

 

100.0

9.5

0.9

46.6

26.7

19.9

 

69

tops, fresh

17.0

2.6

0.2

3.9

2.4

Bath et al., 1999

70

 

100.0

3.42

15.1

1.1

22.9

14.0

 

71

tubers, raw

12.4

1.6

0.2

0.06

0.01

1.1

2.8

USDASR14

72

 

100.0

4.03

13.0

1.4

0.45

0.04

8.7

22.5

 

 

Birch, paper Betula papyrifera

73

leaves

Robbins and Moen, 1975

74

 

100.0

44.7

30.8

13.5

13.8

10.9

 

 

Birch, sweet Betula lenta

75

browse, immature, fresh

2-00-724

92.4

26.0

7.9

7.1

NRC, 1971

76

 

100.0

4.71

28.1

8.6

7.7

 

77

browse, mid-bloom, fresh

2-00-725

93.7

NRC, 1971

78

 

100.0

 

 

Blackberry Rubus ulmifolius

79

fruit, raw

14.4

0.7

0.4

0.15

0.08

0.5

5.3

3.7

2.6

1.1

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

80

 

100.0

4.22

5.0

2.7

1.03

0.52

3.3

36.9

25.4

18.0

7.5

 

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

 

Blood

81

meal, conventional

5-00-380

92.0

77.1

1.6

0.09

5.3

13.6

1.8

11.8

NRC, 1998

82

 

100.0

5.24

83.8

1.7

0.10

5.8

14.8

2.0

12.8

 

83

meal, flash dried

5-26-006

92.0

87.6

1.6

NRC, 1998

84

 

100.0

95.2

1.7

 

85

meal, spray or ring dried

5-00-381

93.0

88.8

1.3

0.17

6.6

NRC, 1998

86

 

100.0

5.34

95.5

1.4

0.18

7.1

 

87

plasma, spray dried

91.0

78.0

2.0

NRC, 1998

88

 

100.0

85.7

2.2

 

89

cells, spray dried

92.0

92.0

1.5

NRC, 1998

90

 

100.0

100.0

1.6

 

 

Blueberries Vaccinium spp.

91

fruit, raw

15.4

0.7

0.4

0.10

0.07

0.2

2.7

2.0

1.1

0.9

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

92

 

100.0

4.29

4.4

2.5

0.64

0.44

1.4

17.5

13.2

7.1

6.2

 

 

Breadfruit Artocarpus altilis

93

fruit, raw

29.4

1.1

0.2

0.05

0.02

0.9

4.9

USDASR14

94

 

100.0

4.10

3.7

0.8

0.16

0.06

3.2

16.7

 

 

Brewers’ grain

95

dried

5-02-141

92.0

26.5

7.3

3.14

3.6

48.7

21.9

26.8

NRC, 1998

96

 

100.0

4.85

28.8

7.9

3.41

3.9

52.9

23.8

29.1

 

 

Broccoli Brassica oleracea var. italicca

97

raw

9.3

3.0

0.4

0.04

0.13

0.9

3.0

1.5

1.4

0.2

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

98

 

100.0

4.40

32.0

3.8

0.41

1.39

9.9

32.2

16.6

14.7

2.0

 

 

Brush cherry Syzygium paniculata

99

leaves, mature, fresh

31.6

3.3

8.6

Janeke, 1995

100

 

100.0

10.3

27.2

 

 

Brussel sprouts Brassica oleracea var. bullata gemmifera

101

raw

14.0

3.4

0.3

0.05

0.10

1.4

3.8

2.5

1.5

1.1

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

102

 

100.0

4.24

27.2

2.1

0.32

0.71

9.8

27.1

18.1

10.6

7.5

 

 

Buckwheat, common Fagopyrum sagittatum

103

grain

4-00-994

88.0

11.1

2.4

0.53

2.1

17.8

14.3

3.5

NRC, 1998

104

 

100.0

4.38

12.6

2.7

0.60

2.4

20.2

16.3

4.0

 

105

middlings

5-00-991

89.0

29.8

7.3

4.9

NRC, 1982

106

 

100.0

4.86

33.5

8.2

5.5

 

 

Cabbage Brassica oleracea var. capitata

107

raw

7.8

1.4

0.3

0.05

0.07

0.7

2.3

1.4

0.8

0.5

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

108

 

100.0

4.21

18.3

3.4

0.66

0.87

9.0

29.3

17.2

10.4

6.8

 

 

Cabbage, bok choy

109

raw

4.8

1.1

0.5

0.6

0.5

0.1

Schmidt et al., 1999

110

 

100.0

23.7

10.5

13.3

10.3

3.0

 

 

Cabbage, napa Brassica pekinensis

111

raw

3.5

1.0

0.4

0.6

0.5

0.1

Schmidt et al., 1999

112

 

100.0

27.6

10.2

17.1

14.0

3.1

 

 

Carambola Averrhoa carambola

113

fruit, raw

9.1

0.5

0.4

0.16

0.03

0.4

2.7

1.2

USDASR14

114

 

100.0

4.27

6.0

3.9

1.81

0.31

4.1

29.7

12.7

 

 

Carrot Daucus carota

115

roots, fresh

12.2

1.0

0.2

0.07

0.01

0.9

1.2

1.1

0.1

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

116

 

100.0

4.04

8.4

1.6

0.55

0.08

7.1

9.7

8.9

0.8

 

117

tops, fresh

16.0

2.1

0.6

2.4

3.7

Bath et al., 1999

118

 

100.0

3.89

13.1

3.8

15.0

23.0

 

 

Canola Brassica napa

119

meal, sol. extr.

5-06-145

90.0

35.6

3.5

0.42

21.2

17.2

4.0

NRC, 1998

120

 

100.0

39.6

3.9

0.47

23.6

19.1

4.4

 

121

oil

4-06-144

100.0

0.0

100.0

20.30

9.30

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

NRC, 1998

122

 

100.0

9.74

0.0

100.0

20.30

9.30

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

 

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

 

Plant Cell Wall Constituents

 

Entry Number

Description

International Feed Numberb

Dry Matter (%)

Gross Energyc (kcal/g)

Crude Protein (%)

Crude Fat (%)

Lino-leic Acid (%)

Lino-lenic Acid (%)

Ash (%)

TDF (%)

NDF (%)

ADF (%)

Cellulose (%)

Hemi-cellulose (%)

Lignin (%)

Data Source

 

Casein (cattle)

123

dehy

5-01-162

91.0

88.7

0.8

0.03

NRC, 1998

124

 

100.0

97.5

0.9

0.03

 

 

Cassava Manihot esculenta

125

meal, dehydrated

4-01-152

88.0

3.3

0.5

7.7

4.6

3.1

NRC, 1998

126

 

100.0

3.8

0.6

8.8

5.2

3.5

 

127

tubers, fresh

4-09-599

31.5

1.3

0.4

1.4

3.7

1.3

2.4

NRC, 1982; Schmidt et al., 1999

128

 

100.0

4.08

3.6

1.0

3.9

11.9

4.3

7.6

 

 

Cauliflower Brassica oleracea var. botrytis

129

raw

8.1

2.0

0.2

0.02

0.08

0.7

2.5

1.5

1.4

0.2

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

130

 

100.0

4.27

24.5

2.6

0.28

0.94

8.8

30.9

19.1

17.2

1.9

 

131

green, raw

10.2

3.0

0.3

0.03

0.10

0.9

3.2

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

132

 

100.0

4.36

28.9

2.9

0.28

1.02

8.6

31.3

 

 

Celery Apium graveolens var. dulce

133

raw

5.4

0.8

0.1

0.07

0.00

0.8

1.7

0.8

0.7

0.2

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

134

 

100.0

3.83

14.0

2.6

1.29

0.00

15.3

31.7

15.7

12.6

3.1

 

 

Cereal

135

screenings

4-02-156

90.0

12.1

3.7

5.4

NRC, 1982

136

 

100.0

4.31

13.4

4.1

6.0

 

 

Chalum Inga spp

137

dehy, fruit

96.8

12.5

1.2

3.1

NRC, 1971

138

 

100.0

4.27

12.9

1.2

3.2

 

139

dehy, pod

97.8

9.8

1.5

4.4

NRC, 1971

140

 

100.0

4.18

10.0

1.5

4.5

 

141

dehy, seeds

93.5

20.2

1.0

2.0

NRC, 1971

142

 

100.0

4.43

21.6

1.1

2.1

 

 

Chayote Cucurbita pepo

143

fruit, raw, with peel

5.8

0.8

0.1

0.05

0.08

0.3

1.7

1.2

0.8

0.3

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

144

 

100.0

4.32

12.9

4.3

0.67

5.7

29.5

16.6

12.1

4.5

 

 

Cherimoya Annona cherimolia

145

fruit, raw

26.5

1.3

0.4

0.8

2.4

USDASR14

146

 

100.0

4.17

4.9

1.5

3.0

9.1

 

 

Cherry Prunus spp

147

fruit, raw

13.9

1.0

0.3

0.05

0.04

0.4

1.6

USDASR14

148

 

100.0

4.25

7.2

2.2

0.33

0.32

2.9

11.5

 

 

Chicory Cichorium intybus

149

greens, raw

8.0

1.7

0.3

0.11

0.02

1.3

4.0

USDASR14

150

 

100.0

3.96

21.3

3.8

1.40

0.24

16.3

50.0

 

 

Cockroach, American Periplaneta americana

151

adult

33.3

1.84

21.1

1.9

4.2

Allen, 1989

152

 

100.0

5.52

63.5

5.6

12.6

 

 

Cockroach, Haitian Blaberus discoidalus

153

adult

30.3

1.80

19.0

3.4

Allen, 1989

154

 

100.0

5.95

62.8

11.2

 

 

Coconut Cocos nucifera

155

meal, sol. extr.

5-01-573

92.0

21.9

3.0

0.03

51.3

25.5

25.8

NRC, 1998

156

 

100.0

23.8

3.3

0.03

55.8

27.7

28.0

 

157

oil

4-09-320

100.0

0.0

100.0

1.80

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

NRC, 1998

158

 

100.0

9.74

0.0

100.0

1.80

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

 

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

 

Collard Brassica oleracea var.

159

greens, raw

9.5

2.5

0.4

0.04

0.06

0.9

3.6

1.8

1.2

0.6

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

160

 

100.0

4.27

16.6

2.3

0.46

0.60

5.8

38.1

19.0

12.6

6.4

 

 

Corn, yellow Zea mays indentata

161

bran

95.3

8.4

0.9

0.41

0.00

0.4

85.5

USDASR14

162

 

100.0

4.31

8.8

1.0

0.43

0.00

0.4

89.7

 

163

cobs, ground

1-28-234

90.0

2.8

0.7

1.5

80.0

32.0

25.0

48.0

6.0

 

164

 

100.0

4.16

3.2

0.7

1.7

89.0

35.0

28.0

54.0

7.0

 

165

distillers’ grain

5-02-842

94.0

24.8

7.9

4.46

40.4

17.5

22.9

NRC, 1998

166

 

100.0

26.4

8.4

4.74

43.0

18.6

24.4

 

167

distillers’ grain with solubles

5-02-843

93.0

27.7

8.4

2.15

34.6

16.3

18.3

NRC, 1998

168

 

100.0

29.8

9.0

2.31

37.2

17.5

19.7

 

169

distillers’ solubles

5-02-844

92.0

26.7

9.1

5.36

24.8

7.5

17.3

NRC, 1998

170

 

100.0

29.0

9.9

5.83

27.0

8.2

18.8

 

171

flour, whole grain

89.1

6.9

3.9

1.71

0.05

1.5

13.4

USDASR14

172

 

100.0

4.43

7.8

4.3

1.92

0.06

1.6

15.0

 

173

gluten feed

5-02-903

90.0

21.5

3.0

1.43

33.3

10.7

22.6

NRC, 1998

174

 

100.0

23.9

3.3

1.59

37.0

11.9

25.1

 

175

gluten meal, 60% CP

5-28-242

90.0

60.2

2.9

1.17

8.7

4.6

4.1

NRC, 1998

176

 

100.0

66.9

3.2

1.30

9.7

5.1

4.6

 

177

grain

4-02-935

89.0

8.3

3.9

1.92

9.6

2.8

6.8

NRC, 1998

178

 

100.0

9.3

4.4

2.16

10.8

3.1

7.6

 

179

grits by-product (Hominy Feed)

4-03-011

90.0

10.3

6.7

2.97

28.5

8.1

20.4

NRC, 1998

180

 

100.0

11.4

7.4

3.30

31.7

9.0

22.7

 

181

oil

4-07-882

100.0

9.30

0.0

100.0

59.00

0.70

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

NRC, 1998

182

 

100.0

9.30

0.0

100.0

59.00

0.70

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

 

183

starch

4-02-889

91.7

0.3

0.1

0.03

0.1

0.9

USDASR14

184

 

100.0

4.15

0.3

0.1

0.03

0.1

1.0

 

185

syrup, light

77.2

0.0

0.0

0.00

0.4

0.0

USDASR14

186

 

100.0

4.12

0.0

0.0

0.00

0.5

0.0

 

 

Corn, sweet Zea mays saccharata

187

cobs, fresh

31.7

1.4

0.4

24.6

12.6

12.0

Schmidt et al., 1999

188

 

100.0

4.5

1.3

77.5

39.6

37.8

 

189

ear, whole, with husk, fresh

20.8

2.3

0.6

9.2

4.0

5.2

Schmidt et al., 1999

190

 

100.0

10.9

3.0

44.2

19.0

25.2

 

191

husk, fresh

26.1

2.9

0.9

16.6

7.7

8.9

Schmidt et al., 1999

192

 

100.0

11.1

3.5

63.7

29.6

34.1

 

193

white, raw, ep

24.0

3.2

1.2

0.54

0.02

0.6

2.7

1.6

USDASR14

194

 

100.0

4.50

13.4

4.9

2.25

0.07

2.6

11.2

6.7

 

195

yellow, raw, ep

24.0

3.2

1.2

0.54

0.02

0.6

2.7

1.6

USDASR14

196

 

100.0

4.51

13.4

4.9

2.25

0.07

2.6

11.2

6.7

 

 

Corn borer, European Ostrinia nubilalis

197

larvae

27.3

1.55

16.5

4.7

0.8

3.6

Allen, 1989

198

 

100.0

5.69

60.4

17.2

2.9

13.1

 

199

pupae

28.0

1.57

18.0

4.8

0.7

4.3

Allen, 1989

200

 

100.0

5.60

64.2

17.0

2.6

15.4

 

 

Cottonseed Gossypium spp

201

meal, mech. extr., 41% CP

5-01-617

92.0

42.4

6.1

3.15

25.7

18.0

7.7

NRC, 1998

202

 

100.0

46.1

6.6

3.42

27.9

19.6

8.4

 

203

meal, sol. extr. 41% CP

5-07-872

90.0

41.4

1.5

0.51

28.4

19.4

9.0

NRC, 1998

204

 

100.0

46.0

1.7

0.57

31.6

21.6

10.0

 

 

Crayfish, Mexico Cambrus sp., Aegiale hesperiaris

205

adult

33.5

17.2

1.3

12.4

Massieu et al., 1951

206

 

100.0

3.51

51.3

4.0

36.9

 

 

Cricket, house Acheta domesticus

207

adult

29.6

1.60

19.6

5.7

1.4

6.8

2.9

Allen, 1989; Finke, 2002

208

 

100.0

5.34

66.2

20.1

4.9

22.1

9.7

 

209

juvenile

22.9

15.4

3.3

1.1

3.6

2.2

Finke, 2002

210

 

100.0

67.2

14.4

4.8

15.7

9.6

 

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

 

Plant Cell Wall Constituents

 

Entry Number

Description

International Feed Numberb

Dry Matter (%)

Gross Energyc (kcal/g)

Crude Protein (%)

Crude Fat (%)

Lino-leic Acid (%)

Lino-lenic Acid (%)

Ash (%)

TDF (%)

NDF (%)

ADF (%)

Cellulose (%)

Hemi-cellulose (%)

Lignin (%)

Data Source

 

Cricket, mormon Anabrus simplex

211

adult, both sexes

29.7

17.2

4.5

2.1

DeFoliart et al., 1982

212

 

100.0

5.55

58.0

15.1

7.1

 

 

Cucumber Cucumis sativus

213

raw, with peel

4.0

0.7

0.1

0.02

0.03

0.4

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.1

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

214

 

100.0

4.13

17.3

3.3

0.55

0.75

10.3

20.1

18.6

15.5

3.2

 

 

Custard apple Annona spp

215

fruit, raw

28.5

1.7

0.6

1.0

2.4

USDASR14

216

 

100.0

4.20

6.0

2.1

3.5

8.4

 

 

Dandelion Taraxacum officinale

217

greens, raw

2-01-748

14.4

0.45

2.7

0.7

0.26

0.04

1.8

3.5

USDASR14

218

 

100.0

3.13

18.8

4.9

1.81

0.31

12.5

24.3

 

 

Dock Rumex spp.

219

greens, raw

7.0

2.0

0.7

1.1

2.9

USDASR14

220

 

100.0

4.44

28.6

10.0

15.7

41.4

 

 

Egg (Chicken)

221

dehy, whole

96.9

47.4

41.0

4.61

0.11

3.7

0.0

USDASR14

222

 

100.0

7.08

48.9

42.3

4.76

0.11

3.8

0.0

 

 

Eggplant Solanum melongena

223

fruit, raw

8.0

1.0

0.2

0.06

0.01

0.7

2.5

1.8

0.9

0.9

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

224

 

100.0

4.07

12.8

2.3

0.79

0.16

8.9

31.4

22.0

11.0

11.0

 

 

Fababean (Broadbean) Phaseolus spp

225

seeds

5-09-262

87.0

25.4

1.4

0.62

13.7

9.7

4.0

NRC, 1998

226

 

100.0

29.2

1.6

0.71

15.7

11.1

4.6

 

 

Fat

227

animal, hydrolyzed

4-00-376

100.0

9.50

0.0

100.0

3.10

0.60

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

USDASR11

228

 

100.0

9.50

0.0

100.0

3.10

0.60

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

 

229

animal, poultry

4-00-409

99.8

9.50

0.0

99.8

19.50

1.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

USDASR14

230

 

100.0

9.52

0.0

100.0

19.54

1.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

 

231

animal, swine (lard)

4-04-790

100.0

9.50

0.0

100.0

10.20

1.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

USDASR14

232

 

100.0

9.50

0.0

100.0

10.20

1.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

 

 

Feather

233

meal, hydrolyzed

5-03-795

93.0

84.5

4.6

0.83

NRC, 1981

234

 

100.0

90.9

4.9

0.89

 

 

Feijoa Feijoa sellowiana

235

fruit, raw

13.4

1.2

0.8

0.7

0.0

USDASR14

236

 

100.0

4.37

9.3

5.8

5.5

0.0

 

 

Ficus nitida

237

leaves, mature, fresh

35.3

3.1

13.1

Janeke, 1995

238

 

100.0

8.8

37.2

 

 

Ficus rumphii

239

leaves, mature, fresh

29.6

4.3

7.9

Janeke, 1995

240

 

100.0

14.4

26.6

 

 

Ficus thonningii

241

leaves, mature, fresh

27.7

4.2

9.4

Janeke, 1995

242

 

100.0

15.1

33.9

 

 

Fig Ficus carica

243

fruit, raw

20.9

0.8

0.3

0.14

0.7

3.3

USDASR14

244

 

100.0

4.14

3.6

1.4

0.69

3.2

15.8

 

245

fruit, dried

64.9

2.7

1.7

6.5

5.2

1.3

Schmidt et al., 1999

246

 

100.0

4.2

2.6

10.0

8.0

2.0

 

247

leaves, mature, fresh

23.5

3.7

4.0

Janeke, 1995

248

 

100.0

15.8

16.9

 

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

 

Fig, cluster Ficus glomerata

249

leaves, fresh

2-27-209

30.0

3.4

NRC, 1981

250

 

100.0

11.2

 

251

leaves, mature, fresh

32.8

3.7

9.3

Janeke,1995

252

 

100.0

11.4

28.3

 

 

Fig, Indian laurel Ficus retusa

253

leaves, mature, fresh

38.0

3.2

13.7

Janeke, 1995

254

 

100.0

8.5

36.1

 

 

Fig, Moreton bay Ficus macrophylla

255

leaves, mature, fresh

37.0

3.2

10.1

Janeke, 1995

256

 

100.0

8.6

27.3

 

 

Fig, Roxburgh Ficus roxburghii

257

leaves, fresh

2-30-177

33.0

4.5

NRC, 1981

258

 

100.0

13.4

 

 

Fig, rustyleaf Ficus rubiginosa

259

leaves, mature, fresh

30.6

3.1

9.3

Janeke, 1995

260

 

100.0

10.1

30.3

 

 

Fig, spotted Ficus virens

261

leaves, fresh

2-28-704

15.0

1.7

NRC, 1981

262

 

100.0

11.2

 

 

Fish

263

solubles, condensed

5-01-969

51.0

32.7

6.5

0.20

NRC, 1998

264

 

100.0

64.1

12.7

0.39

 

265

solubles, dried

5-01-971

92.0

64.2

7.4

0.12

NRC, 1998

266

 

100.0

69.8

8.0

0.13

 

 

Fish, anchovy Engraulis ringen

267

meal, mech. extr.

5-01-985

92.0

64.6

7.9

0.27

NRC, 1998

268

 

100.0

70.2

8.6

0.29

 

 

Fish, herring Clupea harengus

269

meal, mech. extr.

5-02-000

93.0

68.1

9.2

0.15

NRC, 1998

270

 

100.0

73.2

9.9

0.16

 

 

Fish, menhaden Brevoortia tyrannus

271

meal, mech. extr.

5-02-009

92.0

62.3

9.4

0.11

NRC, 1998

272

 

100.0

67.7

10.2

0.12

 

 

Fish, white Gadidae (family); Lophiidae (family)

273

meal, mech. extr.

5-02-025

91.0

63.3

4.8

0.08

NRC, 1998

274

 

100.0

69.6

5.3

0.09

 

 

Flax Linum usitatissinum

275

meal, sol. extr.

5-02-048

90.0

33.6

1.7

0.37

23.9

15.0

8.9

NRC, 1998

276

 

100.0

37.3

1.9

0.41

26.6

16.7

9.9

 

 

Fructose

277

 

99.5

3.96

0.0

0.0

0.00

IOM, 1996

278

 

100.0

3.98

0.0

0.0

0.00

 

 

Gelatin

279

 

5-14-503

90.0

88.6

0.5

NRC, 1998

280

 

100.0

98.4

0.6

 

 

Glucose

281

monohydrate

4-02-125

90.0

3.75

0.3

NRC, 1998

282

 

100.0

4.17

0.3

 

 

Granadilla, purple Passiflora edulis

283

fruit, raw, ep

27.1

2.2

0.7

0.41

0.00

0.8

10.4

USDASR14

284

 

100.0

4.28

8.1

2.6

1.51

0.00

3.0

38.4

 

 

Grape, European type Vitis spp

285

fruit, raw, ep

19.4

0.7

0.6

0.13

0.04

0.4

1.0

1.7

USDASR14

286

 

100.0

4.26

3.4

3.0

0.67

0.20

2.3

5.1

8.5

 

 

Grapefruit Citrus paradisi

287

fruit, raw, ep

9.1

0.6

0.1

0.02

0.01

0.3

1.1

USDASR14

288

 

100.0

4.16

6.9

1.1

0.21

0.05

3.4

12.1

 

289

peel

29.1

1.5

1.3

5.0

4.6

0.2

Schmidt et al., 1999

290

 

100.0

5.0

4.4

17.2

15.7

1.4

 

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

 

Plant Cell Wall Constituents

 

Entry Number

Description

International Feed Numberb

Dry Matter (%)

Gross Energyc (kcal/g)

Crude Protein (%)

Crude Fat (%)

Lino-leic Acid (%)

Lino-lenic Acid (%)

Ash (%)

TDF (%)

NDF (%)

ADF (%)

Cellulose (%)

Hemi-cellulose (%)

Lignin (%)

Data Source

 

Grasshopper Melanoplus femurrubrum

291

adult

30.5

1.60

24.2

1.9

1.5

Bird et al., 1982

292

 

100.0

5.25

79.2

6.3

5.0

 

 

Guava, common or lemon Psidium guajava

293

fruit, raw, ep

13.9

0.8

0.6

0.18

0.07

0.6

5.4

USDASR14

294

 

100.0

4.28

5.9

4.3

1.31

0.51

4.3

38.8

 

 

Guava, strawberry Psidium cattleianum

295

fruit, raw, ep

19.3

0.6

0.6

0.18

0.07

0.8

5.4

USDASR14

296

 

100.0

4.18

3.0

3.1

0.94

0.37

4.1

27.9

 

 

Hemicellulose extract

297

 

4-08-030

76.0

0.6

0.3

3.1

NRC, 1982

298

 

100.0

4.00

0.7

0.4

4.1

 

 

Hibiscus, tropical Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

299

leaves, mature, fresh

21.9

3.3

2.5

Janeke, 1995

300

 

100.0

15.1

11.3

 

 

Honeysuckle Lonicera albiflora

301

leaves, fresh

2-29-875

33.0

3.3

6.0

NRC, 1981

302

 

100.0

10.0

20.0

 

 

Jack fruit Artocarpus heterophyllus

303

fruit, raw, ep

26.8

1.5

0.3

0.06

0.02

1.0

1.6

USDASR14

304

 

100.0

4.12

5.5

1.1

0.24

0.09

3.7

6.0

 

 

Jujube Zizyphus jujuba

305

browse, fresh

2-30-091

32.0

2.7

NRC, 1981

306

 

100.0

8.6

 

307

fruit, raw, ep

22.1

1.2

0.2

0.5

0.0

USDASR14

308

 

100.0

4.17

5.4

0.9

2.3

0.0

 

 

Kale Brassica oleracea var. acephala

309

leaves and stems, fresh

15.5

3.3

0.7

0.14

0.18

1.5

2.0

2.8

2.0

0.8

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

310

 

100.0

4.28

21.2

4.5

0.89

1.16

9.8

12.9

18.2

13.3

5.1

 

 

Kiwifruit Actinidia chinensis

311

raw

17.0

1.0

0.4

0.21

0.04

0.6

2.7

2.1

0.6

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

312

 

100.0

4.21

5.8

2.6

1.22

0.21

3.8

16.2

12.6

3.5

 

 

Kohlrabi Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes

313

tubers, fresh

9.0

1.7

0.1

0.02

0.03

1.0

3.6

1.1

USDASR14

314

 

100.0

4.00

18.9

1.1

0.22

0.29

11.1

40.0

12.2

 

 

Kudzu Pueraria lobata

315

aerial part, fresh

2-02-482

26.4

4.6

0.7

2.0

NRC, 1971

316

 

100.0

4.22

17.6

2.7

7.6

 

 

Kumquat Fortunella spp

317

fruit, raw, ep

18.3

0.9

0.1

0.02

0.01

0.9

6.6

USDASR14

318

 

100.0

4.04

4.9

0.6

0.10

0.03

4.8

36.1

 

 

Lactose

319

 

07-881

96.0

0.3

NRC, 1998

320

 

100.0

0.3

 

 

Lentil Len culinaris

321

seeds

5-02-506

89.0

24.4

1.3

0.41

10.1

5.4

4.7

NRC, 1998

322

 

100.0

27.4

1.5

0.46

11.3

6.1

5.3

 

 

Lettuce, endive Cichorium endiva

323

leaves, fresh

6.2

1.3

0.2

0.08

0.01

1.4

3.1

USDASR14

324

 

100.0

3.64

20.9

3.2

1.21

0.21

22.7

49.9

 

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

 

Lettuce, iceberg Lactuca sativa

325

leaves, fresh

4.1

1.0

0.2

0.03

0.07

0.5

1.4

0.7

0.5

0.2

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

326

 

100.0

4.26

24.6

4.6

0.71

1.73

11.7

34.1

16.9

13.1

3.9

 

 

Lettuce, romaine

327

leaves, fresh

5.1

1.6

0.2

0.04

0.08

0.9

1.7

1.1

1.0

0.2

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

328

 

100.0

4.06

31.8

3.9

0.61

1.07

17.7

33.4

16.3

14.1

2.2

 

 

Longan Nephelium longana

329

fruit, raw, ep

17.3

1.3

0.1

0.7

1.1

USDASR14

330

 

100.0

4.11

7.6

0.6

4.1

6.4

 

 

Loquat Eriobotrya japonica

331

fruit, raw, ep

13.3

0.4

0.2

0.08

0.01

0.5

1.7

USDASR14

332

 

100.0

4.11

3.2

1.5

0.58

0.10

3.8

12.8

 

 

Lupin (sweet white) Lupinus albus

333

seeds

5-27-717

89.0

34.9

9.2

1.62

20.3

16.7

3.6

NRC, 1998

334

 

100.0

39.2

10.3

1.82

22.8

18.8

4.0

 

 

Lychee Litchi chinensis

335

fruit, raw, ep

18.2

0.8

0.4

0.07

0.07

0.4

1.3

USDASR14

336

 

100.0

4.24

4.6

2.4

0.37

0.36

2.4

7.1

 

 

Mango Mangifera indica

337

fruit, raw, ep

18.3

0.5

0.3

0.01

0.04

0.5

1.8

2.1

1.1

1.0

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

338

 

100.0

4.15

2.8

1.5

0.08

0.20

2.7

9.8

11.5

6.3

5.3

 

 

Maple, sugar Acer saccharum

339

leaves

Robbins and Moen, 1975

340

 

100.0

58.9

43.9

23.9

15.0

18.6

 

 

Mealworm Tenebrio molitor

341

larvae

37.1

2.78

18.1

14.3

1.3

5.7

2.5

Allen, 1989; Finke, 2002

342

 

100.0

7.49

48.7

38.4

3.5

15.4

6.7

 

343

larvae, gut loaded with high (8%) Ca diet

 

344

 

 

345

oversized

39.0

18.4

16.8

1.2

2.9

2.5

Finke, 2002

346

 

100.0

47.2

43.1

3.1

7.4

6.4

 

 

Mealworm Zophobas morio

347

larvae

42.1

19.7

17.7

1.0

3.9

2.7

Finke, 2002

348

 

100.0

46.8

42.0

2.4

9.3

6.4

 

 

Meat

349

meal rendered

5-00-385

94.0

54.0

12.0

0.80

31.6

8.3

NRC, 1998

350

 

100.0

57.4

12.8

0.85

33.6

8.8

 

351

meal rendered with bone

5-00-388

93.0

51.5

10.9

0.72

32.5

5.6

NRC, 1998

352

 

100.0

55.4

11.7

0.77

34.9

6.0

 

 

Melon, cantaloupe Cucumis melo

353

fruit, raw, ep

10.2

0.9

0.3

0.05

0.06

0.7

0.8

1.6

1.5

0.1

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

354

 

100.0

4.12

8.6

2.7

0.46

0.62

7.0

7.8

15.9

14.5

1.3

 

355

fruit, raw, with peel

7.5

1.0

0.6

1.6

1.5

0.1

Schmidt et al., 1999

356

 

100.0

13.1

8.1

22.0

20.4

1.7

 

 

Melon, casaba Cucumis melo

357

fruit, raw, ep

8.0

0.9

0.1

0.02

0.22

0.8

0.8

USDASR14

358

 

100.0

3.94

11.3

1.3

0.21

0.28

10.0

10.0

 

 

Melon, honeydew Cucumis melo

359

fruit, raw, ep

10.3

0.5

0.1

0.02

0.02

0.6

0.6

1.8

1.5

0.3

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

360

 

100.0

4.20

4.5

4.5

0.16

0.21

5.8

5.8

17.4

14.1

3.4

 

361

fruit, raw, with peel

8.1

0.7

0.5

1.2

1.0

0.2

Schmidt et al., 1999

362

 

100.0

8.9

6.5

15.0

12.5

2.5

 

 

Milk, cattle Bos taurus

363

dehy

5-01-167

96.0

25.4

26.6

5.4

NRC, 1982

364

 

100.0

5.85

26.5

27.8

5.7

 

365

fresh

5-01-168

12.0

3.3

3.6

0.8

NRC, 1982

366

 

100.0

5.92

26.7

29.5

6.3

 

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

 

Plant Cell Wall Constituents

 

Entry Number

Description

International Feed Numberb

Dry Matter (%)

Gross Energyc (kcal/g)

Crude Protein (%)

Crude Fat (%)

Lino-leic Acid (%)

Lino-lenic Acid (%)

Ash (%)

TDF (%)

NDF (%)

ADF (%)

Cellulose (%)

Hemi-cellulose (%)

Lignin (%)

Data Source

367

skimmed, dehy

5-01-175

94.0

33.7

0.9

0.01

7.9

NRC, 1998

368

 

100.0

4.36

35.9

1.0

0.01

8.4

 

369

skimmed, fresh

5-01-170

10.0

3.0

0.1

0.7

NRC, 1982

370

 

100.0

4.36

31.2

1.0

6.9

 

 

Milk, human Homo sapiens

371

fresh

12.5

1.0

3.8

0.2

Jensen, 1995

372

 

100.0

6.16

8.0

30.4

1.6

 

 

Milk, baboon Papio

373

fresh, days 0-5

14.6

2.3

5.1

0.3

Hummer, 1970

374

 

100.0

6.25

15.8

34.9

2.1

 

375

fresh, days 6-11

15.3

1.7

5.8

0.3

Hummer, 1970

376

 

100.0

6.35

11.1

37.9

2.0

 

377

fresh, days 12-35

14.0

1.5

4.6

0.3

Hummer, 1970

378

 

100.0

6.05

10.7

32.9

2.1

 

379

fresh, days 36-279

14.4

1.6

5.0

0.3

Hummer, 1970

380

 

100.0

6.16

11.1

34.7

2.1

 

 

Millet Panicum miliaceum

381

grain

4-03-120

90.0

11.1

3.5

1.92

15.8

13.8

2.0

NRC, 1998

382

 

100.0

12.3

3.9

2.13

17.6

15.3

2.2

 

 

Mirror plant Coprosma repens

383

leaves, mature, fresh

17.5

2.2

2.6

Janeke, 1995

384

 

100.0

12.6

14.9

 

 

Molasses and syrup

385

beet, sugar, molasses

4-00-668

78.0

3.95

6.6

0.2

8.8

NRC, 1982

386

 

100.0

5.06

8.5

0.2

11.3

 

387

citrus, syrup

4-01-241

68.0

5.5

0.2

5.3

NRC, 1982

388

 

100.0

3.94

8.2

0.3

7.9

 

389

sugarcane, molasses, dehy

4-04-695

94.0

3.95

9.7

0.9

12.5

NRC, 1982

390

 

100.0

4.20

10.3

0.9

13.3

 

391

sugarcane, molasses, more than 46%

4-04-696

75.0

4.4

0.1

9.8

NRC, 1982

392

 

100.0

3.66

5.8

0.1

13.1

 

 

Mulberry Morus spp.

393

browse, fresh

2-03-150

40.0

7.3

2.3

6.0

NRC, 1981

394

 

100.0

4.07

18.1

5.7

15.0

 

395

fruit, raw, ep

12.3

1.4

0.4

0.21

0.00

0.7

1.7

USDASR14

396

 

100.0

4.25

11.7

3.2

1.67

0.01

5.6

13.8

 

 

Mulberry, white Morus alba

397

leaves, mature, fresh

31.1

6.4

3.5

Janeke, 1995

398

 

100.0

20.6

11.3

 

 

Mustard Brassica oleracea var.

399

leaves and stems, fresh

9.2

2.7

0.2

0.02

0.02

1.4

3.3

1.8

1.5

0.3

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

400

 

100.0

4.04

29.3

2.2

0.22

0.20

15.2

35.9

19.7

16.8

2.9

 

 

Nectarine Prunus persica

401

fruit, raw, ep

13.7

0.9

0.5

0.22

0.01

0.5

1.6

1.0

0.4

0.6

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

402

 

100.0

4.26

6.9

3.4

1.64

0.04

3.9

11.7

7.3

3.2

4.1

 

 

Oat Avena sativa

403

grain

4-03-309

89.0

11.5

4.5

1.49

3.1

27.0

13.5

13.5

NRC, 1998

404

 

100.0

4.47

12.9

5.1

1.67

3.5

30.3

15.2

15.2

 

405

grain, naked

4-25-101

86.0

17.1

6.5

2.52

9.9

3.7

6.2

NRC, 1998

406

 

100.0

19.9

7.6

2.93

11.5

4.3

7.2

 

407

groat

4-03-331

90.0

13.9

6.2

2.40

NRC, 1998

408

 

100.0

15.4

6.9

2.67

 

409

hulls

1-03-281

92.0

3.6

1.6

6.1

72.0

39.0

28.0

33.0

7.0

NRC, 1982

410

 

100.0

4.01

3.9

1.8

6.6

78.0

42.0

30.0

36.0

8.0

 

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

 

Olive Olea europaea

411

oil

100.0

9.30

0.0

100.0

7.90

0.60

0.0

NRC, 1998

412

 

100.0

9.30

0.0

100.0

7.90

0.60

0.0

 

 

Okra Hibiscus esculentus

413

 

10.4

2.0

0.1

0.03

0.00

0.7

3.2

1.8

1.2

0.6

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

414

 

100.0

4.12

17.4

1.0

0.25

0.01

7.6

30.7

14.2

9.8

4.4

 

 

Onion Allium cepa

415

green

9.1

1.9

0.8

1.3

0.6

0.6

Schmidt et al., 1999

416

 

100.0

20.7

8.7

13.8

7.0

6.8

 

417

red

9.1

1.4

0.5

0.9

0.7

0.2

Schmidt et al., 1999

418

 

100.0

15.5

5.1

9.5

7.4

2.1

 

419

yellow

10.3

0.9

0.4

1.1

0.8

0.3

Schmidt et al., 1999

420

 

100.0

9.1

4.3

10.3

7.4

2.8

 

 

Orange Citrus spp

421

fruit, raw, ep

13.3

0.9

0.1

0.02

0.01

0.4

2.4

2.4

USDASR14

422

 

100.0

4.15

7.1

0.9

0.14

0.05

3.3

18.1

18.1

 

423

fruit, raw, with peel

17.7

1.3

0.3

0.04

0.6

4.5

2.5

USDASR14; Bath et al., 1999

424

 

100.0

4.20

7.3

1.7

0.25

3.4

25.4

14.0

 

425

peel

27.5

1.5

0.2

0.03

0.8

10.6

4.4

3.6

0.8

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

426

 

100.0

4.14

5.5

0.7

0.11

2.9

38.5

16.0

13.3

2.7

 

 

Papaya Carica papaya

427

fruit, raw, ep

11.2

0.6

0.1

0.01

0.6

1.8

1.5

1.4

0.2

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

428

 

100.0

4.05

5.5

1.3

0.05

5.5

16.1

13.7

12.2

1.6

 

 

Parsley

429

leaves and stems, fresh

12.3

3.0

0.8

0.11

0.01

2.2

3.3

2.5

2.1

0.4

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

430

 

100.0

24.1

6.4

0.94

0.07

12.2

26.9

21.1

17.8

3.3

 

 

Parsnip Pastinaca sativa

431

roots, fresh

20.5

1.2

0.3

0.04

0.00

1.0

4.9

USDASR14

432

 

100.0

4.10

5.9

1.5

0.20

0.01

4.8

23.9

 

 

Pea Pisum spp

433

seeds

5-03-600

89.0

22.8

1.2

0.47

12.7

7.2

5.5

NRC, 1998

434

 

100.0

25.6

1.3

0.53

14.3

8.1

6.2

 

 

Peach Prunus persica

435

fruit, raw, ep

12.3

0.7

0.1

0.04

0.00

0.5

2.0

0.6

USDASR14

436

 

100.0

4.10

5.7

0.7

0.36

0.01

3.7

16.2

5.0

 

 

Pear Pyrus communis

437

fruit, raw, ep

16.2

0.4

0.4

0.09

0.3

2.4

2.6

1.5

1.1

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

438

 

100.0

4.24

2.4

2.5

0.57

1.7

14.8

16.4

9.5

6.8

 

 

Peanut (Groundnut) Arachis hypogaea

439

butter

98.8

25.2

51.0

13.71

0.08

3.3

5.9

USDASR14

440

 

100.0

7.27

25.5

51.6

13.88

0.08

3.3

6.0

 

441

hulls

1-08-028

91.0

7.1

1.8

3.8

67.0

59.0

36.0

8.0

21.0

NRC, 1982

442

 

100.0

4.19

7.8

2.0

4.2

74.0

65.0

40.0

9.0

23.0

 

443

kernels, meal mech extr

5-03-649

92.0

43.2

6.5

1.73

14.6

9.1

5.5

NRC, 1998

444

 

100.0

47.0

7.1

1.88

15.9

9.9

6.0

 

445

kernels, meal solv extr

5-03-650

92.0

49.1

1.2

0.30

16.2

12.2

4.0

NRC, 1998

446

 

100.0

53.4

1.3

0.33

17.6

13.3

4.3

 

 

Peepultree Ficus religiosa

447

leaves, fresh

2-27-207

17.0

3.4

NRC, 1981

448

 

100.0

11.2

 

 

Pepper, sweet, green Capsicum annuum

449

fruit, raw, ep

7.8

0.9

0.2

0.06

0.01

0.3

1.8

1.0

0.9

0.1

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

450

 

100.0

4.21

17.7

2.4

1.19

0.12

7.5

23.0

19.7

17.0

2.6

 

 

Persimmon, American Diospyros virginiana

451

fruit, raw, ep

35.6

0.8

0.4

0.9

0.0

USDASR14

452

 

100.0

4.13

2.3

1.1

2.5

0.0

 

 

Persimmon, Oriental (Kaki) Diospyros kaki

453

fruit, raw, ep

19.7

0.6

0.2

0.04

0.00

0.3

3.6

USDASR14

454

 

100.0

4.17

3.0

1.0

0.20

0.02

1.7

18.3

 

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

 

Plant Cell Wall Constituents

 

Entry Number

Description

International Feed Numberb

Dry Matter (%)

Gross Energyc (kcal/g)

Crude Protein (%)

Crude Fat (%)

Lino-leic Acid (%)

Lino-lenic Acid (%)

Ash (%)

TDF (%)

NDF (%)

ADF (%)

Cellulose (%)

Hemi-cellulose (%)

Lignin (%)

Data Source

 

Pineapple Ananas comosus

455

fruit, raw, ep

13.5

0.4

0.4

0.08

0.06

0.3

1.2

2.1

0.8

1.3

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

456

 

100.0

4.27

2.9

3.2

0.62

0.46

2.2

8.9

15.3

5.8

9.6

 

 

Plantain Musa sapientum

457

fruit, raw, ep

34.7

1.3

0.4

0.04

0.03

1.2

2.3

3.0

0.8

2.2

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

458

 

100.0

4.11

3.7

1.1

0.12

0.07

3.4

6.6

8.6

2.3

6.4

 

 

Plum Prunus domestica

459

fruit, raw, ep

14.8

0.8

0.6

0.13

0.00

0.4

1.5

0.9

0.5

0.4

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

460

 

100.0

4.34

5.3

4.2

0.91

0.00

2.6

10.1

6.1

3.6

2.5

 

 

Pomegranate Punica granatum

461

fruit, raw, ep

19.0

1.0

0.3

0.06

0.00

0.6

0.6

USDASR14

462

 

100.0

4.17

5.0

1.6

0.33

0.00

3.2

3.2

 

 

Poplar, black Populus nigra

463

leaves, sun-cured

1-03-750

85.4

16.1

2.7

5.9

NRC, 1971

464

 

100.0

4.30

18.8

3.2

6.9

 

 

Potato Solanum tuberosum

465

protein concentrate

5-25-392

91.0

73.8

1.7

1.8

NRC, 1998

466

 

100.0

81.1

1.9

2.0

 

467

tubers, fresh

28.0

2.7

0.1

0.04

0.01

1.1

2.1

0.7

1.4

USDASR11; Schmidt et al., 1999

468

 

100.0

4.14

9.7

0.5

0.15

0.05

4.0

7.5

2.5

5.0

 

 

Poultry

469

by-product, meal rendered

5-03-798

93.0

64.1

11.6

1.72

NRC, 1998

470

 

100.0

68.9

12.5

1.85

 

 

Prune

471

with pits

82.0

4.3

2.4

13.1

Bath et al., 1999

472

 

100.0

5.3

2.9

16.0

 

473

without pits

80.0

3.3

1.1

2.4

Bath et al., 1999

474

 

100.0

4.1

1.4

3.0

 

 

Pummelo Citrus grandis

475

fruit, raw, ep

10.9

0.8

0.0

0.5

1.0

USDASR14

476

 

100.0

4.07

7.0

0.4

4.4

9.2

 

 

Pumpkin Cucurbita pepo

477

 

20.0

1.5

0.9

4.4

1.5

2.9

Schmidt et al., 1999

478

 

100.0

7.3

4.6

22.0

7.7

14.3

 

 

Quince Cydonia oblonga

479

fruit, raw, ep

16.2

0.4

0.1

0.05

0.00

0.4

1.9

USDASR14

480

 

100.0

4.11

2.5

0.6

0.30

0.00

2.5

11.7

 

 

Radicchio Cichorium intybus var. foliosum

481

raw

6.9

1.4

0.3

0.09

0.02

0.7

0.9

USDASR14

482

 

100.0

4.21

20.9

3.6

1.36

0.23

10.2

13.1

 

 

Radish Raphanus sativus

483

raw

5.2

0.6

0.5

0.02

0.03

0.5

1.6

0.8

0.7

0.1

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

484

 

100.0

4.44

11.6

10.5

0.37

0.56

10.5

31.0

15.5

14.1

1.4

 

 

Raisin, golden seedless Vitis vinifera

485

fruit, raw, ep

85.0

3.4

0.5

0.10

0.03

1.7

4.0

USDASR14

486

 

100.0

4.15

4.0

0.5

0.12

0.04

2.0

4.7

 

 

Raisin, seeded Vitis vinifera

487

fruit, raw, ep

83.4

2.5

0.5

0.12

0.04

1.9

6.8

USDASR14

488

 

100.0

4.12

3.0

0.7

0.15

0.04

2.3

8.2

 

 

Raisin, seedless Vitis vinifera

489

fruit, raw, ep

84.6

3.2

0.5

0.10

0.03

1.8

4.0

USDASR14

490

 

100.0

4.14

3.8

0.5

0.12

0.04

2.1

4.7

 

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

 

Raspberry Rubus idaeus

491

fruit, raw, ep

13.4

0.9

0.6

0.21

0.11

0.4

6.8

3.6

3.0

0.6

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

492

 

100.0

4.41

6.8

4.1

1.55

0.78

1.6

50.6

26.8

22.0

4.8

 

 

Rice Oryza sativa

493

bran

4-03-928

90.0

13.3

13.0

4.12

23.7

13.9

9.8

NRC, 1998

494

 

100.0

14.8

14.4

4.58

26.3

15.4

10.9

 

495

flour

88.1

6.0

1.4

0.31

0.07

0.6

2.4

USDASR14

496

 

100.0

4.30

6.8

1.6

0.36

0.08

0.7

2.7

 

497

grain, polished and broken

4-03-932

89.0

7.9

1.0

0.28

12.2

3.1

9.1

NRC, 1998

498

(Brewer’s Rice)

 

100.0

8.9

1.1

0.31

13.7

3.5

10.2

 

499

hulls

1-08-075

92.0

3.0

0.7

19.0

76.0

66.0

30.0

9.2

15.0

NRC, 1982

500

 

100.0

3.33

3.3

0.8

20.6

82.0

72.0

33.0

10.0

16.0

 

501

polishings

4-03-943

90.0

13.0

13.7

3.58

4.0

NRC, 1998

502

 

100.0

14.4

15.2

3.98

4.4

 

 

Rocket Eruca sativa

503

aerial part, fresh

2-03-949

15.8

1.8

0.3

1.5

NRC, 1971

504

 

100.0

4.03

11.4

2.2

9.3

 

 

Rutabaga Brass ica campestris var. rutabaga

505

raw

10.3

1.2

0.2

0.04

0.05

0.8

2.5

1.5

1.1

0.4

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

506

 

100.0

4.08

11.6

1.9

0.34

0.51

7.8

24.2

14.5

11.0

3.5

 

507

tops, fresh

10.9

2.0

1.5

2.2

2.0

Bath et al., 1999

508

 

100.0

4.34

18.6

14.1

19.9

18.0

 

 

Rye Secale cereale

509

grain

4-04-047

88.0

11.8

1.6

0.76

12.3

4.6

7.7

NRC, 1998

510

 

100.0

13.4

1.8

0.86

14.0

5.2

8.8

 

 

Safflower Carthamus tinctorius

511

hulls

91.3

3.3

3.4

1.6

66.6

Bath et al., 1999

512

 

100.0

4.33

3.6

3.7

1.8

73.0

 

513

meal, sol. extr.

5-04-110

92.0

23.4

1.4

0.84

55.9

38.8

17.1

NRC, 1998

514

 

100.0

25.4

1.5

0.91

60.8

42.2

18.6

 

515

meal without hulls, sol. extr.

5-07-959

92.0

42.5

1.3

0.74

25.9

18.0

7.9

NRC, 1998

516

 

100.0

46.2

1.4

0.80

28.2

19.6

8.6

 

517

oil

4-20-526

100.0

9.30

100.0

74.10

0.40

NRC, 1998

518

 

100.0

9.30

100.0

74.10

0.40

 

519

seeds

94.0

16.4

33.0

2.9

37.6

Bath et al., 1999

520

 

100.0

6.23

17.4

35.1

3.1

40.0

 

 

Sapote Achras sapotas

521

fruit, raw, ep

22.0

0.4

1.1

0.01

0.5

4.5

1.4

3.1

Schmidt et al., 1999

522

 

100.0

4.35

2.0

5.0

0.05

2.3

20.4

6.4

14.0

 

 

Sesame Sesamum indicum

523

meal, mech. extr.

5-04-220

93.0

42.6

7.5

3.07

18.0

13.2

4.8

NRC, 1998

524

 

100.0

45.8

8.1

3.30

19.4

14.2

5.2

 

525

seeds

92.0

22.3

42.9

5.6

12.9

Bath et al., 1999

526

 

100.0

6.85

24.2

46.6

6.1

14.0

 

 

Sorghum Sorghum bicolor

527

grain

4-20-893

89.0

9.2

2.9

1.08

18.0

8.3

9.7

NRC, 1998

528

 

100.0

10.3

3.3

1.21

20.2

9.3

10.9

 

 

Soybean Glycine max

529

flour, full-fat, raw

94.8

34.5

20.7

10.28

1.38

4.5

9.6

USDASR14

530

 

100.0

5.70

36.4

21.8

10.84

1.46

4.7

10.1

 

531

hulls

1-4-560

91.0

11.0

1.9

61.0

45.0

16.0

NRC, 1982

532

 

100.0

12.1

2.1

67.0

50.0

17.0

 

533

meal, sol. extr.

5-04-604

89.0

43.8

1.0

0.55

13.3

9.4

3.9

NRC, 1998

534

 

100.0

49.2

1.1

0.62

14.9

10.6

4.4

 

535

meal without hulls, sol. extr.

5-04-612

90.0

47.5

0.8

0.35

8.9

5.4

3.5

NRC, 1998

536

 

100.0

52.8

0.9

0.39

9.9

6.0

3.9

 

537

protein concentrate

90.0

64.0

3.0

NRC, 1998

538

 

100.0

71.1

3.3

 

539

protein isolate

5-08-038

92.0

85.8

0.6

NRC, 1998

540

 

100.0

93.3

0.7

 

Suggested Citation:"12 Composition of Foods and Feed Ingredients." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

 

Plant Cell Wall Constituents

 

Entry Number

Description

International Feed Numberb

Dry Matter (%)

Gross Energyc (kcal/g)

Crude Protein (%)

Crude Fat (%)

Lino-leic Acid (%)

Lino-lenic Acid (%)

Ash (%)

TDF (%)

NDF (%)

ADF (%)

Cellulose (%)

Hemi-cellulose (%)

Lignin (%)

Data Source

541

seeds, heat processed

5-04-597

90.0

35.2

18.0

9.13

13.9

8.0

5.9

NRC, 1998

542

 

100.0

39.1

20.0

10.14

15.4

8.9

6.6

 

 

Spinach Spinacia oleracea

543

raw

8.4

2.9

0.4

0.02

0.12

1.7

2.7

1.7

1.0

0.7

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

544

 

100.0

3.99

34.0

4.2

0.26

1.37

20.4

32.1

20.1

11.7

8.4

 

 

Squash, acorn Cucurbita maxima

545

raw

12.2

0.8

0.1

0.02

0.03

0.9

1.5

2.4

2.0

0.4

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

546

 

100.0

3.96

6.6

0.8

0.13

0.21

7.4

12.3

19.7

16.6

3.1

 

 

Squash, butternut Cucurbita maxima

547

raw

13.6

1.0

0.1

0.02

0.03

0.8

0.0

2.4

2.0

0.4

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

548

 

100.0

4.04

7.4

0.7

0.12

0.19

5.9

0.0

17.5

14.7

2.8

 

 

Squash, spaghetti Cucurbita maxima

549

raw

8.4

0.6

0.6

0.09

0.15

0.3

0.0

2.6

2.0

0.6

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

550

 

100.0

4.49

7.6

6.8

1.07

1.77

3.3

0.0

30.9

24.2

6.8

 

 

Squash, zucchini Cucurbita pepo

551

raw, with peel

4.7

1.2

0.1

0.02

0.04

0.5

1.2

0.7

0.5

0.2

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

552

 

100.0

4.20

24.6

3.0

0.47

0.79

11.0

25.4

15.1

10.2

4.9

 

 

Strawberry Fragaria spp

553

fruit, raw, ep

8.4

0.6

0.4

0.11

0.08

0.4

2.3

1.0

0.6

0.3

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

554

 

100.0

4.27

7.2

4.4

1.28

0.93

5.1

27.3

11.4

7.5

3.9

 

 

Sucrose

555

 

4-04-701

99.0

0.0

0.0

NRC, 1998

556

 

100.0

3.95

0.0

0.0

 

 

Sugarcane Saccharum officinarum

557

stems, fresh

2-13-248

15.0

0.56

1.2

0.1

0.9

11.0

5.0

4.0

2.0

NRC, 1982

558

 

100.0

3.75

7.6

0.7

6.0

73.3

34.0

30.0

11.0

 

559

sugar

4-04-701

100.0

3.75

0.1

NRC, 1982

560

 

100.0

3.75

0.1

 

 

Sunflower, common Helianthus annuus

561

kernels

95.0

25.7

44.2

3.8

6.7

Bath et al., 1999

562

 

100.0

6.98

27.1

46.5

4.0

7.0

 

563

meal, sol. extr.

5-09-340

90.0

26.8

1.3

0.98

42.4

30.3

12.1

NRC, 1998

564

 

100.0

29.8

1.4

1.09

47.1

33.7

13.4

 

565

meal without hulls, sol. extr.

5-04-739

93.0

42.2

2.9

1.07

27.8

18.4

9.4

NRC, 1998

566

 

100.0

45.4

3.1

1.15

29.9

19.8

10.1

 

567

seeds

94.0

16.8

26.0

3.1

36.7

Bath et al., 1999

568

 

100.0

5.82

17.9

27.7

3.3

39.0

 

 

Sweet potato Ipomoea batatas

569

tubers, fresh

27.2

1.7

0.3

0.11

0.02

1.0

3.0

5.4

1.3

4.1

USDASR14; Schmidt et al., 1999

570

 

100.0

4.14

6.1

1.1

0.41

0.07

3.5

11.0

20.0

4.9

15.2

 

 

Tamarind Tamarindus indica

571

pulp

68.6

2.8

0.6

0.06

0.00

2.7

5.1

USDASR14

572

 

100.0

4.08

4.1

0.9

0.09

0.00

3.9

7.4

 

573

seed

Glew et al., 1997

574

 

100.0

17.3