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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
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Early Childhood Intervention

Views from the Field

Report of a Workshop

Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development

Jack P. Shonkoff, Deborah A. Phillips, and Bonnie Keilty, editors

Board on Children, Youth, and Families

Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,

National Research Council and

Institute of Medicine

 

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, DC

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
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NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20418

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

The study was supported by funds provided by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Mental Health, the Health Resources and Services Administration, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institute of Nursing Research, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, the Administration on Children, Youth, and Families, the Administration for Children and Families, the U.S. Department of Education, The Commonwealth Fund, the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, the Vira I. Heinz Endowment, and National Academies funds. The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. government. In general, any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

Suggested citation: National Research Council and Institute of Medicine (2000) Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field. Report of a Workshop. Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development. Jack P. Shonkoff, Deborah A. Phillips, and Bonnie Keilty, eds. Board on Children, Youth, and Families, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

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Copyright 2000 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

National Academy of Sciences

National Academy of Engineering

Institute of Medicine

National Research Council

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
×

COMMITTEE ON INTEGRATING THE SCIENCE OF EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT

JACK P. SHONKOFF (Chair),

Heller Graduate School, Brandeis University

DEBORAH L. COATES,

Department of Psychology, The City University of New York

GREG DUNCAN,

Institute for Policy Research, School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University

FELTON J. EARLS,

Department of Child Psychology, Harvard Medical School

ROBERT EMDE,

Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center

YOLANDA GARCIA,

Children's Services, Santa Clara County Office of Education

SUSAN GELMAN,

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan

SUSAN J. GOLDIN-MEADOW,

Department of Psychology, University of Chicago

WILLIAM GREENOUGH,

Departments of Psychology and Cell and Structural Biology, University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana

RUTH T. GROSS, Professor Emerita,

Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University Medical School

MEGAN GUNNAR,

Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota

MICHAEL GURALNICK,

Center on Human Development and Disability, University of Washington

ALICIA LIEBERMAN,

Department of Psychiatry, University of California at San Francisco

BETSY LOZOFF,

Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan

RUTH MASSINGA,

The Casey Family Program, Seattle, Washington

STEPHEN RAUDENBUSH,

School of Education, University of Michigan

ROSS THOMPSON,

Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska

CHARLES A. NELSON

(liaison from the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Early Experience and Brain Development), Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota

DEBORAH A. PHILLIPS, Study Director

NANCY GEYELIN MARGIE, Research Assistant

RONNÉ WINGATE, Senior Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
×
This page in the original is blank.
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
×

BOARD ON CHILDREN, YOUTH, AND FAMILIES

JACK P. SHONKOFF (Cochair),

Heller Graduate School, Brandeis University

EVAN CHARNEY (Cochair),

Department of Pediatrics, University of Massachusetts Medical Center

JAMES BANKS,

Center for Multicultural Education, University of Washington

SHEILA BURKE,

John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

DAVID CARD,

Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley

DONALD COHEN,

Department of Child Psychiatry, Yale University

MINDY FULLILOVE,

Department of Clinical Psychobiology, Columbia University

KEVIN GRUMBACH,

Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco

MAXINE HAYES,

Community and Family Health, Department of Health, Olympia, Washington

MARGARET HEAGARTY,

Department of Pediatrics, Harlem Hospital Center, Columbia University

RENÉE JENKINS,

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Howard University Hospital

SHEILA KAMERMAN,

School of Social Work, Columbia University

HARRIET KITZMAN,

School of Nursing, University of Rochester

SANDERS KORENMAN,

School of Public Affairs, Baruch College

HONORABLE CINDY LEDERMAN,

Circuit Court Judge, Juvenile Division, Dade County, Florida

SARA McLANAHAN,

Office of Population Research, Princeton University

VONNIE McLOYD,

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

PAUL NEWACHECK,

Institute of Health Policy Studies and Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco

GARY SANDEFUR,

Department of Sociology, University of Wisconsin, Madison

RUTH STEIN,

Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

PAUL WISE,

Department of Pediatrics, Boston Medical Center

RUTH T. GROSS

(liaison from the Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Institute of Medicine), Department of Pediatrics (emeritus), Stanford University

ELEANOR MACCOBY

(liaison from the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council), Department of Psychology (emeritus), Stanford University

WILLIAM ROPER

(liaison from the Institute of Medicine), School of Public Health University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
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MICHELE D. KIPKE, Director

ELENA O. NIGHTINGALE, Scholar-in-Residence

MARY GRAHAM, Associate Director of Communications

MARY STRIGARI, Administrative Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
×

WORKSHOP PARTICIPANTS

JACK P. SHONKOFF (Workshop Chair),

Heller Graduate School, Brandeis University

KATHRYN BARNARD,

Center on Human Development and Disability, University of Washington

BARBARA T. BOWMAN,

Erikson Institute, Chicago, Illinois

JEANNE BROOKS-GUNN,

Teachers College, Columbia University

MARY BETH BRUDER,

Department of Child and Family Studies, University of Connecticut Health Center

DEBORAH L. COATES,

Department of Psychology, The City University of New York

MARY DOZIER,

Department of Psychology, University of Delaware

GREG DUNCAN,

Institute for Policy Research, School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University

DALE FARRAN,

Department of Teaching and Learning, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University

VERONICA FEEG,

College of Nursing and Health Sciences, George Mason University

MICHAEL GURALNICK,

Center on Human Development and Disability, University of Washington

BARBARA HOWARD,

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

JANE KNITZER,

National Center for Children in Poverty, Columbia University

SAMUEL MEISELS,

School of Education, University of Michigan

CRAIG RAMEY,

Civitan International Research Center, University of Alabama, Birmingham

ARNOLD SAMEROFF,

Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan

RUBY TAKANISHI,

Foundation for Child Development, New York, New York

DEBORAH KLEIN WALKER,

Bureau of Family and Community Health, Massachusetts Department of Public Health

MARK WOLERY,

Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

HIRO YOSHIKAWA,

Psychology Department, New York University

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development would like to thank all who participated in the Workshop on the Science of Developmental Promotion and Early Childhood Intervention for their extensive preparation in advance of the workshop, for sharing their expertise and experiences through stimulating discussions, and for their thoughts and comments that lent to the shaping of this report. Thank you also to Greg Duncan, Robert Emde, Susan Goldin Meadow, Michael Guralnick, and Ross Thompson for representing the committee at the workshop. We especially thank Jack Shonkoff for serving as chair and for providing leadership in the drafting of this report.

We also gratefully acknowledge the contributions of those who worked to organize the workshop and prepare this report. Deborah Phillips led and oversaw the undertaking of the workshop, from its conceptualization and funding to the writing of this report. Bonnie Keilty provided invaluable assistance by writing the first draft and helping to revise later drafts of the workshop summary. Ruth T. Gross provided essential insight and editing guidance on the summary. Ronné Wingate facilitated planning and preparation for the meeting, artfully coordinated meeting logistics, and ensured that the meeting ran smoothly. Nancy Geyelin Margie assisted with all phases of the workshop and preparation of this report.

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee of the National Research Council. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making the published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of this report: Mark Appelbaum, Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego; Robert Granger, Manpower Development Research Corporation, New York; Penny Hauser-Cram, School of Education, Boston College; Sheila Kamerman, School of Social Work, Columbia University; Deborah Stipek, Graduate School of Education, University of California, Los Angeles; Heather Weiss, Harvard Family Research Project, Harvard University; and Martha Zaslow, Child Trends, Washington, DC. Although the individuals listed above provided constructive comments and suggestions, it must be emphasized that responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
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This page in the original is blank.
Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
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Early Childhood Intervention

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 2000. Early Childhood Intervention: Views from the Field: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9858.
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On June 24-25, 1999, the Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development of the Board on Children, Youth, and Families of the National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Medicine convened a workshop for researchers and practitioners to examine the underlying knowledge base that informs current best practices in early childhood services, from the prenatal period to school entry.

Early Childhood Intervention discusses the diversity of working assumptions, theories of change, and views about child development and early intervention that currently shape a wide variety of social policies and service delivery systems for young children and their families.

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